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Nakuru County

Coordinates: 0°30′S 36°0′E / 0.500°S 36.000°E / -0.500; 36.000
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Nakuru County
Flamingos at Lake Nakuru
Flamingos at Lake Nakuru
Flag of Nakuru County
Location of Nakuru County in Kenya
Location of Nakuru County in Kenya
Coordinates: 0°30′S 36°0′E / 0.500°S 36.000°E / -0.500; 36.000
Country Kenya
Formed4 March 2013
Capital and largest townNakuru
Other townsNaivasha
 • GovernorSusan Kihika
 • Total7,509.5 km2 (2,899.4 sq mi)
 • Total2,162,202[1]
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Nakuru County is a county in Kenya. It is county number 32 out of the 47 Kenyan counties. Nakuru County is a host to Kenya's Fourth City – Nakuru City. On 1 December 2021, President Uhuru Kenyatta awarded a City Charter status to Nakuru,[2] ranking it with Nairobi, Mombasa, and Kisumu as the cities in Kenya. With a population of 2,162,202[1] (2019 census), it is the third most populous county in Kenya after Nairobi County and Kiambu County, in that order. With an area of 7,496.5 km2,  it is Kenya's 19th largest county in size. Until 21 August 2010, it formed part of Rift Valley Province.


Historical population
1979 522,709—    
1989 849,096+62.4%
1999 1,187,039+39.8%
2009 1,603,325+35.1%
2019 2,162,202+34.9%


Religion in Nakuru County [4]

Religion (2019 Census) Number
Catholicism 349,526
Protestant 703,882
Evangelical Churches 647,780
African instituted Churches 154,007
Orthodox 12,182
Other Christians 140,000
Islam 25,479
Hindu 1,660
Traditionists 4,568
Other 30,379
No Religion/Atheists 67,640
Don't Know 4,937
Not Stated 267

Sites of interest[edit]

Nakuru County is home to Lake Nakuru, Lake Elmenteita and Lake Naivasha, which are some of the Rift Valley soda lakes. Lake Nakuru is best known for its thousands, sometimes millions of flamingoes nesting along the shores. The surface of the shallow lake is often hardly recognizable due to the continually shifting mass of pink. The number of flamingos on the lake varies with water and food conditions and the best vantage point is from Baboon Cliff. Also of interest, an area of 188 km around the lake fenced off as a sanctuary to protect Rothschild giraffe and black rhinos.

Other sites of interest around Nakuru include Menengai Crater, an extinct volcano 2,490 m (8,167 ft) high, and the Nakuru National Park which is a wildlife zone. The views of the crater itself, as well as the surrounding countryside, are spectacular.

Hyrax Hill Prehistoric Site, discovered by the Leakeys in 1926, is considered a major Neolithic and Iron Age site. The adjoining museum features are from various nearby excavations.[5]

The second-largest surviving volcanic crater in the world, the Menengai Crater is 2500 meters above sea level at its highest point. The crater plunges 500 m down from the rim and the summit is accessible by foot or vehicle 8 km from the main road.[6] The mountain is also surrounded by a nature reserve.

The Rift Valley Institute of Science and Technology is a tourist attraction. It is a giant institute established in 1979 by the leaders and people of Rift Valley.

Urban areas[edit]

Surrounding towns include Lanet, which lies approximately 10 km from Nakuru. Lanet is predominantly a residential town and is home to an army base. Njoro is another urban town that lies 20 km in the outskirts of Nakuru, and is a small agricultural town with a local university aimed at promoting agricultural development in Kenya, namely Egerton University (est. 1934). Naivasha is another major significant urban Centre in Nakuru County, which sits at the floor of the Great Rift Valley and serves as a major transit of goods. Travelers passing through Naivasha usually make stopovers along the Naivasha – Nakuru Highway to enjoy the beautiful and scenic escarpments of the Great Rift Valley.

Urban Centres[edit]

Town Type Population (2009) Rank in Kenya (Population Size)
Nakuru Municipality 307,990 4
Naivasha Municipality 169,142 9
Molo Town 40,651 60
Gilgil Town 35,293 69
Njoro Town 23,551 82
Mai Mahiu Town 11,230 112
Subukia Town 7,309 139
Dundori Town 5,221 166
Salgaa Town 4,740 174
Mau Narok Town 4,357 178
Bahati Town 3,833 184
Rongai Town 2,215 213
Olenguruone Town 2,119 214

* 2009 census. Source:[7]

Nakuru Municipality panorama with Lake Nakuru in the background
Sunset at Lake Naivasha
Dusk at Lake Naivasha
Administrative divisions
Division Population* Urban pop.* Headquarters
Bahati 143,714 6,018 Dundori
Elburgon 65,314 23,881 Elburgon
Gilgil 91,929 18,805 Gilgil
Kamara 42,281 1,452 Mau Summit
Keringet 59,863 953 Keringet
Kuresoi 40,924 0
Lare 27,727 0
Mauche 15,391 0
Mau Narok 29,916 3,321 Mau Narok
Mbogoini 59,510 228 Subukia
Molo 31,935 17,188 Molo
Naivasha 158,679 36,023 Naivasha
Nakuru Municipal 231,262 212,162 Nakuru
Njoro 79,123 15,635 Njoro
Olenguruone 32,030 509 Olenguruone
Rongai 77,441 2,163 Rongai
Total 1,187,039 338,338 -
* 1999 census. Sources:[8][9]

Nakuru County Peace Accord[edit]

The Nakuru County Peace Accord (or "Rift Valley Peace Accord") refers to the peace agreement signed on 19 August 2012 between elders of the Agikuyu (see also Kikuyu) and Kalenjin communities as well as other ethnic groups of Kenya.[10] which was designed to address sources of ethnic conflict and a history of violence in the rift valley region of Kenya.[11] It was signed following a 16-month-long peace process led by the National Cohesion and Integration Commission and the National Steering Committee on Peace Building and Conflict Management


The county has eleven constituencies which are represented in the Parliament of Kenya:

Nakuru County was seen as the epicenter of violence in the aftermath of the disputed 2007 Presidential Elections which left over 1,100 people dead and over 300,000 displaced nationwide.[12]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Kenya Census 2009 – Census – Kenya" – via Scribd.
  2. ^ 1 December 2021, Wednesday (1 December 2021). "Nakuru becomes Kenya's fourth city". Business Daily. Retrieved 24 October 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Kenya: Administrative Division population statistics
  4. ^ "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Volume IV: Distribution of Population by Socio-Economic Characteristics" (PDF). Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "Hyrax Hill Museum – National Museums of Kenya". Retrieved 7 June 2023.
  6. ^ "Menengai Crater | Kenya Safari Tour Destinations | Explore Kenya". Lake Nakuru National Park. 2 September 2020. Retrieved 24 October 2022.
  7. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 28 September 2007.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Urban Poverty Estimates For Kenya's Provinces, Districts, Divisions and Locations". www.ilri.cgiar.org. Archived from the original (XLS) on 19 December 2005. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  10. ^ "Media Breakfast Meeting on Nakuru Peace Accord – Speech by NCIC Chairman, Dr. Mzalendo Kibunjia". National Cohesion and Integration Commission. 7 June 2012. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
  11. ^ Wairimu Nderitu, Alice (2014). From the Nakuru County Peace Accord to Lasting Peace (PDF). Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue.
  13. ^ KEPSA (18 November 2017). "Carole Kariuki, Chief Executive Officer, Kenya Private Sector Alliance: Short Biography". Nairobi: Kenya Private Sector Alliance (KEPSA). Retrieved 18 November 2017.

External links[edit]