El Segundo, California

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For the champion Australian racehorse, see El Segundo (horse).
City of El Segundo
City
El Segundo skyline
El Segundo skyline
Official seal of City of El Segundo
Seal
Nickname(s): 'Gundo
Location of El Segundo in Los Angeles County, California
Location of El Segundo in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 33°55′17″N 118°24′22″W / 33.92139°N 118.40611°W / 33.92139; -118.40611Coordinates: 33°55′17″N 118°24′22″W / 33.92139°N 118.40611°W / 33.92139; -118.40611
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated (city) 1917-01-18[1]
Government
 • City Council Carl Jacobson, Mayor Pro Tem; Suzanne Fuentes; Dave Atkinson; Marie Fellhauer, Michael Dugen
 • City Clerk Tracy Sherrill Weaver
 • City Treasurer Crista Binder
Area[2]
 • Total 5.465 sq mi (14.152 km2)
 • Land 5.463 sq mi (14.148 km2)
 • Water 0.002 sq mi (0.004 km2)  0.03%
Elevation 115 ft (35 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 16,654
 • Density 3,000/sq mi (1,200/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 90245[3]
Area code(s) 310/424
FIPS code 06-22412
GNIS feature ID 1660605
Website elsegundo.org

El Segundo is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. El Segundo, from Spanish, means The Second in English.[4] Located on the Santa Monica Bay, it was incorporated on January 18, 1917, and is one of the Beach Cities of Los Angeles County and part of the South Bay Cities Council of Governments. The population was 16,654 at the 2010 census, up from 16,033 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

El Segundo Farmland c. 1911
El Segundo and Standard Oil Refinery, c. 1924

The El Segundo and Los Angeles coastal area was first settled by the Tongva (or Gabrieleños) and Chumash Native American tribes hundreds of years ago. The area was once a part of Rancho Sausal Redondo ("Round Willow Patch Ranch"). Rancho Sausal Redondo extended from Playa Del Rey in the North to Redondo Beach in the South. Originally a Mexican land grant owned by Antonio Ygnacio Avila, the rancho was later purchased by a Scottish baronet named Sir Robert Burnett. After his return to Scotland, the property was purchased by then current manager of the rancho, Daniel Freeman. Daniel Freeman sold portions of the rancho to multiple owners. George H. Peck (1856–1940) owned the 840 acres (3.4 km2) of land the Chevron Refinery now sits on. Peck also developed land in neighboring El Porto where a street still stands to his name. The city earned its name ("the second" in Spanish) as it was the site of the second Standard Oil refinery on the West Coast (the first was at Richmond in Northern California), when Standard Oil of California purchased the 840 acres (3.4 km2) of farm land in 1911. The company was renamed Chevron in 1984, and the El Segundo refinery will soon enter its second century of operation.[5] The city was incorporated in 1917. The Douglas Aircraft plant in El Segundo was one of the major aircraft manufacturing facilities in California during World War II. It was one of the major producers of SBD Dauntless dive bombers, which achieved fame in the Battle of Midway. The facility, now operated by Northrop Grumman, is still an aircraft plant.[6][7]

Overview[edit]

In 2006, El Segundo won an Eddy award for being the most business-friendly city in L.A. County.[8][9] El Segundo is in transition from being a predominantly blue-collar 'company town' to being a 'corporate' town where the tax base relies on a non-resident working population. Pollution and toxic waste cleanup remain issues as El Segundo converts industrial sites to shopping malls and sports facilities. The north and south boundaries of the town are the LAX airport and Manhattan Beach, with the Pacific Ocean as the western boundary. Aircraft noise from LAX is a major issue for residents on the north side of El Segundo. Residents are currently active in tree-planting along Imperial Highway.

Economy[edit]

The El Segundo skyline, as seen from Sepulveda Boulevard (CA/SR-1)

El Segundo has many aviation-related and petroleum-related industries and operations.

