Byomkesh Bakshi

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This article is about the fictional character. For other uses, see Byomkesh Bakshi (disambiguation).
Byomkesh Bakshi
Byomkesh Bakshi (1993 TV series) poster.jpg
Rajit Kapur as Byomkesh Bakshi in the TV series
First appearance Satyanweshi
Last appearance Bishupal Bodh
Created by Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay
Nickname(s) Satyanweshi
Gender Male
Occupation Private investigator
Title Satyanweshi
Family Bakshi
Spouse(s) Satyabati
Children Khoka
Nationality Indian

Byomkesh Bakshi (or Byomkesh Baksi or Byomkesh Bakshy) (Bengali: ব্যোমকেশ বক্সী) is a fictional detective in Bengali literature created by Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay.


Byomkesh hated being called a detective. He preferred the term satyanweshi, meaning seeker of truth. Unlike many other fictional detectives, Byomkesh ages, marries, has a son, starts a publishing firm with his assistant-come-chronicler Ajit (he makes a more stable income from this than from his seeking of the truth), buys a house in South Calcutta, and ponders buying a car for his wife Satyabati (note that "satya" occurs here again).[1] Where he stands out from other legendary detectives like Poirot or Sherlock Holmes is that he is more concerned with truth than with law as evidenced from his cases where he lets the perpetrator die by manipulating the circumstances using their own methods as a redemption and deliverance of justice for victim in absence of evidence as in Balak Jasoos, Ret Ka Daldal and few other cases.

Byomkesh's only addictions are smoking and tea. He has no musical ear to speak of but, like many modern young Bengalis of the time, a passion for football. He is a sympathizer of the bengali refugees during the partition of India. He also has a solid grasp over Bengali literature and a working knowledge of the Sanskrit classics from which both he and Ajit quote freely.[2]

He is mostly portrayed as lean, lanky and a tall gentleman who minds his manners. He is shown with bushy eyebrows which end up almost as unibrow, a vast forehead and a gutting jaw.


The first story appeared in print in 1932. The stories are chronicled by Ajit, a writer who meets Byomkesh in Satyanweshi.

The books are written in classical Bengali, with a mood of noir — fast, gripping, uncompromising in their portrayal of violence or lust, with touches of wry humour. There are 32 stories in all. Byomkesh gradually ages in them.[2]

In 1936, in only his tenth outing, Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay, wanted to retire Byomkesh. He married him off (an almost unheard-of thing for detectives across the world) and thought that was the end of it. He did not write another Byomkesh story for 16 years and settled in Bombay as a writer for Himanshu Roy's Bombay Talkies. But, on a visit to Calcutta, he discovered that Bengalis still hankered for his hero; graciously, he returned to Byomkesh and stayed with him till the end of his life.[1]

In a 1969 interview, Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay worried about Byomkesh — he was now 60 years old (10 years younger than his creator). Though mentally and physically fit, he would like to retire but was helpless as long as a vast number of Bengali readers kept wanting to read more of him. And the author could not let them down.[1]

List of Stories[edit]

Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay wrote 32 Byomkesh stories between 1932 and 1970, with one additional story remaining incomplete at the time of his death. The stories are as follows:[3][4]

  • 1931 Satyanweshi a.k.a.The Inquisitor
  • 1932 Pother Kanta a.k.a.The Gramaphone Pin Mystery
  • 1932 Seemant-heera a.k.a.The Hidden Heirloom
  • 1933 Makorshar Rosh a.k.a.The Venom Of The Tarantula
  • 1933 Arthamanartham a.k.a.Where There's a Will
  • 1933 Chorabali a.k.a.Quicksand
  • 1935 Agnibaan a.k.a.Calamity Strikes
  • 1935 Uposonghaar a.k.a.An Encore for Byomkesh
  • 1936 Roktomukhi Neela a.k.a.The Deadly Diamond
  • 1936 Byomkesh O Boroda a.k.a.Byomkesh and Barada
  • 1951 Chitrochor a.k.a.Picture Imperfect
  • 1952 Durgo Rahasyaaka Mystery of the Fortress
  • 1953 Chiriyakhana a.k.a.The Menagerie
  • 1955 Adim Ripu আদিম রিপু
  • 1956 Banhi-patanga বহ্নি-পতঙ্গ
  • 1956 Rokter Daag রক্তের দাগ
  • 1958 Monimondon a.k.a.The Jewel Case
  • 1959 Amriter Mrityu a.k.a.The Death of Amrito
  • 1959 Shailo Rahasya a.k.a.Phantom Client
  • 1960 Achin Pakhi a.k.a.The Avenger
  • 1961 Kohen Kobi Kalidas a.k.a.Thus spoke Kavi Kalidasa
  • 1961 Adrishyo Trikon a.k.a.The Invisible Triangle
  • 1961 Khunji Khunji Nari a.k.a.The Will that Vanished
  • 1961 Adwitiyo a.k.a."one and only"
  • 1963 Mognomoinak মগ্নমৈনাক
  • 1963 Dushtochokro a.k.a.The Crooked Circle
  • 1964 Henyalir Chhondo a.k.a.The Rhythm of Riddles
  • 1964 Room Nombor Dui a.k.a.Room Number 2
  • 1965 Chholonar Chhondo a.k.a.Man in a Red Coat
  • 1967 Shajarur Kanta a.k.a.The Quills of the Porcupine
  • 1968 Benishonghar বেণীসংহার
  • 1969 Lohar Biskut a.k.a.Iron Biscuits
  • 1970 Bishupal Bodh (incomplete) বিশুপাল বধ (অসমাপ্ত) he[5]

