Wikipedia:University of Edinburgh/Events and Workshops/Women in Red

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Women in Red - A Wiki meetup every month to improve Wikipedia's representation of notable women is hosted at the University of Edinburgh and supported by the Women in Red project.

University of Edinburgh edit-a-thon


Everyone is welcome!
Book your place for each upcoming meeting below.

More events on Eventbrite and on Wikimedia Scotland's site'.
You can get lots of helpful information on the Wikimedia residency at the University of Edinburgh website.

We Can Edit

What is a Women in Red event

Have you ever wondered why the information in Wikipedia is extensive for some topics and scarce for others? As part of the Wikimedia residency at the University of Edinburgh, the University's Information Services team will run an informal Wiki meetup focused on improving Wikipedia's representation of notable women; turning red-linked articles that don't yet exist into blue clickable ones that do.

These are drop-in sessions so knowledge of Wikipedia editing is beneficial. However, Wikipedia editing can be easy to pick up as this 5 minute walkthrough of the new Visual Editor interface demonstrates. The editing will focus on creating and improving the quality of articles about notable women on Wikipedia using source texts such as The Biographical Dictionary of Scottish Women.

In November 2014, just over 15% of the English Wikipedia's biographies were about women. Founded in July 2015, WikiProject Women in Red strives to increase the percentage, which has reached 19.30% as of 18 July 2022. But that means that of 1,895,985 biographies, only 365,889 are about women.[1] Not impressed? "Content gender gap" is a form of systemic bias, and this series of meetups seeks to address it in a positive way.

Come along to learn about how Wikipedia works and create new role models for young and old alike!

Getting started with Women in Red

Women in Red
Building a Biography - simplified
Creating a Wikipedia Userpage
  1. Please create an account on Wikipedia if you have not done so as yet (having problems? see below) and join the dashboard page for today's workshop.
  2. Have a look at the suggested obits on notable women and our monthly Women in Red worklist of pages to create/improve below and decide who you want to work on. More redlinks can be found on WikiProject Women in Red's crowdsourced and Wikidata-driven Redlist index. Once you have decided who to work on Add your chosen page here.
  3. Join WikiProject Women in Red and signup for our next event on Fri 26th August here.

The Wikipedia training

  1. Please visit My personal sandbox page
  2. Copy the text
  3. Click on your username link at the top of the screen.
  4. Click the Create tab to open your userpage up in Visual Editor mode if your link is in red. This is next to the search bar on Wikipedia. Please click the Edit tab if your page is in blue.
  5. Once into your userpage and the dropdown menus are available, paste the copied text into your userpage.
  6. Then click the blue Publish page button to save the page with an edit summary of added text to my user page.

NB: I train people every month and essentially say much the same thing. Here is one such recording but don’t worry we will make sure you get full training. Main training tutorial: How to begin editing Wikipedia (53 mins)

Some short video tutorials

  1. Exploring the main page of Wikipedia (4 mins)
  2. How to create an account on Wikipedia (1 min 30 secs)
  3. How to switch on the (easier to use) Visual Editor interface (1 min 20secs)
  4. How to create a user page and play around with formatting (4 mins)
  5. How to create an article on Wikipedia (7 mins)
  6. How to move your drafted article to the main article space on Wikipedia (2 mins)
  7. How to add bold, headings, links, italics to a Wikipedia page (3 mins)
  8. How to add citations and references to a Wikipedia page (3 mins)
  9. How to upload an image to Wikimedia Commons (Wikipedia’s sister project) - 4 mins
  10. How to insert an image from Wikimedia Commons onto a Wikipedia page (3 mins)
  11. How to edit existing pages on Wikipedia (4 mins)
  12. Some printable resources are here.

These are all embedded in our student-created Wikimedian in Residence website here to make the how & why of editing Wikipedia much easier to engage with. Undergraduate student Hannah Rothmann’s work creating this website and the video resources above in lockdown Summer 2020 won an Open Education Global award recently. Because we felt that students, educators and everyone should be able to do this much more simply and have this ‘need to know’ information readily and openly available so I hope this is of use to you.

The basics

  1. How to create a Wikipedia user page (pdf guide) - More pdf guides below.
  2. Wikipedia Basics site (how to add a link, citation, image and more).
  3. How to edit - video playlists ((how to add a link, citation, image and more).
  4. Have a look at our new Histropedia timeline of Women's suffrage in Scotland.
  5. Have a look at our Navigation box template we add to the foot of pages about the Scottish suffragettes. We can create, amend and add more Women in Red to these templates and make these pages more discoverable.
  6. There is a draft biography you can look at and use as an exemplar: Mary Blathwayt.
  7. Would you like to do more editing after today? Go to WikiProject Women in Red and you can take part in their monthly themed editing events and we will hold more online Wiki Women in Red editing events too.

Having problems?

Having problems creating an account?[edit]

  • Wikipedia limits how many new accounts can be created from the same IP address in a 24 hour period to just six. It also sometimes blocks IP ranges where there have been problem edits/activity in the past. If this is preventing you from creating an account then using a different IP address or creating an account from a different location/device sometimes works. e.g. using your mobile phone to create your account and then logging in on your computer with the account at that point. If this doesn't work email me with your suggested username and I can create the account for you and email you a temporary password which you can change once logged in.

Having problems accessing the Visual Editor?[edit]

Wikipedia has a new Visual Editor interface which makes editing Wikipedia as easy as using Microsoft Word or Wordpress blogs through its use of dropdown menus. Annoyingly this Visual Editor interface sometimes needs enabled in your Preferences menu. It's a straightforward step to do this however and once switched on you shouldn't need to do this step again. Always use the Visual Editor if given the choice between it and the older Source Editor (unless you like working with html markup text!).

