Panyu is a district of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province in southern China. It was formerly a county-level city before it became a district of Guangzhou. The name of Panyu dates back to the conquest of Guangdong by Qin Shi Huang. It was the old name of present-day Guangzhou. The district covers an area of about 661.88 square kilometres (255.55 sq mi).
Panyu lies at the heart of the Pearl River Delta, its boundary straddles from latitudes 22.26' to 23.05', and sprawls from longitudes 113.14' to 113.42'. Facing the Lion Sea in the east and the estuary of the Pearl River in the south, its eastern border is separated from the Dongguan by a strip of water, and the western border of Panyu is adjacent to the cities of Nanhai, Shunde and Zhongshan, while it abuts the downtown of Guangzhou in the north. The site of the People's government of Panyu is Shiqiao which is 17 kilometres (11 mi) from downtown Guangzhou and 38 and 42 nautical miles (70 and 78 km) from the cities of Hong Kong and Macao respectively.
A Chinese lacquerware box with the "Panyu" name on its surface, dating from the Qin Dynasty.
There are at least 11 speculations on the etymology of the name. Established in the Qin Dynasty in 214 BC, Panyu is one of the oldest cities in China. It became the capital of Nanyue in 204 BC. The archaeological evidence states that it was a burgeoning commercial center: among the present material object remnants there are those of Southeast Asian, Indian and even African origin.
Much of northern part Panyu County was ceded to Guangzhou (now consist of Yuexiu, parts of Liwan, Haizhu, Tianhe, most of Baiyun and most of Huangpu). On 20 May 1992 Panyu County was upgraded into a county-level city and last until 21 May 2000 Panyu was fully converted into a district of Guangzhou. By 28 April 2005, southern part of Panyu established the new district of Nansha. Further on 30 September 2012 three southern towns Dongchong, Dagang, and Lanhe was placed under Nansha's jurisdiction.
Under its various Subdistricts and Towns (and in the one Development zone), Panyu has 305 administration villages - i.e. 305 village governments. There are other 'natural villages' (自然村) which administratively count as being in one or another of the official villages.
Statistics shows that in the year of 1998, the GDP in the district was 33.25 billion yuan, an increase of 13% over the previous year, and the GDP per capita was 35.5 thousand Yuan, an increase of 11%, compared with the previous year.
^shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN978-7-5037-6660-2.|access-date= requires |url= (help)
^"Guide for Foreigners in Guangzhou" (Archive). Foreign Affairs Office of the Guangzhou Municipal Government (广州市人民政府外事办公室). p. 32/74. Retrieved on August 17, 2015. "Guangzhou Korea School Add: Jinxiu Xiangjiang Estate, Nancun Town, Panyu District, Guangzhou"