George Alencherry

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George Alencherry
ܡܵܪܝ ܓܝܼܘܲܪܓܝܼܣ ܐܠܹܢܟܗܹܪܝ
Major Archbishop of the Syro-Malabar Church
Metropolitan and Gate of All India
Cardinal Mar George Alencherry.jpg
ChurchSyro Malabar Church
SeeAngamaly
Elected24 May 2011
Installed29 May 2011
PredecessorVarkey Vithayathil
Other post(s)President of the KCBC,
Chairman of the Inter Church Council of Kerala
Orders
Created cardinal18 February 2012
by Pope Benedict XVI
RankMajor Archbishop
Personal details
Born (1945-04-19) 19 April 1945 (age 76)
Thuruthy, Travancore, British India
DenominationSyro-Malabar Church
Previous post(s)Bishop of Thuckalay (1997–2011)
Coat of armsGeorge Alencherry ܡܵܪܝ ܓܝܼܘܲܪܓܝܼܣ ܐܠܹܢܟܗܹܪܝ's coat of arms
Ordination history
History
Priestly ordination
Ordained byAntony Padiyara
Date18 December 1972
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorJoseph Powathil
Co-consecratorsLawrence Ephraem Thottam, Mathew Vattackuzhy
Date2 February 1997
Cardinalate
Elevated byPope Benedict XVI
Date2 February 1997
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by George Alencherry as principal consecrator
Kuriakose Bharanikulangara2012
George Rajendran Kuttinadar2012
George Madathikandathil2013
Joseph Kollamparampil2013
Jose Puthenveettil2013
John Alappat2014
Ephrem Nariculam2014
Joseph Kodakallil2015
Jose Kalluvelil2015
Antony Prince Panengaden2015
Joseph Srampickal2016
Stephen Chirappanath2016
Sebastian Vaniyapurackal2017
Sebastian Pozholiparampil2017
John Nellikunnel2018
James Athikalam2018
Vincent Nellaiparambil2019

Mar George Alencherry (Syriac: ܡܵܪܝ ܓܝܼܘܲܪܓܝܼܣ ܐܵܠܲܙܟܼܝܪܝ)[1] is the Major Archbishop of the Syro-Malabar Church and is also a cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was elected by the Holy Synod of the Syro-Malabar Church in 2011 to succeed Varkey Vithayathil (1999 - 2011). He was created a cardinal on 18 February 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI. He was the first bishop of Thuckalay from 1997 to 2011 before his enthronement as the Major Archbishop. He is also the current president of Kerala Catholic Bishops' Council (KCBC), which is the general conference for the bishops of the Latin, Malankara Catholic and Syro-Malabar Catholic hierarchies of Kerala, and the Chairman of the Inter-church Council of Kerala.

Early life[edit]

Alencherry was born on 19 April 1945 as the sixth child of Philipose and Mary Alencherry in Thuruthy in the Syro-Malabar Catholic Archeparchy of Changanassery. Geevarghese is his baptismal name. Alencherry had his primary schooling at St Mary's School (Thuruthy) and secondary education at St Berchman's High School (Changanacherry). He began his priestly formation in 1961 at the archdiocesan minor seminary at Parel, Changanacherry. While he pursued his studies in the minor seminary, he obtained his BA in economics with second rank from St. Berchmans College Changanacherry. After the minor seminary studies he was sent to St Joseph's Pontifical Seminary (Aluva), where he completed his philosophical and theological studies.

