Harbour line (Mumbai Suburban Railway)

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Indian Railways Suburban Railway Logo.svg Harbour line
Overview
System Mumbai Suburban Railway
Locale Mumbai, Maharashtra
Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra
Thane, Maharashtra
Raigad, Maharashtra
Termini CST, Andheri, Panvel
Thane, Nerul, Vashi
Stations 32
Services
Daily ridership 1 million[1]
Operation
Opened 12 December 1910
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) Central Railway (CR)
Character At grade and elevated
Technical
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge
Operating speed 50 km/h (31 mph)
Route map
 Mumbai Suburban Railway 
Mumbai CST Mumbai Metro Line 1 logo.png Line 3
Masjid Bunder
Sandhurst Road (Harbour line)
Sandhurst Road (Central line)
Dockyard Road
Reay Road
Cotton Green
Sewri
Vadala Road Mumbai MonoRail Logo.svg Line 1
Kings Circle
Western line to Churchgate
Mahim
Mithi River
Bandra
Khar
Santacruz
Vile Parle
Andheri Mumbai Metro Line 1 logo.png Line 1
Jogeshwari (planned)
Oshiwara (planned)
Goregaon (planned)
Planned extension of Harbour line to Borivali railway station
Western line And Ahmedabad–Mumbai main line
GTB Nagar Mumbai MonoRail Logo.svg Line 1
Chunabhatti
KurlaConnects to LTT Terminus
Tilak Nagar
Chembur Mumbai MonoRail Logo.svg Line 1
Govandi
Mankhurd
Thane Creek
Vashi
Sanpada
Turbhe
Kopar Khairane
Ghansoli
Rabale
Airoli
Thane
Thane Creek
Kalwa
Mumbra
to DivaKalyan
Juinagar
Nerul
Seawoods
Panvel Creek
Sagar Sangam
Targhar
Baman Dongri
Kharkopar
Gavhan
Ranjanpada
Nhava Sheva
Dronagiri
Uran
CBD Belapur
Kharghar
Taloja River
Mansarovar
Khandeshwar
To DivaVasai
Panvel
Konkan Railway

The Harbour line is a branch line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway operated by Central Railways. It was named so because it catered to the eastern neighbourhoods along the city's natural harbour. Its termini are Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), Andheri and Panvel on the CST-Andheri, CST-Panvel and Panvel-Andheri routes. The first section of the line, between Kurla and Reay Road, opened on 12 December 1910. In 1925, the line was connected to the then Victoria Terminus via an elevated rail corridor between Dockyard Road and Sandhurst Road.[2] Suburban services to Mankhurd began in 1951. The line was later extended from Mankhurd to serve most of Navi Mumbai via the Mankhurd–Belapur–Panvel rail corridor in the 1990s. The stations in Navi Mumbai are well maintained and beautifully designed byCIDCO (City and industrial development corporation of Maharashtra ltd.) They have good facilities and are kept clean, better than other Mumbai stations. There are IT offices above the stations. The Railbridge connecting Vashi and Mankhurd railway stations running over Thane creek, parallel to road bridge has brought Navi Mumbai closer to Mumbai, boosting development of the region

The line is a double line and therefore does not have any fast trains on it. The line runs parallel to the Central Railway line till just before Sandhurst Road station where the line turns eastward and runs elevated up till Sewri. At Wadala Road, the line branches into two. The first line joins with the Western line at Mahim and terminates at Andheri. The second line follows through Mankhurd into the city of Navi Mumbai, where it again branches out into two lines, one going to Thane and the other to Panvel. The first stop outside Mumbai is the township of Vashi.

The Mankhurd–Belapur–Panvel rail corridor that connects the suburban rail network to Navi Mumbai was commissioned in phases in the 1990s. Vashi was connected in May 1992, Nerul in February 1993, Belapur in June 1993 and Panvel in June 1998. The corridor was converted to double line in April, 2000.[3] In 2004, the Trans-Harbour line was opened to the public. The line directly connected Vashi to Thane. This proved to be a boon for commuters of the two stations, who, until then, had to take a circuitous route via Mumbai city and had to change trains at Kurla.

The last direct current (DC) suburban local train ran on the Harbour line on 10 April 2016. The special train left Kurla at 11:30 pm and reached CST at 12:15 am. The iconic yellow-and-maroon DC local trains had their first service on 3 February 1925, when the first electric local ran between CST and Kurla ran on the Harbour line. The tickets for the last service were priced at 10,000 (US$150), with the proceeds to be donated to drought-affected regions of Maharashtra. The Indian Express reported that not a single ticket was sold. After the last DC service ran, Central Railway officially announced the completion of DC to AC conversion on the Harbour Line.[4]

About 580 services run daily on the Harbour line.[5] Approximately 208 of those are on the Thane-Vashi-Nerul-Panvel route and 172 of those run on the CST-Andheri route.[6]

Stations[edit]

(All Harbour line services are slow, which means they halt at all passing by stations.)

