British Pet Massacre
In 1939 the British government formed the National Air Raid Precautions Animals Committee (NARPAC) to decide what to do with pets before war breaks out. The committee was worried that when the government would need to ration food, pet owners would decide to split their rations with their pets or leave their pets to starve. In response to that fear, NARPAC published a pamphlet titled "Advice to Animal Owners." The pamphlet suggested moving pets from the big cities and into the countryside. It concluded with the statement that "If you cannot place them in the care of neighbours, it really is kindest to have them destroyed." The pamphlet also contained an advertisement for a captive bolt pistol that could be used to humanely kill pets.
When war was declared in 1939, many pet owners flocked to pet surgery clinics and animal homes to euthanize their pets. Many veterinarian groups such as the PDSA and the RSPCA were against these drastic measures, but their hospitals were still flooded with pet owners in the first few days. PDSA founder Maria Dickin reported: "Our technical officers called upon to perform this unhappy duty will never forget the tragedy of those days."
When London was bombed in September 1940, even more pet owners rushed to euthanize their pets. "People were worried about the threat of bombing and food shortages, and felt it inappropriate to have the 'luxury' of a pet during wartime," explains Pip Dodd, senior curator at the National Army Museum.
Battersea Dogs & Cats Home, greatly against the trend, managed to feed and care for 145,000 dogs during the course of the war. A famous advocate against killing pets was the Nina Douglas-Hamilton, Duchess of Hamilton, a cat-lover, who campaigned against the killing and created her own sanctuary in a heated hangar at Ferne.
Estimates say that over 750,000 pets were killed over the course of the event. Many pet owners, after getting over the fear of bombings and lack of food, regretted killing their pets and blamed the government for starting the hysteria.
- "What happened to Britain's pets during the second World War". Express, Clare Campbell, Oct 31, 2013
- Bonzo's War: Animals Under Fire 1939 -1945
- "The Pets’ War: On Hilda Kean’s “The Great Cat and Dog Massacre”". LA Review of Books, April 30, 2017 By Colin Dickey
- The little-told story of the massive WWII pet cull
- Campbell (2013) Chapter 6
- Campbell, Claire (2013). Bonzo's War: Animals Under Fire 1939 -1945. Glasgow, Scotland: Little, Brown Book Group.
- Kean, Hilda (2017). The Great Cat and Dog Massacre: The Real Story of World War Two’s Unknown Tragedy. Chicago, USA: University of Chicago Press.