Bhind district

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Bhind district
Chhatri of Malhar Rao Holkar in Alampur
Location of Bhind district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Bhind district in Madhya Pradesh
Coordinates (Bhind): Coordinates: 26°36′N 78°48′E / 26.6°N 78.8°E / 26.6; 78.8
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
DivisionMorena
HeadquartersBhind
Tehsils10: Bhindi, Ater, Gormi, Mau, Mehgaon, Gohad, Lahar, Mihona,Raun and Amayan
Government
 • District MagistrateDr. Satish Kumar S. IAS
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesBhind
 • SPManoj Kumar IPS
Area
 • Total4,459 km2 (1,722 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total1,703,005
 • Density380/km2 (990/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy75.3 per cent
 • Sex ratio838
Language
 • OfficialHindi
 • DialectBrajbhasha
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationMP-30
Major highwaysNH 92
Websitebhind.nic.in/en/

[2]

Bhind district is a district in the Chambal division of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The town of Bhind is the district headquarters. Bhind District is situated in Chambal region in the northwest of the state. It is bounded by Agra, Etawah, Jalaun and Jhansi districts of Uttar Pradesh state to the north and the east, and the Madhya Pradesh districts of Datia to the south, Gwalior to the southwest, and Morena to the west. The geography of the district is characterised by uneven ravines, plain fertile fields and scanty forests. The total area of the district is 4,459 km2 (1,722 sq mi).

Bhind's soil and is drained by the Chambal, Kali Sind, Kunwari or Kwari, Pahuj and Baisali rivers and by an extensive canal system. Formerly there were four tehsils, Bhind, Mehgaon, Gohad and Lahar, but at present there are ten tehsils: Bhind, Ater, Gormi,Mau, Mehgaon, Gohad, Lahar, Mihona, Raun and recently Amayan is the newest tehsil of Bhind. The district is part of the Chambal Division.

History[edit]

The district is named after the mythological Hindu saint Vibhandak Rishi, also called Bhindi Rishi. During the Mahabharata war it was believed to have been ruled by the Chedis, then the Yadus. The Chedis were one of the Mahajanapadas. Then the district was ruled by the Nandas, Mauryas and later Shungas. Soon Shunga rule was replaced with branches of the Nagas with headquarters in Kantipuri and Padmavati. After a brief interregnum by the Kushans, the Nagas re-emerged. Around 270 copper coins from this period were found from the 3rd and 4th centuries CE in Akoda village in Bhind district. By the middle of the 4th century the territory came under Gupta control. Afterwards the territory was controlled by the Vardhanas and in the 8th century, the Gujara-Pratiharas. In 1195 Mohammed Ghuri attacked the Pratihara chief in Gwalior, who submitted. For the next three centuries the Delhi Sultanate had control over the district.

In the Mughal period the district fell under the Subedar of Agra. At the latter half of the 17th century a Jat family founded the town of Gohad and captured all the territory around it. He was however defeated by the Bhadawar rajputs. In 1736 and 1737, the Marathas defeated the Raja of Bhadawar and forced him to flee from the district. In 1805, the British, under a treaty with Gwalior, gave all the land comprising Bhind to the Scindias of Gwalior. In 1899, the Bhind-Gwalior light rail was built.[3]

The State of Madhya Bharat was formally inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, on 28 May 1948 at Gwalior. Scindia and Holkar were sworn in as the Rajpramukh and Up-Rajpramukh, respectively. It was decided to divide the Union into six districts and Bhind was one among them. As a result of reorganisation of the states Madhya Bharat was added to Madhya Pradesh state on 1 November 1956.

