Civil War (comics)
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Cover of Civil War 7 (Jan 2007). Art by Steven McNiven.
|Publication date||July 2006 – January 2007|
|Main character(s)||Iron Man
|Civil War||ISBN 0-7851-2179-X|
Civil War is a 2006–2007 Marvel Comics crossover story line built around a seven-issue limited series of the same name written by Mark Millar and penciled by Steve McNiven, which ran through various other titles published by Marvel at the time. The story line builds upon the events that developed in previous Marvel crossovers, particularly Avengers Disassembled, House of M, and Decimation. The tagline for the series is, "Whose Side Are You On?"
The plot of the series follows a framework story line in which the U.S. government passes a Superhero Registration Act ostensibly designed to have super powered individuals act under official regulation, somewhat akin to law enforcement. However, superheroes opposed to the act, led by Captain America, find themselves in conflict with those supporting the act, led by Iron Man, with Spider-Man caught in the middle; the X-Men take a neutral stance. The superheroes in support of the law, such as Iron Man, Dr. Reed Richards, and Ms. Marvel, become increasingly authoritarian. In the aftermath of the war, Captain America surrenders and is imprisoned. The conflict between freedom and security is an underlying theme in the story line, with real-life events and discussions, such as the U.S. government's increased surveillance of its citizens, serving as a backdrop for the events in Civil War. A sequel, Civil War II, debuted in June 2016.
The series received polarized reviews but was a commercial success. The series is the basis for the Marvel Studios film Captain America: Civil War, which likewise features Captain America and Iron Man in opposition to each other.
- 1 Publication history
- 2 Plot
- 3 Other versions
- 4 Civil War in Secret Wars (2015)
- 5 Civil War II (2016)
- 6 Reception
- 7 Comic tie-ins
- 8 In other media
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The premise of Civil War involves the introduction of a Superhuman Registration Act in the United States. Similar acts have been used as literary devices in Uncanny X-Men, DC: The New Frontier, Powers, Watchmen, and Astro City. Mark Millar, writer for the story, has said:
|“||I opted instead for making the superhero dilemma something a little different. People thought they were dangerous, but they did not want a ban. What they wanted was superheroes paid by the federal government like cops and open to the same kind of scrutiny. It was the perfect solution and nobody, as far as I'm aware, has done this before.||”|
The act requires any person in the United States with superhuman abilities to register with the federal government as a "human weapon of mass destruction," reveal their true identity to the authorities and then undergo proper training. Those who sign also have the option of working for S.H.I.E.L.D., earning a salary and benefits such as those earned by other American civil servants. Characters within the superhero community in the Marvel Universe split into two groups: one advocating the registration as a responsible obligation, and the other opposing the law on the grounds that it violates civil liberties and the protection that secret identities provide. While arguing directly with Iron Man about the law, Luke Cage (previously the second Power Man), an African American, compared the mandatory registration to slavery. A number of villains have also chosen to take sides, some choosing to side with the registration, others against it.
Marvel announced in August 2006 that some issues of the main Civil War series would be pushed back several months to accommodate artist Steve McNiven. The schedule had issue #4 being released one month late, in September, while issue #5 was released two months later, in November. Furthermore, various tie-in books including the Civil War: Front Line miniseries and tie-in issues of other comics were delayed several months so as not to reveal any plot developments.
In late November 2006, Marvel announced another delay. Civil War #6, originally scheduled for release on December 20, was pushed back two weeks and released on January 4. Unlike the previous instance, only The Punisher War Journal #2 was delayed. In a final act of rescheduling, Civil War #7 was pushed back two weeks (from January 17 to January 31), and then pushed back again until February 21.
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In summary, an explosion in Stamford by the villain Nitro causes the U.S. Government to introduce the Superhero Registration Act. Those not adhering to it are deemed unregistered and rogue superheroes. Tony Stark and Dr. Reed Richards lead the side of the pro-registration superhero. Captain America leads the anti-registration side. Spider-Man, initially with Tony Stark, eventually joins the team of Captain America. Goliath is killed by the pro-registration superheroes. Many supervillains join the Government in hunting down superheroes.
Civil War follows the implementation and consequences of the Superhuman Registration Act, a legislative bill that requires the mandatory registration of any person based in the United States with super powers. The act arose due to public pressure for accountability following a series of superhuman-related events causing significant damage and death within the Marvel universe, such as an attack on Manhattan in reprisal for Nick Fury's "Secret War", and the Hulk's rampage in Las Vegas, which resulted in the deaths of 26 people. When the mutant population was drastically reduced in the aftermath of M-Day, itself caused by a mutant, anti-mutant hysteria caused by extremist groups caused a majority of the remaining mutants, known as the 198, to relocate to the Xavier Institute, and raised public support for the proposed act.
Public sentiment toward superheroes plummeted after an incident in Stamford, Connecticut, in which the New Warriors, a group of young superheroes and the focus of a reality TV show, botched an attempt to apprehend a group of supervillains in a quest for better ratings. In the resulting fight the villain Nitro used his explosive powers to destroy several city blocks, including an elementary school at the epicenter, resulting in the death of more than 600 civilians, 60 of whom were children, with just Speedball of the Warriors and Nitro himself surviving. Although many high-profile superheroes assisted in the relief and rescue effort, there were a number of isolated revenge attacks, and support for registration rose.
