DeepFace is a deep learning facial recognition system created by a research group at Facebook. It identifies human faces in digital images. It employs a nine-layer neural net with over 120 million connection weights, organized as a siamese network, and was trained on four million images uploaded by Facebook users. The system is said to be 97% accurate, compared to 85% for the FBI's Next Generation Identification system. One of the creators of the software, Yaniv Taigman, came to Facebook via their 2007 acquisition of Face.com.
Facebook started rolling out the technology to its users in early 2015, with the exception of users in the EU due to data privacy laws there.
AI researcher Ben Goertzel said Facebook had "pretty convincingly solved face recognition" with the project, but said it would be incorrect to conclude that deep learning is the entire solution to AI.
A Huffington Post piece called the technology "creepy" and, citing data privacy concerns, noted that some European governments had already required Facebook to delete facial-recognition data. According to Broadcasting & Cable, both Facebook and Google had been invited by the Center for Digital Democracy to attend a 2014 National Telecommunications and Information Administration "stakeholder meeting" to help develop a consumer privacy Bill of Rights, but they both declined. Broadcasting & Cable also noted that Facebook had not released any press announcements concerning DeepFace, although their research paper had been published earlier in the month. Slate said the lack of publicity from Facebook was "probably because it's wary of another round of 'creepy' headlines".
- "Facebook creates software that matches faces almost as well as you do", Technology Review, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, March 17, 2014
- Facebook's DeepFace shows serious facial recognition skills, CBS News, March 19, 2014
- Russell Brandom (July 7, 2014), "Why Facebook is beating the FBI at facial recognition", The Verge
- Amit Chowdhry (March 18, 2014), "Facebook's DeepFace Software Can Match Faces With 97.25% Accuracy", Forbes
- Victoria Woolaston (9 February 2015), "Facebook can tag you in photos AUTOMATICALLY: Social network starts rolling out DeepFace recognition feature", Daily Mail
- Richard Baraniuk (2015), ELEC 631 syllabus, Rice University
- Ben Goertzel (March 22, 2014), "Lessons from Deep Mind & Vicarious", The Multiverse According to Ben (blog)
- Dino Grandoni (March 18, 2014), "Facebook's New 'DeepFace' Program Is Just As Creepy As It Sounds", The Huffington Post
- John Eggerton (March 24, 2014), CDD: Google, Facebook Decline to Present at Facial Recognition Meeting: Had been asked by nongovernmental groups for more info on technology
- Will Oremus, "Facebook's New Face-Recognition Software Is Scary Good", Slate
- Yaniv Taigman; Ming Yang; Marc'Aurelio Ranzato; Lior Wolf (June 24, 2014), "DeepFace: Closing the Gap to Human-Level Performance in Face Verification", Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), Facebook Research Group
- John Bohannon (5 February 2015), "Facebook will soon be able to ID you in any photo", Science (website), American Association for the Advancement of Science, doi:10.1126/science.aaa7804