The Woodlands, Texas
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2011)|
|The Woodlands, Texas|
|Census-designated place and Special-purpose district|
Location in the state of Texas
|Counties||Montgomery & Harris|
|• Board of Directors||Bruce Tough
|• President||Don Norrell|
|• Total||43.9 sq mi (113.6 km2)|
|• Land||43.3 sq mi (112.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)|
|Elevation||160 ft (50 m)|
|• Density||2,500/sq mi (950/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1867568|
The Woodlands is a master-planned community and census-designated place (CDP) in the U.S. state of Texas in Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. According to The Woodlands Development Company, the population was 107,769 as of a January 2014 estimate[update], an increase of 93.7% over its population of 55,649 at the 2000 census.
It is 28 miles (45 km) north of Houston along Interstate 45. Though it began as a suburban development and a bedroom community, it has also attracted corporations and has several corporate campuses, most notably Chevron Phillips, Anadarko Petroleum Corporation, Huntsman Corporation, Woodforest National Bank, Baker Hughes, CB&I, McKesson Corporation, Hewitt Associates, Maersk Line, Safmarine, and GeoSouthern Energy. It won a Special Award for Excellence in 1994 from the Urban Land Institute.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Government and infrastructure
- 7 Culture and entertainment
- 8 Education
- 9 Neighborhoods
- 10 Notable people
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The Woodlands was conceived after the oil industry investor George P. Mitchell attended a symposium by the Rouse Company subsidiary American City Corporation on how to develop HUD financed Title VII towns like Columbia, Maryland. It was dedicated by George P. Mitchell in 1974, managed by The Woodlands Corporation as an extension of Mitchell Energy & Development. Mitchell, an oil businessman, planned to establish a conference center, hotels, office parks, retail malls, schools, large distribution centers, and golf courses. Houses would range from affordable to expensive and large. Bill Schadewald of the Houston Business Journal said that Mitchell wanted the development to "entice city slickers looking for far-flung suburban quality of life." Schadewald said that local sources stated that the HUD New Town program, a federally funded program, had a "low survival rate" and questioned whether The Woodlands would succeed.
The Woodlands Corporation was acquired on July 31, 1997, by a partnership between Morgan Stanley and Crescent Real Estate Equities. In December 2003, The Rouse Company acquired Crescent's interest, and Rouse was bought by General Growth Properties on November 12, 2004. In 2011 The Woodlands was sold to the Howard Hughes Development Corporation.
The land was previously occupied by the Grogan-Cochran Lumber Mill, hence Grogan's Mill and Cochran's Crossing neighborhoods, called "villages". The original planning utilized many of the planning concepts and design consultants employed in other well-regarded new communities of that era such as Columbia, Maryland, Irvine Ranch, California and Reston, Virginia. The original development plan included environmental design principles espoused by Ian McHarg, a distinguished landscape architect, teacher and author of the seminal work Design With Nature.
It continues to grow residentially and commercially as many companies are moving there. In addition to Chevron Phillips, Huntsman, Anadarko, Hewitt Associates, Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Mærsk Sealand, Chicago Bridge & Iron, M&S Engineering and Woodforest National Bank have set up operations. The Town Center includes shopping and eating facilities, a waterway resembling the San Antonio River Walk, and water taxis known as "Waterway Cruisers" that are enclosed and cooled for added comfort.
On September 13, 2008, it sustained extensive damage from Hurricane Ike. Sustained winds of 85 mph (137 km/h) brought down thousands of trees, powerlines, and billboards in the area and severely damaged the Cynthia Woods Mitchell Pavilion. Ike was the first hurricane to directly affect the area since Hurricane Alicia in 1983.
The summer of 2011 brought an unprecedented drought throughout Texas, which caused thousands of trees to die and requiring they be taken down, a process that continued into 2012.
In 2011, Schadewald said "Now: Obviously, The Woodlands had quite a future. Somewhere between First Colony and The Woodlands, I realized why visionary real estate developers strike it rich more often than skeptical real estate reporters."
In 2012, the U.S. Census Bureau designated the area around The Woodlands and Conroe as a "large urbanized transit area," defined as having over 200,000 residents, making it eligible to receive federal transportation funds.
Mitchell's original plan was for The Woodlands to be annexed by the city of Houston. In the middle part of the 2000s (decade), some residents feared such an annexation, as had happened to the Kingwood development almost a decade before. To counteract any possible move by the city, a movement began to create an independent city government. However, the formation of an independent government would require authorization by the State of Texas and the City of Houston, as Houston held extraterritorial jurisdiction over the area.
