Barbours Cut Terminal
|Barbours Cut Container Terminal|
The terminal along the Barbours Cut Ship Channel and the Houston Ship Channel
|Location||Morgan's Point, Texas|
|Operated by||Port of Houston Authority|
|Owned by||City of Houston|
|Type of harbor||Natural / artificial|
|Land area||250 acres (100 ha)|
|Wharfs||6,000 feet (1,800 m)|
|Loading area||230 acres (93 ha)|
|Warehouse space||255,000 square feet (23,700 m2)|
|Annual cargo tonnage||15.4 million short tons / 17.0 million metric tons (2007)|
The Barbours Cut Container Terminal, or simply the Barbours Cut Terminal, is a major deep water port in the Greater Houston area in the U.S. state of Texas. It is part of one of the world's busiest ports by cargo tonnage.
Barbours Cut is situated along the Barbours Cut Ship Channel, between La Porte and Morgan's Point, Texas. This channel, located at the mouth of Buffalo Bayou on Galveston Bay, is itself a tributary to the larger Houston Ship Channel, which runs from Houston, through the bay, to the Gulf of Mexico. It is located approximately 27 miles (43 km) from downtown Houston.
The terminal is located near the Battleground Industrial District, a major industrial complex in the jurisdiction of La Porte.
Opened in 1977, the Barbours Cut Terminal was built at a cost of US$53 million (US$209 million in today's terms). The new terminal had a distinct geographical advantage over the old Turning Basin terminal. Whereas Turning Basin, situated upriver at the navigational head of Buffalo Bayou, is 6 hours or more from the Gulf, Barbours Cut requires only three hours travel time.
In 2007 the terminal handled 15.4 million short tons (17.0 million metric tons) of cargo including more than one million cargo containers. The terminal both directly and indirectly contributes thousands of jobs to the Galveston Bay Area and is a key factor in the economy of Greater Houston.
The terminal has six berths with 6,000 feet (1,800 m) of continuous wharfs. The loading area covers 230 acres (93 ha), with 255,000 square feet (23,700 m2) of warehouse/storage space. The channel depth is 40 feet (12 m) at low tide.
Barbours Cut was the first port in the United States to implement the ISO 14001 environmental management standard, a rigorous set of requirements for minimizing a business' effects on the environment. Nevertheless, the Natural Resources Defense Council, an environmental advocacy group, has given Barbours Cut and the Port of Houston a grade of "F" citing "its deplorable treatment of local residents and its few noteworthy programs to reduce the effects of its operations on air and water quality."
- "Barbours Cut Terminal". Port of Houston Authority. Archived from the original on 12 February 2010. Retrieved 22 Jan 2010.
- "The Port Report" (PDF). Port of Houston Authority. February 2008.
- "Map of route from Barbours Cut to downtown Houston". Google Maps. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "Bay Area Houston Region (map)" (PDF). Bay Area Houston Economic Partnership. Retrieved 2 Jan 2010.[dead link]
- Cartwright, Gary (July 1978). "On the Waterfront". Texas Monthly: 161–162.
- "Bayport Terminal Progress". Port of Houston Authority. Retrieved 22 Jan 2010.
- Hensel, Bill Jr. (15 May 2008). "Shiny new port terminal has everything except ships". Houston Chronicle.
- "Port of Houston Authority Celebrates 30th Anniversary At Barbours Cut Terminal (Press Release)". Global Newswire. 2 May 2007.
"Initiative to bring ports environmental success: EMS program shows shared commitment" (PDF). AAPA Seaports Magazine: 29. 2004.
- "Environmental Report Cards for 10 U.S. Ports" (PDF). Harboring Pollution: The Dirty Truth about U.S. Ports. Natural Resources Defense Council: 50. March 2004.
- Appleton, John D, ed. (1987). Lloyd's ports of the world. 5. Informa Publishing Group Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85044-092-5.