Methoxy arachidonyl fluorophosphonate
methyl (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-icosa-5,8,11,14- tetraenylphosphonofluoridate
3D model (JSmol)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Methoxy arachidonyl fluorophosphonate, commonly referred as MAFP, is an irreversible active site-directed enzyme inhibitor that inhibits nearly all serine hydrolases and serine proteases. It inhibits phospholipase A2 and fatty acid amide hydrolase with special potency, displaying IC50 values in the low-nanomolar range. In addition, it binds to the CB1 receptor in rat brain membrane preparations (IC50 = 20 nM), but does not appear to agonize or antagonize the receptor.
- DIFP - diisopropyl fluorophosphate, a related inhibitor
- IDFP - isopropyl dodecylfluorophosphonate, another related inhibitor with selectivity for FAAH and MAGL
- Activity based probes
- Hoover HS, Blankman JL, Niessen S, Cravatt BF (July 2008). "Selectivity of inhibitors of endocannabinoid biosynthesis evaluated by activity-based protein profiling". Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 18 (22): 5838–41. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2008.06.091. PMC 2634297. PMID 18657971.
- Deutsch DG, Omeir R, Arreaza G, Salehani D, Prestwich GD, Huang Z, Howlett A (1997). "Methyl arachidonyl fluorophosphonate: a potent irreversible inhibitor of anandamide amidase". Biochem. Pharmacol. 53 (3): 255–60. doi:10.1016/s0006-2952(96)00830-1. PMID 9065728.
- Savinainen JR, Saario SM, Niemi R, Järvinen T, Laitinen JT (2003). "An optimized approach to study endocannabinoid signaling: evidence against constitutive activity of rat brain adenosine A1 and cannabinoid CB1 receptors". Br. J. Pharmacol. 140 (8): 1451–9. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0705577. PMC 1574161. PMID 14623770.
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