In 2007, two state legislators representing Woodlands, Sen. Tommy Williams and Rep. Robert Eissler, created and passed two bills in the 2007 Legislature – House Bill 4109 and Senate Bill 1012. HB 4109 called for a vote to allow expansion of an existing improvement district (now The Woodlands Township) and to allow The Woodlands to collect sales tax, while SB 1012 allowed for the creation of regional agreements between governments. The passage of these bills allowed an opportunity for The Woodlands to incorporate itself.
The Woodlands is primarily in Montgomery County, Texas, with a small portion of the CDP in Harris County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has an area of 43.9 square miles (113.6 km2), of which 43.3 square miles (112.1 km2) is land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2), or 1.32%, is water.
It is in a heavily forested area, and much of the community has retained trees for shade and decoration. The terrain is essentially flat, with the exception of topographic variations ranging from 125 to 175 feet between Spring Creek and Flintridge Drive.
It has a humid subtropical climate. Temperature ranges are within the top decile for census-designated places in the United States. Winter daily highs average approximately 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15C), daily lows 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4C); summer daily highs average 94 degrees Fahrenheit (34C), daily lows 72 (22C) degrees Fahrenheit.
As of 2010, there were 93,847 people. The racial makeup was 88.4% White, 2.4% Black or African American, 0.3% American Indian and Alaska Native, 4.9% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 2.1% Two or More Races, 12.3% Hispanic or Latino, and 78.5% White alone, not Hispanic or Latino.
As of the census of 2000, there were 55,649 people, 19,881 households, and 15,546 families. The population density was 2,328.4 people per square mile (900.5/km2).There were 21,014 housing units at an average density of 897.7 per square mile (346.6/km2). The racial makeup was 92.36% White, 1.75% Black, 0.29% Native American, 2.80% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.43% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28% of the population.
There were 19,881 households out of which 47.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.2% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.8% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.21.
31.8% were under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males; for every 100 females age 18 and over there were 88.5 males.
The median income for a household was $85,253, for a family $98,675. Males have a median income of $78,642 versus $38,505 for females. The Per capita income was $37,724. About 3.0% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household had risen to $94,626, for a family to $113,243.
By 2006 the numbers of middle and upper class Hispanics, including Mexican nationals, increased. Some of the residents were assigned to Houston by their companies. Some of of them moved to The Woodlands to escape increased crime and political tensions from the Mexican presidential election. According to the 2010 U.S. Census 6.6% of the residents of The Woodlands were Hispanic. The 2013 Census estimates say the percentage is now 12.3%. By 2015 the number of Hispanics in The Woodlands was almost 110,000.
As of the 2013-2014 school year 22% of the students at Conroe Independent School District elementary and junior high schools in The Woodlands were Hispanic. This was an increase from 10.5% in the 2005-2006 school year, and the percentages grew particularly in Glen Loch, Lamar, and Tough elementary schools. The 2013-2014 percentage in Conroe ISD schools in The Woodlands is below the overall Conroe ISD Hispanic average of 34.2%.
The community has Viva! The Woodlands Magazine, a Spanish language magazine that covers The Woodlands, as well as the Montgomery County Hispanic Chamber of Commerce. Many churches in The Woodlands area have some services in Spanish.
By 2000 a significant amount of corporate office space was under construction. Of the 4,800,000 square feet (450,000 m2) of office space under construction in Greater Houston, over one third was in The Woodlands.
Anadarko Petroleum Corporation has its headquarters in The Woodlands. On February 11, 1999 Anadarko announced that it would purchase a 7.5-acre (30,000 m2) tract from The Woodlands Land Company, to build a 800,000-square-foot (74,000 m2), 32-story headquarters building, to open in mid-2002. As of 2000 the Anadarko building was the largest office project in The Woodlands.
In January 2012, Anadarko announced the imminent construction of a sister tower on site, 31 stories high, of which ten will be for parking. According to a press release from the company, site work had already begun and construction of the tower would be complete by 2014. The building will be at the corner of Woodloch Forest and Lake Robbins Dr, and, with its completed sister tower, it will be the tallest building in Montgomery County and between Houston and Dallas.
In 2011, ExxonMobil announced plans to construct a new complex on a 385-acre plot of land near the intersection of the Hardy Toll Road and Interstate 45, which is in the Houston ETJ and might be annexed by Houston. About 10,000 employees in the Houston area will relocate to the campus starting in 2014, with full occupancy by 2015.