The prospect of registration divided the superhuman community down the middle, with Tony Stark, the superhero Iron Man, who had previously tried to halt the act, becoming the pro-registration figurehead, and Captain America leading the anti-registration group. Iron Man, with Mr. Fantastic and Hank Pym, argued that the changing political landscape meant that resisting the law was pointless, and that it is reasonable for heroes to have proper training and oversight, whereas Captain America, alongside Luke Cage and Falcon argued that heroes required secrecy in order to protect aspects of their 'normal' life, such as spouses and children, and to allow them to act in whatever means are needed against threats which the ordinary emergency services couldn't cope with. Although nominally a U.N. agency, S.H.I.E.L.D. assumed the brunt of enforcing the act under acting director Maria Hill.
The opposing sides initially traded propagandist victories, with the anti-registration heroes continuing to fight super villains, leaving them restrained to be found by the authorities, whilst the pro-registration side attempted to locate and arrest any super person who was not registered. The first major coup for either side came when Iron Man convinced Spider-Man to publicly reveal his identity, a secret the latter had worked hard to maintain. During this time many tie-in titles concerned with the war's impact on the wider Marvel universe were published. These detailed Wolverine's hunt for Nitro after fleeing the scene at Stamford, Cyclops' declaration of the X-Men and all remaining mutants as officially neutral, the effect of the war on other super groups including the pro-registration Thunderbolts and the neutral Runaways, and the reaction of the criminal element (many of whom fled to Canada).
The conflict escalated when Captain America led the anti-registration heroes, known as the Secret Avengers, into an ambush by the pro-registration forces. While shaking hands with Iron Man before a peaceful discussion of the crisis, Captain America used a hidden device to disable Iron Man's armor and sucker-punched him. A public brawl between the pro and anti-registration forces ensued. During the battle, a clone of Thor was sent to assist in the arrest of the anti-registration heroes, but instead killed Goliath by blasting him through his chest. As the pro-registration heroes attempted to control the clone, the Secret Avengers retreated.
In order to contain the super people unwilling to register, Iron Man and Mr. Fantastic built a prison in the Negative Zone; it was dubbed "Project 42" because it was the 42nd project they had developed after the Stamford tragedy. Learning that people who did not agree to register would be imprisoned indefinitely and following a battle with Iron Man, Spider-Man quit the pro-registration side and joined Captain America's underground movement. Unknown to Spider-Man, Tony Stark was using his spider suit to secretly analyze his powers and develop ways to overcome them. The Punisher obtained the plans for Project 42 by covertly infiltrating the Baxter Building, home of the Fantastic Four.
The Secret Avengers and their allies reached Riker's Island penitentiary. Betrayed by Tigra, they were met by Iron Man and the pro-registration forces, and a number of super villains who were being controlled by nanites. Hulkling used his shape-shifting ability to assume the role of Henry Pym and release the incarcerated heroes, leading to an all-out battle between the two sides.
During the fight Cloak teleported the battle to the center of New York City, where the pro-registration forces were joined by the fixed Thor clone and Captain Marvel while Namor led an army of Atlanteans to assist the Secret Avengers. Captain America targeted Iron Man, whose armor had been compromised by the Vision. As Captain America was about to deliver a finishing blow, several civilians began to hold Steve back and curse him for starting the war that caused so much destruction and bloodshed, which leads to him realizing that he failed to prove his point and surrender himself.
Two weeks later, the Fifty State Initiative was launched and the Mighty Avengers assembled as a team. Tony Stark was appointed Director of S.H.I.E.L.D., and Maria Hill was demoted to deputy status. Some heroes moved to Canada, while some stayed underground including the New Avengers. Many of the Secret Avengers were given amnesty by the government, while Captain America was placed in jail.
- Captain America is apparently assassinated by Crossbones (acting on orders from the Red Skull) and S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Sharon Carter (who had been brainwashed by Doctor Faustus). However it was Sharon Carter who actually shot Captain America.
- The Avengers Initiative (also known as the "Fifty State Initiative") is created.
- Iron Man becomes the director of S.H.I.E.L.D.
- The New Avengers go underground. Iron Fist, Doctor Strange, and Ronin (Clint Barton) join the team.
- Iron Man sets up his own team of Avengers (featured in the title The Mighty Avengers).
- Camp Hammond is built on the ruins of the Stamford Disaster.
- The Thunderbolts become a federal agency with Norman Osborn as its director.
- Mister Fantastic and the Invisible Woman take a leave of absence from the Fantastic Four, and are replaced by the Black Panther and Storm.
When Mister Fantastic was researching realities where the Civil War ended differently, he found one reality in which their version of Anthony Stark was a woman named Natasha Stark. The Civil War was avoided entirely in this reality due to her marriage to Steve Rogers.
