Chitharal Jain Monuments

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Chitharal Jain Temple
Thirucharanathupalli, Chokkanthoongi Hills
Chitharal Jain Monuments
Chitharal Jain Temple, Tamil Nadu
Basic information
Location Marthandam, Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu
Affiliation Jainism
Festivals Mahavir Jayanti
Architectural description
Date established 9th century A.D.
Temple(s) 1

The Chitharal Jain Monuments are the ruins of a Jain training centre from the 9th century CE, on a small hill in Chitharal village, Kanyakumari district Tamil Nadu.


The monuments are located in the small village of Chitharal, Tamil Nadu, which lies 7 km from Marthandam and 55 km from Kanyakumari.[citation needed]

Chitharal is historically known as Thirucharanathupalli – the abode of Jain monks belonging to the Digambara sect. It is famous for the hillock which has a cave containing rock-cut sculptures of Thirthankaras and attendant deities carved inside and outside dating back to the 9th century.[1][2] Among the rock-cut relief sculptures is a figure of the goddess Dharmadevi.[3] Jain influence in this region was due to the King Mahendravarman I (610-640).[citation needed]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Anon (2005). Tourist Guide to South India. Sura Books. pp. 128–129. 
  2. ^ Rangarajan, H; Kamalakar, G; Reddy, AKVS; Venkatachalam, K (2001). Jainism: Art, Architecture, Literature & Philosophy. Sharada. p. 43. 
  3. ^ Shah, Umakant P (1987). Jaina Iconography. Abhinav Publications. p. 251. 

External links[edit]