Pennsylvania's 6th congressional district

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Pennsylvania's 6th congressional district
Pennsylvania Congressional District 6.png
Boundaries since January 2019.
Statistics below, except PVI, apply to the old boundaries.
Representative
  Chrissy Houlahan
DDevon
Distribution
  • 89.07[1]% urban
  • 10.93% rural
Population (2000)646,221
Median income55,611
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+2[2]

Pennsylvania's 6th Congressional District is a congressional district in the state of Pennsylvania. It includes the entirety of Chester County, the city of Reading and its southeastern suburbs in Berks County. The district is represented by Democrat Chrissy Houlahan. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania redrew the district in February 2018 after ruling the previous map unconstitutional.[3]

Elections[edit]

Jim Gerlach served as the District's Representative from 2003 to 2014. In 2004 and 2006, Gerlach won re-election against fellow attorney and now Montgomery County Court of Common Pleas Judge Lois Murphy. In 2008, he successfully ran for re-election against businessman and veteran Bob Roggio. In the 2010 and 2012 elections, Gerlach defeated physician and Iraq War veteran Manan Trivedi, the Democratic nominee.

In January 2014, Gerlach announced that he would not stand for reelection to the 114th Congress. In the race to succeed Gerlach, Chester County Commissioner Ryan Costello won the Republican nomination and physician and Iraq war veteran Manan Trivedi secured the Democratic party's nomination.[4]

In February 2018, following the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania's ordered redrawing of congressional districts, Costello announced he would not stand for reelection and retire at the end of the 115th Congress, leaving businessman Greg McCauley as the sole Republican candidate while the Democrats nominated Air Force veteran Chrissy Houlahan.[5] Houlahan defeated McCauley in the general election.[6]

Year Office Results
2002 Representative Gerlach 51.4 - 48.6%
2004 President Kerry 52 - 48%
Representative Gerlach 51 - 49%
2006 Representative Gerlach 50.7 - 49.3%
2008 President Obama 58 - 41%
Representative Gerlach 52.1 - 47.9%
2010 Representative Gerlach 57.1 - 42.9%
2012 President Romney 50.6 - 48.1%
Representative Gerlach 57.1 - 42.9%
2014 Representative Costello 56.3 - 43.7%
2016 President Clinton 47.6 - 47.0%
Representative Costello 57.3 - 42.7%
2018 Representative Houlahan 58.8 - 41.1%

Geography[edit]

2003 to 2012[edit]

Prior to the court-ordered redistricting, the 6th district's incarnation dated back to 2002. Its strange shape brought charges of gerrymandering by Democrats who argued it "looms like a dragon descending on Philadelphia from the west, splitting up towns and communities throughout Montgomery and Berks Counties."[7] The combination of very affluent suburban areas of Philadelphia and sparsely populated rural areas was possibly designed to capture Republican voters, but changes in voting patterns in southeastern Pennsylvania has made the District much more competitive. The District had a Cook Partisan Voting Index score of R+1 after the 2012 redistricting. It was rated D+4 before then.[8] The district included parts of Montgomery County, Chester County, Berks County and Lehigh County. The largest cities in the district were Reading and Norristown.

2013 to 2018[edit]

The redistricting of 2011/2012 changed it to include parts of Chester, Montgomery, Berks and Lebanon counties. The following municipalities constituted the sixth district:[9]

Berks County

Townships Boroughs
  • Alsace
  • Bern
  • Colebrookdale
  • Cumru District 1,4,6,7
  • Exeter
  • Heidelberg
  • Herford District 2
  • Lower Alsace District 2
  • Lower Heidelberg
  • Maidencreek
  • Marion
  • Muhlenberg 2,3,5,6,7,8,9
  • North Heidelberg
  • Ontelaunee
  • Penn
  • Richmond
  • Rockland
  • Ruscombmanor
  • South Heidelberg
  • Spring District 5,7,8
  • Washington
  • Bally
  • Bechtelsville
  • Bernville
  • Birdsboro
  • Boyertown
  • Fleetwood
  • Kenhorst
  • Laureldale District 1(part)
  • Leesport
  • Robesonia
  • Shillington
  • Sinking Spring
  • St. Lawrence
  • Wernersville
  • Womelsdorf
  • Wyomissing District 1,2,4,5