On 18 December 1972, Antony Padiyara, the then archbishop of Chanagancherry, ordained him priest at St. Mary's Church (Thuruthy) for the archdiocese of Changanacherry. Later he continued his higher studies at the Pontifical Institute of Theology and Philosophy from where he obtained his master's degree in first rank. While Alencherry was pursuing higher studies at Aluva he served also as vicar of the filial church at Periyarmugham in the Syro-Malabar Catholic Major Archeparchy of Ernakulam-Angamaly. After completion of studies at Aluva, Alencherry was appointed as assistant vicar at the Cathedral church of Changanacherry and Director of the Archdiocesan Faith Formation department. Thereafter he served three years as secretary of the Commission for Catechism of the Kerala Catholic Bishops' Council (KCBC). After his tenure in KCBC he was sent to Paris for higher studies. There he pursued his studies at Sorbonne University France and the Catholic Institute from where he obtained his doctorate in biblical theology. On returning to India in 1986, Alencherry was appointed director of the pastoral Oriental Centre (POC) at Palarivattom and deputy secretary of KCBC. He served the church in Kerala in that capacity until 1993. Simultaneously he had served also as professor at St Thomas Apostolic Seminary (Vadavathoor). He continued to teach at Vadavathoor until 1997. From 1994 to 1996 he was the protosyncellus of the metropolitan of Changanacherry.[2]

Church service[edit]

Bishop of Thuckalay[edit]

Pope John Paul II erected the Diocese of Thuckalay by the papal bull Apud Indorum on 11 November 1996. It was formed by separating the territory of the Archdiocese of Changanassery that extended over to the state of Tamil Nadu. Alencherry, who was Vicar General of the Archdiocese of Changanacherry, was appointed the first bishop of the new eparchy. The establishment of the diocese and Alencherry's appointment were promulgated on 18 December 1996. Alencherry was consecrated bishop on 2 February 1997 by Joseph Powathil, Metropolitan Archbishop of Changanassery, with Mathew Vattackuzhy, Bishop of Kanjirappally, and Lawrence Aprem, Bishop of Marthandam, as co-consecrants. He was installed as bishop on the same day by Varkey Vithayathil, Major Archbishop of the Syro-Malabar Church.[3]

Major Archbishop[edit]

The Syro-Malabar Catholic Church Bishops' holy synod that began on 23 May 2011 at the Major Archiepiscopal Curia at Mount St Thomas (Eranakulam) elected Alencherry to be the head of the Syro-Malabar Church and Metropolitan of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Major Archeparchy of Ernakulam-Angamaly. The news of the election was announced in the Vatican as well as at Mount St Thomas, the Syro-Malabar Major Archiepiscopal Curia, on 26 May 2011. Alencherry was elected as the successor of the deceased Major Archbishop Varkey Vithayathil. He is the first head of the Syro-Malabar Church to be elected by its synod. When Pope John Paul II made the Syro-Malabar Church a major archiepiscopal church in 1992, appointing Antony Padiyara as its first major archbishop, he reserved the power to appoint the major archbishop and bishops. However, in 2004, the Holy See granted full administrative powers to the church, including the power to elect bishops.[2][4][5]

On 23 May, the first day of the synod, the synod elected George Valiamattam, the Metropolitan Archbishop of Tellicherry, to preside over it. Then followed the procedures of election of the new Major Archbishop. Thereafter the president of the session asked Alencherry whether he accepted the election and in the following sitting the newly elected expressed his acceptance by reading it out before the synod. Immediately the request was sent to the Pope, through the Apostolic Nunciature in New Delhi, for the approval of the election of Alencherry. The papal approval was given on Wednesday, 25 May (evening), and it was communicated to the Administrator, Bosco Puthur, on Thursday, 26 May (morning). The papal approval of the election of Alencherry was announced in the synod by George Valiamattam. Thereafter the newly elected Major Archbishop, in accordance with canon law, made his oath of fidelity and communion to the Holy Synod and the church. Thereafter all the bishops of the Syro-Malabar Church expressed their respect and ecclesial communion with the new major archbishop. Alencherry said his services would be for all people of India. He stressed inter-Church relations, inter-faith harmony and ecumenism.[2]

Cardinal[edit]

On 18 February 2012, Pope Benedict XVI elevated him to the rank of cardinal during a ceremony in Saint Peter's Basilica,[6] creating him Cardinal-Priest of San Bernardo alle Terme. Earlier cardinals belonging to the Syro Malabar Catholic Church were Joseph Parecattil (28 April 1969), Antony Padiyara (28 June 1988) and Varkey Vithayathil (21 February 2001).

