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Busia County

Coordinates: 0°26′N 34°9′E / 0.433°N 34.150°E / 0.433; 34.150
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Busia County
Flag of Base
Coat of arms of Base
Location in Kenya
Location in Kenya
Country Kenya
Formed4 March 2013
Capital and largest townBusia, Kenya
 • Typedevolved government
 • GovernorPaul Otuoma
 • Member of Kenyan senateOkiya Omutatah
 • County commissionerJacob Narengo
 • Total1,628.4 km2 (628.7 sq mi)
 • Total893,681
 • Density550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Busia is a county in the former Western Province of Kenya. It borders Kakamega County to the east, Bungoma County to the north, Lake Victoria and Siaya County to the south and Uganda's Busia District to the west. The county population was 893,861, as of 2019.[2] It spans about 1,700 square kilometers, making it one of the smallest counties in Kenya. Busia is inhabited by the Luhya tribe and the Teso of Kenya, and small groups of the Luo. The Luhya communities include the Abakhayo, Marachi, Samia and Abanyala communities.


Busia County is part of the Western Province of Kenya. It has been commonly inhabited by the Luhya tribe of Kenya the minority tribe of Iteso. Prior to being a county, it was known as Busia district before more districts were created by President Mwai Kibaki. Busia County borders Uganda to the west. The Samia people of Busia are the same community as those of Uganda Busia district. There has been an outcry from the Samia people on why the colonial government decided to cut and separate them placing them in different countries.


Busia County borders Bungoma County to the north, Kakamega County to the east, Siaya County and Lake Victoria to the south east and south respectively. Busia with approximately 1700 square kilometers is bordered to the south by Lake Victoria with some rivers pouring water into it. the rivers include River Nzoia in Budalangi and River Sio in Samia. There are several hills in Nambuku, Odiado Hills and Funyula. Several swamps are also located across the county with species such as crocodiles, hippos, and multiple types of fish. There are also some leopards and antelopes that are usually spotted across the county.


The county's climatic conditions are greatly affected by Lake Victoria which borders it to the south western part. We have short and long rains. The main type of rainfall experienced in the county is convectional rainfall. Busia often experiences a hot and wet climate.

Lakes and rivers[edit]

  • Lake Victoria
  • River Sio
  • River Malaba
  • River Nzoia
  • River Akanyo[3]


Most residents are Christian with few Muslims and African believers. [4]

Religion (2019 Census) Number
Catholicism 266,299
Protestant 257,869
Evangelical Churches 246,936
African Instituted Churches 59,847
Orthodox 3,070
Other Christian 18,431
Islam 16,909
Hindu 164
Traditionists 1,150
Other 8,904
No ReligionAtheists 6,537
Don't Know 681
Not Stated 59


The Kenya national languages are English and Swahili, in Busia county Swahili is commonly used but most residents speak their native mother tongue that is either Luhya or Iteso languages.


The main economic activities include farming and tourism.


  • Lake Victoria
  • Kakapel Monument
  • Samia Hills
  • Kavirondo Rocks
  • Yala Swamp
  • Malaba Sanctuary
  • River Nzoia
  • Sio Siteki Swamp


Busia county has a total population of 893,681 persons. Of this 426,252 are female, 467,401 are male, and 28 people were reported as intersex. The county has a population density of 527 persons with an average household size of 4.5 persons.[5]

Population Distribution per Sub-county
Sub-County Population
Bunyala 85,977
Matayos 142,408
Butula 140,334
Nambale 111,636
Samia 107,176
Teso North 138,034
Teso South 168,116
Total 893,681

Source [6]

Historical population
1979 297,841—    
1989 401,658+34.9%
1999 552,099+37.5%
2009 743,946+34.7%
2019 893,681+20.1%

Though most residents of Busia County are ethnically Luhya, there is also a substantial population of Luo and Iteso residents.

Law and government[edit]

Administrative units[edit]

Busia County is made up of seven administrative sub-counties, thirty-five county ward assemblies, sixty locations and one hundred and eighty-one sub-locations.


County government[edit]

Sospeter Ojaamong has been governor since being first elected in 2013 and he will finish his second term in 2022 and thus not eligible to run for the seat.[8][9] He was deputised by Kizito Osore Wangalwa in his first term and now he is deputised by Moses Okhoba Mulomi. Amos Wako Sitswila has been Busia senator since 2013 after being elected as the first senator.[10] Florence Mwikali Mutua is the current women representative after taking office in 2013.[11][12] The legislation in the county is done by the county assembly, it plays the oversight role of the executive, It comprises 53 members (35 elected representing 35 wards of Busia county and 18 nominated members mostly women). It is chaired by the speaker who is elected by the assembly currently Bernard Wamalwa.


County governor, deputy county governor and Busia county departments headed by county executive committee members and chief officers.


Busia county assembly comprises 35 elected MCA and nominated MCA the assembly is chaired by county assembly speaker, currently Bernard Wamalwa.


The judiciary of Busia is exercised by Kenyan judiciary. There is Busia law court located in the town of Busia.


Busia County has a total of 81 health facilities, out of this 1 county referral hospital, 6 sub-county hospitals, 12 health centres, 49 dispensaries, 10 Medical Clinics, 6 Nursing Homes and 1 in the other categories.[13]

Common diseases in the county include Malaria, Respiratory Diseases, and diarrhoea.[14]


Busia county has a total of 735 pre-primary schools, 551 primary schools, 152 secondary schools.[3] As at 2014 the county had an enrolment 255,008 students in primary schools and 41,332 students in secondary schools.[15]

Alupe University College is the only public university in Busia County.[16][17]

Transport and infrastructure[edit]

The county has 470 km of earth roads, 740 km of murram roads and 312 km of bitumen roads.[18][19] A total of seven postal offices are spread across the county with 3,200 letter boxes installed, 2,284 letter boxes rented and 916 letter boxes vacant.[3]

Services and urbanisation[edit]

Stats for Busia County
Stats for the County (Per cent)
Attending School (15-18 Yrs)
Paved Roads
Good Roads
Electricity Access
Poverty Rate

Stats for the County

Source: USAid Kenya

Villages and settlements[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Volume I: Population by County and Sub-County". Knbs. 24 November 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  2. ^ "KENYA: Division".
  3. ^ a b c "Publications". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  4. ^ "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Volume IV: Distribution of Population by Socio-Economic Characteristics" (PDF). Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (2019). 2019 Kenya Population and House Census: Population by County and Sub-county. Volume 1. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. pp. 9, 10, 19. ISBN 9789966102096.
  6. ^ Munene, Evans (4 November 2019). "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Results". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  7. ^ Kenya: Administrative Division population statistics
  8. ^ "Governors & Deputy Governors". cog.go.ke. Archived from the original on 5 January 2023. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  9. ^ "County Government of Busia – United For Development". Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Members of the Senate | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  11. ^ "Women Representatives | KEWOPA KENYA". Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  12. ^ "Hon. Mutua, Florence Mwikali | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  13. ^ Busia County Health Department. "Busia County Integrated Development Plan 2018 -2022" (PDF). Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  14. ^ Kaggikah, Don (15 December 2017). "Busia County - 040 -". Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  15. ^ "Home". www.education.go.ke. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  16. ^ "Moi university gets land to set up Alupe campus". alupe university. 3 February 2014.
  17. ^ "Alupe University College". the standard media. 19 November 2020.
  18. ^ "Home". www.kerra.go.ke. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Home". kura.go.ke. Retrieved 26 May 2020.

0°26′N 34°9′E / 0.433°N 34.150°E / 0.433; 34.150