Tenkasi

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Tenkasi
Town
Kasi Viswanathar Temple, the most prominent landmark in the city
Kasi Viswanathar Temple, the most prominent landmark in the city
Tenkasi is located in Tamil Nadu
Tenkasi
Tenkasi
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 8°58′N 77°18′E / 8.97°N 77.3°E / 8.97; 77.3Coordinates: 8°58′N 77°18′E / 8.97°N 77.3°E / 8.97; 77.3
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
RegionTirunelveli
DistrictTenkasi
Founded byParakirama Pandian (12th Century AD)
Government
 • TypeFirst Grade Municipality
 • BodyTenkasi Municipality
Area
 • Total65 km2 (25 sq mi)
Area rank20
Elevation
143 m (469 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total70,545
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
627811, 627814, 627808, 627803, 627804.
Vehicle registrationTN-76 TN-79

Tenkasi is a town and headquarters of the Tenkasi District in Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Tenkasi District was formed as the 33rd District of Tamil Nadu [1]

Demographics[edit]

Religious census
Religion Percent(%)
Hindu
63.99%
Muslim
34.19%
Christian
1.7%
Sikh
0.01%
Buddhist
0.01%
Other
0.1%

According to 2011 census, Tenkasi had a population of 70,545 with a sex-ratio of 1,020 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[2] A total of 7,413 were under the age of six, constituting 3,774 males and 3,639 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 14.16% and 0.47% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 78.49%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[2] The town had a total of 17,887 households. There were a total of 27,885 workers, comprising 279 cultivators, 2,006 main agricultural labourers, 3,332 in house hold industries, 19,903 other workers, 2,365 marginal workers, 28 marginal cultivators, 90 marginal agricultural labourers, 494 marginal workers in household industries and 1,753 other marginal workers.[3]

As per the religious census of 2011, Tenkasi had 64% Hindus, 34.18% Muslims, 2.7% Christians.[4]

History[edit]

The Kashi Vishwanathar Temple at Tenkasi was built in 1467 AD by Parakirama Pandian, Tenkasi is the last capital of the Pandya dynasty.[5] The iconic temple is situated in the banks of Seevalaperi Pond.

Administration[edit]

S.Gopala Sundara Raj, I.A.S. is the Collector of this district. [6]

Politics[edit]

Tenkasi (state assembly constituency) is part of Tenkasi Lok Sabha constituency. The seat is reserved for scheduled castes.[7][8]

Palani Nadar S from INC is the Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) from Tenkasi since 2021.[9]

Dhanush M. Kumar from DMK party of the UPA is the Member of Parliament (MP) - Lok Sabha since 2019.

Rail Connectivity[edit]

Tenkasi district has one railway station, Tenkasi Junction railway station. Trains are available to Chennai, Madurai, Kollam, Punalur , Shenkottai, Tirunelveli and Palakkad from here daily.

Three Broad Gauge , Single - Diesel railway line, originate from this station.

Air connectivity[edit]

The nearest airports are as follows:-

  1. Thoothukudi Airport (91 kilometres or 57 miles)
  2. Trivandrum International Airport (114 kilometres or 71 miles)
  3. Madurai International Airport (158 kilometres or 98 miles)
  4. Tiruchirappalli International Airport (297 kilometres or 185 miles)

Geography[edit]

Tenkasi is located at 8°58′N 77°18′E / 8.97°N 77.3°E / 8.97; 77.3.[10] It has an average elevation of 143 metres (469 ft). The town is surrounded by the Western Ghats in three sides and lies on the Tirunelveli to Kollam and Madurai to Kollam highways. The Chittar river flows through the city.

Climate data for Tenkasi, Tamil Nadu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.7
(85.5)
31.3
(88.3)
33.0
(91.4)
33.2
(91.8)
33.4
(92.1)
31.7
(89.1)
30.9
(87.6)
31.3
(88.3)
31.6
(88.9)
30.8
(87.4)
29.3
(84.7)
29.2
(84.6)
31.3
(88.3)
Average low °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
22.3
(72.1)
23.8
(74.8)
25.0
(77.0)
25.5
(77.9)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
24.3
(75.7)
24.0
(75.2)
23.7
(74.7)
22.8
(73.0)
21.9
(71.4)
23.6
(74.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 48
(1.9)
37
(1.5)
67
(2.6)
97
(3.8)
76
(3.0)
120
(4.7)
105
(4.1)
47
(1.9)
57
(2.2)
214
(8.4)
221
(8.7)
105
(4.1)
1,194
(46.9)
Source: Climate-Data.org[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 Census Data : Search Results". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Tenkasi". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  5. ^ "History | Tenkasi District, Government of Tamil Nadu | India". Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  6. ^ "LIST OF COLLECTORS | Tenkasi District, Government of Tamil Nadu | India". Retrieved 26 January 2021.
  7. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-13
  8. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 13 October 2008.
  9. ^ "Election Commission of India". results.eci.gov.in. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Tenkasi, India". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
  11. ^ "Climate Tenkasi". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 6 March 2019.