Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation

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Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation

Brihan Mumbai Mahanagar Palika
Seal of the MCGM
Type
Type
History
Founded1889; 133 years ago (1889)
Leadership
Vacant[1][2]
Vacant
Administrator
Structure
Seats227
Political groups
Government
Length of term
5 years
Elections
Last election
February 2017
Next election
2022
Motto
यतो धर्मस्ततो जय: (Sanskrit)
Where there is Righteousness, there shall be Victory
Meeting place
Bombay Municipal Corporation.JPG
Municipal Corporation Building, Mumbai
Website
Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation

The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC), IAST: bṛhanmuṃbaī mahānagarapālikā),[4], also known as the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM), is the governing civic body of Mumbai, the capital city of Maharashtra. It is India's richest municipal corporation.[5][6] The BMC's annual budget exceeds that of some of India's smaller states. It was established under the Bombay Municipal Corporation Act 1888.[7] BMC is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city and some suburbs. Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation has been formed with functions to improve the infrastructure of town. The city district region is also commonly referred to as the Island City or South Mumbai. The total area of Mumbai is 603.4 km2 (233 sq mi). Of this, the island city spans 67.79 km2 (26 sq mi), while the suburban district spans 370 km2 (143 sq mi), together accounting for 437.71 km2 (169 sq mi) under the administration of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM). The remaining areas belong to various Defence establishments, the Mumbai Port Trust ( Government of India), the Atomic Energy Commission (Government of India)and the Borivali Sanjay Gandhi National Park (Government of India) , which are out of the jurisdiction of the MCGM

Administration[edit]

The BMC is headed by an IAS officer who serves as Municipal Commissioner, wielding executive power. A quinquennial election is held to elect corporators, who are responsible for basic civic infrastructure and enforcing duty. The Mayor, usually from the majority party, serves as head of the house. As of June 2008, all administrative business in the BMC was conducted in Marathi, a decision that sparked controversy,[8] following which the BMC eased its stance and began accepting forms in English.[9]

City officials
Mayor Vacant
Deputy Mayor Vacant
Municipal Commissioner Iqbal Singh Chahal[10] 8 May 2020
Administrator Iqbal Singh Chahal, IAS[11] 8 March 2022

Legislature[edit]

As of 2017, the BMC's legislature, also known as the Corporation Council, consisted of 227 members. 2017 was the first time 31 candidates contested from a single ward (164). Raghvendra Singh was the youngest independent candidate at age 21.[citation needed] BMC is one of the richest municipal corporations in Asia.[12]

Revenue sources[edit]

The following are the Income sources for the Corporation from the Central and State Government.[13][14][15]

Revenue from taxes[edit]

Following is the Tax related revenue for the corporation.

  • Property tax.
  • Profession tax.
  • Entertainment tax.
  • Grants from Central and State Government like Goods and Services Tax.
  • Advertisement tax.

Revenue from non-tax sources[edit]

Following is the Non Tax related revenue for the corporation.

  • Water usage charges.
  • Fees from Documentation services.
  • Rent received from municipal property.
  • Funds from municipal bonds.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Administrator to run BMC, first time in 40 years". Times of India.
  2. ^ "BMC to be Run by Administrator Sans Mayor After 4 Decades". News18. Retrieved 8 March 2022.
  3. ^ "Iqbal Chahal appointed as BMC administrator as elections delayed". The Free Press Journal. Retrieved 8 March 2022.
  4. ^ "Welcome to The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai". Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 24 February 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  5. ^ "BMC to open green channel for octroi". Financialexpress.com. 3 September 2007. Retrieved 25 August 2010.
  6. ^ "Gold & beautiful, News - Cover Story". Mumbai Mirror. Archived from the original on 3 September 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
  7. ^ "BMC-Act-1888.pdf" (PDF). Retrieved 12 January 2013.
  8. ^ "From today. MCGM will do business only in Marathi". The Times of India. 25 June 2008. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2010.
  9. ^ "BMC drops only marathi clause, to accept forms in english". Hindustan Times. 28 January 2012.
  10. ^ "BMC Commissioner Praveen Pardeshi Replaced; Iqbal Chahal Becomes The New Commissioner Of Mumbai". MumbaiLive. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  11. ^ "Iqbal Chahal appointed as BMC administrator as elections delayed". The Free Press Journal. Retrieved 8 March 2022.
  12. ^ Mishra, Sohit (21 February 2017). "BMC Elections 2017: Complete fact sheet of Asia's richest civic corporation". India.com. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  13. ^ Jadhav, Radheshyam (3 December 2020). "Why civic bodies in India need municipal bonds". www.thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  14. ^ "Municipal corporations under severe strain as revenues sink: RBI Report". Business Today. 2 December 2021. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  15. ^ "If cities are to deliver better quality life, need to have business models which are sustainable". Financialexpress. 17 May 2022. Retrieved 18 May 2022.