List of attack aircraft

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This is a list of attack aircraft.

Attack aircraft are military aircraft used to attack targets on the ground with greater precision than strategic bombers. Modern attack aircraft may be expected to function in high threat environments where enemy air defences preclude the use of strategic bombers. Categories overlap depending on how the specific aircraft is used, along with that of fighters, fighter-bombers, and sometimes even trainers which have often been used for the role, particularly when they were obsolete in their original role. The use of the term attack is primarily an American term as other countries have described identical aircraft variously as light bombers, army cooperation aircraft, close support aircraft and as reconnaissance aircraft though the last term is often used for aircraft not used for such roles. This list is limited to those fixed-wing aircraft that have been built, and does not include projects, might have beens, and napkinwaffe. Dates after each entry are of first flight.

Before 1930[edit]

aircraft origin 1st flight # built
AEG DJ.I Germany 1918 1+
AEG J.I Germany 1917 609
Airco DH.5 UK 1916 552
Albatros J.I Germany 1917 240
Albatros J.II Germany 1918? ?
Armstrong Whitworth Atlas UK 1925 478
Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8 UK 1916 1,650
Blackburn Ripon UK 1926 92
Boeing GA-1 US 1920 10
Breguet 19 France 1922 2,700 c.
Bristol F.2 Fighter UK 1916 5,329
Curtiss Falcon US 1924 488
Douglas XA-2 US 1926 1
Fairey Fawn UK 1923 75
Fokker C.V Netherlands 1924 955
Halberstadt CL.II Germany 1917 900
Halberstadt CL.IV Germany 1918? ?
Hannover CL.II Germany 1917 439
Hannover CL.III Germany 1917 617
Hawker Hart UK 1928 1,004
Junkers CL.I Germany 1917 51
Junkers J.I Germany 1917 227
Kawasaki Army Type 88 Reconnaissance Aircraft Japan 1927 1,117
Martin BM US 1929 35
Mitsubishi B2M Japan 1929 206
Polikarpov U-2 USSR 1927 25,000 c.
Polikarpov R-5 USSR 1928 7,000 c.
Potez 15 France 1921 687
Potez 25 France 1924 4,000 c.
Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8 UK 1916 4,077
Sopwith Camel UK 1916 5,490
Sopwith Camel TF.1 (Trench Fighter) UK 1918 1?
Sopwith Salamander UK 1918 497
Salmson 4 AB.2 France 1918 12
Vickers Vildebeest UK 1928 209
Vought O2U Corsair US 1926 580
Westland Wapiti UK 1927 585

1930s[edit]

aircraft origin 1st flight # built
Aero A.100 Czechoslovakia 1933 44
Aero A.101 Czechoslovakia 1934 50+
Aichi D1A Japan 1934 590
Aichi D3A Japan 1938 1,486
Arado Ar 66 Germany 1932 ?
Bell P-39 Airacobra US 1938 9,584
Blackburn Shark UK 1933 269
Blackburn Skua UK 1937 192
Breda Ba.64 Italy 1934 42
Breda Ba.65 Italy 1935 218
Breda Ba.88 Italy 1936 149
Breguet 693 France 1938 230 c.
Brewster SBA/Naval Aircraft Factory SBN US 1936 31
Bristol Beaufighter UK 1939 5,928
Bristol Beaufort UK 1938 2,129
Bristol Blenheim UK 1935 4,422
CAC Wirraway Australia 1937 755
Caproni A.P.1 Italy 1934 ?
Curtiss A-8 US 1931 13
Curtiss A-12 Shrike US 1933 46
Curtiss XA-14 US 1935 1
Curtiss A-18 Shrike US 1937 13
Curtiss SBC Helldiver US 1935 257
Douglas A-20 Havoc US 1939 7,478
EKW C-36 Switzerland 1939 175
Fairey Albacore UK 1938 800
Fairey Battle UK 1936 2,185
Fairey Gordon UK 1931 186
Fairey Swordfish UK 1934 2,391
Fieseler Fi 167 Germany 1938 14
Fokker C.X Netherlands 1934 71
Fokker XA-7 US 1931 1
Great Lakes BG US 1933 61
Hawker Audax UK 1931 700+
Hawker Hardy UK 1934 48
Hawker Hector UK 1936 179
Hawker Hurricane UK 1935 14,583
Heinkel He 45 Germany 1931 512
Heinkel He 46 Germany 1931 500 c.
Heinkel He 50 Germany 1931 78
Heinkel 51C Germany 1933 100
Henschel Hs 123 Germany 1935 250 c.
Henschel Hs 129 Germany 1939 865
IAR 37, 38 and 39 Romania 1937 380
IAR 80 & 81 Romania 1939 346
Ilyushin Il-2 Sturmovik USSR 1939 36,183
Junkers Ju 87 Germany 1935 6,500 c.
Kawasaki Ki-3 Japan 1933 243
Kawasaki Ki-32 Japan 1937 854
Latécoère 298 France 1936 121
Letov Š-328 Czechoslovakia 1933 412
Lockheed Hudson US 1938 2,941
Lockheed P-38 Lightning US 1939 10,037
Loire-Nieuport LN.401 France 1938 68
Martin 167 Maryland US 1939 450
Messerschmitt Bf 110 Germany 1936 6,170
Mitsubishi B5M Japan 1937 125
Mitsubishi Ki-30 Japan 1937 704
Mitsubishi Ki-51 Japan 1939 2,385
Nakajima B5N Japan 1937 1,150 c.
Nakajima Ki-4 Japan 1933 516
Neman R-10 USSR 1936 500+
North American NA-44 US 1938 1
Northrop A-17 US 1935 411
Northrop BT US 1935 55
Northrop Gamma 2C & 2E US 1933 52 c.
Petlyakov Pe-2 USSR 1939 11,427
Polikarpov R-Z USSR 1935 1,031
PZL.23 Karaś Poland 1934 253
Savoia-Marchetti SM.85 Italy 1936 34
SET 7 Romania 1931 123
Sukhoi Su-2 USSR 1937 910
Tachikawa Ki-36 Japan 1938 1,334
Vickers Vincent UK 1932 197
Vought SBU Corsair US 1933 125
Vought SB2U Vindicator US 1936 260
Vultee V-11, V-12 and A-19 US 1935 224
Westland Lysander UK 1936 1,786
Westland Wallace UK 1931 172
Westland Whirlwind UK 1938 116
Yokosuka B4Y Japan 1935 205

