Uasin Gishu County

Coordinates: 0°31′00″N 35°17′00″E / 0.516667°N 35.2833°E / 0.516667; 35.2833
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Uasin Gishu County
Flag of Uasin Gishu County
Coat of arms of Uasin Gishu County
Location in Kenya
Location in Kenya
Country Kenya
Formed4 March 2013
County governmentEldoret
 • GovernorJonathan Bii
 • Total2,955.3 km2 (1,141.0 sq mi)
2,200 m (7,200 ft)
 • Total1,163,186
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Uasin Gishu County is one of the 47 counties of Kenya located in the former Rift Valley Province. Eldoret has the county's largest population centre as well as its administrative and commercial centre.[1] "It lies between longitudes 34 degrees 50' east and 35 degrees 37' West and latitudes 0 degrees 03' South and 0 degrees 55' North. It is a highland plateau with altitudes falling gently from 2,700 meters above sea level to about 1,500 meters above sea level. The topography is higher to the east and declines gently towards the western border".[2]

Uasin Gishu is located on a plateau and has a cool and temperate climate. The county borders Trans-Nzoia County to the north, Elgeyo-Marakwet and Baringo counties to the east, Kericho County to the south, Nandi County to the south, south-west and Kakamega County to the west.


The county's name comes from the Maasai word Illwuasin-kishu. The land was the grazing area of the clan. They surrendered the land to the colonial government in the Anglo-Maasai agreement of 1911 and were subsequently pushed towards Trans Mara District. The plateau that they once occupied was then registered in its Anglicised version, Uasin Gishu.[3]


In 1903, the area was proposed as a potential Jewish homeland; British Uganda Programme, which was rejected by the Jewish community leaders in the Sixth Zionist Congress

In 1908, fifty eight families of Afrikaans-speaking South Africans settled in the Uasin Gishu plateau. They were followed by sixty more families in 1911 and more later.[4] The town of Eldoret was established in the midst of the farms they created.


Historical population
1979 300,766—    
1989 445,530+48.1%
1999 622,705+39.8%
2009 894,179+43.6%
2019 1,163,186+30.1%
Uasin Gishu Map


Religion in Uasin Gishu County [6]

Religion (2019 Census) Number
Catholic 250,572
Protestant 521,093
Evangelical Churches 222,364
African instituted Churches 68,784
Orthodox 3,537
Other Christian 39,428
Islam 18,805
Hindu 1,600
Traditionists 1,193
Other 9,523
No ReligionAtheists 14,289
Don't Know 1,362
Not Stated 121


Urban areas[edit]

Town Type Population (2009)[7] Rank in Kenya (Population Size)
Eldoret Municipality 289,380 5
Moi's Bridge Town 14,596 106
Matunda Town 10,031 119
Burnt Forest Town 4,925 172
Jua Kali Town 3,427 192
Turbo Town 2,831 201


Division Population* Urban pop.* Headquarters
Ainabkoi Constituency 77,290 18,799 Kapsoya
Kapseret Constituency 93,162 55,056 Kapseret
Kesses Constituency 84,894 0 Kesses
Moiben Constituency 92,717 6,172 Moiben
Soy Constituency 165,127 46,338 Eldoret
Turbo Constituency 109,508 46,900 Turbo
* 1999 census.[8][9]

Uasin Gishu Sub-counties[edit]

Uasin Gishu is divided into six sub-counties namely: Turbo - with a Total of six wards; Kesses - With a Total of four wards; Moiben - With a Total of Five wards; Kapseret - with a total of five wards; Ainabkoi and Soy - With a Total of Seven wards. The sub-counties boundaries also correspond with the electoral constituencies in the counties.