Interview Emily Temple-Wood discussing gender diversity on Wikipedia

How do I prepare?[edit]

The Manual of Style[edit]

Wikipedia has help pages which set out style guidelines for pages being created on certain subject areas. Please have a look at the following pages:

Current and upcoming priorities for WikiProject Women in Red

Join WikiProject Women in Red by registering in the box at the top of the WIR page. You can then add a userbox to your user page.

Continuing global coverage

  • In addition to our monthly editathons, you can cover women in any sphere of interest by taking part in the 2022 version of our #1day1woman initiative.

Year-long initiative

Happening now

Coming up

Recently completed

Recently completed

Recently completed

Previous WiR events

Past University of Edinburgh meetup details can be found here.

Use the PrepBio tool[edit]


Training guides[edit]

Here are some useful links to help you with your editing:

  • Read up to find out more about sources and verifiability.
  • Check out the notability guidelines and what topics can be written about on Wikipedia.
  • Consider whether you have any conflicts of interest.
  • You can find advice on how to search for relevant sources on any scientist here.
  • All sorts of helpful guides and online resources can be found below:
  • You can add pictures for use on Wiki-pages and beyond on Wikimedia Commons. Your Wikipedia account will work on Commons too - as well as all the other Wiki-projects and different language versions of Wikipedia.

Here are some ways to keep track of your edits:

  • You can view all your contributions to Wikipedia by clicking "Contributions" (in the top right of this page).
  • The Pageviews tool is a great way of measuring how many people are looking at the page you created/edited. You can even export the data if you'd like it for reports, etc.

Worklist of articles to create and improve

Helpful updates could be as simple as: Making sure reference links are still appropriate and functional; Adding new inline citations/references; Adding a photo; Adding an infobox; Adding data to more fields in an existing infobox; Creating headings; Adding categories; etc.

The following is a small sample of topics to work on. Feel free to come up with your own ideas!

July 2022 ideas[edit]

Women in Sport - Heidi's Euro 2022 focus[edit]

  • Alessia Russo - English footballer who plays as a forward for Manchester United in the FA Women's Super League and the England national team. needs image.
  • Hannah Hampton- English professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for FA Women's Super League club Aston Villa and the England national team. Needs image.
  • Lee Helen Alexander Scottish footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Scottish Women's Premier League club Glasgow City and the Scotland women's national team. Needs image.
  • Jenna Josephine Fife Scottish footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Rangers W.F.C. in the Scottish Women's Premier League (SWPL) and for the Scotland national team. Needs image.
  • Rachael Johnstone - Scottish goalkeeper. Born: 2 March 2004 (age 18). Article to be created. Click here to start
  • Northern_Ireland_women's_national_football_team#Current_squad - Article to be expanded and updated.

Other ideas[edit]

- D, E, F, G and now H in the Biographical Dictionary of Scottish Women[edit]

  • Margaret Dare - cellist, composer, teaacher. 1902-1976.
  • Elspeth Davie - Novelist and short story writer. needs expanded
  • Charlotte Deans - 1768-1859. Strolling player.
  • Der-Ilei - b. 685. Queen and mother of kings. infobox needed and article expanded.
  • Rachel Devine - 1875-1960. Weaver and trade union leader. Infobox needed.
  • Beetty Dick - 1693-1773. Town crier from Dalkeith.
  • Diorbhail Nic a' Bhriuthainn - very short. Needs expanded and infobox.
  • Lavinia Derwent - 1909-1989. Children's writer and broadcaster from the Borders.
  • Mary Diana Dods - 1790-1830. writer, cross-dresser. Infobox needed.
  • Mary Ethel Muir Donaldson - 1876-1958. Author and photographer.
  • Alison Douglas - 1480-1530. Landowner in Berwickshire.
  • Cecilia Douglas - 1772-1862. Absentee West India planter, slave-owner, art collector, benefactress.
  • Janet Douglas, Lady Glamis - Scottish noblewoman accused of witchcraft, who was executed by burning. Needs infobox and added to navbox.
  • Janet Hendry - (1906-2004) Pilot, 1st woman member of the SFC in 1927.
  • May Drummond - 1710-1772 Quaker minister. needs expanded and infobox.
  • Anne Drysdale - pioneer squatter. needs expanded and infobox.
  • Agnes Duncan - 1900-1997. Singer and choir mistress from Alexandria near Glasgow.
  • Isabelle Duncan - 1812-1878 Author from Dumfries.
  • Mary Lundie Duncan - 1814-1840. Hymn writer from Kinross-shire. Article needs to be more discoverable. (Searching for 'Mary Duncan' goes to different article.)
  • Annie Dunlop - 1897-1973. Historian from Glasgow. short. needs expanded. Infobox required.
  • Isobel Dunlop - 1901-1975. Composer, music teacher, concert organiser from Edinburgh. does not exist. Just redirects to Saltire singers.
  • Eanfled - 20 April 626, died Whitby after 685. Queen of Bernici.
  • Margaret Elder or Madge Elder, born Portobello near Edinburgh, 17 July 1893, died Edinburgh 25 Dec. 1985. Gardener, nurserywoman and writer.
  • Grace Eliot or Grace Elliott, born probably in Edinburgh c. 1754, died Ville d’Avray, France, 16 May 1823. Courtesan. Daughter of Grisel Craw, and Hew Dalrymple, Edinburgh advocate.
  • Elizabeth de Burgh, Queen of Scotland, married the widowed Robert Bruce (1274–1329).
  • Jean Eliot, born Minto House, near Hawick April 1727, died Mount Teviot, Roxburghshire, 29 March 1805. Poet.
  • Mary Erskine, born 1629, died 2 July 1707. Businesswoman, philanthropist, early supporter of female education.
  • Evota of Stirling or Eve of Stirling, fl. 1304. Property owner and garrison-supplier.
  • Barbara Farquhar, born Peterculter, Aberdeenshire, c. 1815, died London 12 March 1875. Prizewinning author.
  • Marian Farquharson, born West Meon, Hampshire, 2 July 1846, died Nice, France, 20 April 1912. Botanist and campaigner for women’s rights.
  • Marjorie Farquharson, born Glasgow 11 Aug. 1953, died Edinburgh 13 May 2016. Political scientist, human rights worker, Quaker.
  • Jane Findlater, born Edinburgh 4 Nov. 1866, died Comrie 20 May 1946. Novelists and short story writers.
  • Dervorgilla Galloway - Heiress, religious patron c. 1213 died Barnard Castle 1290.
  • Janet Anne Galloway 1841-1909, educator and administrator in Glasgow.
  • Mary Garden 1874-1967. Opera Singer from Aberdeen.
  • Margaret Gardiner. Born in Berlin in 1904, died in London 2005. Founder of Pier Arts Centre, Orkney.
  • Flora Garry (1900-2000). Poet from New Deer, Aberdeenshire.
  • Kathleen Garscadden 1897-1991, Radio and television broadcaster and producer.
  • Anna Geddes born in Liverpool in 1857, died in Lucknow, India in 1917. Music teacher and partner in Patrick Geddes's projects.
  • Jenny Geddes 1670. Legendary rioter in St Giles Church, Edinburgh against the Scottish Prayer Book.
  • Alison Geissler, 1907-2011. Glass engraver in Edinburgh.
  • Jenny Gilbertson Born Glasgow 1902, died Shetland 1990. Film-maker and teacher.
  • Anne Gilchrist OBE. 1863-1954. Folklorist and song collector.
  • Marion Gilchrist (1864-1952). Physician.
  • Mary Gilchrist (1882-1947). Chess champion.
  • Margaret Gillespie (singer) 1841-1913. Singer of traditional songs.
  • Mary Gillon 1898-2002. First World War tram conductress (clippie).
  • Elizabeth Girling 1913-2005. Spanish Civil War veteran, Labour movement activist.
  • Helen Gloag d. 1750. 'Empress of Morocco'.
  • Jean Glover 1758-1801. Travelling actor and singer.
  • Henrietta Gordon (estate manager) 1681-1760. Estate manager and innovator.
  • Isabella Gordon OBE 1901-1988. Marine Biologist.

