Valsad

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Valsad

Bulsar
City
Valsad City View from Parnera Hill
Valsad City View from Parnera Hill
Valsad is located in Gujarat
Valsad
Valsad
Valsad is located in India
Valsad
Valsad
Valsad is located in Asia
Valsad
Valsad
Coordinates: 20°36′36″N 72°55′34″E / 20.610°N 72.926°E / 20.610; 72.926Coordinates: 20°36′36″N 72°55′34″E / 20.610°N 72.926°E / 20.610; 72.926
Country India
DistrictValsad
Elevation
13 m (43 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total170,060
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
396001
Telephone code912632
Vehicle registrationGJ-15
Sex ratio926/1000 /
Literacy80.94 %

Valsad, historically known as Bulsar, is a city and a municipality in Valsad district of the Indian state of Gujarat. It is the district headquarters of Valsad district.[2]


Etymology[edit]

The name "Valsad" derives from vad-saal, a Gujarati language compound meaning "hampered (saal) by banyan trees (vad)" (the area was naturally rich in banyan trees). During British Raj, it was known as "Bulsar".

Geography[edit]

Valsad is located at 20°38′N 72°56′E / 20.63°N 72.93°E / 20.63; 72.93.[3] It has an average elevation of 13 metres (42 feet). The old city is about 4 km inland from the Arabian sea.

Geography of Valsad City:[4]
Average rainfall 1500 mm
Average temperature 26.9 °C
Seismic Zone Zone III
Major rivers Auranga, Wanki
Beaches Tithal Beach

Climate[edit]

Valsad has a tropical savanna climate (Aw) with little to no rainfall from October to May and very heavy to extremely heavy rainfall from June to September when it is under the direct influence of Arabian Sea branch of the South-west monsoon.

Climate data for Valsad, India (1981-2010, extremes 1974–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.9
(98.4)
38.8
(101.8)
42.3
(108.1)
43.1
(109.6)
41.9
(107.4)
38.1
(100.6)
36.8
(98.2)
33.4
(92.1)
36.4
(97.5)
38.9
(102.0)
38.1
(100.6)
36.7
(98.1)
43.1
(109.6)
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
29.7
(85.5)
32.4
(90.3)
33.8
(92.8)
33.8
(92.8)
32.5
(90.5)
30.1
(86.2)
29.3
(84.7)
30.4
(86.7)
32.9
(91.2)
32.4
(90.3)
31.4
(88.5)
31.5
(88.7)
Average low °C (°F) 14.6
(58.3)
15.8
(60.4)
19.1
(66.4)
22.8
(73.0)
26.0
(78.8)
26.2
(79.2)
24.9
(76.8)
24.5
(76.1)
23.9
(75.0)
22.2
(72.0)
18.7
(65.7)
15.6
(60.1)
21.2
(70.2)
Record low °C (°F) 7.1
(44.8)
5.6
(42.1)
10.6
(51.1)
17.1
(62.8)
19.8
(67.6)
17.0
(62.6)
16.8
(62.2)
15.6
(60.1)
16.8
(62.2)
12.6
(54.7)
10.4
(50.7)
7.0
(44.6)
5.6
(42.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.3
(0.01)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.00)
0.0
(0.0)
3.0
(0.12)
274.6
(10.81)
576.0
(22.68)
381.4
(15.02)
218.4
(8.60)
32.6
(1.28)
13.3
(0.52)
0.6
(0.02)
1,500.3
(59.07)
Average rainy days 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 7.9 15.5 15.5 9.0 1.4 0.5 0.1 50.3
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 54 53 50 58 66 75 82 84 79 67 56 55 65
Source: India Meteorological Department[5][6]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Valsad
Religion Percent
Hindus
85.04%
Muslims
10.31%
Jains
2.55%
Christians
1.24%
Others†
0.8%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (0.11%).

As of the 2011 India census,[7] Valsad has a population of 170,060. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Valsad has an average literacy rate of 8%, higher than the national average of 5%: male literacy is 4%, and female literacy is 7%.

The major language spoken is Gujarati. Other languages spoken are Hindi, Marathi and English.

The major religion followed in Valsad is Hinduism. Other religions followed are Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Zoroastrianism and Buddhism.

Transport[edit]

Valsad lies on NH 48. Valsad is connected to many cities in Gujarat by the Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation bus service. Valsad is one of the 16 divisions of GSRTC referred as Daman Ganga. Following bus depots come under Valsad division: Valsad, Vapi, Navsari, Bilimora, Dharampur and Ahwa.

Valsad railway station is managed by the Mumbai WR railway division of the Western Railway. It lies on the New Delhi–Mumbai main line. The present railway station building was established in 1925. Adjacent to the railway station is the Valsad Electric Loco Shed which houses over 100 electric locomotives.