Harbour line (CST–Wadala Road–Andheri/Panvel)
# Station Name Station Code Connections
English Marathi Hindi
1 Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus छत्रपती शिवाजी टर्मिनस छत्रपती शिवाजी टर्मिनस ST Central line
2 Masjid मशिद मस्जिद Central line
3 Sandhurst Road सैंडहर्स्ट रोड सैंडहर्स्ट रोड Central line
4 Dockyard Road डॉकयार्ड रोड डॉकयार्ड रोड None
5 Reay Road रे रोड रे रोड None
6 Cotton Green कॉटन ग्रीन कॉटन ग्रीन None
7 Sewri शिवडी शिवडी None
8 Wadala Road वडाळा रोड वडाला रोड VD To Andheri or Panvel (Harbour line)

At Wadala Road, the Harbour line splits into two corridors, one going to Panvel and the other to Andheri.

Towards Panvel[edit]

Harbour line (Wadala Road–Panvel)
# Station Name Station Code Connections
English Marathi Hindi
8 Wadala Road वडाळा रोड वडाला रोड़ VD To Andheri (Harbour line)
9 Guru Tegh Bahadur Nagar गुरु तेग बहादुर नगर गुरु तेग बहादुर नगर None
10 Chunabhatti चुनाभट्टी चुनाभट्टी None
11 Kurla कुर्ला कुर्ला CH Central line
12 Tilak Nagar टिळकनगर तिलकनगर TKNG None
13 Chembur चेंबूर चेंबूर CM Mumbai Monorail
14 Govandi गोवंडी गोवंडी None
15 Mankhurd मानखुर्द मानखुर्द M None
16 Vashi वाशी वाशी VA Trans-Harbour line
17 Sanpada सानपाडा सानपाड़ा Trans-Harbour line
18 Juinagar जुईनगर जुईनगर Trans-Harbour line
19 Nerul नेरूळ नेरूल NU Trans-Harbour line
20 Seawoods-Darave सीवूड्स-दारावे सीवूड्स-दारावे None
21 CBD Belapur सी.बी.डी. बेलापूर सी.बी.डी. बेलापूर BR Navi Mumbai Metro
22 Kharghar खारघर खारघर None
23 Mansarovar मानसरोवर मानसरोवर None
24 Khandeshwar खांदेश्वर खांदेश्वर Navi Mumbai Metro
25 Panvel पनवेल पनवेल PL Central line

Towards Andheri - Goregaon - Borivali[edit]

Harbour line (Wadala Road – Andheri - Goregaon - Borivali)
# Station Name Station Code Connections
English Marathi Hindi
8 Wadala Road वडाळा रोड वडाला रोड VD To Andheri (Harbour line)
9 King's Circle किंग्ज सर्कल किंग्ज सर्कल None
10 Mahim माहिम माहिम Western line
11 Bandra वांद्रे बान्दरा B Western line
12 Khar Road खार रोड खार रोड Western line
13 Santacruz सांताक्रुझ सांताक्रुझ Western line
14 Vile Parle विले पार्ले विले पार्ले Western line
15 Andheri अंधेरी अंधेरी AD Western line
Mumbai Metro
16 Jogeshwari जोगेश्वरी जोगेश्वरी Western line Under Construction
17 Oshiwara ओशिवरा ओशिवरा Western line Under Construction
18 Goregaon गोरेगाव गोरेगाव G Western line Under Construction
19 Malad मालाड मलाड M Western line Under Construction
20 Kandivali कांदिवली कांदिवली Western line Under Construction
21 Borivali बोरिवली बोरिवली BO Western line Under Construction

Future development[edit]

Work is underway to extend the Harbour line up to Goregaon. The project will cost 1.03 billion (US$15 million).[7] It is expected to be completed by December 2016. Further extension of this line has been accepted under MUTP III till Borivali.

Harbour line services will be converted to 12-car by December 2016. This is expected to increase the carrying capacity of the Harbour line by nearly 33%.[8] The core project will cost 7.50 billion and about 153 more coaches will be required.[9]

Harbour line faces the chronic problem of old rakes, with some of them being older than 30 years. According to the Central Railway, of the 72 new Bombardier AC traction rakes being procured, the Harbour line would be given 36 of them, on a priority basis, once the DC to AC traction is completed by mid-2015.[10]

Kurla–Shivajinagar service[edit]

CR has sought permission from the Railway Board to run EMUs on the Harbour line between Kurla and Shivajinagar in Pune. The service would provide direct connectivity between Navi Mumbai and Pune, which is currently not available.[11] EMUs will be modified to include six motor cars.

CR plans to use 16 coach mail/express trains to cover the 170 km distance in approximately 2 hours and 50 minutes. Stations on the line will be Kurla, Vashi, Belapur, Panvel, Karjat, Lonavla and Shivajinagar.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]