Fictional detectives are characters in detective fiction. These characters have long been a staple of detective mystery crime fiction, particularly in detective novels and short stories. Much of early detective fiction was written during the " Golden Age of Detective Fiction" (1920s-1930s). These detectives include amateurs, private investigators and professional policemen. They are often popularized as individual characters rather than parts of the fictional work in which they appear. Stories involving individual detectives are well-suited to dramatic presentation, resulting in many popular theatre, television, and movie characters.
The first famous detective in fiction was
Edgar Allan Poe's C. Auguste Dupin. Later, Sir [1 ] Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes became the most famous example to this day. The detectives are often accompanied by a Dr. Watson-like assistant or narrator.
Fictional detectives generally fit one of four archetypes:
The amateur detective (Miss Marple, Jessica Fletcher, Lord Peter Wimsey); From outside the field of criminal investigation, but gifted with knowledge, curiosity, desire for justice, etc.
The private investigator (Dupin, Holmes, Marlowe, Spade, Poirot, Magnum, Millhone); Works professionally in criminal and civic investigations, but outside the criminal justice system.
The police detective (Dalgliesh, Kojak, Morse, Columbo, Frost, Clouseau); Part of an official investigative body, charged with solving crimes.
The forensic specialist (Scarpetta, Quincy, Cracker, CSI teams, Thorndyke); Affiliated with investigative body, officially tasked with specialized scientific results rather than solving the crime as a whole.
Notable fictional detectives and their creators include:
Amateur detectives [ edit ]
The Baron (John Mannering) – reformed jewel thief, created by John Creasey under the pseudonym Anthony Morton [2 ]
Boston Blackie – reformed jewel thief, created by Jack Boyle
Rosemary Boxer – with Laura Thyme, gardening detective, created by Brian Eastman
Beatrice Adela Lestrange Bradley – widowed socialite, created by Gladys Mitchell
Father Brown – Catholic priest, created by English novelist G. K. Chesterton. Stars in 51 detective short stories (and two framing vignettes), most of which were later compiled in five books.
Cadfael – early 12th-century monk solves murders and social problems, created by Ellis Peters, also known as Edith Pargeter.
Jonathan Creek – creative consultant to a magician, in a British TV series by the same name, written by David Renwick.
Nancy Drew – High school sleuth, created by Edward Stratemeyer.
C. Auguste Dupin – an upper class fictional detective character created by Edgar Allan Poe. Dupin made his first appearance in Poe's " The Murders in the Rue Morgue" (1841), widely considered the first detective fiction story. [3 ]
Dr Gideon Fell – a "lexicographer" and drinker, created by John Dickson Carr
Jessica Fletcher – a writer, created by William Link and Richard Levinson for TV series (1984-1996) Murder, She Wrote
Jonathan & Jennifer Hart – millionaire couple, created by Sidney Sheldon
Kate Ivory – an Oxford-based novelist, created by Veronica Stallwood [4 ]
Patrick Jane – a con artist, created by Bruno Heller for TV series The Mentalist
Sally Lockhart – teenage girl, created by Philip Pullman
Miss Marple – an old spinster living in the small town of St. Mary Mead, created by Agatha Christie solves a number of crimes and village issues using common sense
Veronica Mars – school girl whose father is a private detective, created by Rob Thomas
Amelia Peabody – Egyptologist who solves a variety of dastardly crimes in turn-of-the-century Egypt, created by Elizabeth Peters.
Ellery Queen – an author and editor of a magazine, created by two writers, using the pseudonym Ellery Queen
Imogen Quy – a nurse at St Agatha's College, Oxford, created by Jill Paton Walsh [5 ]
Easy Rawlins – a black WWII veteran from Houston. All stories take place in Los Angeles during the 50's & 60's. Created by Walter Mosley. A dozen books and counting.
Joseph Rouletabille – a journalist created by French writer Gaston Leroux. Main character in . The Mystery of the Yellow Room
Inspector Shan – Chinese detective in Tibet, created by Eliot Pattison
Laura Thyme – with Rosemary Boxer, gardening detective, created by Brian Eastman
Dr. John Thorndyke – a medical doctor who trained to become a forensic specialist, created by R. Austin Freeman
The Toff (Hon. Richard Rollison) – upper-class sleuth created by John Creasey [6 ]
Professor Augustus S. F. X. Van Dusen – created by Jacques Futrelle
Hetty Wainthropp – retired working-class woman, created by David Cook
Lord Peter Wimsey – wealthy English gentleman, created by Dorothy L. Sayers, afflicted by shell shock, assisted by his valet (and batman from WW1) Bunter and then Harriet Vane
Misir Ali – part-time professor of Psychology at University of Dhaka, created by Humayun Ahmed
Private investigators [ edit ]
Sherlock Holmes has become an icon of a detective. The term "Sherlock" is also used to refer to a detective.
Police detectives [ edit ]
Columbo is often considered to be one of the greatest original TV detectives.
[8 ] [9 ] [10 ] [11 ]
Forensic specialists [ edit ]
CSI: Crime Scene Investigation TV shows [ edit ]
Anime and manga [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
The Great Detectives: Seven Original Investigations，BY Julian Symons，1981，
^ Silverman,Kenneth (1991). Edgar A. Poe: Mournful and Never-ending Remembrance. New York: Harper Perennial. ISBN 0-06-092331-8.
^ Silverman 1991, p. 171
^ "Definition of Sherlock in Oxford Dictionaries (British & World English)". oxforddictionaries.com . Retrieved . 15 March 2013
^ "Best fictional detectives". latimes . Retrieved . 15 March 2013
^ "Natalie Haynes's guide to TV detectives: #1 – Columbo". London: guardian.co.uk. 23 January 2012 . Retrieved . 15 March 2013
^ "Clued In: The Top 10 Television Detectives". Time. 4 May 2012 . Retrieved . 15 March 2013
^ "〈ｂｅランキング〉心に残る名探偵". 朝日新聞 . Retrieved . 15 March 2013
^ "Kindaichi Case Files 2008 New Anime" (in Japanese). Tokyo MX . Retrieved . 2010-02-07
^ ". Case Closed FAQ" Funimation. Archived from the original on March 27, 2004 . Retrieved . October 3, 2010