Yucca Valley, California

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Town of Yucca Valley
Town
Snow in Yucca Valley, near Joshua Tree National Park
Snow in Yucca Valley, near Joshua Tree National Park
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Coordinates: 34°8′N 116°25′W / 34.133°N 116.417°W / 34.133; -116.417Coordinates: 34°8′N 116°25′W / 34.133°N 116.417°W / 34.133; -116.417
Country  United States
State  California
County San Bernardino
Area[1]
 • Total 40.015 sq mi (103.639 km2)
 • Land 40.015 sq mi (103.639 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation 3,369 ft (1,027 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 20,700
 • Density 520/sq mi (200/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92284-92286
Area code(s) 760
FIPS code 06-87056
GNIS feature ID 1667939
Yucca Valley's West End

Yucca Valley is an incorporated town located in San Bernardino County, California, United States. The population was 20,700 at the 2010 census. Yucca Valley lies 17 miles (27 km) west of Twentynine Palms, 37 miles (60 km) north of Palm Springs, 89 miles (143 km) south of Barstow via State Route 247, 45 miles (72 km) southeast of Lucerne Valley and 55 miles (89 km) east of San Bernardino.

Bordered in the west by the San Bernardino Mountains and in the south by the Joshua Tree National Park, the Yucca Valley community is located in the Mojave Desert at roughly 3,300 feet (1,000 m) above sea level.

Government[edit]

Local[edit]

Yucca Valley is governed by a town council whose mayor as of 2014 is Robert Lombardo. Other Town Council members are George Huntington, Dawn Rowe, Merl Abel, and Robert Leone. Yucca Valley contracts its police and public safety services from the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department. Fire suppression and ambulance services are provided by the San Bernardino County Fire Department.

Yucca Valley, with its 22,000 citizens rests in the middle of the Morongo Basin with proximity to Southern California’s finest vacation spots and outdoor areas. At a base elevation of 3300 feet, Yucca Valley enjoys a unique combination of mild but seasonable weather. Yucca Valley is proud of their clean air, dark night skies, spectacular vistas and casual lifestyle. The residents enjoy easy access to the Palm Springs resort communities, Big Bear mountain destinations, and the beaches of Southern California. The majestic Joshua Tree National Park, celebrating its 75th birthday in 2011, is adjacent to its southern border.

Norman J. Essig was a key player in the late 1950s in working toward establishing Yucca Valley as a place for entertainment celebrities to come and live in privacy. He personally acquired hundreds of acres of land during this time and owned and ran Glenn Realty. He helped to put in the main roads that are running throughout the town off of Hwy 62. He was personal friends with Jimmy Van Heusen and gave him prime real estate in Yucca Valley to build his house which can still be seen atop the highest hill in the center of the town. He is survived by his two daughters Jean Essig and Marie Hodge and seven grandchildren.

State and federal[edit]

In the state legislature Yucca Valley is located in the 31st Senate District, represented by Republican Robert Dutton, and in the 65th Assembly District, represented by Republican Paul Cook. Federally, Yucca Valley is located in California's 41st congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +9[2] and is represented by Republican Jerry Lewis.

Education[edit]

Public education in Yucca Valley is under the administration of the Morongo Unified School District. Yucca Valley has 3 neighborhood elementary schools—Onaga Elementary, Yucca Mesa Elementary, and Yucca Valley Elementary; one middle school—La Contenta Middle School; and two high schools--Yucca Valley High School and Sky Continuation High School. HOPE Academy, a public charter school serves children in grades K-12. Private schools in Yucca Valley include Our Lady of the Desert, a Christian school for K-12; Joshua Springs Christian School, non-denominational affiliation for PK-12; Grace Christian School, Brethren affiliation for K-12; Hi-Desert SDA Elementary, a 1-6, Seventh Day Adventist affiliation school; and Yucca Valley Christian School, affiliated with The Assembly of God, for PK-12. Adult tutoring is also available in Yucca Valley, with tutoring information available at the Yucca Valley Public Library.

Transportation[edit]

Yucca Valley has three major means of access; State Route 62 (Twentynine Palms Highway) runs east-west and is the main thoroughfare through town. State Route 247 (Old Woman Springs Road) begins in Yucca Valley and extends north through Barstow. Interstate access is southwest 17 miles (27 km) to I-10 or northwest approximately 55 miles (89 km) to I-15. The Basin Transit Authority (MBTA)[3] serves the area with scheduled bus service around town and to the lower desert.[4]

Geography and terrain[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.0 square miles (104 km2). 40.0 square miles (104 km2) of it is land and none of it is covered in water. Yucca Valley is located north of the Joshua Tree National Park, while the little San Bernardino Mountains and many hills cover a large percentage of city area.

