0.04% of the U.S. population (2018)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Predominantly Roman Catholic, Protestant, Atheist, Non religious|
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Bolivian Americans are usually those of Indigenous, Mestizo, or European (mostly Spanish or German) background. Additionally, a much smaller number of Bolivian Americans may have Okinawan or Afro-Bolivian heritage.
Bolivians compose the third smallest Hispanic group in the United States, with a 2010 Census population of 99,210. The highest concentration resides in the Washington Metropolitan Area, which accounts for 38% of the total Bolivian population in the US. Additional areas of concentration include the New York City borough of Queens, Miami-Dade County, and the cities of Los Angeles and Providence, Rhode Island.
Bolivian immigration into the United States occurred in two significant phases. The first phase occurred during and subsequent to the 1952 National Revolution (between 1952 and the latter 1960s). Most of these immigrants consisted of middle- to upper-middle income occupational professionals or political dissidents, and identify with Bolivia's White or Criollo (descendants from Europeans born in Bolivia) society.
The second notable phase of Bolivian immigration (between 1980 and 1988) was a result of Bolivia's fiscal policies in the 1970s which gave way to the hyperinflation throughout most of the 1980s. Most of these immigrants consisted of lower-income Mestizo (European/Amerindian mix) and Indigenous Bolivians obtaining work posts as service and manual laborers. Most of the Bolivian American population is of Quechua descent, with the majority of them hailing from the Valle Alto region of Cochabamba, from towns like Tarata, Arbieto, Cliza, Punata, and Tolata, with most of them living in the DC area. https://pulitzercenter.org/reporting/only-bridge-matters-now
Many Bolivians who emigrated to the United States came as tourists. However, many remained of indefinite way in the country, setting with family and friends. This made it difficult to know the number of Bolivians living in the United States. Between 1984 and 1993, only 4,574 Bolivians got U.S. citizenship. In this period about 457 were naturalized each year.
Bolivians have settled throughout the United States, mainly in Washington D.C., California and Maryland; there are also large groups of Bolivian immigrants in Texas, New York City, New Jersey, South Florida, North Carolina, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and Chicago. The number of Bolivians in the U.S. in 2006 was estimated at 82,322. Most Bolivian immigrants are high school or college graduates; many work in companies or in government.
The largest populations of Bolivians are situated in the following areas (Source: Census 2010):
- Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV MSA – 37,607
- New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA MSA – 9,749
- Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA MSA – 7,068
- Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL MSA – 6,697
- Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX MSA – 2,359
- Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI MSA – 2,099
- San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA MSA – 2,078
- Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA MSA – 1,970
- Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX MSA – 1,223
- Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH MSA – 1,170
- Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA MSA – 1,114
- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA MSA – 898
- San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA MSA and Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA – 808
- Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL MSA – 744
- Baltimore-Towson, MD MSA – 710
- Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA MSA – 647
- Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA MSA – 558
- Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD MSA – 524
- Salt Lake City, UT MSA – 519
- Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ MSA – 502
- "B03001 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY SPECIFIC ORIGIN - United States - 2018 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
- Bolivian Americans by Tim Eigo
- Durango: Songwriters Expo Archived 2010-12-24 at the Wayback Machine.
- "The Bolivian diaspora through female Bolivian American eyes". The American Bolivian Collective.
- Eigo, Tim. "Bolivian Americans." Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America, edited by Thomas Riggs, (3rd ed., vol. 1, Gale, 2014), pp. 319-329. online
- Paz-Soldan, Edmundo. “Obsessive Signs of Identity: Bolivians in the United States.” In The Other Latinos, ed. José Luis Falconi and José Antonio Mazzoti. (Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies at Harvard, 2008).
- Vargas Caro, Michaela. "5 Bolivian American Creatives You Need to Know." REMEZCLA Media Company, edited by Stephany Torres online
- Eckels, Charlene and Aliaga, Anneli. "EXPLORING CULTURAL IDENTITIES / EXPLORANDO IDENTIDADES CULTURALES " Bolivian Express Media,
- Vargas Caro, Michaela. "‘Functional & Beautiful’ Lips Bolivianita Gloss" REMEZCLA Media Company, edited by Stephany Torres online
- "Bolivian American Creatives". REMEZCLA.
- "EXPLORING CULTURAL IDENTITIES / EXPLORANDO IDENTIDADES CULTURALES". Bolivian Express. Bolivian Express.
- "'Functional & Beautiful' Lips Bolivianita Gloss". REMEZCLA.