His visit to Rome for that consistory coincided with the arrest of Italian merchant marine officers on board the Enrica Lexie who shot and killed two Kerala fishermen on a fishing vessel.[7] Alencherry provided a statement to the Italian news service Agenzia Fides that "This episode must be investigated: if there is a guilty action, it must be treated legally and the guilty must be punished. We must fully respect truth and justice." He denied any interest in serving as a mediator.[8] He had previously been quoted accusing some Kerala politicians of exploiting the incident for their own purposes and seemed to suggest he was actively seeking to resolve the dispute.[9] Upon his return to India, he expressed unreserved sympathy for the families of the dead fishermen and ascribed any other misunderstandings to misquotes by Fides.[10]

On 24 April 2012, Alencherry was made a member of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, and a member of the Congregation for the Oriental Catholic Churches.[11]

Alencherry participated as a cardinal-elector in the 2013 conclave that elected Pope Francis.[12] During the conclave, Alencherry (along with Coptic Catholic Patriarch-Emeritus Antonios Naguib, Maronite Patriarch Bechara Boutros al-Rahi, and Syro-Malankara Major Archbishop Baselios Cleemis) was one of the four cardinal-electors from outside the Latin Church who wore different vestments, proper to their respective churches.[13]

Alencherry was part of the dignitaries in a function attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi organized by the Church after a series of attacks on Christian properties by right-wing groups.[14][15] Alencherry commented that Modi's speech was sincere, but he may find it difficult in putting his words to action in the future.[16]

He underwent angioplasty on 8 December 2017.[17]

Alencherry was appointed head of the Kerala Catholic Bishops Council (KCBC), a state-wide organization of Catholic bishops, in December 2019. KCBC's move received criticism from a section of believers in the Church owing to accusations of corruption against him in a land deal case from 2016.[18] The president of Kerala Catholic Bishop's Conference (KCBC), he made all Catholic hospitals open and available for the treatment COVID-19 patients.[citation needed]

Alencherry in December 2019 asked the Union government to rethink about the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 and said the act lacked clarity in many areas. He said "The problems should not become communal. There should be no conflict between religions or between states." and said that he hopes the government will re-introduce a toned down version of the same act.[19] Alencherry received a pamphlet distributed by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) supporting the CAA in January 2020. The Archdiocesan Movement for Transparency (AMT), accused Alencherry of attempting to satisfy the BJP by supporting the pro-CAA campaign in exchange for support in the cases against him while the Church officials reacted to AMT claiming that Alencherry accepted the pamphlets out of courtesy.[20]

Alencherry met with Prime minister Modi along with Archbishop Baselios Cleemis and Archbishop Oswald Gracias in January 2021 at his office to and conveyed the grievances of the Christian community.[21]

Views[edit]

Pastoral care of the Syro-Malabar Catholics outside the "proper" territory[edit]

Archbishop Salvatore Pennacchio, the Apostolic Nuncio to India (Latin Church) presenting the elected Major Archbishop, Alencherry, with the papal gift

Historically the Prelates of St. Thomas Christians were called Archbishops of India. The titles used for them were "Metropolitan and Gate of All India" or "Gate of India". This indicates the highest rank of authority in the Indian Church and the extent of its jurisdiction. He enjoyed an All India jurisdiction, the ruler of the entire Holy Church of Christians of India.[22] The Vatican Codex 22, written in Cranganore in 1301, gives the titles as Metropolitan and director of the entire holy church of Christian India.[23][24] In 1564, Pope Pius IV created the Archdiocese of Angamaly (with jurisdiction over all India). For the Catholics, in 1600 the Metropolitan status of the see of Angamaly was abolished and was made suffragan to Goa, with far-reaching consequences. Later, the Metropolitan status was restored to the see of Angamaly but never the title of "All India".[25] In 1896, Syro-Malabar Catholics got their own hierarchy, but instead of re-establishing the old jurisdiction over all India, three Apostolic vicariates were established in Trichur, Ernakulam and Kottayam.