During an attempt by the reality-displaced Superior Spider-Man (Doctor Octopus' mind in Peter Parker's body) to reach back to his dimension as seen in the Spider-Verse storyline, he discovered an alternate dimension where a Civil War Iron Spider-Man lies dead (killed by Karn) prompting him to continue investigating the murders of Spider-Men throughout the Multiverse.
In What If Civil War Ended Differently?, a stranger appears in front of Iron Man, who is visiting Captain America’s grave at Arlington National Cemetery. Tony Stark is told of two alternate ways the Civil War could have concluded:
- The first is detailed in, "What if Captain America led all the heroes against the Registration Act?" In this reality, Tony Stark dies of the Extremis virus, leaving the U.S. government to choose Steve Rogers as the spokesperson for heroes, who as in the regular universe opposes registration. Though he manages to delay its passing, the Stamford disaster occurs as in the 616 reality. Without Tony Stark to provide a fairer path for registration, the government's response is more extreme. Governmental forces led by Henry Peter Gyrich destroy the resistance and many heroes are slain.
- The second is detailed in, "What if Iron Man lost the Civil War?" In this reality, Iron Man asks for Cap's help in chapter three instead of threatening him, admitting his doubts about his actions rather than trying to justify them, and thus Cap does not use the hidden weapon in his glove to disable Tony's armor. The heroes unite to stop the out-of-control Thor clone, Ragnarok, which is released when Hill detects the weapon and assumes that Cap is still planning to use it. The resulting goodwill convinces Captain America to help run the program as he is the only one the heroes will trust with their secret identities.
The stranger is revealed to be Uatu, Earth 616's Watcher. Upon learning of the possibility of this alternate reality, Tony is devastated and weeps for the bright future he helped prevent.
In What If: Annihilation by David Hine and Mico Suayan, the cosmic Annihilation War reaches Earth. The heroes unite to neutralize it, and many die in the first clashes. Captain America and Iron Man, after a final reconciliation, sacrifice themselves alongside Nova to deflect the full Annihilation Wave.
Contest of Champions
The 2015 Contest of Champions series featured an alternate version of Civil War that had everything go in Tony Stark's favor. Five years after the war, Tony became the President of the United States and led a team of Mighty Avengers as the Iron Patriot. His team consisted of Penance (Robbie Baldwin), Iron Spider (Natasha Romanov), Captain Marvel (Carol Danvers), and the Thor clone known as Thunderstrike. Steve Rogers (no longer called Captain America) and his teammates have been arrested and buy time of their sentence by performing suicide missions as the Thunderbolts. Steve's team consists of Spider-Man (Peter Parker), Invisible Woman, the Punisher, and Bill Foster's Goliath (who survived the Civil War in this reality). President Stark and his Mighty Avengers are taken to Battleworld by Maestro and have their memories altered to think that they are on Earth and that the Renegade Champions already on there are unregistered vigilantes. The Thunderbolts are sent to the reality to rescue them, but the tension and misunderstanding results in the deaths of Penance and Thunderstrike and all three teams fighting each other. Tony kills Steve when Steve lets his guard down, and reveals that he's in the possession of the Reality Gem from the Infinity Gauntlet. He and the members of the Illuminati divided the six Infinity Stones after hunting them down and vowed never to use them. When Tony let the events of Civil War happen in their natural course, he couldn't resist using the Reality Gem to alter events in his favor, but only as a last resort in an attempt to respect free will (such as allowing Spider-Man to defect). He used the gem to prevent the death of Goliath, the assassination of Captain America, alter the war in his favor, and rig the presidential election. He attempts to use it again to undo his killing of Steve, but the Reality Gem doesn't work due to him being in a different dimension. Maestro kills Tony and the Punisher, but is stopped by the intervention of Stick, the Sentry, and Nigel Higgins using the Iso-Sphere. The remaining five heroes from the Mighty Avengers and Thunderbolts stay behind on Battleworld with the Sentry and fight villains attempting to gather the Iso-Sphere as the Civil Warriors.
Civil War in Secret Wars (2015)
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In this story, the Stamford incident leads to a polarising political debate that culminates with the two sides clashing in the Negative Zone Prison. During the fight, however, Black Panther hacks into the prison's computers and sees that the portal will explode, killing most of the combatants and stranding the rest. Black Panther assumes that Tony Stark will teleport his combatants out at the last minute, but meanwhile, S.H.I.E.L.D. director Maria Hill is telling Stark that Black Panther activated the explosives, on the orders of Steve Rogers. Deactivating the teleportation device, Black Panther tried to shut down the bomb. Everyone in the prison whether they were Pro-Registration or Anti-Registration rushed to escape through the power of the hero Cloak who dropped them all in midair in St. Louis. Unfortunately, Cloak could not shut off his powers fast enough to block out the explosion that caused a beam of explosive energy to strike the ground in St. Louis, creating a vast chasm called the Divide that destroyed the city and left millions dead.