1940s, 1950s and 1960s[edit]

aircraft origin 1st flight # built
Aermacchi AM.3 Italy 1967 46?
Aermacchi MB-326 Italy 1957 650
Aermacchi SF.260 Italy 1964 860+
Aero L-29 Delfín Czechoslovakia 1959 3,500
Aero L-39 Albatros Czechoslovakia 1968 592
Bell P-63 Kingcobra US 1942 3,303
Blackburn Buccaneer UK 1958 211
Blackburn Firebrand UK 1942 223
Blackburn Firecrest UK 1947 3
Breguet Vultur France 1951 2
CAC Woomera Australia 1941 2
Canadair CL-41G Tebuan Canada 1966 20
Cessna A-37 Dragonfly US 1963 577
DAR 10 Bulgaria 1941 2
Dassault Étendard IV France 1958 90
Dassault Super Mystère France 1955 180
Dassault Mirage F1 France 1966 720+
Dassault Mystère IV France 1952 411
Dassault Ouragan France 1949 362
de Havilland Mosquito UK 1940 7,781
de Havilland Venom UK 1949 1,431
Douglas A-1 Skyraider US 1945 3,180
Douglas A-3 Skywarrior US 1952 282
Douglas A-4 Skyhawk US 1954 2,960
Douglas A-26 Invader US 1942 2,452
Douglas AC-47 Spooky US 1965 53
Douglas SBD Dauntless US 1940 5,936
English Electric Canberra UK 1949 949
Fairchild AC-119 US 1968 52
Fairey Firefly UK 1941 1,702
Fiat G.91 Italy 1956 770
FMA IA 58 Pucará Argentina 1969 150–160
Focke-Wulf Fw190F/G Germany ? ?
Folland Gnat UK 1955 360
General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark US 1964 563
Grumman A-6 Intruder US 1960 693
Grumman F7F Tigercat US 1943 364
Grumman F8F Bearcat US 1944 1,265
Grumman F9F Panther US 1947 1,382
Grumman OV-1 Mohawk US 1959 380
Grumman TBF Avenger US 1941 9,839
HAL HF-24 Marut India 1961 147
Hawker Hunter UK 1951 1,972
Hawker Sea Hawk UK 1947 542
Hawker Siddeley Harrier UK 1967 278
Hawker Typhoon UK 1940 3,317
Helio Stallion US 1964 20
Hispano HA-200 Spain 1955 212
Ilyushin Il-10 & Avia B-33 USSR 1944 6,166
IMAM Ro.57bis Italy 1942 50-75
Kawasaki Ki-102 Japan 1944 238
Lockheed AC-130 US 1966 47
Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star US 1944 1,715
Malmö MFI-9 Sweden 1958 17
Martin AM Mauler US 1944 151
Martin B-26 Marauder US 1940 5,288
Martin B-57 Canberra US 1953 403
Martin Baltimore US 1941 1,575
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 USSR 1953 2,172
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 USSR ? ?
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 USSR 1967 5,047
Nakajima B6N Japan 1941 1,268
Nanchang Q-5 China 1965 1,300 c.
North American A-2 Savage US 1948 143
North American A-5 Vigilante US 1958 156
North American A-27 US 1940 10
North American A-36 Apache US 1942 500
North American B-25 Mitchell US 1940 9,984
North American FJ-4B Fury US 1956 222
North American NA-72 US 1940 30
North American P-51 Mustang US 1940 15,000+
North American Rockwell OV-10 Bronco US 1965 360
North American T-28 Trojan US 1949 1,948
North American T-6 Texan US 1940 ?
Northrop F-5 US 1959 2,246
Pilatus PC-6 Porter Switzerland 1959 562
Pilatus PC-7 Switzerland 1966 450+
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt US 1941 15,660
Republic F-84 Thunderjet US 1946 7,524
Republic F-105 Thunderchief US 1955 833
Saab 17 Sweden 1940 323
Saab 29 Tunnan Sweden 1948 661
Saab 32 Lansen Sweden 1952 450
Saab 35 Draken Sweden 1955 651
Saab 37 Viggen Sweden 1967 329
SEPECAT Jaguar UK & France 1968 543
SIAI-Marchetti SM.1019 Italy 1969 86
Soko 522 Yugoslavia 1955 110 c.
Soko G-2 Galeb Yugoslavia 1961 248
Soko J-20 Kraguj Yugoslavia 1962 85
Soko J-21 Jastreb Yugoslavia 1965 121
Sud Aviation Vautour France 1952 149
Sukhoi Su-6 USSR 1941 3
Sukhoi Su-7B USSR 1955 1,847
Sukhoi Su-17/20/22 USSR 1966 2,867
Sukhoi Su-24 USSR 1967 1,400
Tupolev Tu-2 USSR 1941 2,257
Vought A-7 Corsair II US 1965 1,569
Vought F4U Corsair US 1940 12,571
Vultee Vengeance US 1941 1,931
Westland Wyvern UK 1946 127
Yokosuka D4Y Japan 1940 2,038

