Feluda

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Feluda (ফেলুদা)
Feluda character
Feluda and Topshe.jpg
Feluda (right) and Topshe in Feludar Goendagiri, drawing by Satyajit Ray
First appearance Feludar Goendagiri
Last appearance Robertsoner Ruby (according to time of writing); Indrajal Rahasya (according to time of publishing)
Created by Satyajit Ray
Portrayed by Soumitra Chatterjee
Shashi Kapoor
Sabyasachi Chakrabarty
Abir Chatterjee
Parambrata Chatterjee
Real name Pradosh Chandra Mitter (Mitra)
Residence 21, Rajani Sen Road, Kolkata-700029. Before partition of India, his family lived in East Bengal's Dhaka.
Height 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
Friend Lalmohan Ganguly
Information
Nickname(s) Felu (ফেলু)
Gender Male
Occupation Private investigator
Title Mitter (Mitra)
Family Jaykrishna Mitter (Mitra) (father)
Relatives Tapes (Topse) Ranjan Mitter (Mitra) (cousin)
Religion Brahmoism
Nationality Indian

Feluda (Bengali: ফেলুদা), or Prodosh Chandra Mitra (Bengali: প্রদোষ চন্দ্র মিত্র), who also uses the Anglicised name Pradosh C. Mitter, is a fictional Bengali private investigator starring in a series of Bengali novels of Indian fictional detective novels and short stories written by Indian Bengali film director and writer Satyajit Ray.[1] The detective lives at 21 Rajani Sen Road,[2] Ballygunge, Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Feluda first made his appearance in a Bengali children's magazine called Sandesh in 1965, under the editorialship of Satyajit and Subhas Mukhopadhyay. His first adventure was Feludar Goendagiri.[3]

Feluda is often accompanied by his cousin Tapesh Ranjan Mitra (affectionately called Topshe by Feluda), who serves as the narrator of the stories. From the sixth story, Sonar Kella (The Golden Fortress), the duo are joined by a popular thriller writer Jatayu (Lalmohon Ganguli).

Feluda has had been filmed at times, with the character been played by Soumitra Chatterjee, Sabyasachi Chakrabarty, Abir Chatterjee and Shashi Kapoor. Satyajit Ray directed two Feluda movies — Sonar Kella (1974) and Joi Baba Felunath (1978). Sandip Ray made a new Feluda film series (continuation of the original series) on Feluda's adventures which started from Baksho Rahashya (1996). In this series he made ten TV films and six theatrical films in Bengali on the character. Sandip Ray also made a stand-alone Feluda film Badshahi Angti (2014) which was intended to be the first film of a reboot series, but the series was cancelled and Sandip Ray came back to the previous film series.

Character development of Feluda[edit]

Inspiration from Sherlock Holmes[edit]

Feluda is a big admirer of Sherlock Holmes which he mentions multiple times. In Kailash Choudharyr Pathar he praises the way Holmes used to draw large conclusions from observations. In Londone Feluda, when Feluda goes to Baker Street, he openly considers Holmes as the "master" (Bengali: guru) of all private detectives.

Satyajit Ray had deep interests in crime fiction and he read all of Sherlock Holmes fictions in his school days. And when Ray himself started writing on crime fictions, unsurprisingly, the character Sherlock Holmes inspired his writings. Feluda's character resembles Sherlock Holmes and Tapesh/Topshe's character resembles Dr. Watson.[4] In the stories of Feluda, he is displayed as a big admirer of Sherlock Holmes which he mentions multiple times. In Kailash Choudhury'r Pathar he praises the way Holmes used to draw large conclusions from observations. In Londone Feluda, when Feluda goes to Baker Street, he openly considers Holmes as the "master" (Bengali: guru) of all private detectives.

Personality of Feluda[edit]

Prodosh Chandra Mitra, popularly known by his nickname Feluda, first appeared in the eponymous Bengali short story Feludar Goyendagiri (Danger in Darjeeling) in 1965.[3] The story, written by Satyajit Ray, was published in Sandesh, a children's periodical founded by Ray's grandfather, Upendrakishore Ray Chowdhary and edited by Ray himself. In the Feluda series that followed, he was portrayed as a man of around 27 with a tall (6'2"), athletic figure. Despite being a strongly built man adept in martial arts, Feluda relies mostly upon his superb analytical ability and observation skill (jokingly referred to as the Magajastra or brain-weapon) to solve cases instead of using physical strength or weapons. He is very choosy about taking up cases and prefers cases that require cerebral effort. He possesses a .32 Colt revolver, but the weapon is used very infrequently and mostly for non-violent purposes. However, contemporary (2000s) movies based on Feluda stories feature scenes of violence uncharacteristic of the series, where Feluda demonstrates his martial art powers. Feluda is known to be a good sleight-of-hand, and he put that skill to use for solving couple of cases. He is also good at disguises. Feluda often calls a meeting while solving the mystery, where he cajoles the culprit in admitting their crime.