Around this second national disaster, the two sides regrouped, with the Pro-Registration group taking control of the land to the east of St Louis, while the Anti-Registration group took control of the land to the west. In the aftermath, each side blamed the other for the deaths and neither was willing to accept their part of the blame. Unable to accommodate compromise, they left the nation open to attacks like the Skrull Invasion and the Osborn Insurgency. But no force was able to face un-co-ordinated attacks from two sides at once, and eventually, the two sides were left to settle their differences, eventually splitting the nation in two. The East became "the Iron" run by Iron Man from the capital, Resilient Alpha, and the West became "The Blue" run by Captain America from the capital at Liberation. Differences in politics have caused people to pick one side over the other, with the split ossifying every year. The only place in the country that embraces both is a community in the ruins of St. Louis, built on a bridge over a chasm between the two sides. One of its inhabitants was Miriam Sharpe, a woman who lost her child at Stamford who wanted to bring peace.
Six years after the start of the conflict, Sharpe brought the two leaders together to discuss peace. Despite being regarded as a polarizing figure, she was respected, and President Stark and General Rogers came. As a gesture of goodwill, President Stark, knowing that Rogers' right-hand-man, Peter Parker, would be there, brought two of his citizens, MJ Parker and her young daughter Maybelle, to see him for the duration of the talks. At the debate table, Miriam is able to get the two men open up. Tony Stark explains that the Iron (as the internationally recognized government) has wealth and resources from trade with the outside world where the Blue is regarded as a rogue state. However, his citizens are running out of space while the Blue has twice the space but half the population. He proposes that the Blue shrink, giving his people more space in exchange for which Stark will make trade concessions. General Rogers dismisses the offer, which leads to the start of an old debate between the two men. As Miriam Sharpe tries to bring peace, she is suddenly shot in the back by a sniper. Reacting first, General Rogers calls Peter Parker to catch the shooter. Leaving his family, Parker finds a remote-controlled sniper rifle. As Miriam dies, General Rogers realizes that from the angle of the shot that the shooter was most likely aiming at him. President Stark denies the shooter is one of his, but renewed civil war seemed inevitable.
President Stark tried sending a drone to track the killers, but it was shot down and its datacore claimed by the Blue. Peter Parker tried to convince General Rogers to put more funding into Hank McCoy's "Project Bellcurve". President Stark continued investigating Sharpe's murder when he discovered certain anomaly regarding past events, because numerous of these were statiscally improbable considering the landspace of the conflict, leading him to believe that numerous events like Sharpe's murder were caused by a third party. Meanwhile, Hank McCoy showcased Rogers the results of Project Bellcurve, a procedure capable of depowering superhumans such as William Baker. Numerous resources from the Iron were needed to continue the project, for which Rogers sent a team led by Parker (composed of Elektra, Azari, and Venom/Clint Barton) to infiltrate Stark's territory. At the same time, Stark was sending Jen Walters to infliltrate the Blue, to continue investigating Sharpe's murder.
Spider-Man's team suffered the first casualty when a Stark Sentinel killed Elektra. After destroying one of the robots, Spider-Man and the rest of the team proceeded to quickly get past them as the Sentinels worked only as an external defense, so they wouldn't attack their own base. Spider-Man's team finished dealing with the robotic defenses of the facility and came across the final obstacle, the reanimated corpse of the Kingpin controlled by Doctor Octopus' tentacles, which spotted and attacked them almost immediately. Venom saved the rest of the team from Kingpin's clutches and they continued the mission, ultimately returning to the Blue with every component needed for "Project Bellcurve." At the same time, She-Hulk had been capable of bypassing the mental scan by an elder and almost decrepit Professor X and infiltrated the streets of Steeltown. However, Agent Robbie Baldwin of the Punishers recognized her and followed She-Hulk through the city until she had gotten to the end of the assassin's trail. She discovers that the assassin was Bullseye. As Jen was spying on Bullseye from his window, Baldwin caught up with her. Even though She-Hulk was able to easily dispatch him, she was forced to flee as it was only a matter of time reinforcements arrived. She was leaping through the rooftops of Steeltown when she was soon attacked by an unidentified enemy and disappeared from the scene before the Punishers could get her. She-Hulk awoke in an undisclosed location having been captured by Bullseye's client Black Panther.
As the Blue prepared to invade the Iron in a last-ditch attempt at ending the war, Iron Man tracked down Jen's position and flew to rescue her. He found her in a secret compound found below the Divide, Iron Man was kickly attacked by its defenses and neutralized. After his armor was stripped from him, Tony was brought to Black Panther who revealed himself as the Skrull Queen Veranke. Veranke stated that she is the cause of every single failed attempt at reaching peace in a part of a plan to benefit from the never-ending war. Iron Man used additional weaponry that was not in his armor to free himself from Queen Veranke's guard and reveal him and his subordinates as Skrulls. Iron Man was able to fend off the Skrull guards and break She-Hulk free from her cage who in turn saved Iron Man from the remaining Skrulls. Meanwhile, the Blue kept invading the Iron and engaged in combat against its forces when General America was about to detonate a bomb derived from Project Bellcurve.
As the conflict escalates, Iron Man is able to reach Captain America and blasts Bucky to reveal that Bucky is a Skrull, prompting Cap to accept a telepathic 'update' from Emma Frost that confirms that the Skrulls have manipulated the conflict for years. Accepting their mutual responsibility for the situation, Rogers and Stark sacrifice themselves to detonate the Bellcurve bomb, the blast depowering the superhumans and reverting the Skrulls to their true state. A few months later, a powerless Peter and Jennifer are shown discussing the tentative truce that has been formed between the two sides, musing whether Stark and Rogers knew that peace would be the result of their sacrifice but concluding in the end that it isn't worth fighting over.