Government and infrastructure
Law enforcement in Montgomery county is provided by the Montgomery County Sheriff's Office and the Texas Highway Patrol. The Harris county portion is covered by Harris County Constable Precinct #4.
The Woodlands Township is a Special-purpose district created by the 73rd Texas Legislature in 1993, and is run by a seven-member board of directors who are elected directly by the residents of the township in an at large election, for two year staggered terms. Even though The Woodlands is not a city nor a traditional township government, it still provides limited municipal government services such as trash pickup, parks and recreation, covenant enforcement, fire and rescue services, streetscaping, economic development, and enhanced law enforcement and security patrols. The Townships offices are located at 2801 Technology Forest Boulevard, The Woodlands, TX 77381.
The Woodlands Township runs three transit services: The Woodlands Express, which provides commuter service to Houston from park and ride lots in The Woodlands, Waterway Cruisers, which run on weekends, and the free daily Waterway Trolley.
Culture and entertainment
The Woodlands offers many entertainment venues including two movie theaters, over 150 restaurants, a publicly accessible waterway, dancing waterfalls with music, and the Cynthia Woods Mitchell Pavilion, summer home of the Houston Symphony and catering for many large acts (rock bands to classical). The Woodlands Waterway will eventually be more than 1/2 mile long, reaching from The Woodlands Mall around to Lake Woodlands and with wide, lighted sidewalks along both sides and Waterway Taxis. Other attractions include Market Street, an old style "Main Street" pedestrian shopping district, home to a movie theater and a variety of shops and restaurants. The Woodlands Mall borders the waterway and is adjacent to Market Street, forming a large pedestrian-friendly shopping district. Each of the "villages" in The Woodlands has its own shopping center with a core grocery store and shops, banks, gas, restaurants, etc.
The Woodlands is also the setting of the novel Absolutely Unforgivable by Tracy Tegan.
The city is also home to a renowned community concert band, officially known as, The Woodlands Concert Band. The band was established in 2001 and is currently the host of the Bayou City Community Band Festival, and performs annually at the Independence Day celebration at Market Street. Current membership of the band range from 75-85, made up of both amateur musicians and professional. Repertoire for the ensemble includes Classical, Patriotic, and Contemporary. The band became highly-acclaimed on July 25th, 2015, by performing under the direction of world-renowned composer, Frank Ticheli, at the 2015 Texas Band Masters Association Convention in San Antonio, Texas at the Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center. The group is currently under the direction of Paul Worosello, as of 2009.
As of 2011, the community is majority Christian.
Most students in the Montgomery County portion attend schools in the Conroe Independent School District. Children residing in the May Valley neighborhood in Sterling Ridge Village attend schools in the Magnolia Independent School District. Children from the Creekside Park Village in Harris County attend the Tomball Independent School District. Montgomery County Memorial Library System operates two libraries in The Woodlands, the South Branch and the George and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Library. Most schools have the honored rank of an exemplary school, the highest school ranking in Texas. Texas students are administered the STAAR test, a review of general knowledge, which can determine students' promotion to the next grade level.
Primary and secondary schools
The Woodlands High School (TWHS) serves the western portion of The Woodlands in Montgomery County. Refer to the Conroe School District for specific feeders. TWHS was ranked 626 on Newsweek's 2012 list of America's Best High Schools.
The Woodlands College Park High School, which opened in 2005, serves the eastern portion of The Woodlands in Montgomery County. TWCP was ranked 382 on Newsweek's 2012 list of America's Best High Schools. Refer to the Conroe School District for specific feeders. Magnolia High School serves pupils residing in May Valley, and Tomball High School serves pupils residing inside the Harris County portion.
- Junior high schools
- Montgomery County: Knox Junior High School, McCullough Junior High School, Bear Branch Junior High School
- Harris County: Tomball Junior High School
- John Cooper School
- The Woodlands Preparatory School
- The Woodlands Christian Academy
- Center for Teaching & Learning
- Christ Community School
Colleges and universities
Lone Star College (originally the North Harris Montgomery Community College District) and Sam Houston State University The Woodlands Center serve the community. The territory in Conroe ISD joined the community college district in 1991, and the territory in Tomball ISD had joined the district in 1982. The headquarters of the Lone Star College System are located in The Woodlands and in unincorporated Montgomery County, Texas. The district moved to its current location on March 17, 2003. Our Lady of the Lake University, a private non-profit university based in San Antonio, moved its Houston Campus to The Woodlands in 2011.
The Woodlands is organized into "villages", subdivided into "neighborhoods."