1970s, 1980s and 1990s[edit]

aircraft origin 1st flight # built
Aermacchi MB-339 Italy 1976 213+
Aero L-59 Super Albatros Czechoslovakia 1986 71
Aero L-159 Alca Czech Republic 1997 72
AIDC AT-3 Taiwan 1980 63
AMX International AMX Italy & Brazil 1984 200 c.
BAE Hawk 200 UK 1986 62
BAE Harrier II UK 1985 143
Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet US 1995 500
Chengdu J-10 China 1998 270
Dassault-Breguet Super Étendard France 1974 85
Dassault Mirage 2000 France 1978 601
Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet France & Germany 1973 480
Embraer EMB 312 Tucano Brazil 1980 664
Eurofighter Typhoon UK, Germany, Italy & Spain 1994 406
Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt II US 1972 716
FMA IA 63 Pampa Argentina 1984 27
General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon US 1974 4,540+
Grumman F-14 Tomcat US 1970 712
HAL Ajeet India 1976 89
IAR-93 Vultur Romania 1974 88
IAR-99 Soim Romania 1985 20
Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk US 1981 64
Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor US 1997 195
McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle US 1972 1,189
McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle US 1986 420
McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet US 1978 1,480
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-27 USSR 1970 1,075
Mikoyan MiG-29K USSR 1998 45
Mitsubishi F-1 Japan 1975 77
Mitsubishi F-2 Japan 1995 94
Panavia Tornado UK, Germany & Italy 1974 774
Saab JAS 39 Gripen Sweden 1988 247 c.
Saab Supporter Sweden 1971 462
Soko J-22 Orao Yugoslavia 1974 250-300
Sukhoi Su-25 USSR 1975 1,024
Sukhoi Su-27 USSR 1977 809
Sukhoi Su-30 USSR 1989 509+
Sukhoi Su-34 USSR 1990 50
Xian JH-7 China 1998 240
Zlín Z-143 (modified by Tamil Tigers) Czech Republic 1992 2

21st century[edit]

aircraft origin 1st flight # built
CAC/PAC JF-17 Thunder China/Pakistan 2003 54
Chengdu J-20 China 2011 6
Dassault Rafale France 1986 130
Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano Brazil 1999 180+
HAL Tejas India 2001 14
HESA Azarakhsh Iran 2001? 6-9
HESA Saeqeh Iran 2004 8
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II US 2006 115
Sukhoi Su-30MKI Russia 2000 200
Sukhoi Su-35 Russia 2008 34
Sukhoi PAK FA Russia 2010 5
KAI TA-50 Golden Eagle South Korea 2002 22
Textron AirLand Scorpion US 2013 1

References[edit]