|City of Irwindale|
Location of Irwindale in Los Angeles County, California
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated (city)||August 6, 1957|
|• Type||General-law (1957-86), Charter City (1986-present)|
|• Mayor||Mark A. Breceda|
|• Total||9.613 sq mi (24.897 km2)|
|• Land||8.826 sq mi (22.859 km2)|
|• Water||0.787 sq mi (2.038 km2) 8.19%|
|Elevation||469 ft (143 m)|
|• Density||150/sq mi (57/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP Code||91010, 91702, 91706|
|GNIS feature ID||1652728|
With relatively few residents, Irwindale consists mostly of rock quarries, which are the major revenue source for the city. The Irwindale Speedway is also located in the city, as is the Santa Fe Dam Recreation Area near the San Gabriel River, a plant of the Miller Brewing Company, and a plant of the Huy Fong Foods sriracha sauce company.
Unlike the fellow low population cities Industry and Vernon, there are actual neighborhoods in Irwindale. Irwindale is a full-service city, offering police and library services. There is a skate park, a teen center, a senior center, and a public gymnasium. The housing is centered near the southeast corner of Arrow Highway and Irwindale Avenue, with a small tract of housing in the southwest corner of the city near Cypress Avenue.
The present day area encompassing Irwindale was originally part of the Mexican land grants by Alta California Governor Juan Alvarado of Rancho La Puente, Rancho Azusa de Dalton, Rancho Azusa de Duarte, and Rancho San Francisquito. was first settled by the families of Gregorio Fraijo and Fecundo Ayon in the 1850s. Significant economic growth did not arrive until the advent of the automobile, which drove up demand for the area's rocks and sand for the paving of roads. The city was incorporated on August 6, 1957.
Irwindale took advantage of urban redevelopment laws starting in 1976, and prospered in the following decade; it attracted a 200-acre (81 ha) Miller Brewing Company plant, the corporate headquarters of Home Savings of America, and other companies.
Huy Fong Sriracha Controversy
The City of Irwindale offered a low interest loan to Huy Fong Foods in 2010 to locate its sriracha factory in Irwindale. Huy Fong took the loan and contributed $250,000 a year to the city as part of the deal. Huy Fong built a $40-million factory planned to generate about $300 million a year in sales. Shortly after Huy Fong paid off the loan early and stopped contributing to the city, Huy Fong became involved in lawsuits brought by its neighbors and the city of Irwindale, who complain of the odors of jalapeño pepper and garlic generated by the plant. The city's suit led to a court order for the plant to cease most operations.
Sand and Gravel Mining
Irwindale is dominated by 17 gravel pits, which it was obligated to fill. Irwindale Chamber of Commerce views the sand and gravel mining industry as a significant part of the city’s strength. In the summer of 1987, city councilman Joe Breceda approached Al Davis, owner of the National Football League's Los Angeles Raiders, about building a new stadium on the site of one of the disused pits.
Davis, long and vocally displeased with the Raiders' home at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, agreed to a $115 million deal. He would take ownership of the new stadium provided the Raiders would play there for 19 years. Controversially, the deal included a $10 million nonrefundable signing bonus paid directly to Davis regardless of whether the plan would be executed. In the event, both parties were served multiple lawsuits, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers demanded strict environmental impact assessments, and the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors demurred, and the project was canceled. Davis pocketed the $10 million, and eventually moved the Raiders back to Oakland.
Irwindale is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.6 square miles (25 km2). 8.8 square miles (23 km2) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) of it (8.19%) is water.(34.112, -117.964).
This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Irwindale has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,446 people, 365 households, and 293 families residing in Irwindale. The population density was 155.7 inhabitants per square mile (60.1/km²). There were 378 housing units at an average density of 40.7 per square mile (15.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 47.0% White, 0.4% Black or African American, 1.9% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 44.5% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. 88.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 365 households out of which 46.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.7% were non-families. 15.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.96 and the average family size was 4.35.
