Grand Trunk Express
|Service type||Superfast Express|
|First service||1 January 1929|
|Current operator(s)||Southern Railway zone|
|Stops||37 (T.No.12615) / 36 (T.No. 12616)|
|Distance travelled||2,181 km (1,355 mi)|
|Average journey time||35 hours 15 minutes|
|Train number(s)||12615 / 12616|
|Class(es)||AC First, AC Two Tier, AC Three Tier, Sleeper Class, Unreserved|
|Observation facilities||Large and Small windows|
|Baggage facilities||Luggage-cum-Brake Van|
|Track gauge||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)|
|Operating speed||61.78 km/h (38.39 mph) average with halts|
The Grand Trunk Express, (commonly called G.T. or G.T. Express), (Train Number: 12615/12616) is a daily superfast express train on Indian Railways, running between New Delhi and Chennai Central. It is a historic and one of the oldest trains operated by the Indian Railways.
Introduced by Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, with its headquarters in erstwhile Madras (now Chennai) in 1929, to run between Peshawar, then part of British India and capital of North West Frontier province in present-day Pakistan and Mangalore, then part of Madras province, almost the entire length of the country and beyond. The historic route passed through New Delhi and Madras, (now Chennai). Later sometime the route got shortened and ran between Lahore(now in Pakistan) and Mettupalayam, near Coimbatore, connecting Ooty and Coonoor, thus making the GT Express probably one of the longest running trains in the country at that time.
The Peshawar to Mangalore run took about 104 hrs in all, later the end points were changed and to this day it provides a daily service between New Delhi, the capital of India, and the capital of Tamil Nadu, Chennai. It covers the distance of 2,186 kilometres (1,358 mi) in exactly 35 hrs 15 mins., with 38 halts (inclusive of the terminals). The train is still one of the longest train routes in India.
In 2015, Indian Railways announced that the train would operate from Delhi Sarai Rohilla instead of New Delhi from December 2015. Then Indian Railways announced that, from June 2018 it would be operated from New Delhi. 
Schedule and Service
As per the numbering of the Indian Railways, the train has been assigned the numbers 12615/12616, with 12615 being assigned for the Chennai Central (MAS) - New Delhi (NDLS) run and 12616 for the New Delhi (NDLS) - Chennai Central (MAS) run.
The normal composition of the GT is 24 coaches (cars) of the following classes ("AC" indicates air conditioned coach):1 AC I Class cum AC II tier, 2 AC II tier, 3 AC III tier, 13 III tier Sleeper, 4 General/Unreserved and 1 Pantry car.
It is hauled by a WAP 4 Erode/Arakkonam or WAP 7 from Royapuram Shed
- Andaman Express
- Vivek Express
- Himsagar Express
- Kerala Express
- Thirukural Express
- Ganga Kaveri Express
- "VIII". Report by the Railway board on Indian Railways for 1929-30:Volume I (PDF). Calcutta: Central Publication Branch, Government of India. 1930. p. 71.
- S. Shankar. "Classic Trains of India". Indian Railways Fan Club Association. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Grand Trunk Express train to be operated from Delhi Sarai Rohilla railway station". Times of India. Chennai. 3 September 2015. Retrieved 2015-09-05.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grand Trunk Express.|