Civil War II (2016)
Marvel has announced a direct sequel to the original series which will begin in Spring 2016, written by Brian Michael Bendis and drawn by David Marquez. It is not known whether the events of the Secret Wars mini series will have a bearing on the new story. On January 10, 2016, The New York Daily News posted an article with an image depicting Iron Man and Captain America on the same side of the conflict, with Captain Marvel being the leader of the opposing side, as well as the plot:
A mysterious new Marvel character comes to the attention of the world, one who has the power to calculate the outcome of future events with a high degree of accuracy. This predictive power divides the Marvel heroes on how best to capitalize on this aggregated information, with Captain Marvel leading the charge to profile future crimes and attacks before they occur, and Iron Man adopting the position that the punishment cannot come before the crime."
The series received a split response from critics and audiences. The biggest complaints were about the abrupt ending.
According to a scholarly analysis presented at the 2007 Comic-Con International, this story's conflict is a natural outgrowth of what psychologist Erich Fromm called "the basic human dilemma", the conflicting desires for both security and freedom, and "character motivations on both sides arise from positive human qualities because Fromm’s image of human nature is ultimately optimistic, holding that people on either side are struggling to find what is best for all".
Road to Civil War
- Civil War #1–7
- Civil War: Battle Damage Report
- Civil War: Choosing Sides
- Civil War: Chronicles #1–12
- Civil War: Front Line #1–11
- Civil War: Opening Shot Sketchbook
- Civil War: The Confession
- Civil War: The Initiative
- Civil War: The Return
- Civil War: War Crimes
- Civil War Poster Book
- Civil War: Young Avengers and Runaways #1–4
- Civil War: X-Men #1–4
- Civil War Files
- Amazing Spider-Man (2nd series) #532–538
- Black Panther (2nd series) #18–25
- Cable & Deadpool #30–32
- Captain America (5th series) #22–24
- Daily Bugle Special Edition: Civil War
- Fallen Son: The Death of Captain America
- Fantastic Four (3rd series) #538–542
- Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man #11–16
- Heroes for Hire (2nd series) #1–3
- Iron Man (4th series) #13 & 14
- Iron Man / Captain America: Casualties of War
- Marvel Spotlight: Captain America Remembered
- Marvel Spotlight: Civil War Aftermath
- Ms. Marvel (2nd series) #6–8
- New Avengers (1st series) #21–25
- Punisher: War Journal (2nd series) #1–3
- Sensational Spider-Man (2nd series) #28–34
- She-Hulk (2nd series) #8
- Thunderbolts #103–105
- Wolverine (2nd series) #42–47
- X-Factor #8 & 9
From the Pages of Civil War
- Penance Relentless #1–5
Casualties of War
- Blade (3rd series) #5
- Ghost Rider (4th series) #8–11
- Moon Knight (3rd series) #7–9
- Winter Soldier: Winter Kills #1
- Wolverine (2nd series) #48
- the Great One
- Black Panther (2nd series) #26–30
- Fantastic Four (3rd series) #544–550
- Iron Man (2nd series) #15–18
- Moon Knight (3rd series) #11–13
- New Avengers (1st series) #28–31
- Punisher War Journal (2nd series) #6–11
- Captain America (5th series) #26–30
- Thunderbolts (1st series) #112–115
- Antman (Hank Pym)
Related but not listed
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- The 2006 Eternals relaunch has the Civil War play a fairly present background in the setting with Sprite appearing in pro-registration PSAs. In issue #3, Iron Man reminds Sersi to register. In issue #6, Iron Man and Hank Pym try to get the Eternals to register again, but they refuse. In the end, Zuras explains that the Eternals have no desire to meddle with humanity, and will stay out of their affairs, which Iron Man concedes as a fair compromise.
- Daredevil #87 leads into Civil War: Choosing Sides (one-shot).
- New X-Men #28 and She-Hulk #9 are indirectly, but strongly involved.
- In Black Panther #19–20 "World Tour" Black Panther meets with Doctor Doom, then the Inhumans, to discuss the Civil War (these are not listed as official tie-ins due to a marketing error).
- Marvel Comics Presents (vol. 2) #12 involves a patsy attempt to get Man-Thing to register with the government. The story was published late (October 2008 cover date), during Secret Invasion and the same month as Marvel Zombies 3, in which Man-Thing also appeared.
- The cover of Nextwave: Agents of H.A.T.E. #11 features a Civil War parody cover including a plaid background, the words "Not part of a Marvel Comics event," and Aaron Stack holding up a card reading "Mark Millar licks goats."
- Spider-Man and Power Pack #3 (March 2007) includes a parody entitled "Civil Wards," written by Marc Sumerak and illustrated by Chris Giarrusso.
- The final issue of Robert Kirkman's Marvel Team-Up opens with Peter Parker getting ready to travel to Washington with Iron Man.