The name was adopted in 1911 when Chevron built its second refinery, El Segundo, which is Spanish for "The Second".[10] In 1928 William Mines, an immigrant from Canada, leased land for a flying field.[11] In 1930 Los Angeles Municipal Airport, later Los Angeles International Airport, opened north of El Segundo; its presence led to the concentration of aerospace and aviation-related firms in the El Segundo area.[10]

Headquarters of Mattel

Many large aerospace companies have facilities in El Segundo, including Boeing, Raytheon, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, and The Aerospace Corporation, which is headquartered there. It is also home to the Los Angeles Air Force Base and the Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC), which is responsible for space-related acquisition for the military. In addition to the Chevron oil refinery, El Segundo is also home to the Hyperion sewage treatment plant[12] and the El Segundo power plant. The El Segundo power plant is operated by the American energy company NRG. In an effort to combine sustainable and environmentally-friendly techniques with fossil power generation, NRG will create a new combined cycle power island, providing power for 240,000 households. The new power plant, slated to go online in 2013, will use two generators: a Siemens gas turbine[13] and an additional steam turbine. Natural gas will drive the gas turbine, while the hot exhaust gases will generate steam for the steam turbine. The efficiency of the power plant will be increased up to 58%. A huge environmental advantage of this type of power plant is that in combustion, natural gas generates relatively little carbon dioxide compared to other fossil fuels.[14]

Toy manufacturer Mattel,[15] satellite TV provider DirecTV,[16] medical company DaVita, IT services firm Computer Sciences Corporation, power semiconductor company International Rectifier, grocery chain Fresh and Easy, sporting goods retailer Big 5 Sporting Goods. the Internet company Internet Brands (parent company of CarsDirect), the vulnerability assessment company Rapid7, Teledyne Controls, contractor Wyle Laboratories and other companies are in El Segundo.[citation needed] In November 2009, Source Interlink Media (formerly Petersen Publishing), publishers of such magazines as Motor Trend, Hot Rod, Car Craft and Motorcyclist, relocated from Los Angeles to El Segundo.[citation needed] Database company Teradata has an R & D facility in El Segundo.

Prior to its dissolution, Unocal was headquartered in El Segundo.[17][18] At one time MGM Grand Air had its headquarters in El Segundo.[19]

Film production companies are located in El Segundo, including Rhythm and Hues Studios and Lightstorm Entertainment.

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[20] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems 7,268
2 Northrop Grumman 5,219
3 Boeing Satellite Development Center 5,167
4 The Aerospace Corporation 3,002
5 DirecTV 1,866
6 Mattel 1,635
7 Chevron 1,179
8 Accenture 713
9 Rhythm & Hues 703
10 International Rectifier 537
11 Xerox 442
12 Time Warner Cable 377
13 Big 5 Sporting Goods 346
14 Teledyne Controls 342
15 Internet Brands (CarsDirect) 337

Subsidiaries of companies[edit]

Nexon America, the North American branch of Korean online game publisher Nexon Co. Ltd. has its offices in El Segundo.

The North American branch of the Japanese video game publisher and developer Square Enix has its headquarters in El Segundo.[21]

The North American branch of Konami Digital Entertainment, a wholly owned subsidiary of Konami Corporation and its headquarters in El Segundo.[22]

Fresh & Easy, a subsidiary of Tesco, has its headquarters in El Segundo.[23]

Due to its proximity to Los Angeles International Airport, El Segundo became the host of several offices of airlines. In 1979 the United Airlines Reservation Center, a two story, $4.5 million, 55,000-square-foot (5,100 m2) facility in the International Center, was scheduled to begin construction. Austin Co., a firm in Irvine, California, was to build the facility, which was scheduled for opening in May of that year.[24] Japan Airlines operates its United States headquarters, which was moved from New York City to El Segundo in around 2003.[25] at Suite 620 of 300 Continental Boulevard;[26] Cathay Pacific has an office in El Segundo.[27][28][29] The airline moved its North America headquarters to Greater Los Angeles in 1990, and the headquarters were situated in El Segundo until 2005.[30][31]

Air China operates its North American headquarters in the 13,000-square-foot (1,200 m2) 2131 East Maple Avenue building, south of Los Angeles International Airport, in El Segundo. Its current North American headquarters opened with a ribbon cutting ceremony and other festivities on Friday March 26, 2010. The call center reservations, marketing, and sales employees all moved into the building. The building includes a call center with space for 50 employees; when the building opened, half of the spaces had been filled.[32]

Air New Zealand operates its United States headquarters in El Segundo.[33][34][35] Other airlines with offices in El Segundo include Air Tahiti Nui,[36] Aeroméxico,[37] China Airlines[38] Emirates,[39] EVA Air,[40] and Singapore Airlines.[41]

Geography[edit]

El Segundo is located at 33°55′17″N 118°24′22″W / 33.92139°N 118.40611°W / 33.92139; -118.40611 (33.921313, -118.406233).[42]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14 km2), over 99% of which is land.