- Village of Grogan's Mill: the first neighborhood, near the Town Center. Named for the former Grogan-Cochran Lumber Mill (opened 1974).
- Grogans Point – An estate section within Grogans Mill. Features larger lots (approx 3/4 acre)
- Town Center: a primarily commercial development also within Grogans Mill. Location of Market Street, The Waterway District, The Woodlands Mall and The Cynthia Woods Mitchell Pavilion, and hotels and a convention center (formerly "Metro Center").
- Village of Panther Creek: the second neighborhood. Borders the west shore of Lake Woodlands (opened 1976).
- Village of Cochran's Crossing: location of The Woodlands High School. Named for the Grogan-Cochran Lumber Mill (opened 1983).
- Village of Indian Springs: The smallest villages, on the northern border of Spring Creek. Location of The John Cooper School. Only village without a public school. Named for the Bidais Indian artifacts found during development (opened 1984).
- Village of Alden Bridge: In the northwest corner. Bordered by FM 2978 on the west and FM 1488 and the Jones State Forest on the north (opened 1993).
- Village of College Park: location of Lone Star College and Sam Houston State University-The Woodlands Center. Includes the area around State Highway 242 and the Harper's Landing neighborhood east of I-45 (opened 1995).
- Village of Sterling Ridge: location of The Woodlands High School Ninth Grade Campus. Includes the gated community of Carlton Woods, which was initially a village in its own right (opened 2000).
- Village of Creekside Park: The new village development to be undertaken by The Woodlands Development Company, in Harris County. Planned to have 5,516 single-family production homes, 541 age 55 and over homes, 738 multi-family residences, and 298 Custom Homes and Estate Homes in the gated community of Carlton Woods Creekside (opened 2007).
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (November 2011)|
Famous residents past and present include:
- Danny Amendola, NFL player, New England Patriots
- George Bishop, founder and CEO, GeoSouthern Energy
- Lance Blanks, professional basketball player
- Kirby Bliss Blanton, American actress, famous for her role in the 2012 film Project X
- Matt Bullard, former professional basketball player
- Will Butler, brother of Win Butler and core member of Arcade Fire.
- Win Butler, brother of Will Butler frontman for the Grammy Award-winning Canadian indie rock group Arcade Fire
- Hayes Carll, country musician
- Chamillionaire, rapper
- Jim Deshaies, former Major League Baseball pitcher; announcer for the Chicago Cubs
- Doug Drabek, MLB player
- Kyle Drabek, MLB player, Toronto Blue Jays, son of Doug Drabek
- Arian Foster, NFL player, Houston Texans
- Gerald J. Gallinghouse, U.S. Attorney for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana from 1970 to 1978; spent his later years in The Woodlands
- Justin Gilbert, NFL football player for the Cleveland Browns
- Paul Goldschmidt, MLB player, Arizona Diamondbacks, former high school teammate of Kyle Drabek
- Dean Harman, financial author, former NFL football player
- Chad Hedrick, retired Winter Olympian, 5 time medalist long track speed skating, most decorated inline world champion
- Jack Ingram, country musician
- Gerald Irons, NFL player for the Cleveland Browns and Oakland Raiders
- Larry Izzo, retired NFL linebacker; current assistant coach for the New York Giants
- Mark Keough, incoming District 15 Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives
- Stacy Lewis, LPGA Professional, 2011 Kraft Nabisco Champion; 2012 LPGA Player of The Year; Number 1 in LPGA Rolex Rankings March 2013 to present.
- Nick Mitchell, former professional wrestler
- Brad North, MLS player
- Adrian Peterson, NFL player, Minnesota Vikings
- Rusty Pierce, MLS player
- Roy C. Strickland, businessman and politician
- Jameson Taillon, drafted 2nd overall by the Pittsburgh Pirates in the 2010 MLB Draft
- Steve Toth, outgoing District 15 Republican state representative, 2013-2015; businessman in The Woodlands
- Laura Wilkinson, winner at the 2000 Olympics of the first gold medal for a female American platform diver since 1964
- Torrie Wilson, retired American professional wrestler, fitness competitor and model; co-owner of the fashion boutique "Officially Jaded" in Market Street
- Ellis Wyms, retired NFL Football Player
- "Board of Directors: 2013 Election". The Woodlands Township. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- "The Woodlands, Texas Demographics: January 1, 2013". The Woodlands Development Company. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): The Woodlands CDP, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- "US Census Bureau Population Finder: The Woodlands CDP, Texas". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved July 1, 2007.