Latest additions for June 2022

  • Jane Gordon (countess) (Jean), Countess of Bothwell (1566–67), Countess of Sutherland (1573–1629), born 1545, died Dunrobin 14 May 1629. Daughter of Elizabeth Keith, and George, 4th Earl of Huntly.
  • Jean Gordon (1670) born c. 1670 into one of the gypsy tribes of Kirk Yetholm, died Carlisle 1746.
  • Maria Matilda Gordon, n. Ogilvie (May), DSc, PhD, FGS, DBE, LLB, born Monymusk, Aberdeenshire, 30 April 1864, died London 24 June 1939. Geologist, campaigner for female education and equality, musician, translator.
  • Mary Clark Gordon, n. Gilmour, born Glasgow 16 May 1882, died Pasadena, California, USA, 23 August 1963. Hollywood character actor. Daughter of Mary Gibbons, and Allan Gilmour, salesman and storeman.
  • Emily Gordon Cathcart born 1845, died Margate, Kent, 8 August 1932. Controversial Hebridean landowner.
  • Constance Gordon Cumming born Altyre, Morayshire, 26 May 1837, died Crieff 4 Sept. 1924. Travel writer and explorer.
  • Eliza Maria Gordon Cumming n. Campbell, probably born 1798 in Inveraray, died Altyre, near Forres, 21 April 1842. Fossil collector and illustrator.
  • Elenor Gordon-McKay, born Hamilton, 10 May 1933, died Wishaw, 9 July 2014. Olympic and Commonwealth swimmer. Daughter of Wilhelmina Alexander, and Gavin Gordon, manager of Hamilton Baths.
  • Helen Graham m. Tovey-Tennent, born Edinburgh 8 June 1806, died London 14 June 1896. Diarist. Daughter of Jane Ferrier, and Brigadier-General Samuel Graham, sometime Deputy-Governor, Stirling Castle.
  • Isabella Graham n. Marshall, born Lanarkshire 29 July 1742, died New York, USA, 27 July 1814. Educator and poor-relief worker. Daughter of Janet Hamilton, and John Marshall, tenant farmer.
  • Margaret Manson Graham, born Orphir, Orkney, 26 April 1860, died Aro-Chuku, Nigeria, 14 Oct. 1933. Missionary-nurse. Daughter of Isabella Manson, and John Graham, weaver and crofter.
  • Maria Graham (Lady Callcott), n. Dundas, m1 Graham, m2 Callcott, born Cockermouth 19 July 1785, died Kensington 28 Nov. 1842. Author and traveller. Daughter of Ann Thompson, of an American loyalist family, and Rear-Admiral George Dundas.
  • Violet Graham Duchess of Montrose, GBE, m. Graham, born London 10 Sept. 1854, died Abbots Langley, Herts, 21 Nov. 1940. Anti-suffragist and philanthropist. Daughter of Jane Seymour, and Sir Frederick Graham of Netherby.
  • Helen Grahamslaw, of Newton, fl. c. 1570–c. 1600. Heiress. Daughter of John Grahamslaw of Newton. By 1586, Helen Grahamslaw’s eight brothers had all been murdered by the Turnbulls as part of a vicious Border bloodfeud.
  • Anne Grant, of Laggan, n. Macvicar, born Glasgow 21 Feb. 1755, died Edinburgh 7 Nov. 1838. Letter writer, essayist and poet.
  • Beatrice Grant n. Campbell, baptised Kilmartin 2 Sept. 1761, died Nairn 20 Feb. 1845. Author and educator. Eldest daughter of Matilda Campbell, and Neil Campbell of Duntroon, impoverished laird.
  • Elizabeth Grant, of Rothiemurchus, m. Smith, born Edinburgh 7 May 1797, died Baltiboys, Co. Wicklow, Ireland, 16 Nov. 18n/ 85. Diarist. Daughter of Jane Ironside, of Durham, and Sir John Peter Grant of Rothiemurchus.
  • Isabel Frances Grant (Elsie), MBE, born Edinburgh 21 July 1887, died Edinburgh 19 Sept. 1983. Historian and folk museum pioneer. Daughter of Isabel Mackintosh of Balnespick, and Colonel Hugh Gough Grant.
  • Isobel Grant, fl. 1637. Quasi-historical figure involved in a notorious case of murder. Daughter of Grant of Tulloch (aka Fear Thulach, aka McJokkie).
  • Katherine Whyte Grant, n. Whyte (K. W. G.), born Oban 11 April 1845, died Oban 18 Aug. 1928. Writer and translator in Gaelic and English. Daughter of Mary MacIsaac, and Henry Whyte, schoolteacher and lay-missionary.
  • Mary Grant, born Kilgraston, Perthshire, 16 March 1831, died London 20 Feb. 1908. Sculptor. Daughter of Lady Lucy Bruce, and John Grant
  • Norah Neilson Gray, born Helensburgh 16 June 1882, died Glasgow 27 May 1931. Artist. Daughter of Norah Neilson, and George William Gray, merchant.
  • Allison Greenlees, n. Cargill, born Hillhead, Glasgow, 13 August 1896, died Edinburgh 4 August 1979. Pioneer of Girl Guiding in Scotland. Daughter of Mary Grierson, and John Cargill, East India merchant. Short article, needs infoox and expanding.
  • Helen Gregory, (Ella), born Edinburgh 11 April 1898, died Edinburgh 17 April 1946. Medical missionary. Daughter of Helen Williamson, and Thomas Gregory, dental surgeon. Short article, needs infoox and expanding.
  • Jane Stocks Greig (or Jean) Stocks, born Cupar, Fife, 12 June 1872, died Melbourne, Australia, 16 Sept. 1939, medical practitioner. Needs redirect pages as also known as Jane Greig, Jean Stocks, Jean Greig etc.
  • Ruby Grierson, born Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire, 24 Nov. 1903, died at sea 17 Sept. 1940. Documentary film-maker. Daughter of Jane Anthony, English teacher, and Robert Morrison Grierson, schoolmaster. No page for her but her older brother has one.
  • Bessie Grieve n. Skea [‘Countrywoman’], born Shapinsay, Orkney, 28 June 1923, died Shapinsay, Orkney, 19 May 1996. Writer. Daughter of Margaret Skethaway, postmistress, and John Skea, crofter and poet. Needs redirect pages as also known as Jemima Grieve etc.
  • Mary Grieve aka Mary Lyon OBE, born Ayr 11 April 1906, died Berkhamsted 19 Feb. 1998. Journalist, Editor of Woman magazine. Daughter of Annie Stark, nurse, and Robert Grieve, fundholder. Needs image.
  • Laura Grimond n. Bonham Carter, born London 13 Oct. 1918, died Orkney 15 Feb. 1994. Councillor and Liberal Party activist. Daughter of Lady Violet Bonham-Carter, n. Asquith, and Sir Maurice Bonham Carter. Needs expanding perhaps?
