Mansoori

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Mansoori or Behna
Regions with significant populations
 India,  Pakistan
Languages
UrduHindiPunjabi
Religion
Allah-green.svg Islam 100% •
Related ethnic groups
• Mansoori •BehnaPinjara

The Mansoori (Mansuri) are the Muslim community found in the state of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar pradesh, Bihar, and north India.[1]


History and origin[edit]

This community consists of local converts and foreigners who migrated from outside subcontinent, Persia and Afghanistan, and have been involved in the traditional occupation of cotton ginning/trading[8]. Some of Mansoori is converted Muslims and those people believes in their original Rajput caste. According to history, they came from Rajasthan to Gujarat at the time of the form of Ran Singh and resided here. Even today, their main caste - Rao, Deora, Chauhan, Bhati, which is also a Rajput clan[2]. The main origin of this community from Afghanistan and some of whose converted Muslim from Rajput's. But they were called Behna, Dhuniya by the Hindu community and it's also mentioned that Behna, Dhuniya, was stated to the Hindu carder not for Muslim carders.[4] Until some times ago no name in this community as surname, now some people using Pathan/Khan and some using Mansoori as a surname because the ancestor's of this community was Persian Muslims and from Afghanistan.[1] Tipu Sultan (Sultan Fateh Ali Khan Bahadur Tipu) belonged to this community. Many members of this community migrated to Pakistan in 1947 and have settled in Karachi and Sindh.

Present circumstances[edit]

Their historical traditional occupation of cotton carding was affected by industrialisation, therefore many adopted manufacturing. They are successful businessmen. This community are no longer as cotton carder and cotton industrialists. They entered in different different sectors and getting well educations. They allow marriages in their own caste, some times they can allow marriage with the same status caste.Until some times ago no name in this community as surname,now some people using Pathan/Khan and some using Mansoori as a surname because the ancestor's of this community was Persian Muslims and from Afghanistan. People settled in Gujarat are mostly semi precious stone business but due to slow down in business many people from tribe have now diversified into different industries and working as engineers, chartered accountant and in other jobs.

The Mansoori are Sunni Muslim of the Barelvi & Deoband sect. They speak Urdu, and various dialects of Hindi. Their customs are similar to other Uttar Pradesh Muslims.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 240 to 243
  2. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 243