Hawaiian Gardens, California
|Hawaiian Gardens, California|
|City of Hawaiian Gardens|
|Motto: "Our Youth, Our Future"|
|Los Angeles County, California|
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated (city)||April 9, 1964|
|• Type||City Council-Administrator|
|• Mayor||Michael Gomez|
|• Mayor Pro Tem||Victor Farfan|
|• City Council||Michiko A. Oyama-Canada
Betty J. Schultze
John F. Heckerman
|• Total||0.956 sq mi (2.477 km2)|
|• Land||0.946 sq mi (2.450 km2)|
|• Water||0.010 sq mi (0.027 km2) 1.09%|
|Elevation||33 ft (10 m)|
|• Density||15,000/sq mi (5,800/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1652716|
Hawaiian Gardens is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. It is the smallest city in the county (approximately 1.0 mi²) and was incorporated on April 9, 1964. The population was 14,254 at the 2010 census, down from 14,779 at the 2000 census.
The town's unusual name originated in a 1920s refreshment stand that was decorated with palm fronds and bamboo. It was the then-rural area's main landmark for many years, and its name stuck as the small town grew up around it. As one of seven Los Angeles County cities that allow casino gambling, more than $9.2 million (65%) of the city's revenue comes from the Hawaiian Gardens Casino.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2). 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) of it is land and 0.01 square miles (0.026 km2) of it (1.09%) is water. Hawaiian Gardens is the smallest city in area in Los Angeles County.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Hawaiian Gardens had a population of 14,254. The population density was 14,905.0 people per square mile (5,754.9/km²). The racial makeup of Hawaiian Gardens was 6,477 (45.4%) White (7.3% Non-Hispanic White), 546 (3.8%) African American, 178 (1.2%) Native American, 1,513 (10.6%) Asian, 57 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 4,929 (34.6%) from other races, and 554 (3.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11,010 persons (77.2%).
The Census reported that 14,238 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 16 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 3,562 households, out of which 1,930 (54.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,819 (51.1%) were married couples living together, 714 (20.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 337 (9.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 217 (6.1%) partnerships, and 20 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 534 households (15.0%) were made up of individuals and 246 (6.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.00. There were 2,870 families (80.6% of all households); the average family size was 4.33.
The population was spread out with 4,576 people (32.1%) under the age of 18, 1,759 people (12.3%) aged 18 to 24, 4,109 people (28.8%) aged 25 to 44, 2,684 people (18.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,126 people (7.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.4 years. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.
There were 3,703 housing units at an average density of 3,872.1 per square mile (1,495.0/km²), of which 1,577 (44.3%) were owner-occupied, and 1,985 (55.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.3%. 6,247 people (43.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 7,991 people (56.1%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,779 people, 3,507 households, and 2,868 families residing in the city. The population density was 15,389.5 inhabitants per square mile (5,944.0/km²). There were 3,624 housing units at an average density of 3,773.7 per square mile (1,457.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 38.24% White, 4.45% Black or African American, 1.28% Native American, 8.80% Asian, 0.74% Pacific Islander, 41.65% from other races, and 4.85% from two or more races. 62.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,507 households out of which 52.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were non-families. 14.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.21 and the average family size was 4.52.
In the city the population was spread out with 36.8% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 14.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 104.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,500, and the median income for a family was $31,840. Males had a median income of $21,074 versus $20,643 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,728. About 19.8% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
The City of Hawaiian Gardens is a general law city and governs itself as a council-manager form of government. The city council is elected at-large. The city council appoints the city manager. The council establishes policies and ordinances and the city manager, assisted by the department heads, implements them.
The city council members must be Hawaiian Gardens residents and registered voters. City elections are considered[by whom?] non-partisan.
In the state legislature Hawaiian Gardens is located in the 27th Senate District, represented by Democrat Alan Lowenthal, and in the 56th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Tony Mendoza. Federally, Hawaiian Gardens is located in California's 39th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +13 and is represented by Democrat Linda Sánchez.
Hawaiian Gardens is within the ABC Unified School District.
Middle schools within Hawaiian Gardens include Pharis F. Fedde Middle School, which was formerly called Killingsworth Junior High School.
Residents are zoned to the following high schools:
According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Hawaiian Gardens Casino||1,000|
|2||Tri-City Regional Medical Center||350|
|3||City of Hawaiian Gardens||81|
|4||Total Building Care||70|
|5||Cypress Garden Villas||70|
|9||ABC Unified School District||40|
|10||Outdoor Living Products||40|
- U.S. Census
- City of Hawaiian Gardens (13). "Budget Summary". Retrieved 2006-12-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0632506.html. Missing or empty
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Lakewood Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
- "Whittier Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
- "Post Office Location - HAWAIIAN GARDENS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- City of Hawaiian Gardens CAFR
- Hawaiian Gardens city homepage
- LA County Disaster Communications Service (DCS) Lakewood Sheriff Station