  • Gruoch Queen of Scotland / (Lady Macbeth), fl. early–mid 11th century. Needs expanded, images??
  • Isabel Gunn n. Fubister, born Tankerness, Orkney, 1 August 1781, died Stromness 7 Nov. 1861. Hudson’s Bay Company labourer, cross-dresser. Daughter of Girzal Allan, and John Fubister. Needs an image perhaps.
  • Elizabeth Hamilton, 1st Baroness Hamilton of Hameldon , Duchess of Hamilton, Duchess of Argyll, born near Huntingdon, Dec. 1733, died London 20 Dec. 1790, buried Kilmun, Argyllshire. Leader of society. Daughter of Bridget Bourke, daughter of Viscount Mayo, and John Gunning of Castlecoote. Needs redirect perhaps, as also known as Elizabeth Gunning.
  • Helen Guthrie, born 1574. Presbyterian petitioner. Daughter of an Aberdeen saddler. No page that I can see.
  • Jane Haining born Lochenhead, Dunscore, Dumfriesshire, 6 June 1897, died Auschwitz 17 July 1944. Missionary. Daughter of Jane Mathison, and Thomas Haining, farmer. Extensive but can it be improved further?
  • Elizabeth Haldane, born Edinburgh 27 May 1862, died Auchterarder 24 Dec. 1937. Social reformer, political activist and writer. Daughter of Mary Burdon-Sanderson, and Robert Haldane, WS. Quite extensive but can it be improved further?
  • Marion Haliburton, (Mariot), Lady Home, born probably Dirleton Castle c. 1500, died probably Dunglass c. 1563. Daughter of Margaret Douglas of Pumpherston, and Patrick, Lord Haliburton. Check redirects are all there, needs infobox also.
  • Agnes Sillars Hamilton n. Agnes Sillars, born c. 1794, died Edinburgh 22 Oct. 1870. ‘Female Reformer’, itinerant lecturer and phrenologist. Daughter of Jane Macdougal, and Archibald Sillars, shipmaster. Needs redirect as also known as Agnes Sillars and Agnes Hamilton.
  • Anne Hamilton, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton 3rd Duchess of Hamilton suo jure, born Whitehall Palace, London 16 Jan. 1632, died Hamilton Palace 17 Oct. 1716. Daughter of Lady Mary Feilding, and James Hamilton, 3rd Marquis and later 1st Duke of Hamilton. Needs citations about ancestry.
  • Elizabeth Hamilton (writer) born Belfast 25 July 1758, died Harrogate 23 July 1816. Novelist, educationalist, moral philosopher. Daughter of Katherine Mackay of Dublin, and Charles Hamilton, Scottish merchant in Belfast. Check redirects are all there, can it be expanded at all?
  • Helen Elliot n. Elliot, MBE, born Edinburgh 20 Jan. 1927, died Perth 12 Jan. 2013. Table tennis player. Daughter of Alice May Slight Virtue, and Alexander Elliot, labourer. Check redirects are all there, can it be expanded at all?
  • Janet Hamilton n. Thomson, born Carshill, Lanarkshire, 14 Oct. 1795, died Langloan, Lanarkshire, 30 Oct. 1873. Poet, spinner. Daughter of Mary Brownlee, embroidress, and James Thomson, shoemaker.Check redirects are all there, can it be expanded at all?
  • Katherine Hamilton Lady Murray and Duchess of Atholl, born Hamilton 24 Oct. 1662, died Hamilton 10 Jan. 1707. Political actor, religious writer. Daughter of *Anne Hamilton, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton, and William Douglas, Earl of Selkirk and later 3rd Duke of Hamilton. Potentially no page at all but check thoroughly.
  • Margaret Hamilton , Countess of Panmure, born Hamilton, Dec. 1668, died Edinburgh, Dec. 1731. Estate manager, Lady Directoress. Daughter of Anne, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton, and William Douglas, Earl of Selkirk and later 3rd Duke of Hamilton. Potentially no page at all but check thoroughly.
  • Mary Hamilton (politician) (Molly), n. Adamson, CBE, born Manchester 8 July 1882, died London 10 Feb. 1966. Writer, broadcaster and politician. Daughter of Margaret Duncan, schoolteacher, and Robert Adamson, university professor. Check redirects are all there, can it be expanded at all?
  • Jane Hannay n. Wilson, CBE, born New Abbey, Dumfries, 8 Feb. 1868, died Edinburgh 14 April 1938. Teacher, women’s welfare and employment campaigner. Daughter of Jane Ewing Brown, and the Rev. James Stewart Wilson. No page that I can see.
  • Janet Harden (Jessy), n. Allan, born Edinburgh 25 Feb. 1776, died 1837. Diarist. Daughter of Margaret Learmonth, and Robert Allan, banker and proprietor of the Caledonian Mercury. No page that I can see.
  • Margaret Hardie (‘Midside Maggie’), n. Lylestoun, born c. 1625 Westruther, Berwickshire, died after 1660. Tenant farmer. No page that I can see.
  • Letitia Hargrave, n. Mactavish, born Edinburgh 1813, died Sault Ste Marie, Upper Canada, Sept.1854. Northern pioneer. Daughter of Letitia Lockhart, and Dugald Mactavish, sheriff of Argyllshire.
  • Amelia Harris and Jane Harris born Fearn, Angus, 7 April 1815, died Edinburgh 16 Jan. 1891; HARRIS, Jane, born Fearn 18 Jan. 1823, died Edinburgh 2 Sept. 1897. Singers and preservers of traditional songs.
  • Margaret Harrison, n. Burnett, born Dumbarton 5 May 1918, died Castle Douglas 15 April 2015. Christian peace campaigner and CND activist.
  • Constance Mary Ridehalgh aka Judith Ridehalgh,Baroness Hart of South Lanark, DBE, born Burnley, Lancs, 18 Sept. 1924, died London 8 Dec. 1991. Socialist, Labour MP. Daughter of Lily Lord, schoolteacher, and Harry Ridehalgh, linotype operator.
  • Jennifer Hart or Jennifer Marianne Hart (Maidie),‡ n. Bridge, born Brookfield, Renfrewshire, 15 Dec. 1916, died Edinburgh 7 Nov. 1997. Campaigner for equality, development and peace. Daughter of Jennifer Gibson, and Norman Cressy Bridge, consultant electrical engineer.

