Xuancheng

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Xuancheng
宣城市
Prefecture-level city
Xuancheng City Skyline.JPG
Location of Xuancheng Prefecture within Anhui (China).png
Country People's Republic of China
Province Anhui
County-level divisions 7
Township-level divisions 115
Settled 109 BC
Municipal seat Xuanzhou District
(30°56′N 118°44′E / 30.933°N 118.733°E / 30.933; 118.733)
Government
 • Mayor Han Jun (韩军)
Area
 • Total 12,340 km2 (4,760 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,794,000
 • Density 230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 242000
Area code(s) 0563
License Plate Prefix 皖P
Website xuancheng.gov.cn

Xuancheng (Chinese: 宣城; pinyin: Xuānchéng) is a major city located in the southeast of Anhui province. Originally founded in 109 BCE, Xuancheng has over 2,000 years of rich history. Located in the lower Yangtze River drainage basin and Yangtze River Delta, it borders Wuhu to the northwest, Chizhou to the west, Huangshan to the southwest, and the provinces of Zhejiang and Jiangsu to the southeast and northeast respectively.

History[edit]

As early as the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-24AD), Danyang Shire was established on this region with Wanling (presently Xuanzhou District, the site of the Xuancheng Municipal Government) as its capital city. Since then, Xuanzhou has been the political, economic and cultural center of administration for two thousand years.

Geography[edit]

Its terrain is varied and complicated, basically sloping downward from the south to the north. Its landform can be approximately divided into five types: Mountain, hill, valley and basin, hillock and plain. The south and southeast regions belong to ranges of Tianmu Mountain, while the southwest and west regions are respectively parts of ranges of Mt. Huangshan and Mt. Jiuhua.

The city enjoys a subtropical humid monsoon climate, enjoying four distinct seasons and abundant precipitation. Of the four seasons, summer is the longest. Its annual average temperature falls round 15.6C (60.1F). Most of the rainfall occurs in summer. The plum rain season lasts from mid-June to early July.[1]

Administration[edit]

Xuancheng City administers seven county-level divisions, including one district, one county-level city and five counties.

These are further divided into 115 township-level divisions, including 61 towns, 44 townships and ten subdistricts.

Language and culture[edit]

In Xuancheng, the Jiang-Huai Mandarin and Wu dialect are spoken as well as Mandarin.

Xuancheng is a city with 2,000 years of history and cultural relics. It has a profound cultural heritage and rich tourism resources. There are many scenery resorts, such as the country's largest captive breeding bases—Chinese Crocodile Lake, one of the four unique scenes – Taiji Cave, Peach Blossom Pool, Jing Ting Mountain, Zhangshan Canyon, and cultural sites of the New Fourth Army, the Ancestral Hall of the Hu Family in Jixi, the Former Residence of Mr. Hu Shih, the Jiang's Village in Jingde, and so on. Since reform and opening up, the city has achieved a lot of progress, and is accelerating the development of municipal services, transport, tourism and other infrastructural facilities. Xuancheng, as a new city with pleasant environments of living, enterprising, sightseeing, is on the rise.

Notable people[edit]

  • Jiang Zemin (1926– ): Former president of the People's Republic of China
  • Mei Yaochen (1002–60), a major poet of the Northern Song Dynasty

Education[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Xuancheng is served by the Anhui–Jiangxi Railway and Beijing–Taipei High-Speed Rail Corridor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Travel in Anhui

External links[edit]