Chitharal Jain Monuments
|Chitharal Jain Temple|
|Thirucharanathupalli, Chokkanthoongi Hills|
Chitharal Jain Temple, Tamil Nadu
|Location||Marthandam, Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu|
|Date established||9th century A.D.|
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The Chitharal Jain Monuments are the ruins of a Jain training centre from the 9th century CE, on a small hill in Chitharal village, Kanyakumari district Tamil Nadu.
Chitharal is historically known as Thirucharanathupalli – the abode of Jain monks belonging to the Digambara sect. It is famous for the hillock which has a cave containing rock-cut sculptures of Thirthankaras and attendant deities carved inside and outside dating back to the 9th century. Among the rock-cut relief sculptures is a figure of the goddess Dharmadevi. Jain influence in this region was due to the King Mahendravarman I (610-640).
- Anon (2005). Tourist Guide to South India. Sura Books. pp. 128–129.
- Rangarajan, H; Kamalakar, G; Reddy, AKVS; Venkatachalam, K (2001). Jainism: Art, Architecture, Literature & Philosophy. Sharada. p. 43.
- Shah, Umakant P (1987). Jaina Iconography. Abhinav Publications. p. 251.