Lufeng, Guangdong

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Lufeng
陆丰市
County-level city
The entrance to Xuanwu Mountain in Jieshi
The entrance to Xuanwu Mountain in Jieshi
Lufeng is located in Guangdong
Lufeng
Lufeng
Location in Guangdong
Coordinates: 22°56′N 115°40′E / 22.933°N 115.667°E / 22.933; 115.667Coordinates: 22°56′N 115°40′E / 22.933°N 115.667°E / 22.933; 115.667
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
Prefecture-level city Shanwei
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Lufeng
Traditional Chinese 陸豐
Simplified Chinese 陆丰
Postal Lukfung
Literal meaning Mainland Abundance[clarification needed]

Lufeng, formerly romanized as Lukfung,[a] is a county-level county-level city in Guangdong, China, administered as a part of the prefecture-level city of Shanwei. It lies on the mainland on coast of the South China Sea east of Hong Kong.

History[edit]

Under the Qing, the area was known as Lufeng County. Together with neighboring Haifeng, it formed the short-lived Hailufeng Soviet in 1927. It was later promoted to county-level city status.

The area rose to prominence in the early 21st century as a scene of unrest. Jieshi saw serious inter-village violence over road use in October 2009 and March 2010[4] and, in September 2011, a series of protests or riots occurred in Wukan Village over allegations of Communist Party members unfairly selling farmers' land for development.[5] Fresh protests broke out in December, when one of the village leaders died in the police custody. The police blocked the roads leading to the village.[6]

Administration[edit]

As of 2005 year's end, the city comprises three urban subdistricts and 17 towns. These are organised into 47 neighbourhood committees and 280 village committees.[7]

The city's executive, legislature and judiciary are located in the Donghai Subdistrict (东海街道), together with the CPC subbranch and PSB suboffice. Wukan Village, site of the Wukan protests, is also located in the Donghai subdistrict.

Urban subdistricts[edit]

  • Donghai (东海)
  • Chengdong (城东)
  • Hexi (河西)

Towns[edit]

  • Jieshi (碣石)
  • Qiaochong (桥冲)
  • Bomei (博美)
  • Jiazi (甲子)
  • Jiadong (甲东)
  • Jiaxi (甲西)
  • Hudong (湖东)
  • Beiyang (陂洋)
  • Nantang (南塘)
  • Bawan (八万)
  • Tanxi (潭西)
  • Da'an (大安)
  • Jinxiang (金厢)
  • Neihu (内湖)
  • Xinan (西南)
  • Shangying (上英)
  • Hedong (河东)

Demography[edit]

Lufeng has a population of 1.7 million,[8] the majority of which are of Hoklo heritage; the rest are Hakka. Therefore, dialects of both Min Nan and Hakka are spoken, in addition to Mandarin, which is used in official and public life. The Hailufeng dialect, however, only refers to the Hokkien variant.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Postal Map spelling was based on the name's local Cantonese pronunciation. Other romanizations include Lu-feng,[1] Luh-fung,[2] and Luh Fung.[3]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th ed. (1911), Vol. XV, "Kwang-tung".
  2. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th ed. (1878), Vol. V, "China".
  3. ^ Bolton & al. (1941), p. 262.
  4. ^ Guangdong Villages Battle over Road-use, Verna Yu, South China Morning Post, 10 March 2010
  5. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-15032458
  6. ^ Michael Bristow (14 December 2011). "China protest worsens in Guangdong after villager death". BBC News. Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  7. ^ http://baike.baidu.com/view/184974.htm?fr=ala0_1_1#2
  8. ^ "Beijing: zero tolerance against illegal land-grabs. Asia News. 26 September 2011.

Bibliography[edit]