Feluda's personal life[edit]

In his personal life, Feluda is a common Bengali youth who has been brought up by his father's younger brother (Tapesh/Topshe's father) after his parent's death when he was only 9. His father, the late Jaykrishna Mitra, used to teach Mathematics and Sanskrit at Dhaka Collegiate School. Feluda was in a bank job before his detective career. He finds an avid listener in his cousin Tapesh. Also, he often uses his oratory skill at the climactic scenes to cajole the culprit in confessing his crime. He is an early riser and is often shown starting his day with yoga.

Contrary to his otherwise healthy lifestyle, Feluda enjoys smoking charminar cigarettes, exercising and chewing betel leaves. His favourite brand of cigarettes is Charminar. He is a connoisseur of delicious foods, popular music and movies, and books. He has a great appreciation for Sherlock Holmes and, according to the film Tintorettor Jishu, Bruce Lee. Like Sherlock Holmes, he has an voracious reading habit (reflecting that of Ray's own), which add up to his enormous general knowledge. This know-how often comes handy while socialising with people and unravelling mysteries. He always reads about the place he is visiting. He says it comes in handy sometimes. He is also fond of Tintin, specially his cousin Topshe is a fan of Tintin. Some of the Feluda stories and films have many references of The Adventures of Tintin.

Other characters[edit]

Tapesh Ranjan Mitra[edit]

Feluda's cousin Tapesh Ranjan Mitra (Mittir in casual Bengali), who is fondly referred to as Topshe,[5] is based on Arthur Conan Doyle's conception of Dr. John Watson. Just like the former army surgeon, Topshe is the quintessential accomplice and faithfully records each of Prodosh Mitra's exploits accurately. Topshe is a smart teenager. In the first story of Feluda series (i.e. Feludar Goyendagiri), Topshe was thirteen and a half where Feluda's age was twenty seven, just the double of Topshe. Though Feluda often teases his young cousin, he is extremely fond and very protective of him. Feluda lives with Topshe's family. Topshe's father, Binay Mitra is the younger brother of Feluda's father, and therefore his uncle, and they all reside at 21, Rajani Sen Road, Kolkata-700029.[2] Although there really is a 'Rajani Sen Road'[2] in Kolkata, the house number is missing. Formerly, they all used to live in Tara road, Kolkata. Though not mentioned explicitly, Topshe is good-looking, fair, tall and handsome, as per different illustrations made by Satyajit Ray himself.

Detailed knowledge regarding Topshe's high school education is not available, but he used to go to school during the adventure of Sonar Kella (the sixth book of Feluda series). In the film adaptation of Sonar Kella, Topshe's mother shows her concern regarding his career and study as he spends a lots of time in case solving with Feluda. By the time of Kailashe Kelenkari (the eighth book of the series) he have had his secondary examination ('Madhyamik Pariksha'). Just like Feluda, Topshe also used to read lot of books to enhance his knowledge. Topshe often gets his lessons from Feluda himself. In many cases, Feluda tests his deductive knowledge and he usually passes the test satisfactorily. In the movie Sonar Kella Topshe's father aptly said that Topshe is a lucky boy who got Feluda as his mentor. Topshe is fond of 'Adventures of Tintin' comic series. In the book Kailashe Kelenkari, he is found reading 'Tintin in Tibet'.

Topshe always takes an active part in Feluda's adventure. Though in most cases, he follows Feluda's instructions or indications, there are instances where he himself gets involved into some action/investigation. To mention a few, he and Jatayu (a.k.a. Lalmohan Ganguly) sneaks into a warehouse in 'Patan' (Nepal) to discover vast collection of smuggled narcotics (book Jato Kando Kathmandute); finds out the stabbed body of a missing man in the woods (book Darjeeling Jomjomat); replaces the pink pearl with a fake for safe-keeping (book Golapi Mukta Rahasya). The last incident impressed Feluda as well. However, all these activities mainly comes in the latter part of the series. He also interrogated the suspects in Apsara Theaterer Mamla when Feluda was sick and bed-ridden. Feluda solved the case just from the report of that interrogation.

In movies and TV films the character of Feluda has been played by Soumitra Chatterjee, Sabyasachi Chakrabarty and recently Abir Chatterjee, while Topshe has been played by Siddartha Chatterjee, Saswata Chatterjee, Parambrata Chattopadhyay and Saheb Bhattacharjee over the years. In Sandip Ray's 2014 film Badshahi Angti, actor Sourav Das played the role.