- The third issue of the 2006 Union Jack miniseries also mentions Tony Stark and Peter Parker's trip to Washington.
- Incredible Hulk #100 includes a 12-page backup story dealing with Mister Fantastic's involvement with the Thor clone, and the repercussions of the Illuminati having exiled the Hulk into space.
- In Annihilation #4, the former Earth hero Nova is aware of the Civil War and is disappointed with the actions the heroes have taken, as they are not united against the threat of Annihilus.
- In Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man #6–10, Spider-Man is seen wearing the new suit he got in The Road to Civil War.
- In Sensational Spider-Man #26–27, Spider-Man is seen wearing the new suit he got in The Road to Civil War.
- In Sensational Spider-Man #28–34, Spider-Man deals with the aftermath of revealing his identity.
|Civil War (paperback)||Civil War #1–7||208||978-0785121794|
|Civil War: Road to Civil War||Amazing Spider-Man #529–531; Fantastic Four #536–537; New Avengers: Illuminati||160||978-0785119746|
|Civil War: Black Panther||Black Panther #19–25||168||978-0785122357|
|Civil War: Captain America||Captain America #22–24; Winter Soldier: Winter Kills||112||978-0785127987|
|Civil War Companion||Civil War Files; Civil War: Battle Damage Report; Marvel Spotlight: Mark Millar/Steve McNiven; Marvel Spotlight: Civil War Aftermath; Daily Bugle: Civil War Special Edition||216||978-0785125761|
|Civil War: Fantastic Four||Fantastic Four #538–543||176||978-0785122272|
|Civil War: Frontline, Vol. 1||Civil War: Frontline #1–6||208||978-0785123125|
|Civil War: Frontline, Vol. 2||Civil War: Frontline #7–11||160||978-0785124696|
|Civil War: Heroes for Hire||Heroes for Hire #1–5||120||978-0785141808|
|Civil War: Iron Man||Iron Man #13–14; Casualties of War; The Confession||112||978-0785123149|
|Civil War: Marvel Universe||Choosing Sides; The Return; The Initiative; She-Hulk #8||136||978-0785124702|
|Civil War: Ms. Marvel||Ms. Marvel #6–10; Ms. Marvel Special||136||978-0785123057|
|Civil War: New Avengers||New Avengers #21–25||120||978-0785124467|
|Civil War: Peter Parker, Spider-Man||Sensational Spider-Man #28–34||168||978-0785121893|
|Civil War: Punisher War Journal||Punisher War Journal #1–4||144||978-0785123156|
|Civil War: The Amazing Spider-Man||The Amazing Spider-Man #532–538||168||978-0785122371|
|Civil War: Thunderbolts||Thunderbolts #101–105||120||978-0785119470|
|Civil War: War Crimes||Civil War: War Crimes; Underworld #1–5||160||978-0785126522|
|Civil War: Wolverine||Wolverine #42–48||168||978-0785119807|
|Civil War: X-Men||Civil War: X-Men #1–4||112||978-0785123132|
|Civil War: X-Men Universe||X-Factor #8–9; Cable & Deadpool #30–32||120||978-0785122432|
|Civil War: Young Avengers & Runaways||Civil War: Young Avengers & Runaways #1–4||112||978-0785123170|
|Civil War: Script Book||Scripts to Civil War #1–7||240||978-0785127949|
|Civil War: What If...?||What If? Annihilation, Civil War, Planet Hulk, X-Men and Spider-Man Vs. Wolverine||168||978-0785130369|
|Civil War (hardcover)||Civil War #1–7; Marvel Spotlight: Civil War||512||978-0785121787|
|Civil War : Spider-Man||Amazing Spider-Man #529-538; Sensational Spider-Man #28-34; Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man #11-16||544||978-0785148821|
|Civil War: Avengers||New Avengers: Illuminati; New Avengers #21-25; Ms. Marvel #6-8; Iron Man/Captain America: Casualties of War; Iron Man #13-14; Winter Soldier: Winter Kills; Captain America #22-25; Civil War: Confession; Civil War: The Initiative; Civil War: Fallen Son Daily Bugle Special||552||978-0785148807|
|Civil War: Front Line||Civil War: Front Line #1-11; Choosing Sides; The Return||432||978-0785149491|
|Civil War: Fantastic Four||Fantastic Four #536-543; Black Panther #18-25; She-Hulk #8; Civil War: Young Avengers/Runaways #1-4||536||978-0785148814|
|Civil War : The Underside||Thunderbolts #103-105; Moon Knight #7-12; Heroes for Hire #1-3; Civil War: War Crimes; Punisher War Journal #1-3; Ghost Rider #8-11||504||978-0785148838|
|Civil War: X-Men||Wolverine #42-48; X-Factor #8-9; Cable & Deadpool #30-32; Civil War: X-Men #1-4; Blade #5; Civil War Files; Civil War: Battle Damage Report||520||978-0785148845|
In other media
Marvel adapted Civil War into a prose hardcover novel in July 2012 as the first of a series of four novels adapting some of Marvel's most significant fictional events. It was written by Stuart Moore, the writer of Namor: The First Mutant. The book expanded on the story and set the events during Barack Obama's first term in office, rather than George W. Bush's last term; Tony Stark makes reference to the Affordable Care Act when speaking to Spider-Man in the first chapter of the novel. The novel is set in the alternate timeline created by the controversial storyline "One More Day" and detailed in "One Moment in Time", as Spider-Man is depicted as never having married Mary Jane Watson, having never arrived on the day of their wedding. In the original comics version, Civil War was a lead-in to "One More Day", depicting May Parker's assassination on the orders of Wilson Fisk near the end of the main Civil War storyline.