Notable residents[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,563
1930 3,503 124.1%
1940 3,738 6.7%
1950 8,011 114.3%
1960 14,219 77.5%
1970 15,620 9.9%
1980 13,752 −12.0%
1990 15,223 10.7%
2000 16,033 5.3%
2010 16,654 3.9%
source:[44]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[45] reported that El Segundo had a population of 16,654. The population density was 3,047.9 people per square mile (1,176.8/km²). The racial makeup of El Segundo was 12,997 (78.0%) White (69.1% Non-Hispanic White),[46] 337 (2.0%) African American, 68 (0.4%) Native American, 1,458 (8.8%) Asian, 38 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 799 (4.8%) from other races, and 957 (5.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,609 persons (15.7%).

The Census reported that 16,578 people (99.5% of the population) lived in households, 66 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 10 (0.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 7,085 households, out of which 2,183 (30.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,050 (43.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 729 (10.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 326 (4.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 369 (5.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships. 2,254 households (31.8%) were made up of individuals and 570 (8.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34. There were 4,105 families (57.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.02.

The population was spread out with 3,719 people (22.3%) under the age of 18, 1,120 people (6.7%) aged 18 to 24, 5,182 people (31.1%) aged 25 to 44, 4,955 people (29.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,678 people (10.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.2 years. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.8 males.

There were 7,410 housing units at an average density of 1,356.1 per square mile (523.6/km²), of which 3,034 (42.8%) were owner-occupied, and 4,051 (57.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.1%. 8,177 people (49.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 8,401 people (50.4%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, El Segundo had a median household income of $86,364, with 4.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [47]

2000[edit]

As of the 2000 Census, the population density was 2,894.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,117.4/km²). There were 7,261 housing units at an average density of 1,310.9 per square mile (506.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.61% White, 1.17% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 6.41% Asian, 0.29% Pacific Islander, 3.51% from other races, and 4.55% from two or more races. 11.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,060 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.6% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 38.7% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $61,341, and the median income for a family was $74,007. Males had a median income of $52,486 versus $41,682 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,996. About 3.1% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $99.0 million in Revenues, $91.0 million in expenditures, $206.5 million in total assets, $33.6 million in total liabilities, and $50.4 million in cash and investments.[20]

Management of the city and coordination of city services are provided by:[48]

Office Officeholder
City Manager Greg Carpenter
Chief of Police Mitch Tavera
Fire Chief Kevin Smith
Director of Finance Deborah Cullen
Director of Library Services Debra Brighton
Director of Recreation & Parks Robert H. Cummings
Director of Public Works Stephanie Katsouleas
Director of Planning & Building Safety Sam Lee

El Segundo TV[edit]

STAR Award "Most Outstanding Small Local Station" winner 2010. You can see segments of Government-access television (GATV) El Segundo TV programming on YouTube at ElSegundoTV. El Segundo TV is part of the Community Cable Division of the Recreation & Parks Department for the City of El Segundo.

County and federal representation[edit]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Curtis Tucker Health Center in Inglewood, serving El Segundo.[49]

The United States Postal Service operates the El Segundo Post Office at 200 Main Street El Segundo and the Bay Cities Annex Post Office at 2130 East Mariposa Avenue.[50][51]

Political representation[edit]

In the state legislature El Segundo is located in the 28th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ted Lieu, and in the 62nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Steven Bradford. Federally, since the 2013 redistricting, El Segundo is located in California's 44th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +11[52] and is represented by Democrat Janice Hahn.

Education[edit]

The El Segundo Unified School District serves the residential district of El Segundo, west of Sepulveda Blvd. The school district is listed as one of the state's 29 academic outperformers by Standards and Poor's in 2005.

Eastern El Segundo is part of the tax base for the Wiseburn School District and the Centinela Valley Union High School District (CVUHSD). There are no residential areas in the eastern part of the city.[53] This portion of the city includes corporate operations providing significant tax revenue to the districts.[54]

Vistamar School is a private school in El Segundo.

