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Homa Bay County

Coordinates: 0°41′00″S 34°27′00″E / 0.683333°S 34.45°E / -0.683333; 34.45
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Homa Bay County
Asego Kanyada
Flag of Homa Bay County
Coat of arms of Homa Bay County
Location in Kenya
Location in Kenya
Country Kenya
Founded4 March 2013
CapitalHoma Bay
 • GovernorGladys Wanga
 • Total3,154.7 km2 (1,218.0 sq mi)
 • Total1,131,950[1]
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Homa Bay County is a county in the former Nyanza Province of Kenya. Its capital and largest town is Homa Bay. The county has a population of 1,131,950 (2019 census) and an area of 3,154.7 km2. Lake Victoria is a major source of livelihood for Homa Bay County. It has 40 wards, each represented by an MCA in the Homa Bay county assembly located in Homa Bay town, which is the county headquarters.

Homa Bay County has eight sub counties just like the constituencies.



Homa Bay County has a total population of 1,131,950 persons, of which 539,560 are males, 592,367 females and 23 intersex persons. It has 262,036 households with an average of 4.3 people per household. The county has a population density of 359 people per square kilometre.[2]

Population By Sub-County
Sub-County Population
Homa Bay 117,439
Ndhiwa 218,136
Rachuonyo North 178,686
Rachuonyo East 121,822
Rachuonyo South 130,814
Rangwe 117,732
Suba North 124,938
Suba South 124,938
Total 1,131,950




Religion in Homa Bay County [4]

Religion (2019 Census) Number
Catholicism 183,946
Protestant 433,102
Evangelical Churches 241,060
African instituted Churches 200,900
Orthodox 6,731
Other Cristian 28,805
Islam 7,469
Hindu 138
Traditionists 3,407
Other 15,093
No ReligionAtheists 4,799
Don't Know 394
Not Stated 53

Administrative and political units


Administrative Units


The county has been subdivided into 8 sub-counties with 40 county assembly wards.[5] There are a total of 19 divisions, with 116 locations and 226 sub-locations.[6]

Electoral constituencies


The county has eight electoral constituencies:

Political leadership


Gladys Wanga is the current governor after being elected in the 2022 general elections that took place in August 9.[7] Moses Otieno Kajwang’ is the senator and was elected in 2015 in a by election due to the death of his brother, Gerald Otieno Kajwang.[8] He retained his seat in the 2017 General elections. Gladys Atieno Nyasuna Wanga is the second woman representative to hold office after being elected in 2017.[9][10]

Members of parliament

Constituency Member of Partliament Party Session
Homa Bay Town Constituency Peter Opondo Kaluma ODM 12th Parliament (2017 - 2022)
Hon Joyce Osogo ODM 13th Parliament (2022 - 2027)
Ndhiwa Constituency Hon Martin Peters Owino ODM 13th Parliament (2022 - 2027)
Kasipul Constituency Hon Charles Ong'ondo Were ODM 13th Parliament (2022 - 2027)
Suba North Constituency Hon Millie Grace Akoth Odhiambo ODM 13th Parliament (2022 - 2027)
Karachuonyo Constituency Hon Andrew Adipo Okuome ODM 13th Parliament (2022 - 2027)
Suba South Constituency Hon Caroli Omondi ODM 13th Parliament (2022 - 2027)
Rangwe Constituency Hon Lilian Achieng Gogo ODM 13th Parliament (2022 - 2027)
Kabondo Kasipul Constituency Hon Eve Akinyi Obara ODM 13th Parliament (2022 - 2027)



There are a total of 206 health facilities across the county of which 144 are public and 62 are private.[11]

Health Facilities by Ownership
Public Number
Level 5 1
Level 4 11
Level 3 31
Level 2 101
Hospitals (Mission/NGO) 3
Health centres 36
Dispensaries 23
Total 206

Source [3]



The county has 1451 ECD centres of which are 991 public and 460 private.[12] There are 1089 primary schools, 312 secondary schools, 50 youth polytechnic, 2 technical training institutions, 2 university colleges.[13]

Education Institutions
Category Public Private Total
ECD Centres 991 460 1451
Primary schools 868 221 1089
Secondary schools 294 18 312
Youth Polytechnic 50 0 50
Technical Training Institutions 2 2
Universities 2 2


Transport and communication


The county is covered by road network of 3225 km of which 1840 is covered by earth surface, 1240 km is gravel and 184 km is covered by bitumen.[15] There are 13 postal services with 3,300 installed letter boxes, 1,605 rented letter boxes 1,695 vacant letter boxes.[3]

Trade and commerce


The county grows a variety of agricultural crops based on the ecological zones found in the county. Coffee, sugarcane, maize, beans, tobacco, dairy and fish farming in Rachuonyo subcounty. Maize, millet, pineapples, sorghum, sunflower and tomatoes are grown in Gwasi Hills of Suba. Millet, green grams, tobacco, sugarcane, pineapples, sisal are grown in Ndhiwa, Homa Bay town and Rangwe. Cotton was grown in Rachuonyo and central Mbita before the collapse of the cotton industry. There are efforts that are underway to revive cotton farming across the county. Some of the animals kept in the county include dairy cattle, beef cattle, sheep, hair goats, dairy goats, meat pigs, rabbit and poultry.[13][3]

The county is also a tourist attraction center because of the mysterious lake found in Karachuonyo constituency, Lake Simbi Nyaima, a little volcanic lake well known for its ancient origins and its undiscovered prehistoric sites that make it a Kenya safari tourist destination of the worldwide interest. The lake is known for seasonal migration of Flamingo birds from Lakes Bogoria, Natron and Nakuru National Park among other lakes from the rift valley.[16][17]

Villages and settlements


See also



  1. ^ "Kenya Census 2009 - Census - Kenya". Retrieved 21 April 2018 – via Scribd.
  2. ^ Munene, Evans (4 November 2019). "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Results". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e "County Statistical Abstract Homa Bay 2015". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  4. ^ "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Volume IV: Distribution of Population by Socio-Economic Characteristics" (PDF). Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "The Report of the Interim Independent Boundaries Review Commission (IIBRC): Delimitation of Constituencies and Recommendations on Local Authority Electoral Units and Administrative Boundaries for Districts and Other Units" (PDF). IEBC. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  6. ^ interior_admin. "Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government". interior.go.ke. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  7. ^ "Governors & Deputy Governors". cog.go.ke. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Members of the Senate". Kenyan Parliament. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Women Representatives". KEWOPA KENYA. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Gladys Wanga". Mzalendo. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  11. ^ "Department of Health, County Government of Homa Bay". Department of Health. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  12. ^ "Home Bay County - Department of Education and ICT". Home Bay County. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  13. ^ a b "Second County Integrated Development Plan CIDP 2018-2022 Home Bay County". The Council of Governors. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  14. ^ "Ministry of Education". www.education.go.ke. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  15. ^ "Kenya Rural Roads Authority". www.kerra.go.ke. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  16. ^ Odiwuor, George (29 June 2020). "Simbi Nyaima testimony to a chief's hostility". Nation. Retrieved 9 June 2023.
  17. ^ Lake Nakuru, National Park (12 July 2022). "Lake Simbi Nyaima in Kenya | Kenya Safaris Tours | Kenya Tours". Lake Nakuru National Park. Retrieved 9 June 2023.

0°41′00″S 34°27′00″E / 0.683333°S 34.45°E / -0.683333; 34.45