Women of Edinburgh - obits[edit]

  • Joan Lingard - Prolific author best known for the Kevin and Sadie young adult novels charting friendship across the divide in 1970s Belfast. [7]
  • Gerda Rubinstein - prolific sculptor in the Netherlands and the UK. [8][9]
  • Margaret Richards (architect), Scottish architect. Born: 3 November 1928. Died: 20 February 2022 in Edinburgh, aged 93. [10]
  • Liz Douglas, Scottish artist known for her nature works. Born: September 15 1945 in Forfar, Angus. Died: May 10 2022 in Selkirk, Scottish Borders, aged 76. [11]
  • Yvonne Blenkinsop - Campaigner for the safety of trawlermen and one of the ‘headscarf revolutionaries’ who changed the fishing industry in the 1960s. [12]
  • Elspeth Barker -n/ Journalist and author whose darkly funny 1991 novel O Caledonia has found its place as a Scottish classbic.[13]
  • Una Flett, author. [14]
  • Gloria Randall a social worker who was attuned to the particular needs of Jewish refugee clients. [15]
  • Jennifer Piercey - actor. [16]
  • Patricia Ann Ferguson - Scottish engineer and businesswoman. Born: 12 February 1936 in Dundee. Died: 24 March 2022 in Auchterarder, aged 86 [17]
  • Ljubica Erickson - key to the Edinburgh Conversations, the 1980s roundtable discussions between Soviet and Nato military that are credited with helping end the cold war. [18]
  • Audrey Henshall (cairns expert), expert on Neolithic chambered cairns. [19]
  • Tina May (singer) - Jazz singer with an openness to many ways of making music and a gift for imparting a beguiling freshness to classic material.[20]
  • Margaret Curtis (megalith expert) - Megalith enthusiast who did much to further understanding of the Calanais stone circle and other ancient sites of the Isle of Lewis. [21]
  • Marie Weir, PE teacher and hockey coach. Born: 3 June 1926 in Chapelbank, Findo Gask, Perthshire. Died: 27 February 2022 in Kinross, aged 95. [22]
  • Denise Coffey (actor) - Actor and comedian who invested her many stage and screen roles with incomparable zest and cheek. [23]
  • Angela Crow (actor) - Early Coronation Street cast member who left the soap to ‘see the world’ and became a busy character actor on screen and stage. [24]
  • Claire MacGregor (teacher), teacher of pronunciation to international students. Born: 21 August, 1932 in Inchinnan, Renfrewshire. Died: 9 January, 2022 in Edinburgh, aged 89. [25]
  • Josephine Veasey, Mezzo-soprano with a commanding presence as Bizet’s Carmen, Berlioz’s Dido and Wagner’s Fricka at Covent Garden. [26]
  • Val Robinson, One of England’s best hockey players known for her trademark body swerve and for winning the BBC’s Superstars competition. [27]
  • Fiona Denison, Professor of Translational Obstetrics at the University of Edinburgh and Honorary Consultant Obstetrician at NHS Lothian.[28]
  • Shirley McGreal, Founder of the International Primate Protection League who campaigned to prevent wildlife trafficking. [29]
  • Lalage Bown, Adult educationist whose anthology Two Centuries of African English helped transform approaches to literature in the continent.[30]checkY
  • Frances Iron - School teacher and stage director in Dundee and Fife. [31]
  • Catherine Walker - Curator of the War Poets Collection at Edinburgh Napier University.[32]
  • Francesca Inskipp - [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38]
  • Kate Durie - academic who shared her love of English language and literature. [39]
  • Margaret Maclean - civil servant who helped establish National Museum of Scotland. [40]
  • Gwyn Singleton - pioneer of dyslexia education in the west of Scotland in the 1970s.[41]
  • Alma Cullen, scriptwriter spanning more than 40 years, with credits including Inspector Morse, and one of her plays won a silver award at the New York TV festival. [42]
  • Theodora di Marco, popular Scottish-born salonista. Theo played the viola and her twin Norma became a professional cello player and helped to found the Edinburgh Chamber Orchestra. [43]
  • Elizabeth Blackadder - renowned painter and printmaker who became the first woman to be elected to both the Royal Scottish Academy and the Royal Academy. [44]
  • Helen Nicolson (child psychiatrist), child psychiatrist. [45]stub article
  • Colette O’Neil - Stage, screen and radio actor whose roles ranged from Hedda Gabler to a Coronation Street social worker. [46]
  • Clare Peploe, film writer and director from family of Scottish artists.[47]
  • Pat Semple - With the death of Pat Semple, Scotland has lost a highly accomplished and expressive artist. For over 40 years her paintings, drawings and prints earned her a glowing reputation and many admirers. She was also an inspirational teacher in schools across Scotland.[48]
  • Helen Smeed - Long-time parliamentary researcher and personal assistant in the House of Lords.[49]
  • Sue Hayes - Film and TV consultant, producer and researcher who knew the industry inside out. Head of the London Film Commission (now Film London). [50]