Originally all of the city was located in the Wiseburn School District,[55] which opened in 1896.[56] When the Inglewood Union High School District, now known as the CVHUSD, opened in 1905, its territory included the Wiseburn district. In 1912 the El Segundo School District opened, taking territory from the Wiseburn School District. The territory of the El Segundo district continued to be in the Inglewood Union District. On November 22, 1925 the El Segundo High School District was formed and El Segundo withdrew from the Inglewood Union district.[55]

Newspaper[edit]

The El Segundo Herald is the community newspaper for El Segundo. The paper was established in 1911, six years before the City was incorporated. It had its 100 year anniversary of service to the community in 2011.

Parks and Recreation[edit]

El Segundo has its own beach, as well as three public pools, including two outdoor pools open only during the Summer months.[20] The El Segundo Parks and Rec staff are the basis for the hit NBC program Parks and Rec.[57] El Segundo has 2 Full sized turf fields named Campus El Segundo Athletic Fields in which is open to the public.[58]

Transportation[edit]

State Route 1, California's Pacific Coast Highway, passes through the city as Sepulveda Boulevard, while Interstate 105 begins its journey at Sepulveda Boulevard just outside the northern city limits of El Segundo and heads east to Norwalk.

Amtrak's El Segundo Bus Stop (ESG) is located at the Los Angeles County Metro Green Line Douglas Station and is serviced by Thruway Motorcoach. The stop is on Amtrak's 1c bus route that runs four times a day between Amtrak's Torrance Bus Stop (Alpine Village) and the Bakersfield Amtrak Station where passengers transfer to and from trains on Amtrak's San Joaquin route; passengers can also connect with Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner route at the Van Nuys Amtrak Station.

Los Angeles International Airport is located immediately to the north of El Segundo. In 2014, an air quality study found harmful ultrafine particles from the takeoffs and landings at Los Angeles International Airport to be of much greater magnitude than previously thought.[59]

