Liberty County, Texas

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Liberty County, Texas
Liberty county tx courthouse 2014.jpg
The Liberty County Courthouse in Liberty
Map of Texas highlighting Liberty County
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Seat Liberty
Largest city Liberty
 • Total 1,176 sq mi (3,046 km2)
 • Land 1,158 sq mi (2,999 km2)
 • Water 18 sq mi (47 km2), 1.5%
 • (2010) 75,643
 • Density 65/sq mi (25/km²)
Congressional district 36th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Liberty County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 75,643.[1] The county seat is Liberty.[2] The county was created in 1831 as a municipality in Mexico and organized as a county in 1837.[3][4] It is named for the popular American ideal of liberty.[5]

Liberty County is included in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,176 square miles (3,050 km2), of which 1,158 square miles (3,000 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (1.5%) is water.[6]

The Trinity River flows through this county, dividing the county approximately in half. The river begins on the northern border of Liberty County, forming the San Jacinto - Polk County line through the Liberty County line. The east fork of the San Jacinto River flows through far Northeast parts of the county, Flowing through Cleveland. Tarkington Bayou begins in the Sam Houston National Forest in San Jacinto County, working its way south through Northeast and east Liberty County and joining other feeders, before traveling into Harris County and emptying into Galveston Bay. The highest point in Liberty County is "Davis Hill", the roof of a salt dome in the northern part of the county.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,522
1860 3,189 26.4%
1870 4,414 38.4%
1880 4,999 13.3%
1890 4,230 −15.4%
1900 8,102 91.5%
1910 10,686 31.9%
1920 14,637 37.0%
1930 19,868 35.7%
1940 24,541 23.5%
1950 26,729 8.9%
1960 31,595 18.2%
1970 33,014 4.5%
1980 47,088 42.6%
1990 52,726 12.0%
2000 70,154 33.1%
2010 75,643 7.8%
Est. 2015 79,654 [7] 5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1850–2010[9] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 70,154 people, 23,242 households, and 17,756 families residing in the county. The population density was 60 people per square mile (23/km²). There were 26,359 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 78.90% White, 12.82% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 6.03% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. 10.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 23,242 households out of which 38.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.50% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.60% were non-families. 20.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 31.60% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 10.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,361, and the median income for a family was $43,744. Males had a median income of $37,957 versus $22,703 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,539. About 11.10% of families and 14.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.30% of those under age 18 and 15.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics[edit]

United States Congress[edit]

Senators Name Party First Elected Level
  Senate Class 1 John Cornyn (opposed by Dwayne Stovall of Cleveland in primary on March 4, 2014) Republican 2002 Senior Senator
  Senate Class 2 Ted Cruz Republican 2012 Junior Senator
Representatives Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Liberty County Represented
  District 36 Steve Stockman (running against Cornyn and Stovall in 2014 Senate primary) Republican 2012 Countywide

Texas Legislature[edit]

Texas Senate[edit]

Texas House of Representatives[edit]

Liberty County elected officials[edit]

Position Official Party
County Judge Jay Knight Republican
County Commissioner Precinct 1 Mike McCarty Republican
County Commissioner Precinct 2 Greg Aurther Republican
County Commissioner Precinct 3 Eddie Lowery Republican
County Commissioner Precinct 4 Leon Wilson Republican
County Attorney Wesley Hinch Republican
County Clerk Paulette Williams Republican
District Attorney Logan Pickett Republican
District Clerk Donna Brown Republican
Sheriff Bobby Rader Republican
Assessor-Collector Ricky Brown Republican
County Treasurer Kim Harris Republican
Constable Precinct 1 Tim Allison Democrat
Constable Precinct 2 Leslie Hulsey Democrat
Constable Precinct 3 Danny Frankum Democrat
Constable Precinct 4 Robbie Thornton Republican
Constable Precinct 5 L.W. DeSpain Democrat
Constable Precinct 6 John Joslin Republican
Justice Of The Peace Precinct 1 Stephen Hebert Republican
Justice Of The Peace Precinct 2 Ronnie E. Davis Democrat
Justice Of The Peace Precinct 3 Cody Parrish Democrat
Justice Of The Peace Precinct 4 Barry Graves Republican
Justice Of The Peace Precinct 5 Wade Brown Republican
Justice Of The Peace Precinct 6 Ralph Fuller Republican


Around 1995 the economy of Liberty County was mainly focused on agriculture and oil. As of that year the economy of Liberty County was struggling. At that time the Texas Department of Criminal Justice had established four correctional facilities (Cleveland, Henley, Hightower, and Plane) in the county within a six-year span. As of 1995 the facilities employed 1,045 employees and contributed $22 million in the county's annual payroll. Since Cleveland is a privately operated facility, the county receives tax revenue from the prison's operation.[11]


Where "ISD" means "Independent School District".

The Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, operated by the Texas State Library and Archives Commission is located 3 miles (4.8 km) north of Liberty in an unincorporated area. Judge and Mrs. Price Daniel donated 114 114 acres (46 ha) of land for the purpose of establishing a library on September 27, 1973. Construction began in the fall of 1975; by then $700,000 had been raised through private donations. The library opened on May 14, 1977.[12]


Outside of the city limits ambulance services are provided by Liberty County EMS, and Cleveland EMS. Fire protection is provided mostly through Volunteer Fire Departments, four of which in Liberty County are funded by Emergency Services Districts (ESD).[13]

Police services[edit]

The headquarters of the Liberty County Sheriff's Office is within the city of Liberty. Most incorporated areas operate their own police departments, including Cleveland, Daisetta, Dayton, Kenefick, and Liberty.

Liberty County operates the Liberty County Sheriff's Office, which serves unincorporated areas and supplements police forces of incorporated areas.

Liberty County also has a constable for each of its six precincts and deputies assigned to each.

Fire services[edit]

Incorporated cities of Cleveland and Liberty operate their own fire departments staffed by a combination of paid and volunteers. Both departments cover territory outside their respective city limits. Unincorporated areas have fire service through Volunteer Fire Departments.

Fire departments serving unincorporated areas:

  • Ames VFD 1 Station
  • Cleveland VFD 2 Stations (Covering areas inside the City of Cleveland and North Cleveland, and unincorporated Liberty County)
  • Cypress Lakes VFD 1 Station
  • Dayton VFD 2 Stations (Covering areas inside the City of Dayton, and unincorporated Liberty County)
  • Devers VFD 1 Station
  • Hardin VFD 1 Station (Covering areas inside the City of Hardin, and unincorporated Liberty County)
  • Highway 321 VFD 1 Station
  • Hull-Daisetta VFD 1 Station (Covering areas inside the City of Daisetta, and unincorporated Liberty County)
  • Kenefick VFD 1 Station (Covering areas inside the City of Kenefick, and unincorporated Liberty County)
  • Liberty VFD 1 Station (Covering areas inside the City of Liberty, and unincorporated Liberty County)
  • Moss Bluff VFD 1 Station
  • North Liberty County VFD 1 Station
  • Plum Grove VFD 1 Station (Covering areas inside the City of Plum Grove, and unincorporated Liberty County)
  • Raywood VFD 1 Station
  • Tarkington VFD 2 Stations
  • Westlake VFD 1 Station
  • Woodpecker VFD 1 Station

Emergency Medical services[edit]

EMS services is provided by Liberty County EMS, with the only exception being inside the City of Liberty, which service is provided by the City of Liberty Fire & EMS Department.


The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates one women's prison and two women's state jails, all co-located with one another, in an unincorporated area. The L.V. Hightower Unit prison and the Dempsie Henley Unit and Lucille G. Plane Unit jails are 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Dayton.[14][15][16] The Cleveland Unit, a prison for men privately operated by the GEO Group, Inc. on behalf of the TDCJ, is in Cleveland.[17]

Cleveland opened in September 1989.[17] Hightower opened in March 1990.[14] Henley and Plane opened in May 1995.[15][16] Also, in 1992 Community Education Centers opened a private detention center under federal contract with the United States Marshals Service for 372 beds, co-located at the old decommissioned Liberty County Jail.[18]

As of 1995, of all Texas counties, Liberty County had the fourth largest number of state prisons and jails, after Walker, Brazoria, and Coryell counties.[11]


Major highways[edit]


Two general aviation airports are located in unincorporated sections of the county.

The Houston Airport System stated that Liberty County is within the primary service area of George Bush Intercontinental Airport, an international airport in Houston in Harris County.[19]




Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Liberty County". Texas Almanac. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 20, 2015. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 186. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2015. 
  7. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved May 3, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 3, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ a b Horswell, Cindy. "For hard-hit economy of Liberty County, crime officially pays." Houston Chronicle. Thursday June 29, 1995. A30. Retrieved on July 23, 2010.
  12. ^ "Sam Houston Center." Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
  13. ^ What is an Emergency Services District?.
  14. ^ a b "Hightower Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  15. ^ a b "Henley Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  16. ^ a b "Plane Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  17. ^ a b "Cleveland Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  18. ^
  19. ^ "Master Plan Executive Summary Archived July 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.." George Bush Intercontinental Airport Master Plan. [[Houston Airport System]]. December 2006. 2-1 (23/130). Retrieved on December 14, 2010.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°09′N 94°49′W / 30.15°N 94.81°W / 30.15; -94.81