  • Iona McGregor - Author, teacher, brave and inspirational pioneer in the struggle for gay rights that got under way in the 1970s. Working with others in the Scottish Minorities Group, she helped to create safe spaces in Edinburgh in which women could meet socially, and to develop a befriending service for those emerging, blinking, “out of the shadows”, in the tabloid speak of the day. [51]
  • Barbara Hulme - the first botanist to produce experimental hybrids in the genus Atriplex. In recognition, the Canadian botanist PM Taschereau named a later hybrid after her: Atriplex X hulmeana. [52]
  • Joyce Lishman - a leader in social work education and research. In 1993 she was appointed the first female professor at Robert Gordon University (RGU) in Aberdeen, where she led the school of applied social science until her retirement in 2011. [53]
  • Phillida Nicholson, a former land girl she was a talented landscape painter, printmaker and tapestry maker, and an intrepid traveller.[54]
  • Cynthia Midgley - born in Calcultta, Cynthia was a professional viola player with various quartets and chamber orchestras in the 1940s and early 50s and, after a break to raise her family, returned to music in the 70s and 80s with the Scottish Baroque Ensemble and the Scottish Chamber Orchestra before her retirement.[55]
  • Audrey Walker, textile artist who was renowned for embroideries built up from pointillist layers of thread – machine and hand-stitched. Her finest works, seen at a retrospective exhibition in 2000 at Ruthin Craft Centre in north Wales, were created after her retirement from teaching in the late 1980s. Psychologically unsettling, Walker’s haunting embroideries led Philip Hughes, the centre’s director, to observe: “If Virginia Woolf had stitched, this is what it would be like.”[56]
  • Bea Ewart, Beatrice (Bea) Ewart was a primary school teacher who believed that craft and play would expand small minds into big imaginations.[57]
  • Joan Davidson - Head of Learning at Edinburgh Science, the charitable organisation behind the annual Edinburgh Science Festival. An inspirational figure dedicated to inspiring young people. being worked on by Eleanor.[58]
  • Vera Carstairs - Research social scientist in the civil service. She devoted her studies to illuminating links between social and economic deprivation and poor health.[59].
  • Alanna Knight - novelist who worked in multiple genres.[60]
  • Stella Tennant - Model who rose to fame in the 1990s, capturing the attention of Karl Lagerfeld and gracing the pages of Vogue.[61]
  • Marjory Dougal - respected Edinburgh Youth Orchestra administrator. [62]- being worked on by Kathy
  • Anne Curry was a theatre set and costume designer who used her beautiful illustrations to inspire students in theatre design.[63]
  • Helen Cargill Thompson, librarian and art collector. [64]
  • Margaret Donaldson, Scottish child development expert.[65]
  • Erin Wall, soprano who delighted audiences at the Edinburgh Festival and the Proms. [66]
  • Marilyn Imrie, radio drama producer and theatre director.[67]
  • Eileen McCamley, deputy principal of Edinburgh’s Mary Erskine School.[68]
  • Mairi Robinson devoted her career to preserving the Scots language. [69]
  • Dr. Runa Mackay, paediatrician and peace campaigner who dedicated much of her life to the people of Palestine. [70]
  • Ethel Douglas, Assistant Secretary of the Law Society and first female Elder of Greenside Parish Church in Edinburgh.[71]
  • Aileen Christianson, feminist academic and author.[72]
  • Kristin Linklater, Scot who helped global stars find their voice.[73]
  • Christine Nuttall worked for four decades in the field of teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL), in eight countries across the world. [74].
  • Margaret Meek Spencer - Educationist who saw a child’s joy in the story as the key to learning to read.[75]
  • Cecily Giles CBE, wartime codebreaker and university secretary.[76].
  • Bridget Martyn, renowned encyclopedist. She was senior editorial manager of OUP’s Oxford Illustrated Encyclopaedia (1993), and then editor in chief between 1993 and 1995 of Microsoft’s first foray into digital encyclopedia, Encarta.[77]
  • Monica Jackson was a mountaineer whose passion for the peaks was nurtured by her childhood in India and her adulthood in Scotland. Among her most notable feats was her participation, in the 1950s, in the first all-female expedition to the Himalayas, about which she wrote a book. [78]
  • Dame Denise Coia, Scottish clinical psychiatrist.[79].
  • Ailsa Maxwell, historian and Enigma codebreaker, who witnessed Nazi surrender message.[80].
  • Mary Stewart, Scottish teacher who inspired generations with her musical gifts.[81]
  • Marista Leishman, biographer and daughter of Lord Reith.[82]
  • Jennifer Hamilton, Church of Scotland Depute Solicitor and Girl Guide leader.[83]
  • Rita Thomson was a nurse who dedicated herself to looking after the composer Benjamin Britten in the last few years of his life.
  • Victoria Braithwaite - The Penn State University scientist was known for her work on fish’s perception of pain.[84]
