Bhind district

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Bhind district
Location of Bhind district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Bhind district in Madhya Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DivisionMorena
HeadquartersBhind
Tehsils8
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesBhind
Area
 • Total4,459 km2 (1,722 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,703,564
 • Density380/km2 (990/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy75.3 per cent
 • Sex ratio838
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH92
Websitehttp://www.bhind.nic.in

Bhind District is a district in the Chambal division of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The town of Bhind is the district headquarters. Bhind District is situated in Chambal region in the northwest of the state. The geographical coordinates of the district are latitude 26°36' N and longitude 78°46' E. It is bounded by Agra, Etawah, Jalaun and Jhansi districts of Uttar Pradesh state to the north and the east, and the Madhya Pradesh districts of Datia to the south, Gwalior to the southwest, and Morena to the west. The geography of the district is characterized by uneven ravines, plain fertile fields and scanty forests. The total area of the district is 4,459 km2.

The soil of Bhind is very fertile and is drained by the Chambal, Kali Sind, Kunwari or Kwari, Pahuj and Baisali rivers and by an extensive canal system. Formerly there were four tehsils, Bhind, Mehgaon, Gohad and Lahar, but at present there are eight tehsils: Bhind, Ater, Gormi, Mehgaon, Gohad, Lahar, Mihona, and Raun. The district is part of the Chambal Division.

History[edit]

The district is named after the mythological Hindu saint Vibhandak Rishi, also called Bhindi Rishi. During Vedic period this region was ruled by Yadu, the son of King Yayati. Historically during Mahabharat Era, this region was under the reign of Chedi King Shishupal. During Mahajanapada period Chedi had a prominent position. In 6th century Suraj sen kachwaha of Kachwaha dynasty built the Gwalior Fort and establish rule in gwalior.in 10th century when duleh ray of gwalior moved his rule to Jaipur State his younger brother bisaldev moved to bhind and defeated Mevatis of Datia district .

The State of Madhya Bharat was formally inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, on 28 May 1948 at Gwalior. Scindia and Holkar were sworn in as the Rajpramukh and Up-Rajpramukh, respectively. It was decided to divide the Union into six districts and Bhind was one among them. As a result of reorganization of the states Madhya Bharat was added to Madhya Pradesh state on 1 November 1956.

Mythology and history[edit]

  • Ganesh mandir is an ancient Ganesh temple built at the ghats of Gauri pond.
  • Dandraua Hanuman Mandir is an ancient Hanuman mandir. Hanuman ji is best known as Dr . Hanuman.
  • Vankhandeshwar mandir is an ancient Shivalaya built by Prithviraj Chauhan.
  • Akoda is the place where Kherapati Hanuman Mandir(Panjay Sarkar). This town situated 10 km from Bhind.
  • Naarada (Lahar) is the place where mythological saint Maharshi Narada prayed.
  • Pandari is a village in Bhind Tehsil, where Pandavas took refuge during Agyatvas period of their banishment. Pandari is originated from the word Pandav Vati.
  • Bhawani Gauri Sarover is a pond built at Bhind town by Pritivi Raj Chauhan.
  • Machhand is a village in Mihona Tehsil, noted as the place of penance of Machhendranath, the Guru of Guru Gorakhnath.
  • Bijpuri is a village in Bhind Tehsil, known for the Samadhi of Sage Gwalav, after which Gopachal fort came to be known as Gwalior Fort.
  • Boreshwar is a temple in Ater Tehsil at Dulhagan village and contains an ancient Shiva temple.

Ravines[edit]

This region is identified by rest of India by its extensive ravines. The ravines created by gully erosion, are heavily under soil loss. The Government of Madhya Pradesh has tried to check this soil erosion and expansion of ravines by the means of watershed development and by aerial-seeding for plants like Prosopis, Acacia, and Jatropha in the ravines.and mp govt. are trying to increase the education system of bhind district

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901432,296—    
1911412,684−0.46%
1921393,849−0.47%
1931430,376+0.89%
1941494,059+1.39%
1951527,978+0.67%
1961641,169+1.96%
1971793,955+2.16%
1981973,816+2.06%
19911,219,000+2.27%
20011,428,559+1.60%
20111,703,005+1.77%
source:[1]