Lalmohan Ganguli or Jatayu[edit]

Lalmohan Ganguli is a close friend of Prodosh Chandra Mitra, and is described as the author of a series of Bengali crime thrillers written under the pseudonym 'Jatayu'. His crime stories and novels are usually derided as unbelievable, considering that his main character is always the superhero Prakhar Rudra, and in his words, Height:6 ft 3 1/2 inches, waist:36, chest:46, shoulders:22 and wrist:8 1/2. Though all his novels seem to have become best-sellers, he often tends to make extremely silly mistakes such as spelling igloos as 'ilgoos'. In Baksho Rahasya or Incident On The Kalka Mail, he confuses hippos with walruses — a tendency that Feluda often tries to correct. He sometimes serves as a perfect foil to the group and in Ray's own words provides 'dollops of humour', although he sometimes does some brave acts not expected of him. He owns a 'Madrasi green' Ambassador car. Jatayu makes his first appearance in Sonar Kella joining Feluda and Topshe in the train at Kanpur, on their way to Jodhpur. In the first two films on Feluda, which were directed by Ray himself, the character was played by Santosh Dutta, and after the first one, Ray modified the literary character to some extent, making him look and behave quite like Dutta himself. In the next films directed by Ray's son, Sandip Ray, this character was played by Mohan Agashe, Rabi Ghosh, Anup Kumar and Bibhu Bhattacharya respectively. Jatayu also has a fantasy of collecting weapons. In various books he carried weapons like 'kukri' (Nepali knife), and smoke bomb. Jatayu lives at Garpar in Kolkata, and it may be recalled that Satyajit Ray himself passed his childhood at 100, Garpar.

Sidhu Jetha[edit]

Sidhu Jetha's formal name is Siddheshwar Bose. He is an aged character who has described himself to be like Sherlock Holmes's brother Mycroft, living in Sardar Sankar Road, Lake Market, Kalighat, Kolkata. He is a bibliophile, and has an extensive base of general knowledge, current and historical affairs. He is a close friend of Feluda's father, being former neighbours in their ancestral village in Bangladesh. Feluda's jyatha (that is, uncle) is said to have a 'photographic memory', and is a vast source of information which comes in handy when Feluda is in need of some. His vast knowledge comes from his collection of varied kinds of newspaper clippings which he has accumulated over the years. The role was played by Harindranath Chattopadhyay in Sonar Kella, Ajit Bandopadhyay in Baksho Rahashya and by Haradhan Banerjee in Kailashe Kelenkari and in Gorosthaney Sabdhan. Following recent Feluda films made by Sandip Ray, Satyajit Ray's son, there have been questions over Sidhu Jyatha's continued relevance in the stories considering technologies such as the internet offer a faster, wider and more effective knowledge base than a well-read person.

Haripada Datta[edit]

Haripada Datta is the driver of Lalmohon Ganguli's second-hand green Mark II Ambassador car. He is a loyal, intelligent and reliable person and is of great help when needed. He played a crucial role in Gorosthaney Sabhdhan where he saved the lives of Feluda, Jatayu, and Topshe. In Ambar Sen Antardhan Rahasya, Haripada is seen carrying the ransom to the kidnapper. He also has a minor role in Boshpukery Khunkharapi, where he takes part in a surveillance mission with the rest of Feluda's gang in disguise.

Maganlal Meghraj[edit]

Maganlal Meghraj, as drawn by Satyajit Ray

Meghraj is a villainous character who appears in three Feluda stories, including Joi Baba Felunath, Joto Kando Kathmandute, and Golapi Mukta Rahasya. He has been compared to Professor Moriarty of the Sherlock Holmes series. Utpal Dutta immortalised this character in one Feluda movie Joi Baba Felunath, which Satyajit Ray directed. After him Mohan Agashe played this character two times in telefilms.

Maganlal lives in Benaras. He has a house in Joka, Kolkata also. His son's name is Surajlal Meghraj. He is officially a money-lender but is involved in smuggling artifacts, narcotics (through Indo-Nepal border) and jewellery. His Kolkata house had been raided once but he escaped any charges until Feluda caught him red-handed in smuggling an invaluable Ganesh Murti (an idol of the elephant god) during the case of Joi Baba Felunath. However, he was not behind bars for a long time. In the nineteenth book, Jato Kando Kathmandute, Feluda said that he was not at all surprised seeing Meghraj out of jail as that was nothing for such an influential person. Once again he was arrested in charge of murder and smuggling, yet he averted any long term punishment and we saw him once again in the thirty-first story, Golapi Mukta Rahasyao.

Maganlal is a good judge of human character. He lured Bikash Sinha, secretary of Umanath Ghoshal, to steal the invaluable 'Ganesh Murti' from the Ghoshal-house. He also has a special interest in humiliating Jatayu. In Joi Baba Felunath he made Jatayu the subject of a knife-throwing play. In Jato Kando Kathmandute, he purposefully slips an L.S.D cube in Jatayu's tea. In his third appearance, he made Jatayu to sing a Tagore song (which Jatayu said his first time experience of singing a song). Surprising it may be, he shows a queer fondness to Jatayu and usually calls him as 'Uncle'.