By the second half of twentieth century, members of the Syro-Malabar community have emigrated in big numbers to other parts of India and to foreign countries. According to Vatican II and subsequent documents, their pastoral needs must be met by the priests of their own rite and in their own rite. For the pastoral care of these Syro-Malabar Catholics, there exist a Diocese of Kalyan, a Diocese of Chicago, and others. Big cities of India like Delhi, Bangalore, Madras, Calcutta have many Syro-Malabar Catholics.[26]

The faithful of the Syro-Malabar Church are about four million, of which 3 million and 400 thousand live in the twenty-eight dioceses in India. Of these dioceses, eighteen are in the territory of the Syro-Malabar Church itself (Kerala, part of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka). We have a territorial jurisdiction only in these eighteen dioceses. And we'd like to have a territorial jurisdiction covering the whole territory of India: this is one of our appeals to the Holy Father and for us it is an important request. We believe it is our right. Before the arrival of Western missionaries – the Portuguese arrived in the sixteenth century – the jurisdiction of us 'Catholic Christians among St Thomas' was extended to all of India. Then the Western missionaries, because of the influence of European monarchs, took jurisdiction of India, restricting ours to the areas where we were more concentrated.

— George Alencherry, Major Archbishop of the Syro-Malabar Church, 2011[27]

Pope Francis resolved this issue to some extent in October 2017 with the creation of the Eparchy of Shamshabad to encompass all the areas of India not included within the jurisdiction of an existing eparchy.[28]

Christian unity and Petrine ministry[edit]

The Catholic Church through the Council for Christian Unity, has already begun a dialogue on the primacy. I think we should continue the dialogue and seek a common agreement with the Eastern Churches, as there was in the first four centuries of Christianity. At that time there was a common understanding of the primacy. Now the Orthodox Church argues that it is impossible to go back to theology before the Council of Chalcedon because we do not possess any documents from that era. But I think that from the documents and statements subsequent to the time of Chalcedon there would be the possibility of dialogue and agreement on the Petrine ministry. Because there is the phrase primus inter pares. We all need a Petrine ministry of unity, which is a reference for all the Churches. I hope that a halfway point is found where the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Churches could come together in full communion with the Church of Christ.

— George Alencherry, 2011[27]

Issues[edit]

Land deal scam and Ernakulam priests' revolt[edit]

In March the city police initiated an investigation into the real estate transactions after a private citizen, a lay Catholic, lodged a complaint against Alencherry, two priests, and a real estate agent. The Kerala High Court observed that there was prima facie evidence to indicate criminal conspiracy, breach of trust and misappropriation of money.[a][29][30] A single bench judge of Kerala High Court found the complainant had standing to bring the lawsuit because the property at issue was not private property, but assets held in trust with Alencherry as caretaker.[31] On 16 March 2018, the division bench of Kerala High Court stayed a court order requiring the police investigation because the complainant had sought the order without first allowing the police[b] to follow their procedures and removed some verbal comments of the single judge abusing ecclesiastical powers of the head of the church.[32] Later that month, a group of 90 priests out of 400 staged a street demonstration calling on Alencherry to stand aside, pending resolution of the legal procedure, while more than 200 lay Catholics responded with a demonstration in support of Alencherry. The Vatican's proper role and its failure to intervene was decried and defended as well.[33]

On 22 June 2018, Pope Francis named Jacob Manathodath, Bishop of Palghat the Apostolic Administrator seda plena of the Archieparchy of Ernakulam-Angamaly under the recommendation of Alencherry.[34]