  • Anna Quayle - Multitalented actor best remembered as Baroness Bomburst in Chitty Chitty Bang Bang.[85].
  • Carole Satyamurti - Poet and sociologist who retold the Mahabharata in verse.[86]
  • Margaret Thomson OBE, Chief Executive Nurse for Scotland, church elder and patron of the arts.[87]
  • Diana Henderson, WRAC officer, horsewoman and historian.[88]
  • Angela Wrapson, arts consultant, curator, teacher, former chair of Traverse Theatre. [89].
  • Marion Miller, obstetrics and gynaecology specialist in Edinburgh hospitals.[90]
  • Judith Kerr, author and illustrator best known for the classic children’s book The Tiger Who Came to Tea. [91]
  • Lady Betty Lockwood - First chair of the Equal Opportunities Commission who later campaigned to increase the number of female Labour MPs. [92]
  • Doreen Spooner - First female staff photographer on a British national newspaper.[93]
  • Ruth Marchant - Pioneer in the field of children’s rights who helped the very young give evidence in court and to the police.[94]- being worked on by Lilinaz.
  • Dawn Flockhart, former athlete and NLP practitioner, remembered as a force of nature.[95]
  • Chris Highham, teacher. [96]
  • Wendy Ramshaw, pioneering artist who pushed the boundaries of jewellery, sculpture, installation and design. [97]
  • Carol Rhodes - Artist who created in her paintings a unique style of landscape, both traditionally beautiful and unsettling in subject.[98]
  • Lady Jean Trumpington, peer who was a codebreaker at Bletchley Park during the second world war.[99]
  • Janet Paisley, award-winning novelist, poet and playwright.[100]
  • Pauline Knowles, award-winning actress at the heart of Scottish theatre for nearly 30 years. [101]
  • Ana-Maria Wilson, language teacher and student.[102]
  • Inge Borkh - Operatic soprano with a powerful voice, who captivated postwar audiences.[103]
  • DameGillian Lynne - Choreographer and dancer who breathed new life into musical theatre with the hit shows Cats and The Phantom of the Opera.[104].
  • Maria Bueno - Graceful Brazilian tennis player who won Wimbledon three times.[105]
  • Wanda Wiłkomirska - Violinist who specialised in the works of her Polish compatriots [106]
  • Edith Macarthur - Stage and screen actor who played Elizabeth Cunningham in the Scottish TV soap opera Take the High Road.[107]
  • Mary Maclean, artist, lecturer, Outside Architecture founding member.[108]
  • Jo Beddoe, was an unsung heroine of British regional theatre who was responsible for the rescue in the 1980s of the 7:84 theatre company in Scotland and in the early 2000s of the Everyman and Playhouse theatres in Liverpool.[109]being worked on by Ian.
  • Marianne Ferguson Rice was a teacher turned social worker who in later life worked with a disability charity in São Paulo, Brazil, before returning to Britain to serve Quaker causes.[110]
  • Margot Cruft, inspirational oboist and teacher who loved to play music with others.[111]
  • Kay Blair, former chair of Scottish Housing Regulator.[112]
  • June Rose - Biographer and author who wrote about Modigliani, Marie Stopes and Elizabeth Fry. [113]being worked on by Marnie.
  • Mary Sudbury was a trailblazing female engineer. In 1954, straight from university, she joined the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough, Hampshire, where she worked in the wind tunnels on the development of the supersonic airliner Concorde.[114]
  • Joan McLean was Leading Wren 45270, serving in Scarborough, north Yorkshire, at HMS Paragon, an onshore listening base. She played a vital role keeping the wartime codebreaking centre at Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire, supplied with morse code from German submarines.[115]
  • Elizabeth Marian Meehan, academic.[116]
  • Nicola Gordon Bowe - Art historian who specialised in the Irish Celtic revival.[117]
  • Lindsay Riddoch - ardent and articulate advocate for better mental health services. [118]being worked on by Morag.
  • Miriam Kochan was an inspiring teacher, author and leader in the Oxford Jewish community.[119]
  • Patricia Hiddleston, Scots mathematician and teacher who helped shape education in Africa.[120]
  • Ethel Simpson, pioneering and inspirational Scottish journalist.[121]
  • Ethel May Houston, Bletchley Park veteran, solicitor, Law Society Council member, entertaining hostess.[122]
  • Professor Tessa Holyoake, world-renowned expert in Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia, clinician, mountain biker and cake lover.[123]
  • Frances Colquhoun was a singer, actor, theatre director, artist and friend of Soviet dissidents. One of the high points of her career was the creation in 1981, with her husband, Patrick, of One Word of Truth, a film dramatisation of Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s 1970 Nobel prize lecture.[124]
  • Marion Macleod was an academic microbiologist and medical sociologist. She was also a fine example of the benefits of the postwar policy of opening up higher education to bright students from all backgrounds. [125] - being worked on by Emilia.
  • Atsuko Betchaku, teacher and pacifist.[126]


