Rajapalayam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about a city. For the breed of dog, see Rajapalayam (dog).
Rajapalayam
இராஜபாளையம்
Town
Rajapalayam is located in Tamil Nadu
Rajapalayam
Rajapalayam
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 9°27′0″N 77°33′0″E / 9.45000°N 77.55000°E / 9.45000; 77.55000Coordinates: 9°27′0″N 77°33′0″E / 9.45000°N 77.55000°E / 9.45000; 77.55000
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Virudhunagar
Government
 • Type Special Grade Municipality
 • Body Rajapalayam Municipality
 • Municipality Chairman P.S. Dhanalakshmi
 • M L A Thanga pandiyan
Elevation 100.58 m (329.99 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 130,422
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration TN-84
Website Rajapalayam360.in

Rajapalayam (Tamil: இராஜபாளையம்) is a town and a special grade municipality[1] in Virudhunagar district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located 85 km southwest of Madurai in the state of Tamil Nadu. Its main attractions are the Ayyanar Falls and the neighbour town of Srivilliputtur. The economy is based on the manufacture of textiles, and there are mills for spinning and weaving cotton, as well as a large cotton market. It's also known for the Rajapalayam breed of dogs (சிப்பிப்பாறை, கோம்பை, மற்றும் பல). As of 2011, the town had a population of 130,442.

History[edit]

Initially, agriculture was the principal source of living for the people of Rajapalayam. In the mid 1900s, Rajapalayam gradually evolved into a thriving business community.

Media[edit]

"Rajapalayam 360"[2] is a well known Social Media page for Rajapalayam. It aims to create awareness[3] among people about many Social Issues. It also acts as the Media for the Rajapalayam people living around the world to know about the News in Rajapalayam.

Climate[edit]

The climate of the region is semi-arid tropical monsoon type. Temperature range is 20 °C to 37 °C.It has a high mean temperature

Demographics[edit]

Religious census
Religion Percent(%)
Hindu
  
94.53%
Muslim
  
3.48%
Christian
  
1.75%
Sikh
  
0.02%
Other
  
0.21%

According to 2011 census, Rajapalayam had a population of 130,442 with a sex-ratio of 1,014 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[4] A total of 11,604 were under the age of six, constituting 5,927 males and 5,677 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 13.51% and .09% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the city was 77.87%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[4] The city had a total of 37797 households. There were a total of 53,913 workers, comprising 380 cultivators, 3,676 main agricultural labourers, 1,375 in house hold industries, 45,223 other workers, 3,259 marginal workers, 34 marginal cultivators, 326 marginal agricultural labourers, 286 marginal workers in household industries and 2,613 other marginal workers.[5]

As per the religious census of 2011, Rajapalayam had 94.53% Hindus, 3.48% Muslims, 1.75% Christians, 0.02% Sikhs and 0.21% following other religions.[6]

Transportation[edit]

By Land[edit]

Bus[edit]

Rajapalayam has two bus stands to cater to the needs of the population. The old bus stand currently serves as the city bus stand. The new bus stand on Sankarankovil Road is where all the mofussil buses stop by. Buses frequently shuttle between Madurai and Rajapalayam via Srivilliputtur. There are buses, every 15 minutes, from Rajapalayam to Tirunelveli travel via Sankarankovil and every 30 minutes to Aruppukottai via Srivilliputtur,Sivakasi & Virudhunagar and vice versa.

Many Omni buses leave for Chennai & Bengaluru during nights. There are also the state-run SETC buses to Chennai & Bengaluru. Buses between Chennai/Bengaluru and Sengottai travel via Rajapalayam.

Rail[edit]

By Air[edit]

The nearest domestic airport is Madurai Airport (~80 km). Madurai Airport is around 1hour 50 minutes from Rajapalayam. Jet Airways, Spicejet and Air India are operating daily flights between Madurai Airport and Chennai International Airport. and Hyderabad. Also flight in Sri Lanka

Tourist attractions[edit]

Ayyanar Koil Forest Area (Ayyanar Falls)[edit]

Water Dam
Ayyanar Fails

Ayyanar Koil forest area is located 10 km west of Rajapalayam on the eastern slope of Western Ghats. The forest area has many of streams, waterfalls, springs and a temple. Hiking in this forest area is one of the main recreations for Rajapalayam residents. Rajapalayam Water Reservoir, which provides water to the entire city, is situated en route to Ayyanar Falls. Rajapalayam Dam and Rajapalayam Water Treatment Plant are also situated adjacent to the Rajapalayam Water Reservoir. The water supply and distribution system are by natural gravitational force without Motor pumps.

Sri Vallakattu Karuppasamy kovil[edit]

Vallakattu Karuppasamy temple is situated en route to Ayyanar Kovil right in the middle of forest. Lord Karuppu Samy is one of the 21 associate folk-deities of Ayyanar. This temple is located next to KrishnaRajasagar dam that supply water to Rajapalayam township.This temple is one of the most famous in this area. The deities Lord Karuppasamyare is decorated with a golden kavacham on every fullmoon night. Every Saturday the worshippers who visit the temple are provided with food. There is an ayalya tree and those whose stars(according to the Hindu belief, based on the day time and year of birth)come under the ayalya star worship this tree with milk (milk abeshekam)to have a patient life.

Sanjeevi Hills[edit]

Sanjeevi Hills is a small hill situated in south-west Rajapalayam en route Chatrapatti area.The Murugan Temple is at top of the hill. Karthigai Deepam lit on the top spot on thirukarthigai day of every year. The calm and serene ambiance makes it a favorite spot for tourists. Tradition recounts that in order to save the unconscious Lakshmana, Hanuman, the monkey god carried the entire Sanjeevi Hills with the herbal plants to Sri Lanka and threw it away afterwards. It is said that the thrown down hill is the Sanjeevi Hills.


Poosapati Sanjeevi Kumarswamy Raja [P.S.Kumarasamy Raja] (1898–1957) was the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (Madras Presidency), India from 6 April 1949 to 10 April 1952.

References[edit]

  1. ^ special grade municipality
  2. ^ http://www.rajapalayam360.in
  3. ^ http://www.mohanfoundation.org/activities/A-new-initiative-on-Organ-Donation-by-Rajapalayam-360-a-students-group-3923.htm
  4. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Rajapalayam". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 

External links[edit]