In April 2019, the Kakkanad Judicial First Class Magistrate Court filed a criminal complaint against Alencherry for breaches of the law and massive disparities in the Church's land agreements. The Ernakulam Principal Sessions Court ruled on 24 August 2019 that Alencherry, along with the former financial officer of the archdiocese and a real estate agent will face charges.[35] The Joseph Injodey commission, which was created by apostolic administrator bishop Jacob Manathodath to investigate the property dealings, submitted its findings in March 2019 to Bishop Manathodath, who would forward it to Cardinal Sandri, prefect of the Congregation for Oriental Churches in Rome. The Income Tax Department fined the Syro-Malabar Church's archbishop of Ernakulam-Angamaly Rs 3 crore for the contentious land purchases that occurred between April 2013 and March 2018. During the investigation, the department discovered that there were attempts to avoid tax in the land sale, and the plots were registered for lower amounts while the sale was done for greater amounts.[36] Bishop Antony Kariyil of Mandya was then appointed as the Episcopal Vicar of the Major Archbishop and given the personal title "Archbishop".[37] Alencherry returned to the helm of the Ernakulam-Angamaly Archdiocese on 27 June 2019, after Vatican terminated the appointment of Apostolic Administrator.[38]

The land deal row was investigated by KPMG, a private audit firm appointed by the Vatican. The 2019 KPMG report revealed that an inquiry has found a lack of transparency in the appointment of agents in the land deals. Laity activists sought civil and legal action on the matter and action against George Alencherry who was the diocese head.[39] The police team investigating the case submitted a report to the Chief Judicial Magistrate Court in Ernakulam in December 2020, stating that there is no evidence of conspiracy or excessive gain by George Alencherry in the incident.[40]

The High Court of Kerala denied Alencherry's plea in August 2021, which sought to dismiss the cases filed against him for alleged criminal breach of trust, criminal conspiracy, and fraudulent execution of settlement documents in the lawsuit challenging the lower court's verdict.[41][42] The Kerala High Court ruled in August 2021 that George Alencherry must stand trial in the case. The court found that a significant information had been suppressed, and directed the government to investigate whether any state land had been included in the sale.[43][44] It had also criticized the police for not registering a case despite being in possession of enough information.[42] In September 2021, the Kerala government has formed a seven-member enquiry team to probe the cases related to the land deals.[45]

Love jihad controversy[edit]

On January 2020, a circular issued by Alencherry about love jihad was read out at Catholic churches on Sunday mass, the circular alleged that Christian women are targeted, recruited to Islamic state and even killed. However, the circular was not read in many of the churches in Ernakulam district due to differing opinions.[46][47] The church's statement sparked criticism from its leaders and followers. Reformists criticized the church for labeling interfaith weddings as "love jihad."[46] Many clergy directly challenged the legitimacy of the statements. Priest Kuriakode Mundadan, a former secretary of the Synod of the Syro-Malabar Church stated that there was no evidence for the allegation that Christian women were being enticed by Love Jihads, as it was very ill-timed to targeting one community at a time when the nation was experiencing anxiety over alleged attempts to turn it into a theocratic state. Priest Jose Valiyakodathu, criticised the church leadership of making the Love Jihad accusation with no evidence or numbers.[48] Reformist groups such as the Archdiocesan Movement for Transparency, the Council Against Religious Exploitation and the Joint Christian Council criticized the church, claiming that such remarks were meant to divert attention away from the corruption charges of the Church's leaders.[46]

Forged documents[edit]

