1070s in England
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Events from the 1070s in England.
Monarch – William I
- Winter of 1069–1070 – Harrying of the North: King William I quells rebellions in the North of England following an invasion by Sweyn II of Denmark. Widespread famine follows the devastation wrought.
- Spring – King Sweyn II of Denmark joins English rebels, led by Hereward the Wake, and captures the Isle of Ely in The Fens of eastern England.
- 11 April – Archbishop of Canterbury Stigand deposed.
- 1 June – Hereward plunders Peterborough Abbey.
- June – Denmark signs a treaty with England; Sweyn and his forces leave the country.
- 15 August – Lanfranc appointed as the new Archbishop of Canterbury.
- Invasion of England by Malcolm III of Scotland repelled.
- Hugh d'Avranches, 1st Earl of Chester, the first Marcher Lord, invades Wales, capturing parts of Gwynedd.
- Osmund succeeds Herfast as Lord Chancellor; Herfast becomes Bishop of Elmham.
- Rebuilding of Canterbury Cathedral following a fire.
- Rebuilding of York Minster begins.
- Construction of Dudley Castle in the west midlands by Ansculf de Picquigny begins.
- Construction of Richmond Castle in North Yorkshire by Alan Rufus begins.
- Jews from Rouen, in Normandy, settle in England at the invitation of the King.
- 27 May – the Accord of Winchester establishes the primacy of the Archbishop of Canterbury over the Archbishop of York in the Church of England.
- August – William invades Scotland, reaching the River Tay.
- At Abernethy, King Malcolm III of Scotland submits to William.
- Bishop of Lincoln raised to diocesan status. Construction of Lincoln Cathedral begins.
- Revolt of the Earls: three earls rebel against William in the last serious act of resistance to the Norman conquest of England.
- August (approx. date) – Council of London reforms Church administration in England. It approves union of the dioceses of Ramsbury and Sherborne into a new Diocese of Salisbury with a new cathedral at Old Sarum, Herman becoming first Bishop of Salisbury.
- First Bishop of Chichester (Stigand of Selsey) consecrated.
- April – Council of Winchester confirms ecclesiastical authority, insists on celibacy of the clergy and marriage within church.
- 31 May – execution of Waltheof II, Earl of Northumbria, for his part in the Revolt of the Earls.
- Approximate date of the Trial of Penenden Heath to settle a land dispute between King William and his half-brother Odo of Bayeux.
- The Bayeux Tapestry completed depicting the Norman conquest of England.
- William's son Robert Curthose stages an insurrection against him in Normandy.
- Construction of St Albans Cathedral begins under Abbot Paul of Caen.
- Foundation of the first Cluniac abbey in England, at Lewes.
- First recorded Trial by combat in England.
- 3 June (approx. date) – consecration of Osmund as Bishop of Salisbury. He will introduce the Sarum Rite.
- (approx. date) – construction of the White Tower (Tower of London) begins under the direction of Bishop Gundulf of Rochester.
- Construction of Colchester Castle begins under the direction of Bishop Gundulf of Rochester.
- "British History Timeline, Norman Britain, BBC". Retrieved 2007-12-23.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 53–55. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 112–113. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- "The History of Canterbury Cathedral". Retrieved 2007-12-23.
- William of Malmesbury.
- "Lincoln Cathedral website". Archived from the original on 10 January 2008. Retrieved 2007-12-23.
- "St Albans Cathedral website". Archived from the original on 2007-12-02. Retrieved 2007-12-23.
- "Fascinating history". New Forest National Park. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- Sutton, Ian (1999). Architecture, from Ancient Greece to the Present. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-20316-3.