Suggested sources:[edit]

  • DiscoverEd to find books, ebooks, journals, ejournals and more.
News sources[edit]
Theses databases[edit]


Newly created pages[edit]

  1. Annie Elizabeth Nicholson Ireland
  2. Margaret Aitken (the great witch of Balwearie)
  3. Ruth Adler - Human rights and child welfare campaigner.
  4. Ethel Froud - feminist and trade unionist.
  5. Bridget Hill - feminist and historian.
  6. Dorothy Geddes - the first woman to be appointed to a professorship of dentistry in the United Kingdom.
  7. Helen Archdale - journalist, suffragist. Page improved with additional details regarding the League of Nations.
  8. Frances Melville - promoter of higher education for women in Scotland and suffragist.
  9. Annie Barnes (suffragist)
  10. Ethel Bilbrough - First World War diarist, artist and newspaper writer.
  11. Blanche Blackwell - a Jamaican heiress, mother of Chris Blackwell (founder of Island Records) and inspirational muse to Ian Fleming and Noël Coward.
  12. Prunella Briance - Founder of the National Childbirth Trust and a passionate campaigner to improve the health of women and their experience in childbirth.
  13. Irene Brown - Bletchley Park veteran. [127]
  14. Hilda Goldwag - an artist whose work included painting, book illustration and commercial design.[1] Many of her paintings are of Glasgow life and building from the mid-to-late twentieth century.
  15. Diorbhail Nic a' Bhriuthainn - a Scottish Gaelic poet and songwriter who lived on the Isle of Luing in Argyll, Scotland.
  16. Agnes Finnie - an Edinburgh shopkeeper and moneylender who was executed for witchcraft on 6 March, 1645.
  17. Grace Frankland - an English microbiologist. Page improved with 10,000 bytes+ of additional information.
  18. Elizabeth Fish - a schoolteacher and the first elected woman president of the Educational Institute of Scotland, the oldest teacher's trade union in the world.
  19. Arline Usden - journalist and editor.[128][129][130][131]
  20. Sheila Kitzinger - 3000+ bytes characters added to Sheila Kitzinger's page: a British natural childbirth activist and author on childbirth and pregnancy.
  21. Lady Finella - a Noblewoman and Scottish assassin who killed King Kenneth II out of revenge, based on chronicles from the 1300s.
  22. Hillary Homzie - lecturer, playwright and author.
  23. Mamie Magnusson - Scottish newspaper journalist and author.
  24. Catherine MacLeod - Scottish Gaelic singer.
  25. Olive Fraser - a Scottish poet born in Aberdeen.
  26. Mary Esslemont - Aberdeen GP noted for her work with the city's poor and underprivileged and for her activism for women's rights.
  27. Alice Stewart Ker - the suffragette doctor
  28. Aune Krohn - Finnish writer from a family who made "Finnish" popular
  29. Mary Blathwayt - suffragette.
  30. Dot Allan - Scottish novelist
  31. Ann Kihengu - an entrepreneur, distributor, and winner of the 2010 Africa Laureate of the Cartier Women's Initiative Awards for her work to replace the use of kerosene lamps by distributing solar lamps and solar phone chargers in Tanzania via a network of young entrepreneurs. Ann is also a member of the World Entrepreneurship Forum Think Tank. #BlackHistoryMonth
  32. Jane Alexander (author)
  33. Mary Andross - Scottish food chemist.
  34. Emily Lloyd (chemist)
  35. Caroline Pellew - chemist.
  36. Mary Corner - chemist.
  37. Robina F. Hardy - author.
  38. Mary D. Rosengarten - author.
  39. Cecilie French - chemist and lecturer.
  40. Mrs E. H. Thompson - author.
  41. Phoebe Blyth - Scottish philanthropist, educationist and campaigner for the opening up of opportunities for womrn in professional employment and university education.
  42. Marian Reeves - feminist activist.
  43. Gerardine Macpherson - 19th-century English biographer and illustrator.
  44. Mary Leman Grimstone - writer and social reformer.
  45. Mary Tuck - social scientist and civil servant.
  46. Margaret Troup Gray - teacher, translator and missionary.
  47. Maud Galt - accused of witchcraft in Kilbarchan, Scotland.
  48. Christian Caldwell - crossdressing witch-hunter in Morayshire, Scotland.
  49. Margaret Mylne - Scottish suffragette and writer.
  50. Kitty Kenney - English suffragette, sister of Annie Kenney.
  51. Barbara Baehr - German arachnologist.
  52. Annie Murray (Spanish Civil War nurse). checkY
  53. Euphame MacCalzean - accused witch, executed in Edinburgh in 1591.checkY
  54. Marion Conacher, missionary
  55. Shu-Fang Lai, Dickens scholar
  56. Elspeth Green, heroic WAAF from Edinburgh, appeared as a new article at Did You Know in Jan 2022
  57. Period underwear
  58. Joy Ferguson, ATA pilot

Improved pages[edit]

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