According to the 2011 census Bhind District had a population of 1,703,562,[2] roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia[3] or the US state of Nebraska.[4] This gives it a ranking of 286th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 382 inhabitants per square kilometre (990/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.25%.[2] Bhind has a sex ratio of 838 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 76.59%.[2]

The dominanat castes of Bhind are Rajput, Brahmin, Kayastha, Jain and Bania with sizable number of Lodhis and Yadavs.[5]

Administration[edit]

Sandhya Ray is the MP from Bhind Lok Sabha constituency, elected in the 2019 Indian general election as a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party.[6]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Ancient Chhatri at Alampur

Chhatri of Malhar Rao Holkar, Alampur[edit]

Dhangar Kshatriya(Baghel) clan Ruler Maharani Ahilya Bai Holkar built the chhatri of Malhar Rao Holkar at Alampur in Bhind district in 1766 AD. It is marked by carvings. It is built on the pattern of the chhatris of Holkar rulers at Indore.

Shri Rawatpura Dham[edit]

The temple of Hindu Lord Hanuman is situated at Lahar tehsil of Bhind. This place is known as Rawatpura Dham and is under in Lahar tehsil.

Fort of Ater[edit]

Ater Fort was built by king Badan Singh Bhadouria in 1664-1668. The Fort of Ater is located near Ater town, 35 km from Bhind and 40 km from Porsa Morena.

Jain temples[edit]

The temple of Lord Mahavira is situated at Barason in Mehgaon tehsil. In Jain tradition, it is among the Atishaya kshetra, i.e. places where lord Mahavira visited during his journey after getting Kaivalya (Ultimate Realization) and miraculous events took place. It is situated 14 km from Bhind town. Other Atishaya kshetra are Jain temple of Lord Neminath at Pavai near Bhind town and Lord Parshvanatha at Barahi, which is 20 km from Bhind at the Bhind-Etawah district border on the bank of the Chambal. An ancient holy place called "Digambar jain Parasnath Jinalaya" is situated in the village of Simar Biragma, about 20 km from Bhind and approximately 6 km from Atishaya kshetra Barason. There are approximately 60 Jain temples in Bhind town itself.

Mata Renuka Temple[edit]

An ancient temple is situated at Jamdara village in Gohad tehsil, 45 km from Bhind, which was thought to be built by the mythological sage Parashurama.

Narad Dev Temple[edit]

An ancient temple of God Narad Dev is situated on the banks of the Kali Sindh. It can be reached by Lahaar Madori road, and is around 1 km from Madori.

National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary[edit]

National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the Chambal River, and is inhabited by crocodiles, ghariyals, Ganges dolphins, and migratory birds. A boat cruise is organised by local forest officials. The sanctuary is 22 kilometres (14 mi) from Bhind town.

Gohad Fort[edit]

This fort at Gohad was built by the Jat king Maha Singh in the 16th century. Government offices are currently situated on its premises.

Sun Temple[edit]

The Sun temple, also known as Balaji Temple, is situated 42 kilometres (26 mi) from Bhind at Balaji near Mihona Tehsil.

Ancient Dandraua Temple[edit]

This is a temple to the Hindu God Hanuman, believed to possess curing powers. Worshipers go to the temple every Tuesday and Saturday. Another Panchmukhi Hanuman mandir in Heerapura 10 km from Lahar. Dandraua Dham [website] http://www.dandrauasarkar.com/

Vankhandeshwar Temple[edit]

Vankhandeshwar temple of lord Shiva is located near the bank of Gauri sarovar, a beautiful lake. It is said that this temple is founded by Prithviraj chauhan (Prithviraj).

Malanpur[edit]

Malanpur is the modern industrial area in Bhind District near Gwalior in Gohad tehsil, 65 km from Bhind town. Its industries include modern automobiles, bicycles, soaps and detergents, electronics, pharmaceuticals and food and dairy products

Akoda A town 10 km east of district bhind. Here is nagarpanchayat having population approx 20,000. This is a historical place. Nekadi Gurjar ruled here and had their kings here.

Main attractions are old garhi and hunaman mandir.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est.
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nebraska 1,826,341
  5. ^ "Study of Bundelkhand" (PDF). Planning Commission. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Bhind Election Results 2019 Live Updates: Sandhya Ray of BJP Wins". News 18. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°33′51″N 78°47′18″E / 26.5642°N 78.7883°E / 26.5642; 78.7883