The "high desert" community has an elevation (city hall) at 3,224 feet (983 m) above sea level. Snowfall occurs almost annually whenever the snow level drops to elevations under 4,000 feet (1,200 m). The area's terrain is prone to wildfires (such as the Pioneertown fire in July 2006), resulting from plant growth during the rainy seasons and flash floods. The plants in the city and among the chaparral in the mountains outside of San Bernardino National Forest wilt and perish from the summer heat, providing ample fuel during a fire.

Geology[edit]

Yucca Valley has experienced high levels of seismic activity. Fault lines criss-cross the city and the Morongo basin.

History[edit]

In 1992, three large earthquakes occurred near the city, the magnitude 6.1 Joshua Tree earthquake on April 22, and on June 28 the 7.3 Landers and 6.5 Big Bear earthquakes.

The 7.1 magnitude Hector Mine earthquake on October 16, 1999 had an epicenter 30 miles (48 km) north of town.

On July 11, 2006, a wildfire started by lightning raced through neighboring Pioneertown. The blaze, named the Sawtooth Complex fire, also burned into Yucca Valley and nearby Morongo Valley and destroyed roughly 64,000 acres (100 square miles) of desert landscape.

Yucca Valley is home to the geoglyph "Atlatl" by artist Andrew Rogers.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[5] reported that Yucca Valley had a population of 20,700. The population density was 517.3 people per square mile (199.7/km²). The racial makeup of Yucca Valley was 17,280 (83.5%) White (73.7% Non-Hispanic White),[6] 666 (3.2%) African American, 232 (1.1%) Native American, 469 (2.3%) Asian, 44 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 1,185 (5.7%) from other races, and 824 (4.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,679 persons (17.8%).

The Census reported that 20,481 people (98.9% of the population) lived in households, 166 (0.8%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 53 (0.3%) were institutionalized.

There were 8,274 households, out of which 2,512 (30.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,661 (44.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,116 (13.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 477 (5.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 604 (7.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 83 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,387 households (28.8%) were made up of individuals and 1,163 (14.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48. There were 5,254 families (63.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.03.

The population was spread out with 4,937 people (23.9%) under the age of 18, 1,772 people (8.6%) aged 18 to 24, 4,676 people (22.6%) aged 25 to 44, 5,495 people (26.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 3,820 people (18.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.6 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

There were 9,558 housing units at an average density of 238.9 per square mile (92.2/km²), of which 5,256 (63.5%) were owner-occupied, and 3,018 (36.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 9.6%. 12,220 people (59.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 8,261 people (39.9%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 16,865 people, 6,949 households, and 4,489 families residing in the town. The population density was 421.3 people per square mile (162.7/km²). There were 7,952 housing units at an average density of 198.7 per square mile (76.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 87.3% White, 2.3% African American, 1.4% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 4.6% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.4% of the population.

There were 6,949 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.4 and the average family size was 2.9.

In the town 25.1% of the population was under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 22.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The average number in the US over 65 was 12.4%.[8] The median age was 42 years, at a time when the average age in the US was 35.3.[8] For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.

Economy[edit]

Personal income[edit]

The median income for a household in the town was $30,420, and the median income for a family was $36,650. Males had a median income of $35,037 versus $25,234 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,020, lower than most of Southern California. About 16.2% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Tourism[edit]

Amenities include a bowling alley, movie theater, various retail stores and an "Old Town" area. The Sky Village weekend open-air market is another popular attraction.

On Grubstakes Day, held the day before Memorial Day, there is a parade.

The Desert Christ Park sculpture garden is located here.

It is also close to the world famous Joshua Tree National Park.

Employment[edit]

Yucca Valley has the Twentynine Palms Base (US Marine Corps) 20 miles to the east and the Morongo Basin is home to temporary residents who work on the base.[9]

Housing market[edit]

Some new residents move to Yucca Valley's large mass-planned Western Hills Estates development attracted to "small town western living" in a city that restricts suburban sprawl.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  3. ^ Morongo Morongo Basin Transit Authority
  4. ^ Yucca Valley.org
  5. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  6. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0687056.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ a b "Yucca Valley, California Census and Community Profile". 2009-11-17. 
  9. ^ http://www.29palms.usmc.mil/
  10. ^ http://www.city-data.com/neighborhood/Western-Hills-Estates-Yucca-Valley-CA.html

External links[edit]