Byomkesh Bakshi

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Byomkesh Bakshi
First appearanceSatyanweshi
Last appearanceBishupal Bodh
Created bySharadindu Bandyopadhyay
Portrayed byUttam Kumar
Ajoy Ganguli
Shyamal Ghosal
Rajit Kapur
Sudip Mukherjee
Saptarshi Roy
Subhrajit Dutta
Gaurav Chakrabarty
Anirban Bhattacharya
Jisshu Sengupta
Abir Chatterjee
Dhritiman Chatterjee
Sushant Singh Rajput
OccupationPrivate investigator
FamilySatyabati, Khoka, Ajit Bandyopadhyay (assistant and friend)

Byomkesh Bakshi is a popular Bengali fictional detective created by Sharadindu Bandhopadhay.


Sharadindu Bandhopadhay's most well known character Byomkesh Bakshi first appeared as a character in the story Satyanweshi (The Inquisitor). The story is set in 1931 in the Chinabazar area of Kolkata where a 'non government detective' Byomkesh Bakshi, owing to the permission from the police commissioner, starts living in a mess in that area under the pseudonym of Atul Chandra Mitra to probe a series of murders. Most of the stories are written by Sharadindu under the pen name of Ajit who is said to have met Byomkesh in the mess at Chinabazar. Byomkesh Bakshi is described in Satyanweshi as "a man of twenty-three or twenty-four years of age who looked well educated." Later in the story it comes to be known that Byomkesh lives on a three-story rented house at Harrison Road. The only other person living with him, is his attendant, Putiram. At the request of Byomkesh, Ajit starts living in the house with them. It is also mentioned that Byomkesh did not like being called a detective, and the word 'investigator' was even worse. Thus he fashioned a new name for himself and had it inscribed on a brass plate in front of his house. The plaque read "Byomkesh Bakshi Satyanweshi" (The Inquisitor). Unlike other lead characters in detective stories, Byomkesh Bakshi marries, ages, contemplates buying a car, etc. When Sukumar is charged with murder in the story ‘Arthamanartham’, Byomkesh meets Satyabati, Sukumar's sister, whom he later marries. In the story Adim Ripu, there is some information about Byomkesh's early childhood. His father Mahadev Bakshi was a mathematics teacher at a school and practised Sankhya philosophy at home while his mother was the daughter of a Vaishnavite. When Byomkesh was seventeen years old, his parents died of tuberculosis. Later, Byomkesh passed University with scholarship. During the Second World War and after India's independence, Byomkesh, Satyabati and Ajit live in the mess house of Harrison Road. It was the author's imagination, that the detective even assisted Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in his secret missions which was found to be written in one of the Byomkesh stories. Later, they decide to buy land in Keyatala in South Kolkata and shift to their new home.

Byomkesh stories[edit]

Saradindu Bandopadhyay penned 32 Byomkesh stories from 1932 to 1970 prior to his death. In his early stories, Ajit Bandhopadhyay is described as his companion cum chronicler of his stories. But in some cases there Ajit also investigates in absence of Byomkesh (Makorshar Rosh, Shoilo Rahasya). These stories are all written in traditional Bengali language but later stories shift to colloquial language. It is also found that the later stories are not penned by Ajit, as he is much more engaged in his publication business.

The stories are not very complicated but very grasping, with a long series of events. From the first one Satyanweshi, where Byomkesh destroys an international drug racket, to household mysteries and crimes like Arthamanartham, Makorshar Rosh, etc, all are equally enjoyable. Byomkesh gradually ages through the series, and he has a son called Khoka (little boy) as a nickname in the series. Sharadindu did not want to continue the Byomkesh stories, which is why he stopped writing Byomkesh stories from 1938 to 1951. During that time he was busy writing scripts for films in Bombay. After his return to West Bengal, there was still a demand for Byomkesh stories and so he wrote Chitrachor (Picture Imperfect) in 1951 and gradually on to 1970, when his last story "Bishupal Badh" (Killing of Bishupal) was not completed owing to his untimely death.

List of stories[edit]

  1. (1932) Satyanweshi a.k.a. The Seeker of Truth
  2. (1932) Pother Kanta a.k.a. The Thorns on the Path
  3. (1932) Seemanto-heera a.k.a. The Frontier Diamond
  4. (1933) Makorshar Rosh a.k.a. The Venom of the Tarantula
  5. (1933) Arthamanartham a.k.a. Where there is a Will
  6. (1933) Chorabali a.k.a. The Quicksand
  7. (1935) Agnibaan a.k.a. The Fire-Dart
  8. (1935) Uposonghaar a.k.a. Conclusion (The Return of Dr. Guha)
  9. (1936) Roktomukhi Neela a.k.a. The Deadly Sapphire
  10. (1936) Byomkesh O Boroda a.k.a. Byomkesh and Boroda
  11. (1951) Chitrochor a.k.a. The Portrait Thief
  12. (1952) Durgo Rahasya a.k.a. The Mystery of the Fortress
  13. (1953) Chiriyakhana a.k.a. The Zoo
  14. (1955) Adim Ripu a.k.a. The Pristine Enemy
  15. (1956) Banhi-patanga a.k.a. The Moth and the Flame
  16. (1956) Rokter Daag a.k.a. The Bloodstains
  17. (1958) Monimondon a.k.a. The Jewellery Box
  18. (1959) Amriter Mrityu a.k.a. The Death of Amrito
  19. (1959) Shailo Rahasya a.k.a. The Phantom Client
  20. (1960) Achin Pakhi a.k.a. The Strange Bird
  21. (1961) Kohen Kobi Kalidas a.k.a. Thus Spake the Poet Kalidasa
  22. (1961) Adrishyo Trikon a.k.a. The Invisible Triangle
  23. (1961) Khuji Khuji Nari a.k.a. The Will that Vanished
  24. (1961) Adwitiyo a.k.a. Unequalled
  25. (1963) Mognomoinak a.k.a. The Magnificent
  26. (1963) Dushtochokro a.k.a. The Wicked Circle
  27. (1964) Henyalir Chhondo a.k.a. The Rhyme of the Riddles
  28. (1964) Room Nombor Dui a.k.a. Room Number 2
  29. (1965) Cholonar Chhondo a.k.a. The Rhyme of Deceit
  30. (1967) Shajarur Kanta a.k.a. The Porcupine Quill
  31. (1968) Benishonghar a.k.a. The Annihilation of Beni
  32. (1969) Lohar Biskut a.k.a. The Iron Biscuits
  33. (1970) Bishupal Bodh (unfinished) a.k.a. The Annihilation of Bishu Paal[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Stories". 25 December 2009.