During these three stories, we see many accomplices of Maganlal. Some of them are Machhli-Baba, Bikash Sinha, Arjun the knife thrower, Anantalaal Bantra, Dr. Dibakar and Manohar. Maganlaal has his own Bajra by which he travels in Ganga near Benaras. The door of his house in Benaras is painted with figures of two swordsmen. During the making of the movie, Joi Baba Felunath, this swordsmen were painted by Satyajit Ray himself.

Pulak Ghoshal[edit]

Ghoshal is a Mumbai-based popular Hindi film director hailing from Kolkata. His original home in Kolkata is in the neighbourhood of Lalmohonbabu's in northern Kolkata's Garpar. He has directed two films based on Lalmohonbabu's stories. During the shooting of both these films, dangerous events took place, resulting in arrest of a producer in one film (Bombaiyer Bombete) and arrest of an actor in another film (Darjeeling Jamjomat).

Minor characters[edit]

  • Srinath is the domestic help of Feluda and Topshe. He is often seen serving tea for Feluda and his clients. He is also a good cook of Bengali food.
  • Bharadwaj is a minor character who is the household cook at Jatayu's place.
  • Baikuntha Mallik was Jatayu's Bengali teacher at Ethenium Institution when he was in the seventh grade. Lalmohan Babu often describes him as a great poet who did not get the adulation he deserved. There is no presence of him in the story but in some stories we can see Jatayu reciting his poems.

Feluda series[edit]

In the Feluda series there are 35 published and four unpublished stories. The list is chronologically arranged.