- GraphicAudio produced an audiobook of the prose hardcover novel, the audiobook contains 6 CDs and features a full cast, music and sound effects. It was released on March 1, 2013 and is six hours long.
- In The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes episode "The Man Who Stole Tomorrow", the Negative Zone prison "42" makes an appearance although only to incarcerate supervillains. Like in the comics, it was designated 42 because it was Tony Stark's and Reed Richards' 42nd idea for improving the world. Later in "Hail HYDRA!", Maria Hill states that she will talk to the President about registering with S.H.I.E.L.D. Notably unlike the comics, Stark is against the idea of registering, as seen in his conversations with Hill in the episode "Alone Against A.I.M.", citing among other reasons the Good Samaritan principle.
- The events of Civil War will be adapted in some capacity for Avengers: Ultron Revolution.
- In Spider-Man: Web of Shadows, the game makes a reference to Civil War by showing a huge billboard displaying a Daily Bugle article talking about the Superhuman Registration Act and whether it will pass.
- The video game Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 2 features the Secret War first, and then the Civil War storyline. Like the comics, Nitro invokes the Civil War by blowing up a neighborhood in Stamford, Connecticut. After the accident, the player chooses sides in the war. What makes this different from the comics is that Iron Man loses control of the nanite-controlled villains resulting the villains combining into a nanite-based hive mind known as "the Fold" forcing Nick Fury to unite both sides to stop the Fold before everyone in the world is infected by the nanites. Because of the incident with the nanite-controlled villains, the Superhero Registration Act was temporarily suspended. After the Fold is defeated, there are two endings to this game depending on the side the players take. If the player completes the game on the Pro-Registration side, the Superhuman Registration Act gets amended so that superheroes can volunteer for the program and not have to reveal their secret identities. If the player completes the game on the Anti-Registration side, the Superhuman Registration Act is repealed.
- In the crossover fighting game Marvel vs. Capcom 3: The Fate of Two Worlds, if Captain America defeats Iron Man as his last opponent, he says "And that was for Civil War!"; conversely, if Iron Man beats Captain America as his last opponent, he says "It's like Civil War all over again". Their intros against each other take a direct quote from the book. There is also a trophy/achievement called "Whose Side Are You On?" described as "Bring about an end to the Civil War in an online match". This is awarded for having an online battle involving Captain America and Iron Man on opposite sides.
- The Civil War is a featured event in Marvel: Future Fight, Marvel: Contest of Champions, Marvel Puzzle Quest, Marvel: Avengers Alliance 2, Marvel Heroes, Marvel Avengers Academy and Lego Marvel's Avengers which also serves as promotion of the Captain America: Civil War film.
- In October 2014, Marvel confirmed that the third Captain America film would be titled Captain America: Civil War. The film stars Chris Evans as Steve Rogers / Captain America and is joined by Robert Downey, Jr. as Tony Stark / Iron Man, Scarlett Johansson as Natasha Romanoff / Black Widow, Anthony Mackie as Sam Wilson / Falcon, Emily VanCamp as Sharon Carter / Agent 13, Paul Bettany as Vision, Jeremy Renner as Clint Barton / Hawkeye, Don Cheadle as James "Rhodey" Rhodes / War Machine, Sebastian Stan as Bucky Barnes / Winter Soldier, Elizabeth Olsen as Wanda Maximoff / Scarlet Witch, Paul Rudd as Scott-Lang / Ant-Man, Chadwick Boseman as T'Challa / Black Panther, Tom Holland as Peter Parker / Spider-Man, Daniel Bruhl as Helmut Zemo, and William Hurt as Thunderbolt Ross. Marvel Studios president Kevin Feige explained that since superhero secret identities do not exist in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, the film will be more about world governments demanding accountability and oversight of superheroes instead of that they reveal their true identity to the authorities. The catalysing event is a conflict in Lagos, Nigeria as Captain America, Black Widow, the Falcon and Scarlet Witch attempt to capture former S.H.I.E.L.D./HYDRA agent Brock Rumlow. Rumlow gets Captain America's attention by talking about Bucky Barnes (AKA the Winter Soldier), then triggers his suicide vest in an attempt to kill Captain America. Wanda saves him and the nearby civilians by throwing Rumlow up into the air, above street level, but cannot contain the blast long enough and accidentally destroys an upper floor of a Wakandan aid mission. The Avengers subsequently become divided over the issue, with Tony Stark seeking greater accountability for the heroes after the deaths caused by Ultron's rampage and his own role in the robot's creation, conflicting with Steve's belief that external agencies can be flawed and the Avengers are best left to their own devices. The 'Sokovia Accords' are created; a contract placing the Avengers under the U.N.'s instruction, and the Avengers are told to sign. Iron Man, Black Widow, Vision and War Machine agree to sign, the others refuse. Matters become further polarized when the Winter Soldier is framed for an attack on a U.N. meeting, culminating in a battle as Rogers tries to find evidence to clear the Soldier while Stark attempts to bring him in, with Captain America, the Falcon, the Winter Soldier, Scarlet Witch, Hawkeye and Ant-Man facing Iron Man, War Machine, Vision, Black Widow, and new heroes the Black Panther (whose father was killed at the U.N. meeting, and so wanted revenge on the Winter Soldier) and Spider-Man (a high-school student who idolizes and is recruited by Tony Stark) - though, later, Black Widow is revealed to be a double agent, fighting on Captain America's side. The film concludes with the revelation that Helmut Zemo was the mastermind behind the entire conflict as a means to avenge his family's death in the battle at Sokovia. Upon discovering this, Black Panther accepts that Bucky Barnes was not responsible for the attack and offers Captain America's team his protection and hospitality in Wakanda. Since they don't know the extent of the HYDRA programming inside of his mind, Bucky Barnes decides to go back into stasis until the programming can be removed.