Mythology and history[edit]

  • Ganesh mandir is an ancient Ganesh temple built at the ghats of Gauri pond.
  • Dandraua Hanuman Mandir(Mau) is an ancient Hanuman mandir. Hanuman ji is best known as Dr . Hanuman.
  • Vankhandeshwar mandir is an ancient Shivalaya built by Prithviraj Chauhan.
  • Akoda is the place where Kherapati Hanuman Mandir(Panjay Sarkar). This town situated 10 km from Bhind.
  • Naarada (Lahar) is the place where mythological saint Maharshi Narada prayed.
  • Pandari is a village in Bhind Tehsil, where Pandavas took refuge during Agyatvas period of their banishment. Pandari is originated from the word Pandav Vati.
  • Bhawani Gauri Sarover is a pond built at Bhind town by Pritivi Raj Chauhan.
  • Machhand is a village in Mihona Tehsil, noted as the place of penance of Machhendranath, the Guru of Guru Gorakhnath.
  • Bijpuri is a village in Bhind Tehsil, known for the Samadhi of Sage Gwalav, after which Gopachal fort came to be known as Gwalior Fort.
  • Boreshwar is a temple in Ater Tehsil at Dulhagan village and contains an ancient Shiva temple.

Ravines[edit]

This region is known for its extensive ravines. The ravines created by gully erosion, are heavily under soil loss. The Government of Madhya Pradesh has tried to check this soil erosion and expansion of ravines by the means of watershed development and by aerial-seeding for plants like Prosopis, Acacia, and Jatropha in the ravines.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901432,296—    
1911412,684−0.46%
1921393,849−0.47%
1931430,376+0.89%
1941494,059+1.39%
1951527,978+0.67%
1961641,169+1.96%
1971793,955+2.16%
1981973,816+2.06%
19911,219,000+2.27%
20011,428,559+1.60%
20111,703,005+1.77%
source:[4]

According to the 2011 census Bhind District had a population of 1,703,005,[1] roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia[5] or the US state of Nebraska.[6] This gives it a ranking of 286th in India (out of a total of 640).[7][better source needed] The district has a population density of 382 inhabitants per square kilometre (990/sq mi).[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.25%.[7][better source needed] Bhind has a sex ratio of 837 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 64.29%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 22.01% and 0.36% of the population respectively.[1]

Religions in Bhind district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Hindus
93.68%
Muslims
3.92%
Jains
1.17%
Buddhists
0.72%
Other or not stated
0.51%

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 99.66% of the population in the district spoke Hindi as their first language.[9]

The dominant castes of Bhind are Rajput, Gurjar, Brahmin,Baghel, Gadariya, Kayastha, Jain and Bania with sizeable number of Lodhis and Yadavs.[10]

Administration[edit]

Sandhya Ray is the MP from Bhind Lok Sabha constituency, elected in the 2019 Indian general election as a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party.[11]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Chhatri of Malhar Rao Holkar, Alampur[edit]

Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar built the chhatri of Malhar Rao Holkar at Alampur in Bhind district in 1766. It is marked by carvings. It is built on the pattern of the chhatris of Holkar rulers at Indore.

Shri Rawatpura Dham[edit]

The temple of Hindu Lord Hanuman is situated at Lahar tehsil of Bhind. This place is known as Rawatpura Dham and is under in Lahar tehsil.

Fort of Ater[edit]

Ater Fort was built by king Badan Singh Bhadouria in 1664-1668. The Fort of Ater is located near Ater town, 35 km (22 mi) from Bhind and 40 km (25 mi) from Porsa Morena.

Jain temples[edit]

The temple of Lord Mahavira is situated at Barason in Mehgaon tehsil. In Jain tradition, it is among the Atishaya kshetra, i.e. places where lord Mahavira visited during his journey after getting Kaivalya (Ultimate Realization) and miraculous events took place. It is situated 14 km (8.7 mi) from Bhind town. Other Atishaya kshetra are Jain temple of Lord Neminath at Pavai near Bhind town and Lord Ajitnatha at Barahi, which is 20 km (12 mi) from Bhind at the Bhind-Etawah district border on the bank of the Chambal. An ancient holy place called "Digambar jain Parasnath Jinalaya" is situated in the village of Simar Biragma, about 20 km (12 mi) from Bhind and approximately 6 km from Atishaya kshetra Barason. There are approximately 60 Jain temples in Bhind town itself.

