Mandera County

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Mandera County
Dalka Mandheera
 Kenya
Coat of arms of Mandera County
Location of Mandera County in Kenya
Location of Mandera County in Kenya
Coordinates: 3°25′00″N 40°40′00″E / 3.41667°N 40.6667°E / 3.41667; 40.6667Coordinates: 3°25′00″N 40°40′00″E / 3.41667°N 40.6667°E / 3.41667; 40.6667
Country Kenya
Formed4 March 2013
Capital and largest townMandera
Other townsEl Wak
Government
 • GovernorMohamed Adan Khalif
Area
 • Total25,797.7 km2 (9,960.5 sq mi)
 • Land25,797.7 km2 (9,960.5 sq mi)
 • Water0 km2 (0 sq mi)
Elevation
1,200 m (3,900 ft)
Population
 (2022)[1]
 • Total2,300,000
 • Density89/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Websitewww.mandera.go.ke

Mandera County is the northeasternmost county in Kenya. Its capital and largest town is Mandera. The county is bordered by Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the east and Wajir County to the southwest. According to the 2019 census, the county has a population of 1,200,890 and an area of 25,939.8 square kilometres (10,015.4 sq mi).[1] The main economic activity in the county is pastoralism, while others include cross-border trade with Ethiopia, artisanal mining, beekeeping, and agriculture along the Dawa River.[2]

Geography[edit]

The county mostly consists of rocky hills, located on a plain that rises from 400m in altitude near El Wak, to 970m near the Ethiopian border. The seasonal Dawa River (also 'Daua River') forms the border between Mandera County and Ethiopia, for about 150 km from the northernmost point of the county up to the Somali border. The river's flood plains are used for cultivating crops. Most of the county has a semi-arid climate.[2]

Climate[edit]

The county has a temperature range between 24C – 42C. Rainfall is very low and unreliable with annual average of 91.7mm annually. Long rains normally occur in April and May averaging 69.1mm while short rains in October and November averaging 122mm.[3]

Demographics[edit]

The Kenya Population and Housing Survey report (KPHC) 2009 showed that Mandera County had a population of 1,025,756 persons. This comprised 559,943 males (54.6%) and 465,813 females (45.4%). The county's population was projected to be 1,399,503 persons, comprising 763,966 males and 635,537 females in 2017.[1]

The county has a total population of 867,457 of which 434,976 are males, 432,444 females and 37 intersex persons. There are 125,763 household with an average household size of 6.9 persons per household and a population density 33 people per square kilometre 2020.[4]

It was also projected that the population would be 1,699,437 persons comprising 927,695 males and 771,742 females in the year 2022.

Like in other areas of North Eastern counties, Mandera is predominantly inhabited by ethnic Somalis.

Religion in Mandera County[5]

  Christianity (0.4%)
  Islam (99.6%)
  Other religions (including Atheism) (0.1%)

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1979 105,601—    
1989 123,787+17.2%
1999 250,372+102.3%
2009 1,025,756+309.7%
2019 867,457−15.4%
source:[6]

Administrative and political units[edit]

Administrative units[edit]

There are 7 sub counties, 22 divisions, 97 locations and 141 sub-locations.[7]

Sub-counties[edit]

  • Mandera East
  • Mandera West
  • Banisa
  • Mandera North
  • Lafey
  • Mandera South
  • Kutullo
  • Arabia
  • Kiliwehiri

Electoral constituencies[edit]

It has 6 constituencies and 30 county assembly wards.[8]

Political leadership[edit]

Ibrahim Roba is the governor serving his last term in office after being elected twice 2013, 2017 and his deputy is Mohamed Ahmed.[9][10] Mahamud Mohamed M is the Senator who replaced Billow Kerow who was the first elected senator.[11][12] Amina Gedow is the second elected women representative who won against Fathia Mahbuub, the first women representative for the county.[13][14]

For Mandera County, the County Executive Committee comprises:[15]-

County Executive Committee
Number
The Governor 1
The Deputy Governor 1
The County Secretary 1
The Members of County Assembly 48
Members of the CEC 10

Members of Parliament 2017-2022 (Mandera County)[edit]

  1. Hon Omar Mohamed – omar salla[16] of EFP Party Member o.f Parliament Mandera Constituency.[17]
  2. Hon. Hassan, Kulow Maalim[18] of EFP party Member of Parliament West Banisa Constituency.[19]
  3. Hon. Hassan, Omar Mohamed Maalim[20] of EFP Party Member of Parliament Mandera East Constituency.[21]
  4. Hon. Ibrahim, Abdi Mude[22] of EFP Party Member of Parliament Lafey Constituency.[23]
  5. Hon. Ali, Adan Haji[24] of Jubilee Party Member of Parliament Mandera South Constituency.[25]
  6. Hon. Abdullah, Bashir Sheikh[26] of Jubilee Party Member of Parliament Mandera North Constituency.[27]

Members of the County Assembly

  1. Hon Saad Sheikh Ahmed (Abajano)[²⁶] EFP PARTY Member of County Assembly Fino Ward
  2. Hon Hussein Adan Haji(HajiHuska)[⁶] EFP PARTY Member of County Assembly Takaba South Ward

