1150s in England
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from 1157 in England)
|1150s in England:|
|1130s | 1140s | 1150s | 1160s | 1170s|
Events from the 1150s in England.
- 18 May – Henry marries Eleanor of Aquitaine, and claims rule over Aquitaine.
- The Anarchy: King Stephen besieges the last opposition stronghold, at Wallingford.
- The Anarchy: Roger de Berkeley is dispossessed of Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire for withholding his allegiance from the Plantagenets and the Lordship of Berkeley is granted to Robert Fitzharding, founder of the Berkeley family which will still hold the castle in the 21st century.
- January – The Anarchy: Henry, Count of Anjou, arrives in England in a campaign against King Stephen in favour of his mother Empress Mathilda.
- 17 August – The Anarchy: Following the death of Eustace IV of Boulogne, the Theobald of Bec, the Archbishop of Canterbury, mediates between Stephen and Henry.
- 7 November – The Anarchy: Henry and Stephen seal the Treaty of Wallingford in Winchester Cathedral, ending the civil war.
- 25 October – King Stephen dies and is succeeded by Henry II, the first Plantagenet king of England.
- 4 December – Pope Adrian IV elected, the only English Pope.
- 19 December – coronation of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine at Westminster Abbey.
- Huntingdonshire is declared royal forest.
- The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle completed.
- Henry of Huntingdon completes his Historia Anglorum.
- January – Henry II appoints Thomas Becket as Lord Chancellor.
- Henry defeats rebellious barons, reclaims many royal castles, and abolishes the Earldoms of York and Hereford.
- Pope Adrian IV issues the papal bull Laudabiliter giving Henry II lordship over Ireland.
- Wace's Roman de Brut, an Anglo-Norman language semi-legendary history of Britain in verse, is completed.
- May – Henry II demands the return of Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmorland from Malcolm IV of Scotland; in return Malcolm is given the title Earl of Huntingdon.
- Summer – Henry II launches a campaign for overlordship of Wales.
- July – Owain Gwynedd submits to Henry and pays homage.
- Henry II grants special trading privileges to the Hansa merchants of Cologne.
- Summer – Henry II leaves for Normandy; he does not return to England until 1163.
- August – Henry agrees a treaty with Louis VII of France; Henry's son Henry the Young King to marry Louis' daughter Marguerite, in return for control of parts of Vexin.
- Conan IV, Duke of Brittany pays homage to Henry II.
- Henry besieges Toulouse to claim it as part of Aquitaine, but is forced to abandon the campaign.
- John of Salisbury completes his works Metalogicon and Polycraticus.
- Approximate date – churchman Richard FitzNeal is appointed Lord High Treasurer in charge of the royal Exchequer, an office he will hold for almost 40 years.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 65–67. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 123–125. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Amt, Emilie (1993). The Accession of Henry II in England: Royal Government Restored, 1149–1159. Boydell Press. p. 28. ISBN 0851153488. Retrieved 2007-12-17.