Color key

  •      indicates "story".
  •      indicates "novel".
  •      indicates unfinished writings.
Novel/story English title First publication details Plot outline Setting Characters
Topshe Jatayu Sidhu Jetha Villain/antagonist
Feludar Goendagiri Danger in Darjeeling Sandesh, December 1965—February 1966 Feluda goes to Darjeeling with Topshe, meets Rajen Babu who gets a life threat in a letter. Feluda investigates. Darjeeling Yes No No Tinkori Mukhopadhyay
Badshahi Angti The Emperor's Ring Sandesh, May 1966—May 1967 Feluda with Topshe and Topshe's father goes to meet Dhiru Kaka, their advocate uncle in Lucknow. There they find Dr Srivastav's house burgled the previous night and a precious ring was stolen. Feluda starts investigating secretly Lucknow, Haridwar, Lakshman Jhula Yes No No Bonobihari Sarkar, Ganesh Guha
Kailash Choudhury'r Pathar Kailash Choudhury's Jewel Sharadiya Sandesh, 1967 Feluda investigates a complex case involving twins and a rare valuable gem. Kolkata Yes No No Kedar Choudhury
Sheyal Debota Rahasya The Anubis Mystery Sandesh, Summer issue, May—June 1970 Nilmoni Sanyal buys a precious statue of Anubis from an auction. But soon the statue goes missing. Feluda is appointed to investigate. Kolkata Yes No No Nilmoni Sanyal
Gangtokey Gondogol Trouble in Gangtok Sharadiya Desh, 1970 Feluda and Topshe visit Gangtok for a vacation and meet some interesting people, each having a key role in a case of a car accident, later revealed to be a well planned murder. Gangtok, Rumtek Yes No No Sasadhar Bose alias Dr. Baidya
Sonar Kella The Golden Fortress Sharadiya Desh, 1971 Mukul Dhar, a child of Kolkata claims that he can remember events of his previous life and informs that in his previous life he used to stay in a "Golden Fortress" of Rajasthan. Feluda finds out the truth behind it! Rajasthan Yes Yes Yes Amiyanath Burman and Mandar Bose
Baksho Rahashya Incident on the Kalka Mail Sharadiya Desh, 1972 Dinanath Lahiri, an aged Bengali man, meets Feluda and informs that he has mistakenly swapped his suitcase in a train with one belonging to one of his co-passengers and asks Feluda to return it. Feluda discovers that there was a valuable manuscript in the suitcase of Mr. Lahiri. Feluda takes the responsibility to find out the suitcase and the manuscript. Kolkata, Shimla Yes Yes Yes Naresh Chandra Pakrashi and Prabir Lahiri
Samaddarer Chabi The Key Sharadiya Sandesh, 1973 Radharaman Samaddar, a Bengali wealthy musician, dies keeping all his money in an unknown secret place. Before dying, he utters the word "In my name... key". This might be the clue to find the hidden wealth. Feluda is asked for assistance to find out the money. Bamungachhi Yes No No Monimohan Samaddar
Kailashey Kelenkari A Killer in Kailash Sharadiya Desh, 1973 Feluda investigates a case of illegal trade of valuable artefacts stolen from ancient Indian temples, the latest being a 'yakshi' head sculpt from a temple in Orissa Kolkata, Aurangabad Yes Yes Yes Chattoraj a.k.a. Mr. Rakshit
Royal Bengal Rahashya The Royal Bengal Mystery Sharadiya Desh, 1974 On an invitation by Mahitosh Singha Ray, Lalmohon Babu takes Feluda and Topshe to a forest near Bhutan where Feluda is given a puzzle to solve. He solves that successfully, unearths hidden secrets of the Singha Ray family, solves a murder and kills a man-eater tiger in the process. He, at the end of the story is rewarded with a Tiger-skin. Laxman Bari, an imaginary place near Bhutan border,
46 miles from New Jalpaiguri Railway Station
Yes Yes No -
Joi Baba Felunath The Mystery of the Elephant God Sharadiya Desh, 1975 Feluda, his cousin Topshe and the thriller writer Jatayu visit Benaras during the Durga Pujas. There a valuable small Ganesh statue from a Ghoshal family gets stolen. Feluda is appointed to find out the thief. This is also Feluda's first meeting with his nemesis Maganlal Meghraj Benaras Yes Yes No Maganlal Meghraj, Vikas Singha
Ghurghutiyar Ghatona The Locked Chest Sharadiya Sandesh, 1975 Kalikinkar Majumdar from Ghughutiya, Nadia, West Bengal sends a mail to Feluda claiming him to be an admirer of Feluda and invites him to Ghurghutiya. Felua and Topshe go to the place. There in the house Kalikinkar Mukherjee shows them a talking parrot which only knows number combination to unlock a locker. The parrot says— Trinayan, o trinayan, ektu jiro. Now Feluda has to find out the number combination from those unclear words uttered by the parrot. Feluda finds that out, in addition he finds out something more— a murder. Ghurghutiya, Nadia, West Bengal Yes No No Bishwanath Majumdar
Bombaiyer Bombete The Bandits of Bombay Sharadiya Desh, 1976 Pulak Ghoshal is making a Hindi film based on Jatayu's bestseller. But a mysterious man named Sanyal has other plans for the simpleton thriller writer Mumbai Yes Yes No Gopinath Gorey a.k.a. Sanyal
Gosainpur Sargaram The Mystery of the Walking Dead Sharadiya Sandesh, 1976 Gosaipur is a small town, not far from Kolkata. But the erstwhile zamindar of that area has lost faith in his son, and is becoming increasingly dependent on an astrologer who claims to bring back the dead! Feluda investigates. Gosainpur, Burdwan District, West Bengal Yes Yes No Mriganko Bhattacharya (Atmaram)
Gorosthaney Sabdhan The Secret of the Cemetery Sharadiya Desh, 1977 A man is found lying unconscious after a stormy evening at South Park Street Cemetery. Feluda goes to investigates and finds the man's wallet there. He meets the injured victim himself. He senses something wrong and starts an investigation on his own, which leads him to deep secrets lying in the history of the city of Kolkata. Kolkata Yes Yes Yes Mahadev Chowdhury, William Girindranath Bishwas
Chhinnamastar Abhishap The Curse of the Goddess Sharadiya Desh, 1978 Feluda and team visits Hazaribagh in Jharkhand, and gets invited by a puzzle loving retired advocate in his birthday party. The advocate dies in an incident but not before giving cryptic clues to Feluda. Hazaribagh Yes Yes No Arunendra Chowdhury
Hatyapuri The House of Death Sharadiya Sandesh, 1979 Feluda and Co goes to Puri to escape the heat of Kolkata. The mystery revolves around Mr. D.G. Sen, an elderly gentleman, who has the hobby of collecting rare 'Puthis' (old hand written books/manuscripts). He is a true collector and denies lucrative offers from prospective buyers. However, a group of people are determined to steal the most valuable manuscripts from his collection. Topshe and Jatayu discover a dead body lying on the beach. The story takes a big turn when one of the prime suspects is found to be murdered. Feluda investigates. Puri, Odisha Yes Yes No Mr. A. Sarkar a.k.a. Bilas Majumdar & Lakshman Bhattacharya
