Changanassery

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Changanacherry
Changanasserry
Municipal Town
250px
Top left:Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple, Top right:Anchu Vilaku Lamps, Middle left:Saint Berchmans College, Middle right:Saint Mary's Metropolitan Cathedral, Bottom left:Vandipetta Boat Jetty, Bottom right:Main gate in Nair Service Society Headquarters
Changanacherry is located in Kerala
Changanacherry
Changanacherry
Changanacherry is located in India
Changanacherry
Changanacherry
Coordinates: 9°28′00″N 76°33′00″E / 9.466667°N 76.55°E / 9.466667; 76.55Coordinates: 9°28′00″N 76°33′00″E / 9.466667°N 76.55°E / 9.466667; 76.55
Country India
State Kerala
District Kottayam
Government
 • Body Municipality
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 127,971
 • Rank 17 in Kerala
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 686101
Telephone code 0481
Vehicle registration KL 33
Waterways
Railway Station
Boat Jetty
Bus Station in Changanassery
Road network

Changanasserry is a municipal town in Kottayam district in the state of Kerala, India. Changanassery is connected to high-range and Kuttanad. Changanassery was the largest market in the princely state Travancore. Changanacherry was the main marketing hub over decades ago. it connects the northern Malabar places and southern Travancore parts for trade and commerce. Changanacherry is popularly known as 'Anchuvilakkinte Naadu' because of the 5 lamps in Changancherry market which was the ligjht source for the ships and boats from kuttanad or other parts.The Civilians of Changanacherry lives with good harmony. We can see Religious Co-Existance here. Parel Palli , one of the main church in the Kottayam district Puthurpally Juma Masjid , a Muslim Worship centre at the heart of the town and Perunna Nair Service Society area ,We can see Hindus,Christians And Muslims lives together peacefully here. St. Berchmans College , Assumption College, Nss College, Saint Gits Engineering College these are the main educational institutions of changanacherry. These colleges are in the list of best Colleges in Kerala.

Geography[edit]

Changanassery is located 18 km south of Kottayam on the Main Central road. With a population of about 50,000 in 2001, its population was already 36,000 as early as the 1951 census. The town is situated near the tripoint of Kottayam, Alappuzha and Pathanamthitta districts.

History[edit]

The first recorded history on the origin of Changanacherry is obtained from the Sangam period literature. According to Sangam era documents, Uthiyan Cheralathan (Perum Chorru Udiyan Cheralathan, Athan I, or Udiyanjeral - AD c. 130) is the first recorded Kera (Chera) dynasty - a branch of main Chera dynasty- ruler of the Sangam period in ancient South India. [1][2] He had his capital at a place called "Kuzhumur" in Kuttanad and expanded the kingdom northward and eastward from his original homeland (meaning izham or illam in Tamil). His lifetime is broadly determined to be between first and third century AD. His queen was Veliyan Nalini, the daughter of Veliyan Venman. Present day Changanacherry and Kuttanad was the capital of the Kera (Chera) dynasty at that time until it was burnt down by Karikala Chola changing the name of Kuzhumur to Chutta-nadu (burnt-land) which became kuttanad. Similarly, "Keralathan" is the Malayalam pronunciation of Tamil "Cheralathan" and the world "Keralam" may be a derivative version of "Chera-izham" or "Kera-illam" meaning Chera-homeland in Tamil). Keralathan's descendant was Senguttavan Cheran (Chenguttavan means "brave-hearted" in Malayalam) the towns of Chenganacherri and Chengana is named after him). Sengana-cherri means Sengan's town in old Tamil. After the chera dynasty defeat the word cherri took on the concurrent meaning of the land of the defeated and eventually was equated to mean a slum in Chola kingdom.

Governance[edit]

The city is governed by the Changanacherry Municipal Council. Sri. Sebastien Mathew is the chairperson of the municipality and the vice chairperson is Smt. Suma Shine.[3]

It heads the taluk kachery(office). It also heads the Munsiff's court and the Judicial First class magistrate's court.[4] Changanacherry assembly constituency was a part of Kottayam (Lok Sabha constituency).[5] However, after the Delimitatiion Commission's Report in 2005 in order to retain Mavelikkara Lok Sabha Constituency, Changanacherry segment in Kottayam and the neighbouring constituencies in Alappuzha and Kollam districts were put together under Mavelikkara constituency Sri. Kodikunnil Suresh represent Mavelikkara constituency in Parliament and aAlmost last 4 decades Sri.C.F Thomas represented Chanaganacherry constituency in Kerala Legislative Assembly.

Demographics[edit]

Syro-Malabar Catholic Archbishop's house

As of 2011 India census,.[6] The total population of Changanassery UA/Metropolitan region is 127,987. The male population of which is 61,807 while female population is 66,180. The literacy rate of Changanassery Agglomeration is 97.56% which is higher than National Urban average of 85%. Literacy rate for male and female for Changanassery stood at 98.19% and 96.98% respectively. Total literates in Changanassery UA were 113,597 of which males were 54,901 and remaining 58,696 were females. The child (0-6 age) population of Changanassery UA is around 9.02% of total Changanassery UA population which is lower than National Urban average of 10.93%. Total children in Changanassery Urban region were 11,550 of which males were 5,895 while remaining 5,655 children were females. Alarge percentage of population from Changanacherry resides abroad in the Gulf, Europe and America.

Transport[edit]

State run KSRTC run bus services to nearby towns. Changanacherry railway station serves this town.

Culture[edit]

Centres of Worship[edit]

The notable worship centres near to Changanacherry are St. Marys church, Parel (Parel palli), Ettumanoor Temple, Manarkadu Church, Chakkulathukavu Temple, Mannarshala Temple, Chettikulangara Temple, Mavelikkara, Chengannur Mahadeva Temple and Anikkattilammakshethram Temple. The Syro-Malabar Catholic Archdiocese of Changanassery is the largest Catholic Diocese in India, established in 1887, Puthuppally St George Orthodox Church, St Johns Orthodox Valiyappally Vakathanam.

Notable Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Singh 2008, p. 384.
  2. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 60–61. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4. 
  3. ^ "Changanacherry Municipality". 
  4. ^ "Courts in changanacherry". 
  5. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-30. Retrieved 2008-10-19. 
  6. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]