A 24-year-old man was arrested on 19 May 2019 for allegedly forging documents against Alencherry, following which a row has erupted in Syro-Malabar church with a section of priests protesting against the arrest. Three bishops of the Ernakulam-Angamaly Archdiocese have come out openly against the arrest of the man claiming that he is not a criminal and he had no role in forging documents. The priests have claimed that the man, a faithful, while working as an intern with a reputed business group in Kochi, had taken a screenshot of documents allegedly having Alencherry's name from the computer server of the firm and brought it to the notice of a church priest Tony Kalookaran. The priest reportedly shared it with another priest, who allegedly submitted it to a Synod of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church. The priests, including auxiliary bishops of the Ernakulam-Angamaly Archdiocese, have demanded a high-level probe into the forgery case. Police have said the documents, purportedly linking the Syro-Malabar Church head with the accounts of a private bank, were found to be forged during their investigation. According to them, the cardinal was found not operating any account in the bank named in the documents. The priests, including Bishop Jacob Manathodath, who was appointed as the administrator of the Ernakulam-Angamaly Archdiocese by Pope Francis on 22 June 2018, have urged the government to order either a CBI or a judicial probe into the case. Meanwhile, the police made Kallookaran also an accused in the case on 21 May 2019. Former Auxiliary Bishops Sebastian Adayanthrath and Jose Puthenveettil had also joined Bishop Manathodath at a press conference held on 20 May 2019 to raise the demand. Refuting the allegations of torture in custody, the police said they were carrying out a "scientific probe" into the case.[49][37]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The others accused were two senior archdiocesan officials, Father Joshy Puthuva and Father Sebastian Vadakkumpadan, and Kochi-based real estate agent Saju Varghese.[29]
  2. ^ The police are referred to locally as the SHO or station house officer.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Giraudo, Cesare (ed.). "The Anaphoral Genesis of the Institution Narrative in Light of the Anaphora of Addai and Mari". Edizioni Orientalia Christiana. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ a b c "Mar George Alencherry (Bishop of Thuckalay) The new Syro‐Malabar Major Archbishop" (PDF). Archdiocese of Ernakulam (Press release). 26 May 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2018. The date of this document is not specified.
  3. ^ "Diocese of Thuckalay". The Syro-Malbar Church. Archived from the original on 14 September 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Mar Alencherry is new Syro-Malabar Church head". CathNews India. UCA News. 26 May 2011. Archived from the original on 29 May 2011.
  5. ^ "Dalle Chiese Orientali: Conferma Dell'Elezione dell'Arcivesovo Maggiore di Ernakulam-Angamaly dei Siro-Malabresi (India)" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  6. ^ Pullella, Philip (18 February 2012). "India's George Alencherry among 22 new cardinals inducted by Pope". Reuters. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Enrica Lexie Crew Arrested". Deccan News. 19 February 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Pescatori uccisi in Kerala: il Card. Alencherry difende "verità e giustizia"". Agenzia Fides (in Italian). 22 February 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Marò pugliesi, l'arcivescovo Alencherry: "Confido nell'aiuto di alcuni ministri"". Corriere del Mezzogiorno (in Italian). 21 February 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  10. ^ "Cardinal Alencherry back says he shares grief of fishermen's families". First Post. 3 March 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  11. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 24.04.2012" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 23 April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  12. ^ "List of Cardinal Electors". Zenit. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  13. ^ Procession and entrance in Conclave on YouTube
  14. ^ "Modi vows to uphold freedom of faith, stand against hatred". Hindustan Times. 17 February 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2021.
  15. ^ Bureau, National (17 February 2015). "To retain or to adopt any faith is a personal choice: Modi". The Hindu (in en-IN). ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 23 November 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  16. ^ "PM Modi's words sincere, but may find it difficult to implement: Major Archbishop". DNA India. Retrieved 23 November 2021.