Uasin Gishu Sub Counties
Sub County Wards Sub County Wards Sub County Wards
Turbo Huruma Moiben Karuna/Meibeki Soy Kipsomba
Kamagut Kimumu Kunet/Kapsuswa
Kapsaos Moiben Soy
Kiplombe Sergoit Ziwa
Ngenyilel Tembelio Kapkures
Tapsagoi Mois Bridge
Kesses Tulwet/Chuiyat Kapseret Ngeria Ainabkoi Ainabkoi/Olare
Tarakwa Simat/Kapseret Kaptagat
Cheptiret/Kipchamo Kipkenyo Kapsoya
Racecourse Langas

Each Sub County has an administrative office in charge of it from the county Government. Wards administrators are in charge of wards and Sub County administrators admin the sub Counties.



Cherangani hills as viewed from farmlands near Karuna,Moiben, Uasin Gishu
Kesses Reservoir

Uasin Gishu along with neighbouring Trans-Nzoia, are considered Kenya's breadbasket due to their large-scale maize and wheat farms which produce the bulk of the country's total harvest.[10]

The National Cereals Board has a cereal storage depot located at Moi's Bridge town located in the north of the county, which consists of eight large silos with a capacity of approximately 5 million tonnes of grain.[11] It is one of the largest in the country and plays a significant role in Kenya's food security.

The county also produces sizable quantities of milk and horticultural produce. A wide variety of crops and animals are produced in smaller quantities.


The county has 1,728 operational fish ponds covering 486,000 m2 with annual fish production of 593,000 kg worth KShs 285,900,000. The county also has many private and public dams suitable for capture fisheries with an annual production of 33,048 kg worth KShs 9,914,400.[12]


The county capital, Eldoret, is home to a vibrant textile industry as well as East Africa's only manufacturer of small arms and ammunition. There is also a substantial agribusiness sector that makes use of the produce from the county and surrounding regions.[13]


Eldoret is a major commercial centre in western Kenya. Service industries like wholesale & retail trade, auto repair, entertainment centres and various IT services abound within and outside the town. Almost all Kenyan banks have a presence in the town and these act to service the region.[14]


Tourism, sports tourism in particular, is a growing sub-sector in the county - the result of long term performances by athletes from the region.[15]

Trading Once in 1945 started culture as we know called currency trade It was a type of trade that was practised upto this day it is Way different than Barter trade which was practised in the olden days.

Currency trade-exchange of money for goods Barter trade-exchange of goods for goods


Uasin Gishu has 300 kilometers of tarmac roads, 549 kilometers of murram roads and 377 kilometers of earth roads. It also has 17 kilometers of railway line with 8 railway stations in addition to an inland container depot. The Eldoret International Airport and two airstrips are also located in the county, all combining to make it the regions service hub.[16]


The county has several universities including Moi University and the University of Eldoret, which have their main campuses in the county. Several technical and vocational institutes are also located in the county, including Eldoret National Polytechnic, Rift Valley Technical Training Institute, Kipkabus Technical Training Institute, Moiben Technical Training Institute, Kosyin Technical Training Institute, Chebororwa Agricultural Training Centre, Tumaini and Technical Training Institute, amongst others.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "Uasin Gishu County overview – Uasin Gishu County". Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  2. ^ "KIPPRA PPR Home". Retrieved 27 October 2022.
  3. ^ MORRIS KIRUGA. Daily Nation. How local dialects influenced naming of west Kenya towns. 23 July 2013 [1]
  4. ^ Red strangers: the white tribe of Kenya, ISBN 1-85725-206-3, by Christine Stephanie Nicholls
  5. ^ Kenya: Administrative Division population statistics
  6. ^ "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Volume IV: Distribution of Population by Socio-Economic Characteristics" (PDF). Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Kenya" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 February 2013.
  8. ^ "1999 census" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2007.
  9. ^ 1999 census Archived 28 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Kenya Information Guide online
  11. ^ Zakenya online
  12. ^ Uasin Gishu County online
  13. ^ Kenya Information Guide online
  14. ^ "Eldoret, Kenya". Meet Minneapolis. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  15. ^ Kenya Information Guide online
  16. ^ Uasin Gishu County Government online

External links[edit]

Media related to Uasin-Gishu County at Wikimedia Commons

0°31′00″N 35°17′00″E / 0.516667°N 35.2833°E / 0.516667; 35.2833