Golokdham Rahasya The Mysterious Tenant Sandesh May—August 1980 A theft of immensely valuable research papers takes place in the house of a retired scientist. Feluda is called in to investigate, and finds the case much more complex than expected as a tenant of the house is murdered. Kolkata Yes No Yes Ranajit Banerjee, Nihar Ranjan Dutta
Joto Kando Kathmandute The Criminals of Kathmandu Sharadiya Desh, 1980 Feluda goes to Nepal to catch a murderer, and discovers the case to be far more complicating than it seems. While investigating, Jatayu gets drugged and Feluda meets an old enemy. Kathmandu, Patan, Nepal Yes Yes No Maganlal Meghraj, Dr. Dibakar & Anantlal Batra
Napoleoner Chithi Napoleon's Letter Sharadiya Sandesh, 1981 A pet bird gets stolen the day after it was bought. And in the same house, an aged curio collector is murdered by a person who seemingly doesn't exist. Do the two mysteries have any link? Feluda investigates. Kolkata and 24 Pargana District, WestBengal Yes Yes No Sadhan Dastidar
Tintorettor Jishu Tintoretto's Jesus Sharadiya Desh, 1982 Feluda meets an aristocratic Bengali family with a rich history. During his stay, a valuable painting by Italian painter Tintoretto is stolen, Feluda investigates and lands up in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Yes Yes No Nandakumar Neogi, Hiralal Somani
Ambar Sen Antordhan Rahasya The Disappearance of Ambar Sen Anandamela 4 May—15 June 1983 Ambar Sen, a Bengali comes to Feluda and informs him that he has got threatening mail. Later Mr. Sen is kidnapped. Feluda investigates. Kolkata Yes Yes No Samaresh Mullick
Jahangirer Swarnamudra The Gold Coins of Jahangir Sharadiya Sandesh, 1983 The trio of Feluda, Jatayu and Tapesh has been invited to Panihati to investigate the case of a missing gold coin of Jahangir. The client had a collection of 12 gold coins but on his last birthday, one of them was stolen by one of his most trusted invitees. He invites the same group of people this year and asks Feluda to catch the culprit while hiding his true identity. Panihati Yes Yes No Jayanta Chowdhury & Dr. Sarkar
Ebar Kando Kedarnathe Crime in Kedarnath Sharadiya Desh, 1984 Feluda, along with Jatayu and Topshe goes to Kedarnath, in the Himalayan belt, to stop a possible crime which can happen against a retired maverick chemist, Bhavani Upadhay. It soon turns out that Upadhyay has, in his possession, a valuable artefact, awarded to him for his services to a king. The trio, while trying to find out the man and warn him of the coming danger, also learn about Upadhyay's life, which is somehow connected to Jatayu. Kedarnath Yes Yes No Krishnakant Bhargav a.k.a. Devishankar Puri
Bosepukure Khunkharapi The Acharya Murder Case Sharadiya Sandesh, 1985 Indra Narayan Acharya, a theatre artist from a rich family gets murdered. Is it one of the rival theatre groups, or a person Acharya thought to be trustworthy? Feluda investigates. Kolkata Yes Yes No Pradyumna Mullick,
Harinarayana Acharya
Darjeeling Jamjomat Murder in the Mountains Sharadiya Desh, 1986 Feluda and team joins a film crew shooting the 2nd film based on Jatayu's books. A murder happens during the shoot. A body is found in the forest. Feluda investigates. Darjeeling Yes Yes No Vishnudas Balaporia a.k.a. Rajen Raina
Bhuswarga Bhoyonkor Peril in Paradise Sharadiya Desh, 1987 Feluda and trio goes to Kashmir. They meet a retired judge who attempts calling the spirits of the criminals whom he sentenced to death, but is secretly unconvinced by their crime. He is found murdered after a few days. Feluda tries to find out the murderer. Kashmir Yes Yes No Hanuman Raut a.k.a. Prayag Misri,
Mr. Sapru a.k.a. Mr. Sarkar,
Vijay Mullick
Apsara Theaterer Mamla The Case of Apsara Theatre Sharadiya Sandesh, 1987 A notable theatre personality is found murdered, and Feluda attempts to uncover the mystery. Kolkata Yes Yes No Mahitosh Roy
Shakuntalar Kanthahaar Shakuntala's Necklace Sharadiya Desh, 1988 Feluda and Co meet and befriend a Lucknow resident, whose family is a fan of the investigator, on a pleasure trip to the same city and get invited to his house. There, a necklace of late actress Shakuntala Devi, mother-in-law of the host, gets stolen, and Feluda must unmask the culprit of not only the theft, but also a murder. Lucknow Yes Yes No Albert Ratanlal Banerjee, Mary Sheela
Golapi Mukta Rahasya The Mystery of the Pink Pearl Sharadiya Desh, 1989 Joychaand Baral possesses an extremely rare object – a Pink Pearl, which has sought attention of quite a few influential people, notably Maganlal Meghraj, the nemesis of Feluda. Can Feluda stop him before he plans another crime to possess the pearl? Kolkata, Benaras Yes Yes Yes Maganlal Meghraj
Londone Feluda Feluda in London Sharadiya Desh, 1989 Feluda goes to London on request of Ranjan Majumdar, a client, to find out about a British man who is dead. The person is connected to Majumdar's student life in London, which Majumdar has no memory of. London, Kolkata Yes Yes No Ranjan Majumdar
Dr. Munshir Diary Dr. Munshi's Diary Sharadiya Sandesh, 1990 Eminent psychiatrist Dr. Munshi engages Feluda in a 'simple' task of ensuring cooperation of 2 men with a criminal history, whom Munshi had previously cured of mental disorder, as he is about to release facts about their treatment in his autobiography. Soon, however, Feluda finds himself in the thick of matters as Dr. Munshi is murdered, and the autobiography goes missing. Kolkata Yes Yes No Chandranath Bose
Nayan Rahasya The Mystery Of Nayan Sharadiya Desh, 1990 A magician finds a boy with special abilities and takes him to Chennai for a show. Feluda is asked to ensure the boy's safety. Chennai Yes Yes No Sunil Tarafdar
Robertsoner Ruby Robertson's Ruby Sharadiya Desh, 1992 Feluda & Co. is involved in a quest to save a valuable Ruby which was taken from India to London during the Sepoy Mutiny. During the course of events, old wounds resurface, uncovering a brutal event which happened when India was under British rule. Birbhum, West Bengal Yes Yes No Inspector Chaubey a.k.a. Richard Shankar Prasad
Indrajal Rahasya The Magical Mystery Sandesh December 1995—February 1996 A retired magician calls Feluda to check a manuscript of a book, which will be bought by another magician, Suryakumar. A small statue of Krishna gets stolen and a murder also occurs, which Feluda investigates, while bringing to light the buried secrets of the magician's family. Kolkata Yes Yes No Suryakumar a.k.a. Akhil Burman
Unfinished writings
Baksho Rahasya
(first draft)
N.A. Sharadiya Sandesh, 1995
Tota Rahasya
(first draft)
N.A. Sharadiya Sandesh
Tota Rahasya
(second draft)
N.A. Sharadiya Sandesh
Aditya Bardhaner Abishkar
N.A. Sharadiya Sandesh