Health[edit]

There is a total of 83 health facilities in the county and 150 health personnel of different cadre.[28]

HIV prevalence is at 1.8%, below the national average of 5.3%.[29][30]

Transport and communication[edit]

The county is covered by 1,884.5 km of road network. Of this 1,390 km is covered by earth surface, 494.5 km is murram surface.[31]

There are 13 cyber cafes, 5 post offices installed letter boxes, 1150 rented letter boxes and 1100 rented letter boxes, and 50 vacant letter boxes.[32]

Trade and commerce[edit]

There are 32 trading centers, 127 licensed retail traders, 212 licensed hawkers and 10 petrol stations.[33]

Urban Centre 2022Population[34]
Mandera 141,116
El Wak 59,000
Rhamu 56,185
Takaba 51,546

Mandera Town is the most densely populated urban area of the county, while Takaba is the least populated.

The town is the oldest and main urban section of the county and its high population is attributed to the residents' diverse economic activities. The town has small-scale traders; retailers, artisans, hoteliers, grocers and even cross-border traders.

County subdivisions[edit]

As of 2022, Mandera County is divided into 6 sub-counties:[1]

Sub-county Population Pop. density Headquarters
Mandera South 410,247 66 El Wak
Mandera East 296,281 106 Mandera
Mandera North 281,111 51 Rhamu
Mandera West 267,901 56 Takaba
Bannisa 261,891 78 Bannisa
Lafey 182,006 54 Lafey

Mandera East that hosts the county headquarters in Mandera Town is the most densely populated constituency with 106 persons per square kilometer. Mandera North is the least densely populated constituency with 42 persons per square kilometer, but which is projected to be 47 and 51 persons per square kilometers 2020 and 2022 respectively.

Electoral constituencies[edit]

Constituencies of Mandera County[35]
Map Constituency Names Constituency No. Approximate Population (2022)
Mandera-County.svg Mandera West 39 267,901
Banissa 40 261,891
Mandera North 41 231,498
Mandera South 42 410,247
Mandera East 43 296,281
Lafey 44 182,006
Total 1,025,756

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Volume I: Population by County and Sub-County". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Mandera County Integrated Development Plan (CIDP 2018-2022)". Maarifa. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  3. ^ Mandera County Integrated Development Plan CIDP 2018-2022. Mandera County Government. 2018. p. 25.
  4. ^ Munene, Evans (4 November 2019). "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Results". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  5. ^ "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Volume IV: Distribution of Population by Socio-Economic Characteristics" (PDF). Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  6. ^ Kenya: Administrative Division population statistics
  7. ^ "Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government". Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government. Archived from the original on 2 May 2020. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  8. ^ "The Report of the Interim Independent Boundaries Review Commission (IIBRC): Delimitation of Constituencies and Recommendations on Local Authority Electoral Units and Administrative Boundaries for Districts and Other Units" (PDF). IIBRC. 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Governors & Deputy Governors". cog.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  10. ^ "H.E. Capt Ali Ibrahim Roba- Mandera County Governor – Mandera County". Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  11. ^ "Members of the Senate | The Kenyan Parliament Website". parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  12. ^ "Mohammed Maalim Mahamud". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  13. ^ "Women Representatives | KEWOPA KENYA". Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  14. ^ "Amina Gedow Hassan". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  15. ^ "179. County executive committees – Kenya Law Reform Commission (KLRC)". klrc.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  16. ^ "Omar Mohamed Maalim Hassan". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Hon. Hassan, Omar Mohamed Maalim | The Kenyan Parliament Website". parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Kulow Maalim Hassan". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Hon. Hassan, Kulow Maalim | The Kenyan Parliament Website". parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  20. ^ "Omar Mohamed Maalim Hassan". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  21. ^ "Hon. Hassan, Omar Mohamed Maalim | The Kenyan Parliament Website". parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  22. ^ "Abdi Mude Ibrahim". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Hon. Ibrahim, Abdi Mude | The Kenyan Parliament Website". parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  24. ^ "Adan Hajj Ali". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  25. ^ "Hon. Ali, Adan Haji | The Kenyan Parliament Website". parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  26. ^ "Bashir Sheikh Abdullah". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  27. ^ "Hon. Abdullah, Bashir Sheikh | The Kenyan Parliament Website". parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  28. ^ Manderacounty-Admin. "Health Services". County Government of Mandera. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  29. ^ "Kenya Demographic Health Survey 2008-09" (PDF). Demographic Health Survey. 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  30. ^ "Kenya HIV Estimates Report 2015" (PDF). National AIDS Control Council. 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  31. ^ Manderacounty-Admin. "Roads, Transport and Public Works". County Government of Mandera. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  32. ^ "Publications". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  33. ^ Manderacounty-Admin. "Trade, Industrialization and Co-operative Development". County Government of Mandera. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  34. ^ "CIDP Marsabit 2018-2022". Maarifa Centre. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  35. ^ "Delimitation of Constituencies and Recommendations on Local Authority Electoral Units and Administrative Boundaries for Districts and Other Units". Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC). Retrieved 11 April 2019.

External links[edit]