Cenicriviroc

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Cenicriviroc
Cenicriviroc.svg
Names
IUPAC name
(S,E)-8-(4-(2-Butoxyethoxy)phenyl)-1-isobutyl-N-(4-(((1-propyl-1H-imidazol-5-yl)methyl)sulfinyl)phenyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydrobenzo[b]azocine-5-carboxamide
Other names
TAK-652; TBR-652
Identifiers
497223-25-3 YesY
497223-28-6 (mesylate) YesY
3D model (Jmol) Interactive image
ChEMBL ChEMBL2110727 N
ChemSpider 9460783 N
801
PubChem 11285792
11285792
UNII 15C116UA4Y YesY
Properties
C41H52N4O4S
Molar mass 696.95 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Cenicriviroc (INN,[1] code names TAK-652, TBR-652) is an experimental drug candidate for the treatment of HIV infection.[2] It is being developed by Takeda and Tobira Therapeutics.

Cenicriviroc is an inhibitor of CCR2 and CCR5 receptors,[3] allowing it to function as an entry inhibitor which prevents the virus from entering into a human cell. Inhibition of CCR2 may have an anti-inflammatory effect.

A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical study to assess the antiviral activity, safety, and tolerability of cenicriviroc was conducted in 2010. HIV-infected patients taking cenicriviroc had significant reductions in viral load, with the effect persisting up to two weeks after discontinuation of treatment.[4] Additional Phase II clinical trials are underway.[5]

Phase IIb data presented at the 20th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in March 2013 showed similar viral suppression rates of 76% for patients taking 100 mg cenicriviroc, 73% with 200 mg cenicriviroc, and 71% with efavirenz. Non-response rates were higher with cenicriviroc, however, largely due to greater drop-out of patients. A new tablet formulation with lower pill burden may improve adherence. Looking at immune and inflammatory biomarkers, levels of MCP-1 increased and soluble CD14 decreased in the cenicriviroc arms.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "International Nonproprietary Names for Pharmaceutical Substances (INN). Recommended International Nonproprietary Names: List 65" (PDF). World Health Organization. 2011. pp. 53–4. Retrieved 25 November 2016. 
  2. ^ Klibanov, OM; Williams, SH; Iler, CA (August 2010). "Cenicriviroc, an Orally Active CCR5 Antagonist for the Potential Treatment of HIV Infection". Current Opinion in Investigational Drugs. 11 (8): 940–50. PMID 20721836. 
  3. ^ Baba, M; Takashima, K; Miyake, H; Kanzaki, N; Teshima, K; Wang, X; Shiraishi, M; Iizawa, Y (26 October 2005). "TAK-652 Inhibits CCR5-Mediated Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection In Vitro and Has Favorable Pharmacokinetics in Humans" (PDF). Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 49 (11): 4584–91. doi:10.1128/AAC.49.11.4584-4591.2005. PMC 1280155Freely accessible. PMID 16251299. 
  4. ^ Reviriego, C (July 2011). "Chemokine CCR2/CCR5 Receptor Antagonist Anti-HIV Agent". Drugs of the Future. 36 (7): 511–7. doi:10.1358/dof.2011.36.7.1622066. 
  5. ^ "Tobira Therapeutics Initiates Phase 2b Trial of Cenicriviroc". The Body. July 5, 2011. 
  6. ^ CROI 2013: CCR5/CCR2 Inhibitor Cenicriviroc Has Both Anti-HIV and Anti-inflammatory Effects. Highleyman, Liz. HIVandHepatitis.com. 7 March 2013.