The nearest airport is Surat Airport in Surat.

Economy[edit]

Valsad is an industrial base for sectors such as chemicals, textiles, and paper & pulp industries. Since the 1980s, textile and chemicals have been the major sectors of investments and employment in the district. Valsad is emerging as a horticulture hub of the state, witnessing significant production in food grains and crops.

Valsad has 7 Industrial Estates located in Dungra, Pardi, Dharampur, Bhilad, Valsad, Umbergaon, Sarigam, Vapi (the chemical hub of Gujarat) and 1 Industrial park in Kalgam.[8] With over 300 medium and large scale industries, Vapi is a major industrial center in Valsad. One of Asia's largest Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) is present in Vapi, owned by Vapi Waste & Effluent Management Company and promoted by Vapi Industrial Association.[9]

Over 10,716 units of small and medium enterprises (SMEs), involved in different sectors, such as chemicals, textiles, engineering, and paper industry, are present in the district. Several private conglomerates are present in Valsad, such as Alok Industries Ltd., Wyeth, Welspun India Ltd. Hubergroup India Private Limited (formerly Micro Inks Ltd.), Meril Group of companies (Meril Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd., Meril Healthcare Pvt. Ltd., Meril Endo Surgery Pvt. Ltd. and Meril Diagnostics Pvt. Ltd.), Aarti Industries, Atul Limited, Gujarat Heavy Chemicals Ltd. (GHCL), Raymond, Sun Pharmaceuticals, United Phosphorus, Pidilite, Polyols & Polymers and Vadilal, Unique Polymers.

Education[edit]

Colleges[edit]

  • GMERS Medical College, est 2014
  • Government Engineering College, est 2004
  • Government Polytechnic, est 1965
  • Smt. J.P. Shroff Arts College
  • Shah N.H. Commerce College
  • Dhiru-Sarla Institute of Management and Commerce
  • B.K.M. Science College
  • Dolat-Usha Institute of Applied Sciences
  • Shah K.M. Law College

Schools[edit]

Affiliated with ICSE
Affiliated with the CBSE
  • Western Railway English Medium Secondary School
Affiliated with the GSHSEB
  • D.M.D.G. Municipal High School
  • Jamnabai Sarvajanik Kanya Vidyalaya
  • Maniba Sarvajanik Vidyalaya
  • Shah Khimchand Mulji Sarvajanik High School
  • St. Joseph's English Teaching High School
  • St Mary's High school.
  • Bai Ava Bai High School
  • BAPS Swaminarayan Vidhyamandir
  • G.V.D. Sarvajanik High School
  • Sett Rustomjee Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy or Sett R.J.J High School
  • R.M. & V.M. Desai Vidyalaya
  • Swaminarayan High School
  • Gayatri High School
  • Kusum Vidyalaya
  • C.B High school

Tourist Attraction[edit]

Tithal Beach

Tithal Beach is located near Tithal town. The sand of the beach is black sand. Tithal Beach Festival and International Kite Festival are also organized on the shore of the beach.

Shree Shirdi Saibaba Sansthapan is located on the shore of the beach in Tithal town of Valsad district. The temple was established in 1982.

Swaminarayan Temple, Tithal

Shri Swaminarayan Mandir is located on the shore of the beach in Tithal town of Valsad district. This is a temple of Lord Swami Narayan.

Shantidham Aradhana Kendra in Tithal is a meditation centre.[10]

Tadkeshwar Mahadev Temple is a temple of Lord Shiva located in Abrama. This temple is more than 800 years old.

Morarji Desai Museum is built to dedicate former 5th Prime Minister of India, Morarji Desai in Valsad. The museum was developed by Valsad municipality at a cost of Rs. 4 crore. The museum was inaugurated by former Chief Minister of Gujarat, Anandiben Patel.[11]

Callian Baug is an urban park in Valsad. In 1929, Mr. Motilal Callianji presented donation for park to Valsad Municipality in memory of his father. In 1931, Callian Baug was opened by J.H.Garrett.[12]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ https://www.valsad.nic.in
  3. ^ "redirect to /world/IN/09/Valsad.html". www.fallingrain.com.
  4. ^ "Geography of Valsad". Valsadonline.
  5. ^ "Climatological Normals 1981–2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. July 2020. pp. 75–76. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  6. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M51. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  8. ^ "District Profile: Valsad" (PDF). Global Gujarat.
  9. ^ "DISTIRCT INDUSTRIAL POTENTIALITY SURVEY REPORT" (PDF). Dcmsme.
  10. ^ "Shantidham Aradhana Kendra". Jinjimaharaj.
  11. ^ "Museum on Morarji Desai likely to open in February 2015 in Gujarat". DeshGujarat.
  12. ^ "Valsad Tourism". Valsad Tourism.

External links[edit]