- Civil War: Front Line
- Civil War: X-Men
- Civil War: Young Avengers/Runaways
- Avengers: The Initiative
- Civil War: The Initiative
- The Mighty Avengers
- "Civil War" (Press release). Marvel Comics. 2005-12-28.
- Langley, T. (2015). Freedom versus security: The basic human dilemma from 9/11 to Marvel’s Civil War. In K. M. Scott (Ed.), Marvel Comics’ Civil War and the age of terror: Critical essays on the comic saga (pp. 69-76). Jefferson, NC: McFarland Freedom versus Security: The Basic Human Dilemma from 9/11 to Marvel’s Civil War. Retrieved on September 29, 2007.
- "Captain America: Civil War (2016)". Screen Rant. Screen Rant. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
- "classic.newsarama.com – Civil War & Peace of Mind with Mark Millar (Part 2)". Retrieved 2015-03-04.
- "Luke Cage compares the registration act to slavery.". Retrieved 2015-08-30.
- "Newsarama Forum – Marvel's Civil War Delayed". Retrieved 2007-03-20.
- "Newsarama Forum – Civil War #6 Gets a Schedule Bump". Retrieved 2007-03-20.
- "Marvel Comics Catalog – Titles on Sale, Week of February 21, 2007". Retrieved 2007-03-20.
- "23 Amazing Spider-Man Pics". Allposters.com Blog. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- Captain America vol. 5, #25 (April 2007)
- Civil War #7 (Feb 2007)
- New Avengers vol. 1, #27 (2007)
- Mighty Avengers #1 (2007)
- Avengers: The Initiative #1 (2007)
- Civil War #5 (2006)
- Fantastic Four #543; Black Panther vol. 4, #26 (2007)
- Dark Reign: Fantastic Four #2
- Superior Spider-Man #32
- What If?: Civil War #1
- Annihilation Makes Things Civil: Hine talks "What If? Annihilation", Comic Book Resources, October 5, 2007
- Contest of Champions (2015) #9-10
- "SECRET WARS Meets Civil WAR". Newsarama.com.
- Civil War Vol. 2 #1
- Civil War Vol. 2 #2
- Civil War Vol. 2 #3
- Civil War Vol. 2 #4
- Civil War Vol. 2 #5
- "Details on Marvel's Civil War II Revealed". SuperHeroHype. Retrieved 2016-01-29.
- "EXCLUSIVE: Inside Marvel's meeting to kill major character". NY Daily News. Retrieved 2016-01-29.
- Moore, Stuart. Civil War (hardcover ed.). p. 22. ISBN 978-0-7851-6035-9.
- Moore, Stuart. Civil War (hardcover ed.). p. 191. ISBN 978-0-7851-6035-9.
- "Marvel's Spider-Man & the Avengers Will Return with All-New Seasons to Disney XD - News - Marvel.com".
- Marvel Ultimate Alliance 2, NYC Comic-Con 09: Exclusive Taking Sides Trailer, Game Trailers, February 5, 2009
- Strom, Marc (October 28, 2014). "Marvel Pits Captain America & Iron Man in a Cinematic Civil War". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Siegel, Lucas (October 28, 2014). "Marvel Announces Black Panther, Captain Marvel, Inhumans, Avengers: Infinity War Films, Cap & Thor 3 Subtitles". Newsarama. Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- "Marvel Studios Begins Production on Marvel's 'Captain America: Civil War'". Marvel.com. May 7, 2015. Archived from the original on May 7, 2015. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- Kit, Borys; Siegel, Tatiana (June 23, 2015). "'Spider-Man' Finds Tom Holland to Star as New Web-Slinger". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 24, 2015. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
- Hayes, Britt (October 28, 2014). "How Will 'Captain America: Civil War' Work Without Secret Identities? Marvel's Kevin Feige Explains". ScreenCrush. Retrieved October 28, 2014.