Harbour line (Mumbai Suburban Railway)

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Indian Railways Suburban Railway Logo.svg Harbour line
System Mumbai Suburban Railway
Locale Mumbai, Maharashtra
Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra
Thane, Maharashtra
Raigad, Maharashtra
Termini CSMT, Goregaon, Panvel
Thane, Nerul, Vashi
Stations 32
Daily ridership 1 million[1]
Opened 12 December 1910
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) Central Railway (CR)
Character At grade and elevated
Line length 66 km
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge
Electrification Yes
Harbour line
Taloja River
CBD Belapur
planned extension to Borivali
Ram Mandir
Vile Parle
Khar Road
Tilak Nagar
King's Circle
Guru Tegh
Bahadur Nagar
Vadala Road
Cotton Green
Reay Road
Dockyard Road
Sandhurst Road
Mumbai CST

The Harbour line is a branch line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway operated by Central Railways. It was named so because it catered to the eastern neighbourhoods along the city's natural harbour. Its termini are Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT), Andheri and Panvel on the CST-Andheri, CST-Panvel and Panvel-Andheri routes. The first section of the line, between Kurla and Reay Road, opened on 12 December 1910. In 1925, the line was connected to the then Victoria Terminus via an elevated rail corridor between Dockyard Road and Sandhurst Road.[2] Suburban services to Mankhurd began in 1951. The line was later extended from Mankhurd to serve most of Navi Mumbai via the Mankhurd–Belapur–Panvel rail corridor in the 1990s. The stations in Navi Mumbai are well maintained and beautifully designed by CIDCO (City and industrial development corporation of Maharashtra ltd.) They have good facilities and are kept clean, better than other Mumbai stations. There are IT offices above the stations. The Railbridge connecting Vashi and Mankhurd railway stations running over Thane creek, parallel to road bridge has brought Navi Mumbai closer to Mumbai, boosting development of the region

The line is a double line and therefore does not have any fast trains on it. The line runs parallel to the Central Railway line till just before Sandhurst Road station where the line turns eastward and runs elevated up till Sewri. At Wadala Road, the line branches into two. The first line joins with the Western line at Mahim and terminates at Goregaon. The second line follows through Mankhurd into the city of Navi Mumbai, where it again branches out into two lines, one going to Thane and the other to Panvel. The first stop outside Mumbai is the township of Vashi.

The Mankhurd–Belapur–Panvel rail corridor that connects the suburban rail network to Navi Mumbai was commissioned in phases in the 1990s. Vashi was connected in May 1992, Nerul in February 1993, Belapur in June 1993 and Panvel in June 1998. The corridor was converted to double line in April, 2000.[3] In 2004, the Trans-Harbour line was opened to the public. The line directly connected Vashi to Thane. This proved to be a boon for commuters of the two stations, who, until then, had to take a circuitous route via Mumbai city and had to change trains at Kurla.

The last direct current (DC) suburban local train ran on the Harbour line on 10 April 2016. The special train left Kurla at 11:30 pm and reached CST at 12:15 am. The iconic yellow-and-maroon DC local trains had their first service on 3 February 1925, when the first electric local ran between CST and Kurla ran on the Harbour line. The tickets for the last service were priced at 10,000 (US$140), with the proceeds to be donated to drought-affected regions of Maharashtra. The Indian Express reported that not a single ticket was sold. After the last DC service ran, Central Railway officially announced the completion of DC to AC conversion on the Harbour line.[4]

About 580 services run daily on the Harbour line.[5] Approximately 208 of those are on the Thane-Vashi-Nerul-Panvel route and 172 of those run on the CST-Andheri route.[6]

On 4 September 2016, the last 9 car train was put into a sunset as all the trains were converted to 12 coach, which increases the carrying capacity of the line by 33%. [7]


(All Harbour line services are slow, which means they halt at all passing by stations.)

Harbour line (CST–Wadala Road–Andheri/Panvel)
# Station Name Station Code Connections
1 Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus ST Central line
2 Masjid Central line
3 Sandhurst Road Central line
4 Dockyard Road None
5 Reay Road None
6 Cotton Green None
7 Sewri None
8 Wadala Road VDLR To Andheri or Panvel (Harbour line) Mumbai Monorail

At Wadala Road, the Harbour line splits into two corridors, one going to Panvel and the other to Andheri.