In Irwindale the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $45,000, and the median income for a family was $46,827. Males had a median income of $34,375 versus $32,016 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,144. About 17.7% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.8% of those under age 18 and 21.8% of those age 65 or over.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Irwindale had a population of 1,422. The population density was 147.9 people per square mile (57.1/km²). The racial makeup of Irwindale was 833 (58.6%) White (6.1% Non-Hispanic White), 12 (0.8%) African American, 29 (2.0%) Native American, 34 (2.4%) Asian, 8 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 448 (31.5%) from other races, and 58 (4.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,288 persons (90.6%).
The Census reported that 1,372 people (96.5% of the population) lived in households, 50 (3.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 374 households, out of which 194 (51.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 189 (50.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 88 (23.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 32 (8.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 32 (8.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (0.3%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 48 households (12.8%) were made up of individuals and 22 (5.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.67. There were 309 families (82.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.93.
The population was spread out with 373 people (26.2%) under the age of 18, 154 people (10.8%) aged 18 to 24, 397 people (27.9%) aged 25 to 44, 347 people (24.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 151 people (10.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.0 years. For every 100 females there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.
There were 390 housing units at an average density of 40.6 per square mile (15.7/km²), of which 261 (69.8%) were owner-occupied, and 113 (30.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 2.6%. 992 people (69.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 380 people (26.7%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Irwindale had a median household income of $61,719, with 11.6% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
Government and infrastructure
In the state legislature Irwindale is located in the 24th Senate District, represented by Democrat Gloria Romero, and in the 57th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Edward P. Hernandez. Federally, Irwindale is located in California's 32nd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +12 and is represented by Democrat Grace Napolitano.
Irwindale has its own police department (Dennis B. Smith is the police chief, as of 2013), while contracting with the Los Angeles County Fire Department for their services (Fire Station #48 is on Arrow Highway 1/2 mile west of Irwindale Avenue), but for basic paramedic services, Fire Station #29 on Los Angeles Street in neighboring Baldwin Park can be summoned, as well as Station #32 in nearby Azusa.
Irwindale was contemplating disbanding the police department and contracting with the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (either from the San Dimas or Temple City regional stations); the decision was to keep the police department intact.
According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Southern California Edison||2,100|
|2||Ready Pac Produce||1,750|
|5||Mariposa Horticultural Enterprise||360|
|8||California Community News||301|
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- "city of Irwindale Council Members". Retrieved 2007-12-12.
- U.S. Census
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- Ogden Hoffman, 1862, Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, Numa Hubert, San Francisco
- "History". City of Irwindale website. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
- Cummings, Judith (September 12, 1987). "From Rocks to Riches: Tiny Suburb That Landed a Pro Team". New York Times.
- Shyong, Frank (9 November 2013). "Sriracha creator adds heat to clash with Irwindale over factory smell http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-sriracha-ceo-irwindale-20131108,0,1424623.story#ixzz2luNCKQwr". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
- Shyong, Frank (27 November 2013). "Effect on Sriracha supply unclear after partial shutdown ordered http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-sriracha-supply-shutdown-20131127,0,5431603.story#ixzz2luIeI25M". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
- Congresswoman Hilda L. Solis and Congressman Henry A. Waxman url=http://oversight-archive.waxman.house.gov/documents/20040827112219-66695.pdf /, Environmental Effects of Gravel Mining in Irwindale, CA: Basic Information Is Not Available to Assess Health and Environmental Risks to the Community
- "Irwindale Business Directory". Los Angeles Times accessdate=2013-01-28.
- Cummings, Judith (August 27, 1987). "Talking Deals: Raiders' Town: First and Long". New York Times.
- Reilly, Rick (September 14, 1987). "The Talk Of The Town: Meet Irwindale, Calif., home-to-be of the Raiders". Sports Illustrated.
- Peter Y. Hong and Richard Winton (February 8, 1999). "Irwindale's Fumble of Raider Bid Still Stings". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
- Report on Reconnaissance of Irwindale Mines, Irwindale, California, retrieved 2013-01-28
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Irwindale, California
- "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-30.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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- http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Missing or empty
- http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/community_facts.xhtml#none. Missing or empty
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- "City of Irwindale". Retrieved 2012-01-28.
- City of Irwindale CAFR
||Monrovia||Bradbury||San Gabriel River & San Gabriel Mountains|
|Duarte and San Gabriel River||Azusa|
|El Monte & Santa Fe Dam||Baldwin Park||West Covina|