In other media[edit]

Film adaptations[edit]

Radio adaptations[edit]

The Sunday Suspense series of 98.3 Radio Mirchi (Kolkata) adapted total seven novels of Byomkesh Bakshi for audio stories which include Satyanweshi, Makorshar Rosh, Agnibaan, Roktomukhi Neela, Khunji Khunji Nari, Adwitiyo and Lohar Biscuit.

Television adaptations[edit]

  • In the early 1980s Kolkata Doordarshan produced several episodes of Byomkesh Bakshi where Ajoy Ganguly acted as Byomkesh.
  • Byomkesh Bakshi (1993) directed by Basu Chatterjee was the critically acclaimed television adaptation of the series. Actor Rajit Kapur played the role of Byomkesh Bakshi, for which he was highly praised. Ajit was played by K.K. Raina and Satyabati was played by Sukanya Kulkarni who was the first actress to play the character. The series had 32 episodes, aired on DD 1 Season 1 in 1993 and Season 2 in 1997.[20]
  • Byomkesh Bakshi (2004) directed by Swapan Ghoshal was the second television adaptation of the series also aired on Doordarshan. Actor Sudip Mukherjee debuted with the role of Byomkesh Bakshi. Debdut Ghosh played the role of Ajit while Satyaboti was played by Maitreyi Mitra.
  • Byomkesh (2007) was also directed by Swapan Ghosal, who collaborated with Tara Muzik (a private Bengali T. V. channel). Actor Saptarshi Roy has played Bakshi while Ajit and Satyaboti were played by two lesser-known actors.
  • A 2014 TV series named Byomkesh airing on Colors Bangla, actor Gaurav Chakrabarty played the role of Byomkesh.


Further reading[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d The Curious Case of Byomkesh Bakshi
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ Bandyopādhyāẏa, Śaradindu (1995). Byomakeśa samagra. Ananda Publishers Pvt. Limited. p. Contents. ISBN 978-81-7215-355-7. 
  4. ^ "Stories". - ব্যোমকেশ.কম. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ Bhattacharya Supriya (1 September 2009). Impressions 8, 2/E. Pearson Education India. pp. 1–. ISBN 978-81-317-2777-5. Retrieved 16 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Andrew Robinson (1989). Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye. University of California Press. pp. 231–. ISBN 978-0-520-06946-6. Retrieved 16 July 2012. 
  8. ^ "Sajaraur Kanta". Complete index to world film. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c Chatterjee, Shoma (24 May 2014). "Mystery Trail". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 26 October 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  10. ^ "Abar Byomkesh". Telegraph, Calcutta. 31 March 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  11. ^ "Sujoy Ghosh to not act in any film after Rituparno's 'Satyanweshi'". IBNLIve. 15 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  12. ^ "Rituparno Ghosh's cinematographer, not Sujoy Ghosh to complete Satyanweshi". Hindustan Times. 10 June 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  13. ^ "Satyanweshi poster: Sujoy Ghosh looks like a real detective!". Bollywood Life. 31 July 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Another Byomkesh Bakshi mystery - The Indian Express". The Indian Express. 
  15. ^ "Konkona Sen Sharma-Indraneil Sengupta to star in new Byomkesh Bakshi film - The Indian Express". The Indian Express. 
  16. ^ "Sushant Singh Rajput to play Detective Byomkesh Bakshi". June 28, 2013. NDTV. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  17. ^ "Sushant Singh Rajput in Yash Raj Film's Detective Byomkesh Bakshi". June 27, 2013. Indian Express. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  18. ^ Ankita R Kanabar (24 April 2014). "The date shuffle". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  19. ^ "Jisshu as Byomkesh?". The Times of India. 
  20. ^ shahabkalim-1. "Byomkesh Bakshi (TV Series 1993– )". IMDb. 
  21. ^ "Doorbeen movie review". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 January 2014. 
  22. ^ 21st Century Byomkesh? Sushant Singh Rajput, Dibakar Banerjee on the Possibilities of Time Travel