Muhammad (name)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Muhammad (disambiguation).
Siyer-i Nebi 151b.jpg
Ottoman miniature of Muhammad praying at the Kaaba
Pronunciation /mˈhæməd/, /mˈhɑːməd/, /mˈhæməd/, /mˈhɑːməd/,[1] /mˈhæmɛd/, /mˈhɑːmɛd/, /mˈhɑːmd/.
Arabic: [muˈħammad], [moˈħammad].
Egyptian Arabic: [mæˈħæmmæd]
Persian: [mohæmˈmæd]
Turkish: [muˈhammed].
Hindustani: [mʊˈhaːmməd].
Gender male
Word/name Arabic language
Meaning Praised(thanked)
Region of origin Arabia
Other names
Alternative spelling Mahmad, Mehmed, Mahamed, Mohamad, Mohamed, Mohammad, Mohammed, Muhamad, Muhamed, Muhamet, Muhammed, Muhammet, Mahammud , Mehmet, Mohd, Muh

Muhammad (Arabic: محمد‎) is the primary transliteration of the Arabic given name, مُحَمَّد‎, from the triconsonantal root of Ḥ-M-D; Praise and becomes conjugated to Muhammad, which means "The Most Praised One". It is the name of the Islamic prophet. Throughout the Muslim world, it is popular to name a male child after him. This name and its variant transliterations are among the most popular names in the world.


The name Muḥammad is the strictest and primary transliteration[citation needed] of the Arabic given name, محمد, that comes from the Arabic passive participle and triconsonantal root of Ḥ-M-D (Praise); hence Praised, or praiseworthy. However, its actual pronunciation differs colloquially, for example, in Egyptian Arabic: IPA: [mæˈħæmmæd], while in exclusively religious contexts, talking about Islam: IPA: [moˈħæmmæd].

The name has one of the highest spelling variants in the world.[2] Other Arabic names from the same root include Mahmud, Ahmed, Hamed, and Hamid.


Region/country Language Main Alternative
Arab World Arabic dialects Muhammad Mohammed, Mohamad, Mohammed
Maghreb Maghrebi Arabic Muhammed
Egypt Egyptian Arabic



ⲙⲁϩⲙⲏⲧ (Mahmet)

Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan Farsi, Dari, Urdu Mohammad
Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia various Muhammad
India various Mohammed Mohamed
Turkey Turkish Muhammed Muhamed, Muhammet, Muhamet
Kurdistan Kurdish Mihemed
Albania Albanian Muhameti
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosniak Muhammed Muhamed
Kazakhstan Kazakh Мұхаммед (Mukhammed)
Senegal, West Africa various Mamadou Momo
Greater Somalia Somali Mahamed Maxamed
Europe Latin Mahometus
Italy Italian Maometto
Greece Greek Μωάμεθ (Moameth)
Spain Catalan, Spanish Mahoma
Portugal Portuguese Maomé
Spain Galician Mamede
France French Mahomet
Poland Polish Mahomet
Russia Russian Муха́ммед (Mukhammed) Магоме́д (Magomed), Магоме́т (Magomet), Моха́ммед (Mikhammed), Муха́ммад (Mukhammad)
China Chinese 穆罕默德 (Mùhǎnmòdé)
Israel Hebrew מוחמד (Mukhammad)

The name may be abbreviated to Md., Mohd., Muhd., or simply M. because of its utmost meaning, its popularity has meant that it can become hard to distinguish people when there is a multitude with the same name, in some cases it may be to keep a personal name less tied to a religious context. This is only done if the person has a second given name, Some men who have Muhammad (or variant) as a first name choose not to use it, as it is such a common name. Instead they use another given name. For example, Anwar Sadat, Hosni Mubarak, Siad Barre, Zia-ul-Haq, Ayub Khan and Nawaz Sharif use their second given name.


According to the sixth edition of The Columbia Encyclopedia (2000), Muhammad is probably the most common given name [in the world], including variations.[3] It is estimated that more than 150 million men and boys in the world bear the name Muhammad.[4]

Muhammad was the most common baby boy name in England and Wales in 2009, 2011 and 2012 and the second most popular in 2007 and 2010, combining 14 spelling variations. [5][6]

Mohammed and Mohamed were the first most popular baby name in Département Seine-Saint-Denis (2002, 2008)[7] and in Marseilles (2007, 2009), France.[8] Similarly, since 2008 it is the most popular baby boy name in Brussels and Antwerpen, Belgium's most Muslim populated cities. [9]

In May 2006, it was reported that statistics indicate that some 8,928 Danish Muslims carry the name Muhammad and that in 2004 alone, 167 new-born babies were registered.[10]

In 2009 Mohamed, the most common spelling variant, was ranked 430th in the US.[11] According to the Social Security Administration, Mohammad was ranked 589th, Mohammed 633rd, and Muhammad the 639th most popular first name for newborns in 2006.[12] In the 1990 United States census, the Muhammad variant of the spelling was ranked 4,194 out of 88,799 for people of all ages.[13][14]

Given name[edit]












Derived names[edit]

See also[edit]