Feluda in other media[edit]

Films[edit]

Satyajit Ray directed Sonar Kella (1974) and Joi Baba Felunath (1979) into movies in Bengali, starring actor Soumitra Chatterjee as Feluda, Santosh Dutta as Jatayu and Siddartha Chatterjee as Topshe. This two films created a cult following in Bengali cinema later years.

Until 2011, Sandip Ray directed five Feluda theatrical feature-length films. The first theatrically released Feluda film directed by Ray was Baksho Rahashya (1996) which was the first film of the Feluda TV film series.

TV films[edit]

In addition to the feature films, 10 Feluda stories have been filmed by Sandip Ray as television films under the names/packages:

  • Satyajit Ray Presents (In Hindi, Kissa Kathmandu Mein based on Joto Kando Kathmandute for DD 1) (1986) DD Bangla.
  • Ghurghutiyar Ghatona (1992) and Golokdham Rahasya (1992) were directed by Bibhash Chakraborty.
  • Feluda 30 (Baksho Rahashya, Gosaipur Sargaram, Sheyal Devta Rahashya, Bosepukure Khunkharapi, Joto Kando Kathmandu for DD Bangla, Later Repeated in Tara Muzik) (1996–1998)
  • Satyajiter Goppo (Jahangirer Swarnamudra, Ghurghutiyar Ghotona, Golapi Mukto Rahashya, Ambar Sen Antardhan Rahashya for DD Bangla) (1999)
  • Satyajiter Priyo Golpo (Dr Munshir Diary for ETV Bangla) (2000)

From 1999 to 2001 Bangladesh Television (BTV) aired nine Feluda TV films. The series gained a huge popularity in Bangladesh.

In the Hindi telefilm Kissa Kathmandu Mein (1985), Feluda was played by Shashi Kapoor, Jatayu by Mohan Agashe, Topshe by Alankar Joshi and Magan Lal Meghraj once again by Utpal Dutt. Feluda was played by Soumitra Chatterjee in two Bengali Feluda telefilms made in 1992, while Sabyasachi Chakrabarty played that role in Feluda telefilms made later. After the death of Santosh Dutta Jatayu was played by Rabi Ghosh in the first two TV films, after his death Anup Kumar played Jatayu and finally by Bibhu Bhattacharya. In Sandip Ray's ten Feluda TV films Topshe was played by Saswata Chatterjee.

Feluda 2017[edit]

Sandip Ray has sold the rights of Feluda stories to Bangladeshi production company Kandy Productions, who are producing a TV series inspired by the original Feluda series. It will premiere on Channel i[12][13][14][15][16][17] as well as digitally on Bioscopelive from September, 2017. The series will be available in India on the digital platform Addatimes Digital.[18][19][20][21][22][23][24][12][13][14][15][16][17] Dhaka based Kandy Production is producing the series jointly with Top of Mind Creations, another Bangladeshi TV and film production house. Parambrata Chatterjee plays Feluda and Ridhi Sen plays Topshe. The first season of the series is directed by Parambrata Chatterjee.[18][19][20][21][22][23][24][12][13][14][15][16][17]

Animation[edit]

In 2010 an animated TV film produced by DQE Productions titled Feluda: The Kathmandu Caper was produced and the rights were acquired by Disney Channel (India). The movie premiered on 1 January 2011.[25] DQE Productions also made a 13-episode animation series named Mysteries and Feluda after the animated TV film for Disney XD. The series including the TV film was set into a new universe, where Feluda, Topshe and Jatayu have many gadgets.