Chester County

Townships Boroughs
  • Caln District 4
  • Charlestown
  • East Bradford District 1
  • East Brandywine
  • East Caln
  • East Goshen
  • East Nantmeal
  • East Pikeland
  • East Whiteland
  • Easttown
  • Londonderry
  • North Coventry
  • Schuylkill
  • South Coventry
  • Thornbury
  • Tredyffrin
  • Upper Uwchlan
  • Uwchlan
  • West Bradford District 1,2,3
  • West Goshen
  • West Pikeland
  • West Vincent
  • West Whiteland
  • Westtown
  • Willistown
  • Downingtown
  • Malvern
  • Phoenixville
  • Spring City
  • West Chester

Lebanon County

Townships Boroughs
  • Heidelberg
  • Jackson
  • Millcreek
  • North Lebanon District E
  • South Lebanon
  • West Cornwall
  • Cornwall
  • Myerstown
  • Richland
  • City of Lebanon
  • Wards 1,2,4,5,7,8,9,10


Montgomery County

Townships Boroughs
  • Douglass
  • Limerick
  • Lower Pottsgrove
  • Lower Providence
  • New Hanover
  • Perkiomen District 1,2
  • Upper Hanover District 3
  • Upper Pottsgrove
  • Upper Providence
  • West Norriton District 1,2,3
  • West Pottsgrove
  • Collegeville
  • East Greenville
  • Pennsburg
  • Pottstown
  • Red Hill
  • Royersford
  • Schwenksville
  • Trappe

2019[edit]

The court-ordered map made the 6th a more compact district in Berks and Chester counties.[3]

List of members representing the district[edit]

1791–1793: One seat[edit]

District created in 1791 from the at-large district.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
AndrewGregg.jpg
Andrew Gregg
Anti-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
Elected in 1791.
Redistricted to the at-large district.

District redistricted in 1793 to the at-large district.

1795–1823: One seat, then two[edit]

District created in 1795.

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
4th March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
Samuel Maclay Democratic-Republican Elected in 1794.
Lost re-election.
Second seat added in 1813
5th
6th
7th
March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1803
John A. Hanna Democratic-Republican Elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 4th district.
8th March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
John Stewart Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1802.
Lost re-election.
9th
10th
March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1809
James Kelly Federalist Elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Lost re-election.
11th
12th
March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1813
William Crawford Democratic-Republican Elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
13th March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
SIng.jpg
Samuel D. Ingham
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Resigned.
Robert Brown Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
14th March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
John Ross Democratic-Republican Elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Resigned to become president judge of the seventh judicial district of Pennsylvania.
15th March 4, 1817 –
February 24, 1818
February 24, 1818 –
March 3, 1818
Vacant
March 3, 1818 –
July 6, 1818
Thomas Jones Rogers Democratic-Republican Elected to finish Ross's term.
Also elected 1818 to the next term.
Re-elected in 1820.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
July 6, 1818 –
October 13, 1818
Vacant
October 13, 1818 –
March 3, 1819
Samuel moore.jpg
Samuel Moore
Democratic-Republican Elected to finish Rogers's term.
Also elected 1818 to the next term.
Re-elected in 1820.
Resigned.
16th March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
17th March 4, 1821 –
May 20, 1822
May 20, 1822 –
October 7, 1822
Vacant
October 7, 1822 –
March 3, 1823
SIng.jpg
Samuel D. Ingham
Democratic-Republican Elected to finish Moore's term.
Redistricted to the 8th district.

