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|• Body||Nagar Palika|
|• M.L.A||P. Neethipathy|
|• Total||200,510 ref. madurai.nic.in|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Location of the town
Usilampatti town lies 28 km south west of Theni town and 38 km west of Madurai city on the Rameswaram – Cochin National Highway Extension No.49 It is situated between 10° 37’ north latitude and 77° 20’ on east longitude. Being a second grade municipality with an area of 3.85sq. km. The town has a population of 30601as per the 2001 census.
Physical feature is the Madurai - Bodinayakkanur meter gauge railway line, which runs parallel to the Madurai - Usilampatti road, bifurcating the developed area of the town. The lands which lies in between railway line and Peraiyur road and Battalakundu road, are mostly of wet lands which restrict the development of the town in the southern direction. . Hence, the town is likely to expand along both sides of Peraiyur roads and Madurai roads only. Madurai road has been elevated as NH 49 (Extension) (Rameswaram to Cochin) passing through this town is an important feature of the town.
The town is well connected, by the N.H.49, (Rameswaram - Cochin with Madurai city, and a Major District road with Theni, Bodinakayanur and Cumbum town. The town is also linked with Madurai city, by a meter gauge Railway line.
The maximum temperature during summer is 39°c and during winter it is 30°c. The minimum temperature varies from 24.5°c to 26.0°c. The mean humidity is 70.2%, which varies from 61.6% to 78.8%. The seasonal climate conditions are moderate and the weather is uniformly salubrious.
The town gets major rainfall during the south west monsoon period. The Annual normal rainfall varies from 300 mm to 800 mm. The average annual rainfall being received in the town is 770 mm.
Nature of Soil
The major group of soils that are found in the town are black and red varieties. The red soil constitutes 90 percent while black soil only 10 percent.
Usilampatti is located at Madurai District at  It has an average elevation of 201 metres (659 feet)..
Usilampattitown has recorded with a literacy rate of 75% in the year 2001 and this has increased from 65% in the year 1991. Among the literate population nearly 52% are male literate and remaining 48% are female literate as per 2001 census. Generally, the composition of female literacy has increased from 70% (1991) to 78% (2001), which is higher than the growth of male literacy from 81% (1991) to 86% (2001).
The working population constitutes 25% of the total population and majority of them are engaged in Pickles and Biscuits i.e. 60% in Agriculture and Trade related activities. Secondary Sector is the second important activity and nearly 40% of the total workers are engaged in business and related allied activities, especially in Biscuits, Pickles Business.
Usilampatti is a taluk headquarters. The main occupation of the town is agriculture oriented.
The Usilampattiis has 27.230 km length of roads and the municipality is maintaining a "C” grade bus stand in the heart of the town.
The Tamil Nadu state Bus transport corporation is providing 90% of transport facilities to this town. Besides the bus facilities the southern railway is providing train facilities through Usilampatti Railway station which is a old Railway station. Train facilities are available to Madurai, Theni and Bodi
Name of the Municipality : Usilampatti
Date of constitution as Gr III Municipality : 11.12.1995 G.O. MSNo. 244 MAWS Dept.
Upgradation as Gr II Municipality : G.O. MS No:268 MAWS DEPT.
Area of the Municipality : 13.85 km2
Revenue villages : Karukattanpatti, Kavandanpatti, Vadakattupatti, Annamparipatti
Population : 1991 - 26413 ; 2001 – 30601
Total No of Wards : 24
Reserved For Women - 8
Reserved For SC Women-1
Reserved For SC Men 1
No. of Households : 8384
No. of Slums : 7
Slum Population : 7579
No. of people in the Below Poverty Line List : 2434
According to 2011 census, Usilampatti had a population of 35,219 with a sex-ratio of 998 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 3,427 were under the age of six, constituting 1,800 males and 1,627 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 7.94% and .01% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 78.39%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The town had a total of : 9101 households. There were a total of 13,031 workers, comprising 443 cultivators, 1,113 main agricultural labourers, 417 in house hold industries, 9,892 other workers, 1,166 marginal workers, 32 marginal cultivators, 343 marginal agricultural labourers, 76 marginal workers in household industries and 715 other marginal workers.
As per the religious census of 2011, Usilampatti had 94.53% Hindus, 2.33% Muslims, 2.91% Christians, 0.02% Sikhs, 0.19% following other religions and 0.01% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference.
Usilampatti assembly constituency is part of Theni (Lok Sabha constituency).
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Usilampatti
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Usilampatti". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.