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Incorporation Dates of California Cities". Retrieved 2007-01-18. [dead link]
  2. ^ U.S. Census[dead link]
  3. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  4. ^ "Google Translate". Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  5. ^ Hunter, Eileen Curry. El Segundo Seventy-Five Years El Segundo: H2 Limited, 1991
  6. ^ Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, pp. 202-3, Random House, New York, NY, 2012. ISBN 978-1-4000-6964-4.
  7. ^ Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, pp. 7-8, 25-34, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4.
  8. ^ "LAEDC 2006 Eddy Awards" (PDF). [dead link]
  9. ^ "LAEDC Press Release" (PDF). 
  10. ^ a b Greenberg, David."Aerospace woes take a toll, but LAX neighbor has bright spots." Los Angeles Business Journal. August 11, 2003. Retrieved on April 13, 2009.
  11. ^ Ripton, Ray. "El Segundo Will Celebrate 50th Year for a Week." Los Angeles Times. May 14, 1967. CS1.
  12. ^ "South Bay History | The Daily Breeze's Sam Gnerre looks at the way we were in the South Bay". Insidesocal.com. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  13. ^ "Energy efficiency - Siemens USA". Usa.siemens.com. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  14. ^ Česky. "Natural gas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  15. ^ Mattel Inc. - Careers
  16. ^ "Contact IR or Transfer Agent." DirecTV. Retrieved on December 8, 2009.
  17. ^ "Unocal World On-Line." Unocal Corporation. December 27, 1996. Retrieved on July 7, 2009.
  18. ^ Home page. Unocal Corporation. January 29, 2005. Retrieved on July 7, 2009.
  19. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 23–29, 1994. 106.
  20. ^ a b c City of El Segundo CAFR Retrieved 2010-09-25
  21. ^ "Corporate Locations." Square Enix Japan. Accessed September 20, 2008.
  22. ^ "Contact Us." Konami Digital Entertainment. Accessed August 20, 2010.
  23. ^ "FreshandEasy.com Terms & Conditions." Fresh & Easy. Retrieved on July 15, 2010.
  24. ^ "El Segundo to Be Airline Office Site." Los Angeles Times. May 21, 1978. Section Part IX, K24. Retrieved on April 14, 2009.
  25. ^ Lauro, Patricia Winters. "THE MEDIA BUSINESS: ADVERTISING -- ADDENDA; Japan Airlines Moves Its Account." The New York Times. March 5, 2003.
  26. ^ "JAL Passenger Services America, Inc." Japan Airlines. Accessed September 20, 2008.
  27. ^ McDowell, Edwin. "Be prepared to pay a lot more, and pay in advance, to be in Hong Kong next summer." The New York Times. October 9, 1996. 1. Retrieved on December 14, 2011.
  28. ^ "United States." Cathay Pacific. September 24, 2005. Retrieved on December 14, 2011. "Los Angeles 300 Continental Boulevard, Suite 500, El Segundo, CA 90245" and "San Francisco 360 Post Street #1005, San Francisco, CA 94108"
  29. ^ Forbes FYI. Forbes, 1994. 73. Retrieved from Google Books on December 14, 2011. "Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd., 300 N. Continental Boulevard, Suite 500, El Segundo, CA 90245"
  30. ^ Armstrong, David. "Cathay Pacific opens headquarters in S.F. / North American office relocated from Los Angeles." San Francisco Chronicle. February 16, 2005. 1. Retrieved on December 14, 2011.
  31. ^ "United States." Cathay Pacific. February 5, 2005. Retrieved on December 14, 2011. "Los Angeles 300 Continental Boulevard, Suite 500, El Segundo, CA 90245"
  32. ^ "Air China Celebrates Opening Of New Los Angeles Office Building." (Archive) Air China. Retrieved on October 12, 2012.
  33. ^ Garfinkel, Perry. "Airlines Add Service and Amenities to Asian Routes." The New York Times. September 29, 2008. Retrieved on December 14, 2011.
  34. ^ "Air China International". Air-china.us. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  35. ^ "CRT/tanaka Wins Air New Zealand Account." Air New Zealand. December 5, 2007. Retrieved on August 26, 2009.
  36. ^ "Worldwide Offices and Sales Agents:." Air Tahiti Nui. Retrieved on January 20, 2009.
  37. ^ "Ticketing Offices California[dead link]." Aeroméxico. Retrieved on January 20, 2009.
  38. ^ "Branch Offices North America." China Airlines. Retrieved on January 21, 2009.
  39. ^ "Los Angeles Emirates (town office)." Emirates. Retrieved on February 24, 2011. "Address 222 N. Sepulveda Boulevard Suite 1322 El Segundo, CA 90245 Los Angeles USA."
  40. ^ "Contact Us America[dead link]." EVA Air. Retrieved on January 28, 2009.
  41. ^ "Contact Us." Singapore Airlines. Retrieved on January 28, 2009.
  42. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  43. ^ "Love And Hate In El Segundo." Sports Illustrated. August 17, 1981. Retrieved on June 15, 2009.
  44. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  45. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  46. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0622412.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  47. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0622412.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  48. ^ City of El Segundo Website retrieved 2010-10-13
  49. ^ "Curtis Tucker Health Center[dead link]." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  50. ^ "Post Office Location - MANHATTAN BEACH." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  51. ^ "Post Office Location - BAY CITIES ANNEX." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  52. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  53. ^ Kuznia, Rob. "Wiseburn district eyes wow factor in creating new comprehensive high school." Daily Breeze. March 28, 2013. Retrieved on April 19, 2014.
  54. ^ Kuznia, Rob. "Aerospace business corridor in El Segundo a cash cow for Centinela Valley school district." Daily Breeze. February 19, 2014. Retrieved on April 19, 2014.
  55. ^ a b "History and Profile" (Archive). Centinela Valley Union High School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  56. ^ "About" (Archive). Wiseburn School District. Retrieved on April 4, 2014.
  57. ^ a b Parks and Recreation (2009– ) - Trivia - IMDb
  58. ^ http://www.elsegundo.org/depts/recreation/parks_n_facilities/athletic_fields/campus_el_segundo.asp
  59. ^ Weikel, Dan and Barboza, Tony (May 29, 2014) "Planes' exhaust could be harming communities up to 10 miles from LAX" Los Angeles Times
  60. ^ a b IMDb: Most Popular Titles With Location Matching "El Segundo, California, USA"

External links[edit]