Panyu District

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Panyu
番禺区
District
Shiqiao Subdistrict
Shiqiao Subdistrict
  Panyu in Guangzhou
  Panyu in Guangzhou
Coordinates: 22°56′11″N 113°23′03″E / 22.93639°N 113.38417°E / 22.93639; 113.38417Coordinates: 22°56′11″N 113°23′03″E / 22.93639°N 113.38417°E / 22.93639; 113.38417
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
Sub-provincial city Guangzhou
Area
 • Total 786.15 km2 (303.53 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Total 1,764,869
 • Density 2,245/km2 (5,810/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 511400
Area code(s) 020
Website www.panyu.gov.cn
Panyu District
Simplified Chinese 番禺区
Traditional Chinese 番禺區
Canton Romanization pun1 yu4 kêu1
Hanyu Pinyin Pānyú Qū
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese 番禺
Canton Romanization pun1 yu4
Hanyu Pinyin Pānyú
Postal Map Punyu

Panyu[1] is a district of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province in southern China. It was formerly a county-level city before it became a district of Guangzhou. The name of Panyu dates back to the conquest of Guangdong by Qin Shi Huang. It was the old name of present-day Guangzhou. The district covers an area of about 661.88 square kilometres (255.55 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Panyu lies at the heart of the Pearl River Delta, its boundary straddles from latitudes 22.26' to 23.05', and sprawls from longitudes 113.14' to 113.42'. Facing the Lion Sea in the east and the estuary of the Pearl River in the south, its eastern border is separated from the Dongguan by a strip of water, and the western border of Panyu is adjacent to the cities of Nanhai, Shunde and Zhongshan, while it abuts the downtown of Guangzhou in the north. The site of the People's government of Panyu is Shiqiao which is 17 kilometres (11 mi) from downtown Guangzhou and 38 and 42 nautical miles (70 and 78 km) from the cities of Hong Kong and Macao respectively.

History[edit]

A Chinese lacquerware box with the "Panyu" name on its surface, dating from the Qin Dynasty.

There are at least 11 speculations on the etymology of the name.[2] Established in the Qin Dynasty in 214 BC, Panyu is one of the oldest cities in China. It became the capital of Nanyue in 204 BC. The archaeological evidence states that it was a burgeoning commercial center: among the present material object remnants there are those of Southeast Asian, Indian and even African origin.[3]

Much of northern part Panyu County was ceded to Guangzhou (now consist of Yuexiu, parts of Liwan, Haizhu, Tianhe, most of Baiyun and most of Huangpu). In 20 May 1992 Panyu County was upgraded into a county-level city and last until 21 May 2000 Panyu was fully converted into a district of Guangzhou. By 28 April 2005, southern part of Panyu established the new district of Nansha. Further in 30 September 2012 three southern towns Dongchong, Dagang, and Lanhe was placed under Nansha's jurisdiction.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Panyu district administers ten subdistricts (街道) and six towns (镇).[4] The district executive, legislature and judiciary are based in the Shiqiao, together with the CPC and PSB branches.

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Canton Romanization Population (2010)[5]
Shiqiao Subdistrict 市桥街道 Shìqiáo Jiēdào xi5 kiu4 gai1 dou6 168,701
Zhongcun Subdistrict 钟村街道 Zhōngcūn Jiēdào zung1 qun1 gai1 dou6 104,598
Shibi Subdistrict 石壁街道 Shíbì Jiēdào ség6 big1 gai1 dou6 32,989
Dashi Subdistrict 大石街道 Dàshí Jiēdào dai6 ség6 gai1 dou6 116,107
Luopu Subdistrict 洛浦街道 Luòpǔ Jiēdào log6 pou2 gai1 dou6 89,294
Dalong Subdistrict 大龙街道 Dàlóng Jiēdào dai6 lung4 gai1 dou6 129,515
Donghuan Subdistrict 东环街道 Dōnghuán Jiēdào dung1 wan4 gai1 dou6 52,965
Qiaonan Subdistrict 桥南街道 Qiáonán Jiēdào kiu4 nam4 gai1 dou6 72,695
Shatou Subdistrict 沙头街道 Shātóu Jiēdào sa1 teo4 gai1 dou6 35,201
Xiaoguwei Subdistrict 小谷围街道 Xiǎogǔwéi Jiēdào xiu2 gug1 wei4 gai1 dou6 131,470
Nancun Town 南村镇 Náncūn Zhèn nam4 qun1 zan3 129,076
Xinzao Town 新造镇 Xīnzào Zhèn sen1 lung4 zou6 zan3 27,248
Hualong Town 化龙镇 Huàlóng Zhèn fa3 lung4 zan3 53,142
Shilou Town 石楼镇 Shílóu Zhèn ség6 leo4 zan3 90,381
Shiqi Town 石碁镇 Shíqí Zhèn ség6 kéi4 zen3 97,434
Shawan Town 沙湾镇 Shāwān Zhèn saa1 waan1 zan3 88,695

Transfer Towns[edit]

The following towns have been abolished, some by absorption into the Development zone of the Nansha District.

Official Villages[edit]

Under its various Subdistricts and Towns (and in the one Development zone), Panyu has 305 administration villages - i.e. 305 village governments. There are other 'natural villages' (自然村) which administratively count as being in one or another of the official villages.

Economy[edit]

Statistics shows that in the year of 1998, the GDP in the district was 33.25 billion yuan, an increase of 13% over the previous year, and the GDP per capita was 35.5 thousand Yuan, an increase of 11%, compared with the previous year.

Transportation[edit]

Guangzhou Metro Lines 2 and 3 serve parts of Panyu District. Line 2 was extended into the district in Sept. 2010.

Panyu Public Transport operates buses in the district.

Metro[edit]

Panyu is currently service by three metro lines operated by Guangzhou Metro:


Tourist attractions[edit]

Major educational institutions[edit]

Notable individuals[edit]

People born in or with family links to the Panyu District:

International Relations[edit]

Panyu has a cooperational agreement with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Often mispronounced as Fanyu
  2. ^ 番禺求证
  3. ^ Susan N. Erickson, Yi Song-mi, and Michael Nylan. "The archaeology of the outlying lands" in Nylan-Loewe, China's Early Empires, 2010:163.
  4. ^ "Panyu District (番禺区)". National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2013. Retrieved March 17, 2014.  (Chinese)
  5. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2. 
  6. ^ http://web.gdut.edu.cn/~draw/ICGG2004/GUANGZHOU/attr_08.htm
  7. ^ http://www.newsgd.com/citiesandtowns/guangzhou/lens/200309190073.htm
  8. ^ http://english.people.com.cn/english/200012/18/eng20001218_58103.html
  9. ^ http://web.gdut.edu.cn/~draw/ICGG2004/GUANGZHOU/attr_11.htm
  10. ^ http://www.gdzyzx.cn

External links[edit]