Radio[edit]

Comics[edit]

Some of the Feluda stories have been made into comic strips by artists and authors. Abhijit Chattopadhyay creates a comic strip based on Feluda stories in every Pujabarshiki Anondomela. The comics are published by Ananda Publishers. English versions of comics have appeared in The Telegraph.

Penguin Books has released comic book versions of around 35 Feluda mysteries. The art is drawn by Tapas Guha and the script is by Subhadra Sen Gupta.[26]

Music[edit]

In a collaborative album brought out in 1996 by HMV, Kabir Suman sings a 'Feludar Gaan' (Feluda's song). The song written by Kabir Suman was first publicised at Sandesh magazine on the special Feluda 30 issue released in December 1995 on the completion of 30 years of Feluda stories. Later in a collaborative album by HMV Choto Boro Miley (1996) the song was composed and performed by three-legend singer-songwriter Kabir Suman, Nachiketa Chakraborty and Anjan Dutt.

Later many of Bengali songs have references and symbols of Feluda franchise including "Calcium" by Anjan Dutt from the album Purono Guitar (1995).

Feluda in Pujabarshiki[edit]

Nearly every Feluda story was published annually in the Pujabarshiki Desh (the edition of Desh commemorating the Durgapuja published every year). Thereafter the stories were published as hard-back editions by Ananda Publishers. Some of the stories were published originally in Sandesh, a children's magazine co-edited by Satyajit Ray. In 2015 Feluda celebrates his 50 th years after appearance. This is printed as 'Feluda 50' in anandamela.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andrew Robinson (1989). Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye. University of California Press. pp. 233–. ISBN 978-0-520-06946-6. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Susnato Chowdhury (2007). "Feluda's Home". Kolkata TV. Retrieved 27 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Satyajit Ray (1 February 2005). Complete Adventures of Feluda. Penguin Books India. pp. 10–. ISBN 978-0-14-303278-6. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Ray; Satyajit & Sen Gupta; Subhadra (text) (2011). Feluda Mysteries : The Criminals Of. Penguin Books India. pp. 2–. ISBN 978-0-14-333154-4. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  5. ^ Ravi N. Pandey (1 January 2008). Encyclopaedia of Great Indian Novels And Novelists (Set of 3 Vols.). Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. p. 228. ISBN 978-81-261-3700-8. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  6. ^ Ruman Ganguly (14 May 2013) "Feluda's comeback with Badshahi Angti". The Times of India.
  7. ^ [1]. ABP Ananda
  8. ^ [2]. Anandabazar
  9. ^ [3]. The Times of India
  10. ^ [4]. dnaindia
  11. ^ [5][permanent dead link]. newshour.com
  12. ^ a b c http://www.bioscopelive.com/en/feluda-promo/all
  13. ^ a b c http://www.bioscopelive.com/en/feluda-full-series/all
  14. ^ a b c http://www.thedailystar.net/arts-entertainment/tv/new-feluda-tv-series-coming-bangladesh-1421287
  15. ^ a b c http://www.thedailystar.net/arts-entertainment/tv/bangladeshi-feluda-tv-series-detailed-1453045
  16. ^ a b c http://www.dhakatribune.com/showtime/2017/08/01/parambrata-plays-feluda-bangladeshi-tv/
  17. ^ a b c https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata/bangladesh-tvs-first-ever-feluda-series-starring-parambrata-courts-controversy/articleshow/59908201.cms
  18. ^ a b https://www.addatimes.com/show/feluda/
  19. ^ a b https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata/feluda-to-make-his-debut-on-bengali-web-series/articleshow/60084007.cms
  20. ^ a b https://silverscreen.in/hindi/features/calcuttas-favourite-super-sleuth-feluda-returns-with-a-modern-touch/
  21. ^ a b http://stgbnm.eenaduindia.com/Entertainment/OtherEntertainment/2017/09/02104035/Feluda-web-series-trailer-released.vpf
  22. ^ a b http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/feluda-parambrata-chatterjee-satyajit-ray-detective-webseries/1/1027341.html
  23. ^ a b https://thereel.scroll.in/847492/controversy-breaks-out-over-new-web-series-feluda
  24. ^ a b http://zeenews.india.com/bengali/entertainment/trailer-of-feluda-series-released-watch-it_173205.html
  25. ^ "Disney brings Satyajit Ray's detective Feluda to the small screen". December 30, 2010. Retrieved May 19, 2017. 
  26. ^ Penguin Books listing of Feluda Books

External links[edit]

  • Roy, Pinaki. " The Postcolonial Sleuth for Adoloscents: Rereading Satyajit Ray's Feluda-narratives". Clues: A Journal of Detection (McFarland). 36.1 (Spring 2018): 78-89.