The exact split occurs 800 metres north of Wadala Road station, at a location known as Ravli (variously spelled as Raoli, Ravali or Rawli) corresponding to the nearby Ravli slum. There is no railway station at Ravli Junction. However, due to the critical Ravli Junction Yard signal box, there are various public references to this name in news articles and other sources.[8][9]

Towards Panvel[edit]

Harbour line (Wadala Road–Panvel)
# Station Name Station Code Connections
8 Wadala Road VDLR To Andheri (Harbour line) Mumbai Monorail
9 Guru Tegh Bahadur Nagar None
10 Chunabhatti None
11 Kurla CH Central line
12 Tilak Nagar TKNG None
13 Chembur CM Mumbai Monorail
14 Govandi None
15 Mankhurd M None
16 Vashi VA Trans-Harbour line
17 Sanpada Trans-Harbour line
18 Juinagar Trans-Harbour line
19 Nerul NU Trans-Harbour line
20 Seawoods-Darave SWDV Trans-Harbour line
21 CBD Belapur BR Navi Mumbai Metro
22 Kharghar Navi Mumbai Metro
23 Mansarovar None
24 Khandeshwar Navi Mumbai Metro
25 Panvel PL Central line

Towards Andheri–Goregaon[edit]

Harbour line (Wadala Road–Andheri–Goregaon–Borivali)
# Station Name Station Code Connections
8 Wadala Road VDLR To Andheri (Harbour line) Mumbai Monorail
9 King's Circle None
10 Mahim Western line
11 Bandra B Western line
12 Khar Road Western line
13 Santacruz Western line
14 Vile Parle Western line
15 Andheri AD Western line
Mumbai Metro
16 Jogeshwari Western line
17 Ram Mandir Western line
18 Goregaon GO Western line
19 Malad M Western line under construction
20 Kandivali Western line under construction
21 Borivali BO Western line under construction

Future development[edit]

Work is underway to extend the Harbour line up to Goregaon. The project will cost 103 crore (US$14 million).[10][11] It was expected to be completed by November 2017; Service is started as on March 29, 2018. Further extension of this line has been accepted under MUTP III till Borivali.

Kurla–Shivajinagar service[edit]

CR has sought permission from the Railway Board to run EMUs on the Harbour line between Kurla and Shivajinagar in Pune. The service would provide direct connectivity between Navi Mumbai and Pune, which is currently not available.[12] EMUs will be modified to include six motor cars.

CR plans to use 16 coach mail/express trains to cover the 170 km distance in approximately 2 hours and 50 minutes. Stations on the line will be Kurla, Vashi, Belapur, Panvel, Karjat, Lonavla and Shivajinagar.[13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mumbai: CST-Panvel line may run fully AC trains–India–IBNLive
  2. ^ "Harbour line to take elevated route at Kurla". The Times of India. 8 September 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  3. ^ CIDCO. "Railway Projects". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  4. ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/mumbai/end-of-an-era-mumbai-bids-goodbye-to-last-dc-local/
  5. ^ "CR wants Sewri, Chunnabhatti crossings shut during peak hours, News–City". Mumbai Mirror. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  6. ^ "Harbour line woes to continue for now". The Times of India. 19 December 2011.
  7. ^ "Mumbai's last 9-car local will ride into sunset tomorrow - Times of India".
  8. ^ "Mumbai: Trains affected by megablock on Harbour, Trans Harbour lines". DNA India.
  9. ^ "Mumbai: Harbour Line services affected due to technical snag". Mid-Day Mumbai.
  10. ^ http://www.mumbaimirror.com/article/2/20120726201207260407596579478e07e/Lots-of-elbow-room-at-new-Harbour-stns.html
  11. ^ "Mumbai: Platform width may make Harbour line miss deadline". mid-day. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  12. ^ http://www.expressindia.com/latest-news/pune-may-soon-have-its-first-direct-train-to-navi-mumbai/1007024/
  13. ^ "Central Railway plans to connect Navi Mumbai and Pune–The Times of India". The Times Of India.

External links[edit]