- ULI Awards for Excellence Winners, 1979–2006. Urban Land Institute. (Link from Google Cache)
- Joseph Rocco Mitchell, David L. Stebenne. New City Upon a Hill. p. 95.
- Schadewald, Bill. "Looking back ‘Then and Now’ at 40 years of Houston business." Houston Business Journal. Friday December 24, 2010. 3. Retrieved on September 13, 2011.
- SECinfo.com. http://www.secinfo.com/dsvrp.88U1.htm#Dates
- SEC Edgar document through SECinfo.com. (Link from Google Cache)
- Washington Post 2005 Top 200, General Growth Properties. Washingtonpost.com. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/business/post200/2005/RSE.html
- With Grogan at Bivins and Magnolia (Gulf Coast Lumberman, 1939). Texas Transportation Archive. http://www.ttarchive.com/Library/Companies/GroganAtBivins-Magnolia.html
- Lee, Renée C. "Growth transforms rural areas north of Houston to urban centers." Houston Chronicle. Saturday October 6, 2012. Retrieved on October 7, 2012.
- 80th Texas Legislature, House Bill 4109. http://www.capitol.state.tx.us/BillLookup/History.aspx?LegSess=80R&Bill=HB4109
- 80th Texas Legislature, Senate Bill 1012. http://www.capitol.state.tx.us/BillLookup/History.aspx?LegSess=80R&Bill=SB1012
- Woodlands governing groups prepare for November election. Houston Chronicle. June 19, 2007. http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/nb/woodlands/news/4902497.html
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): The Woodlands CDP, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- "USGS Map Name: Oklahoma, TX. Map MRC: 30095B5; Map Center: N30.16201° W95.53026°; Datum: NAD83; Zoom: 8m/pixel.". Retrieved May 11, 2013.
- "Data for Lake Conroe Forest Dam.". Retrieved May 11, 2013.
- "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2010)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
- "The Woodlands CDP QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- 2000 US Census, The Woodlands CDP, Texas
- 2007 American Community Survey Estimate via US Census Factfinder. 2007 American Community Survey Estimate via US Census Factfinder.
- Insensee, Laura. "The Woodlands lures more Hispanics to area" (Archive). Houston Chronicle. Wednesday November 29, 2006. Retrieved on September 26, 2015.
- Balch, Bridget. "Hispanic population in The Woodlands continues to grow." Houston Chronicle. June 23, 2015. Retrieved on September 26, 2015.
- Bivins, Ralph. "The Woodlands becomes a leader in office construction." Houston Chronicle. Sunday February 13, 2000. Business 8. Retrieved on November 12, 2009.
- "Office locations." Anadarko Petroleum Corporation. Retrieved on August 14, 2009.
- "Article: Anadarko to Build New Headquarters in the Woodlands." PR Newswire. February 11, 1999. Retrieved on August 15, 2009.
- "Worldwide Offices." Chicago Bridge & Iron. Retrieved on August 14, 2009.
- "Exxon Mobil will fuel boom with new complex - Houston Chronicle". chron.com. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- Moreno, Jenalia. "Woodlands a haven for Mexican entrepreneurs." Houston Chronicle. Saturday August 27, 2011. Retrieved on November 3, 2011.
- "Post Office Location – The Woodlands." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on November 22, 2008.
- "Post Office Location – Panther Creek." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on November 22, 2008.
- "." The Woodlands Township Enabling Legislation. Retrieved on May 22, 2014.
- "." The Woodlands election information packet. Retrieved on May 22, 2014.
- "The Woodlands Township FAQ". Retrieved on May 22, 2014.
- The Woodlands Express Park and Ride
- Shellnutt, Kate. "New temple will serve north Houston Hindus". Houston Chronicle. June 26, 2011. Retrieved on May 3, 2014.
- name="America's Best High Schools". thedailybeast.com
- . Sam Houston State University. January 15, 2014. Retrieved on January 15, 2014.
- "History." North Harris Montgomery Community College District. December 22, 2002. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
- "Contact Directory." Lone Star College System. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
- Home. North Harris Montgomery Community College District. March 23, 2003. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
- "George Bishop". Forbes. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "Win Butler acknowledges his home: Arcade Fire tells true tales of T... - CultureMap Houston". houston.culturemap.com. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- "Gerald Joseph Gallinghouse". New Orleans Times-Picayune. Retrieved June 29, 2013.
- Wall Street Journal
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Woodlands, Texas.|
- The Woodlands Activity & Event Information Resource
- The Woodlands Community Website
- The Woodlands Township, local government website
- The Woodlands Development Company
- The Woodlands Residents' Site