Caumsett State Historic Park Preserve

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Caumsett State Historic Park Preserve
Caumsett SP Winter Cottage.jpg
Winter Cottage at Caumsett State Historic Park Preserve
Caumsett State Historic Park Preserve is located in New York
Caumsett State Historic Park Preserve
Location of Caumsett State Historic Park Preserve within New York State
Type State park
Location 25 Lloyd Harbor Road
Lloyd Harbor, New York[1]
Coordinates 40°55′39″N 73°28′18″W / 40.92750°N 73.47167°W / 40.92750; -73.47167Coordinates: 40°55′39″N 73°28′18″W / 40.92750°N 73.47167°W / 40.92750; -73.47167
Area 1,520 acres (6.2 km2)[2]
Created 1961 (1961)[3]
Operated by New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation
Visitors 460,254 (in 2014)[4]
Open All year
Website

Caumsett State Historic Park Preserve

Marshall Field, III, Estate
Caumsett SP Caumsett Hall.jpg
Caumsett Hall in 2009
Coordinates 40°55′39″N 73°28′18″W / 40.92750°N 73.47167°W / 40.92750; -73.47167
Built 1925
Architect Pope, John Russell; Holden, McLaughlin & Associates
Architectural style English Revival
NRHP Reference # 79001633[5]
Added to NRHP April 30, 1979

Caumsett State Historic Park Preserve is a state park on Lloyd Neck, a peninsula extending into the Long Island Sound, in the Village of Lloyd Harbor, New York.[6][7] It is operated by the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation.

The 1,520-acre (6.2 km2) park[2] covers the former Marshall Field III estate that was developed in the 1920s, and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. Much of the park is today managed as a nature preserve, with a focus on protecting high-quality bird habitat.

History[edit]

View of Long Island Sound from the park

Marshall Field III bought the property in 1921 and had an estate house built in 1925, one of the largest estates of the Gold Coast mansions.[8] Field named the property "Caumsett", after the Matinecock tribe's original name for the peninsula meaning "place by a sharp rock".[1][9]

The 1,426-acre (5.77 km2) Marshall Field III estate was purchased by New York State for $4 million on February 3, 1961 and became a state park.[3] The former estate was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.[5]

In May 1961, plans were made to create Caumsett State Parkway, a northern extension of Bethpage State Parkway, to provide access to the park.[10] Although right-of-way was acquired, the parkway was never built.[11] A portion of this land was later used to create Cold Spring Harbor State Park and Trail View State Park.

Park description[edit]

A path through the woods at Caumsett State Historic Park Preserve

The historic buildings within Caumsett State Historic Park Preserve are used for a variety of activities; former polo barns are used for equestrian education and services, while other buildings host environmental education programs and the Lloyd Harbor Historical Society.[1]

Much of the remainder of the park is maintained as a nature preserve, with a focus on conservation of bird habitat. The "Caumsett Bird Conservation Area" was established in 2006 and comprises approximately 1,255 acres (5.08 km2) of the state park, two-thirds of which is forested. The remainder includes a variety of habitats, such as salt marsh and maritime beach. The designated area protects high-quality habitat that supports breeding populations of several species listed as threatened or endangered in New York State, including piping plovers, common terns, and least terns; many additional migratory species also make use of the protected landscape.[12]

The park allows for recreation such as horse-riding, fishing, jogging, hiking, biking, and cross-country skiing. Scuba diving is also allowed by permit.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Caumsett State Historic Park Preserve". NYS Office of Parks, Recreation & Historic Preservation. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Section O: Environmental Conservation and Recreation". 2014 New York State Statistical Yearbook. The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government. 2014. Table O-9. Retrieved January 31, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "STATE PARK UNIT BUYS L.I. ESTATE; 1,426-Acre Marshall Field Property at Lloyds Neck Sold for 4 Million". The New York Times. February 4, 1961. p. 21. Retrieved August 16, 2009. 
  4. ^ "State Park Annual Attendance Figures by Facility: Beginning 2003". Data.ny.gov. Retrieved January 23, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  6. ^ Suffolk County Atlas, Hagstrom Map Company, Inc., 1987 Ed., p. 1
  7. ^ "Final Master Plan/Final Environmental Impact Statement For Caumsett State Historic Park Preserve - Executive Summary" (PDF). NYS Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. June 2, 2010. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  8. ^ Kennedy, Karen Morey (January 5, 1979). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Marshall Field, III, Estate (Caumsett) / Caumsett State Park". Retrieved February 28, 2008.  and Accompanying 16 photos, exterior and interior, from 1975 and 1976
  9. ^ Tooker, William Wallace (1911). The Indian Place-names on Long Island and Islands Adjacent: With Their Probable Significations. G.P. Putnam's Sons. pp. 37–38. Retrieved January 23, 2016. 
  10. ^ "PARKWAY TO LEAD TO NEW L.I. PARK; Proposed Route to Service Former Field Estate". The New York Times. May 21, 1961. p. 46. Retrieved August 16, 2009. 
  11. ^ Cerra, Frances (January 18, 1987). "Blazing a New Trail in the Wilds of Nassau". The New York Times. Retrieved August 16, 2009. 
  12. ^ "Caumsett BCA Management Guidance Summary". Dec.ny.gov. NYS Department of Environmental Conservation. Retrieved January 23, 2016. 

External links[edit]