1823 – present: One seat[edit]

Member Party Years Electoral history
Robert Harris Jackson
Democratic-Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Retired.
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Innis Green Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
Elected in 1826.
Re-elected in 1828.
Retired.
John C. Bucher Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Elected in 1830.
Redistricted to the 10th district.
Robert Ramsey Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
Elected in 1832.
Retired.
Mathias Morris Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Elected in 1834.
Re-elected in 1836.
Lost re-election.
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
John Davis Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
Elected in 1838.
Lost re-election.
Robert Ramsey Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
MichaelHJenks1850.jpg
Michael H. Jenks
Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Jacob Erdman Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
John Westbrook Hornbeck Whig March 4, 1847 –
January 16, 1848
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant January 17, 1848 –
March 5, 1848
Samuel Augustus Bridges - Brady-Handy.jpg
Samuel A. Bridges
Democratic March 6, 1848 –
March 3, 1849
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Thomas Ross Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Everhart (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
William Everhart
Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
[Data unknown/missing.]
Hickman-John.jpg
John Hickman
Democratic March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1859
[Data unknown/missing.]
Anti-Lecompton Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
John Dodson Stiles - Brady-Handy.jpg
John D. Stiles
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
[Data unknown/missing.]
Benjamin M. Boyer (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Benjamin M. Boyer
Democratic March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
John Dodson Stiles - Brady-Handy.jpg
John D. Stiles
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
Redistricted from the 7th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]

Retired.

Ephraim L. Acker (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Ephraim L. Acker
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
James S. Biery (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
James S. Biery
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Washington Townsend - Brady-Handy.jpg
Washington Townsend
Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
Redistricted from the 7th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]

Retired.

William Ward (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
William Ward
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
James Bowen Everhart (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
James B. Everhart
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
Smedley Darlington (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Smedley Darlington
Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
John Buchanan Robinson (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
John B. Robinson
Republican March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1897
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Thomas S. Butler (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Thomas S. Butler
Independent Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
[Data unknown/missing.]
Republican March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1903
George D. McCreary (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
George D. McCreary
Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1913
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
J. Washington Logue (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
J. Washington Logue
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
George P. Darrow (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
George P. Darrow
Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1923
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 7th district.
George A. Welsh Republican March 4, 1923 –
May 31, 1932
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become a district court judge
Vacant May 31, 1932 –
November 8, 1932
Robert L. Davis Republican November 8, 1932 –
March 3, 1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
Edward L. Stokes Republican March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
Redistricted from the 2nd district.
Retired to run for Governor.
Michael J. Stack Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1939
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination and lost re-election under a different party.
M001127.jpg
Francis J. Myers
Democratic January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1945
[Data unknown/missing.]
Herbert J. McGlinchey Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
SenHughScott.jpg
Hugh Scott
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1959
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Herman Toll.jpg
Herman Toll
Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 4th district.
George M. Rhodes.jpg
George M. Rhodes
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1969
Redistricted from the 14th district.
Retired.
GYatron6.JPG
Gus Yatron
Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Tim Holden.jpg
Tim Holden
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2003
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 17th district.
Rep. Jim Gerlach.jpg
Jim Gerlach
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2015
Elected in 2002.
Ryan Costello.jpg
Ryan Costello
Republican January 3, 2015 –
January 3, 2019
Elected in 2014.
Chrissy Houlahan, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Chrissy Houlahan
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
present
Elected in 2018.

Historical district boundaries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ "New Pennsylvania Map Is a Major Boost for Democrats". The Cook Political Report. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  3. ^ a b Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  4. ^ http://ballotpedia.org/Pennsylvania's_6th_Congressional_District_elections,_2014
  5. ^ Prokop, Andrew (2018-05-16). "These 6 Pennsylvania Democratic nominees are key to the battle for House control". Vox. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  6. ^ Burke, Michael (2018-11-06). "Democrat Chrissy Houlahan elected to House in Pennsylvania". TheHill. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  7. ^ VIETH et al. v. JUBELIRER, PRESIDENT OF THE PENNSYLVANIA SENATE, et al., 541 U.S. 267 (United States Supreme Court 2004) (see http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=US&vol=000&invol=02-1580) (plurality opinion of Court holding political gerrymandering claims in the District nonjusticiable based on the lack of workable standards)
  8. ^ "2012 COMPETITIVE HOUSE RACE CHART". The Cook Political Report. The Cook Political Report. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
  9. ^ https://costello.house.gov/about/municipalities

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°03′37″N 75°38′27″W / 40.06028°N 75.64083°W / 40.06028; -75.64083