  17. ^ "Cardinal Alencherry undergoes angioplasty, prayers requested". Matters India. 9 December 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  18. ^ "Row erupts as Cardinal Alencherry made president of Kerala Catholic Bishops Council". The News Minute. 6 December 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2021.
  19. ^ "Mar Alencherry asks Centre to go for a rethink on CAA". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 23 November 2021.
  20. ^ "Cardinal Alencherry draws flak for receiving pro-CAA pamphlet from BJP". The News Minute. 7 January 2020. Retrieved 23 November 2021.
  21. ^ "PM Modi holds talks with cardinals, may invite Pope". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 23 November 2021.
  22. ^ Rev. Dr. Francis Thonipara, "St. Thomas Christians: The First Indigenous Church of India", p. 69
  23. ^ MS Vat Syr 22; Wilmshurst, EOCE, 343 and 391.
  24. ^ J. P. M. van der Ploeg, "The Christians of St. Thomas in South India and their Syriac manuscripts", p. 187
  25. ^ St. Thomas Christians under the Portuguese Padroado
  26. ^ Pastoral care of the Syro-Malabar Catholics Outside the Proper Territory
  27. ^ a b Roberto Rotondo and Gianni Valente (1 October 2011). "Ours is the faith of the apostles, handed down by St Thomas". 30 Giorni. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  28. ^ "Provisions for the Syro-Malabar Church, 10.10.2017" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  29. ^ a b Martin, K.A. (12 March 2018). "Kochi police register case against Cardinal George Alencherry". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  30. ^ "Kerala: Secret land deal may unseat Cardinal George Alencherry, head of Syro-Malabar Catholic Church".
  31. ^ "HC orders FIR against Syro-Malabar church head over land deals". The Hindu BusinessLine. 6 March 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  32. ^ "Syro Malabar church land case: Kerala High Court stays probe against Cardinal George Alencherry". The New Indian Express. 16 March 2018. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
  33. ^ "Vatican blamed for turmoil in Syro-Malabar Church". UCAN India. 19 March 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  34. ^ "Resignations and Appointments, 22.06.2018" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. 22 June 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  35. ^ "Cardinal Mar George Alencherry, two others must face trial in land-deal scam: Ernakulam court". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  36. ^ "Land deal: IT slaps 3-crore penalty on archdiocese". Deccan Chronicle. 2 April 2019. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  37. ^ a b "Head of Syro-Malabar Church stripped of administrative responsibility in archdiocese". cruxnow.com. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  38. ^ "Mar Alencherry back at Ernakulam-Angamaly archdiocese helm". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  39. ^ "Church land deals: Audit report puts Cardinal George Alencherry in a spot". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  40. ^ "Police clean chit to Cardinal Alencherry in land deal". The Hindu (in en-IN). Special Correspondent. 19 December 2020. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 20 November 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  41. ^ "Kerala HC rejects Mar Alencherry's plea to quash land deal cases". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  42. ^ a b "Cardinal George Alencherry must face trial in land deal case: Kerala HC". The Week. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  43. ^ "Cardinal Alencherry must stand trial in land cases; Kerala HC". www.outlookindia.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  44. ^ "Kerala govt to probe land deals of Syro Malabar church head Cardinal Alencherry". The News Minute. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  45. ^ "Seven-member probe team to look into land deals of Ernakulam-Angamaly Archdiocese". outlookindia.com. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  46. ^ a b c "Amid criticisms, Kerala Catholic churches read out love jihad circular during Sunday mass". The News Minute.
  47. ^ ANI (19 January 2020). "Alencherry's pastoral letter on 'love jihad' read out in churches in Kochi". Business Standard India. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  48. ^ "Resentment among Christian priests over 'Love Jihad' allegation". Deccan Herald. 20 January 2020. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  49. ^ "Probe finds documents against Cardinal George Alencherry forged". The Hindu (in en-IN). Special Correspondent. 29 April 2019. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 20 November 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
First
Diocese erected
Bishop of Thuckalay
11 November 1996 – 24 May 2011
Succeeded by
Preceded by Major Archbishop of Ernakulam-Angamaly
24 May 2011 –
Incumbent
President of the Synod of the Syro-Malabar Church
25 May 2011 –
Cardinal-Priest of San Bernardo alle Terme
18 February 2012 –