Hacienda Heights, California
|Hsi Lai Temple and Puente Hills in the background|
|Los Angeles County, California.|
|• Total||11.182 sq mi (28.962 km2)|
|• Land||11.175 sq mi (28.944 km2)|
|• Water||0.007 sq mi (0.018 km2) 0.06%|
|Elevation||453 ft (138 m)|
|• Density||4,800/sq mi (1,900/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1660709|
Hacienda Heights is an affluent unincorporated census-designated place in and below the Puente Hills of the San Gabriel Valley, in Los Angeles County, California, United States. As of the 2010 census, the community had a total population of 54,038, up from 53,122 at the 2000 census.
During Spanish rule, Hacienda Heights was a part of Rancho La Puente, which was operated by the nearby Mission San Gabriel Arcángel in San Gabriel. The Rancho was eventually acquired by John A. Rowland and William Workman in 1845 via a Mexican land grant, and eventually acquired by Elias "Lucky" Baldwin. In 1912, his descendant, Anita Baldwin, sold the property to Edwin Hart and Jet Torrance. The pair subdivided the area and named it North Whittier Heights, which became known for avocado, citrus and walnut orchards, in 1913. However, from the Great Depression era to the early 1940s, citrus growing became unprofitable because of pests and diseases, setting the impetus for the area's transformation into a suburb.
Originally an agricultural town, beginning in the 1940s and accelerating in the 1950s, suburban residential development, which occurred southward (beginning on subdivisions near Kwis Avenue), transformed Hacienda Heights into a residential or bedroom community. In 1961, the Hacienda Heights Branch of the Los Angeles County Public Library opened. The following year, in 1961, the area was renamed Hacienda Heights. In 1964, the local newspaper, the Hacienda Heights Highlander, was established. In the 1970s, much of Hacienda Heights, particularly along the northern slopes of Puente Hills, was developed for suburban single-family housing, which attracted younger, more affluent and educated families.
Hacienda Heights is located at  in the eastern San Gabriel Valley bordering City of Industry and West Covina to the North, Whittier to the West, La Habra Heights to the South, and Rowland Heights to the East along the Pomona Freeway - Route 60. Hacienda Heights is a predominantly residential neighborhood.(34.000578, -117.969434)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the community has a total area of 11.2 square miles (29 km2). 11.2 square miles (29 km2) of it is land and 0.06% is water.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Hacienda Heights had a population of 54,038. The population density was 4,832.4 people per square mile (1,865.8/km²). The racial makeup of Hacienda Heights was 21,873 (40.5%) White (14.9% Non-Hispanic White), 743 (1.4%) African American, 315 (0.6%) Native American, 20,065 (37.1%) Asian, 99 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 9,199 (17.0%) from other races, and 1,744 (3.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24,608 persons (45.5%).
The Census reported that 53,928 people (99.8% of the population) lived in households, 70 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 40 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 16,193 households, out of which 6,185 (38.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 10,151 (62.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,331 (14.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,024 (6.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 555 (3.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 93 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,111 households (13.0%) were made up of individuals and 1,047 (6.5%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.33. There were 13,506 families (83.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.59.
The population was spread out with 11,864 people (22.0%) under the age of 18, 5,184 people (9.6%) aged 18 to 24, 13,597 people (25.2%) aged 25 to 44, 15,071 people (27.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 8,322 people (15.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.1 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.
There were 16,650 housing units at an average density of 1,488.9 per square mile (574.9/km²), of which 12,720 (78.6%) were owner-occupied, and 3,473 (21.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.6%. 42,189 people (78.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 11,739 people (21.7%) lived in rental housing units.
Hsi Lai Temple
Hsi Lai Temple (meaning "Coming West") is the largest Buddhist temple in North America. The temple encompasses 15 acres (61,000 m2) and a floor area of 102,432 sq ft (9,516.2 m2). The temple's Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD) and Qing Dynasty (1644-1911 AD) architecture is faithful to the traditional style of buildings, Chinese gardens, and statuary of ancient Chinese monasteries. Hsi Lai was built to serve as a spiritual and cultural center for those interested in learning Buddhism and Chinese culture.
- 24th District, represented by Democrat Gloria Romero
- 29th District, represented by Republican Bob Huff
- 30th District, represented by Democrat Ronald S. Calderon
In 2003, voters were asked to decide whether the community should incorporate and become a city. Proponents argued that a new city would be able to better control development and provide increased police and fire service, while opponents argued that the new city would increase taxes and redevelop residential neighborhoods for revenue-generating businesses. Most of the prime commercial land had already been annexed by the City of Industry to escape taxes levied by the County on unincorporated areas. Ultimately the measure failed by about a 2-1 margin.
The city is served by the Hacienda La Puente Unified School District.
- Newton Middle
- Orange Grove Middle
- Mesa Robles School
- Cedarlane Academy
- Bixby Elementary
- Grazide Elementary
- Kwis Elementary
- Los Altos Elementary
- Los Molinos Elementary
- Los Robles Academy
- Palm Elementary
- Shadybend Elementary
- Wedgeworth Elementary
Notable natives and residents
- Andy DeMize, rock musician
- Brian Tee, American actor
- Caprice Bourret, actress and model
- David Lee, photographer and film director
- Esperanza Martinez, painter
- Fergie, singer, The Black Eyed Peas
- Jill Sterkel, 2-time Olympic champion freestyle swimmer
- Josh Keaton, actor and singer, The Spectacular Spider-Man
- Kevin Song, professional poker player
- Marie Luv, pornographic actress
- Marc Yu, child musician
- Michael Smith, former All-America basketball player at BYU and first-round pick of the Boston Celtics (13th overall), current television and color announcer for Los Angeles Clippers
- Ralph Brown, NFL cornerback for the Arizona Cardinals
- Ryan Sakoda, professional wrestler
- Scott Williams, professional NBA basketball player
- Shaun Cody, defensive tackle for the Houston Texans
- Troy Tanner, professional volleyball player
- Jeff Garcia (voice actor), Voice Actor and Comedian
Rob Hertel Former USC Quarterback
- U.S. Census
- Temple, Josette Laura (2004). Gentle Artist Of The San Gabriel Valley. Stephens Press. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-932173-31-4.
- Diaz, Enrique (2005). The San Gabriel Valley: A 21st Century Portrait. HPN Books. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978-1-893619-45-6.
- Haines, Ashley. "Head to the Hills: A History of Recreation in the Puente Hills". Department of History. Claremont Graduate University. p. 21. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
- Hacienda Heights Community Plan. Los Angeles County Department of Regional Planning. 22 September 2010. pp. 2–6.
- "Hacienda Heights; Information, Geography/Geology". 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
- Hacienda Heights General Community Plan. County of Los Angeles Department of Regional Planning. 1978. pp. 2–3.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0631596.html. Missing or empty
- http://www.habitatauthority.org/ . accessed 8/22/2010
- http://www.habitatauthority.org/pdf/HabAuthV2.jpg . accessed 8/22/2010
- Pan, Philip P. (August 8, 1993). "Good Neighbor : Hemisphere's Largest Buddhist Temple Wins Over Residents". Los Angeles Times.
- http://www.hsilai.org/ accessed 8/22/2010
- http://www.hsilai.org/en/intro_subpages/intro_hsi_lai_temple.html accessed 8/22/2010
- "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
- "Industry Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
- "Pomona Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
- Puente Hills Preserve Park - activities and homepage
- Regional Chamber of Commerce - San Gabriel Valley