Mata Renuka Temple[edit]

An ancient temple is situated at Jamdara village in Mau tehsil, 45 km (28 mi) from Bhind, which was thought to be built by the mythological sage Parashurama.

Narad Dev Temple[edit]

An ancient temple of God Narad Dev is situated on the banks of the Kali Sindh. It can be reached by Lahaar Madori road, and is around 1 km (0.62 mi) from Madori.

National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary[edit]

National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the Chambal River, and is inhabited by crocodiles, ghariyals, Ganges dolphins, and migratory birds. A boat cruise is organised by local forest officials. The sanctuary is 22 kilometres (14 mi) from Bhind town.

Gohad Fort[edit]

This fort at Gohad was built by the Jat king Maha Singh in the 16th century. Government offices are currently situated on its premises.

Sun Temple[edit]

The Sun temple, also known as Balaji Temple, is situated 42 kilometres (26 mi) from Bhind at Balaji near Mihona Tehsil.

Ancient Dandraua Temple Mau Tehsil[edit]

This is a temple to the Hindu God Hanuman, believed to possess curing powers. Worshipers go to the temple every Tuesday and Saturday. Another Panchmukhi Hanuman mandir in Heerapura 10 km (6.2 mi) from Lahar. Dandraua Dham [website] Dr. Hanuman | Dandraua sarkar | Dandraua Dham

Vankhandeshwar Temple[edit]

Vankhandeshwar temple of lord Shiva is located near the bank of Gauri sarovar, a beautiful lake. It is said that this temple is founded by Prithviraj chauhan (Prithviraj).

Malanpur[edit]

Malanpur is the modern industrial area in Bhind District near Gwalior in Gohad tehsil, 65 km (40 mi) from Bhind town. Its industries include modern automobiles, bicycles, soaps and detergents, electronics, pharmaceuticals and food and dairy products

Akoda, a town 10 km (6.2 mi) east of district bhind. Here is nagarpanchayat having population approx 20,000. This is a historical place. Nekadi Gurjar ruled here and had their kings here.

Main attractions are old garhi and hunaman mandir.

Freedom Fighters from Bhind[edit]

Name of the Freedom Fighter: Late Shri Laxmi Narayan Sharma S/o Late Shri Ram Hans Sharma, village Atarsuma, tehsil and district Bhind, Madhya Pradesh was born in the year 1918. His name is entered at Serial 73 in the Bhind District Register. At the age of 16 years and 8 months, he had passed Gwalior State Middle School Examination in the year 1934 (Roll No. 1323) in the Second Division with Honours in Arithmetic. He had actively participated in the August Kranti (Quit India Movement) and remaining underground motivated thousands of people in Chambal area districts of the erstwhile Central India (Gwalior Residency) and adjoining United Provinces. He was Honoured with “SAMMAN PATRA” on 22nd October 1992 by the then Union Minister for HRD and National In-Charge of Swarn Jayanti Samaroh of 1942 August Kranti, Shri Arjun Singh. As a member of Congress Party, he continued his fight against British rule till India gained Independence on August 15, 1947. On June 25, 1975 he was taken to Police Station, even before proclamation of Emergency. Subsequently, he was detained under MISA in the Central Jail, Gwalior till the revocation of Emergency. He left or his Heavenly abode on 5th July, 1993.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Census of India: Bhind". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Chapter 1The Physiology of the Collector 23", The Collector in Nineteenth-Century French Literature, Peter Lang, ISBN 978-3-0343-0757-4, retrieved 27 May 2021
  3. ^ "History | District Bhind, Government Of Madhya Pradesh | India". Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901". Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est.
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nebraska 1,826,341
  7. ^ a b c "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  8. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Madhya Pradesh". census.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India.
  9. ^ "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Madhya Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  10. ^ "Study of Bundelkhand" (PDF). Planning Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Bhind Election Results 2019 Live Updates: Sandhya Ray of BJP Wins". News 18. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.

External links[edit]