Muhammad (name)

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Siyer-i Nebi 151b.jpg
Ottoman miniature of Muhammad praying at the Kaaba
Pronunciation /mˈhæməd/, /mˈhɑːməd/, /mˈhæməd/, /mˈhɑːməd/,[1] /mˈhæmɛd/, /mˈhɑːmɛd/, /mˈhɑːmɪd/.
Arabic: [muˈħamːad], [moˈħamːad].
Egyptian Arabic: [mæˈħæmːæd]
Persian: [mohæmˈmæd]
Turkish: [muˈhammed].
Hindustani: [mʊˈhaːmməd].
Gender Male
Word/name Arabic language
Meaning Praised(thanked)
Region of origin Arabia
Other names
Alternative spelling Moohammed, Mahmad, Mehmed, Mahamed, Mohamad, Mohamed, Mohammad, Mohammed, Muhamad, Muhamed, Muhamet, Muhammed, Muhammet, Mahammud, Mehmet, Mohd, Muh,"Mohamed","Mahamid"

Muhammad (Arabic: محمد‎‎) is the primary transliteration of the Arabic given name مُحَمَّد‎ that comes from the passive participle of the Arabic verb ḥammada (حَمَّدَ), praise, which comes from the triconsonantal root Ḥ-M-D. The word can therefore be translated as "praised, commendable, laudable".


The name Muḥammad is the strictest and primary transliteration[citation needed] of the Arabic given name, محمد, that comes from the Arabic passive participle of ḥammada (حَمَّدَ), praise, and further from triconsonantal root Ḥ-M-D (praise); hence praised, or praiseworthy. However, its actual pronunciation differs colloquially, for example, in Egyptian Arabic: IPA: [mæˈħæmːæd], while in exclusively religious contexts, talking about Islam: IPA: [moˈħæmːæd].

The name has one of the highest numbers of spelling variants in the world.[2] Other Arabic names from the same root include Mahmud, Ahmed, Hamed, Tahmid and Hamid.


Region/country Language Main Alternative
Arab World Arabic dialects Muhammad Mohammed, Mohamad, Mohammed
Maghreb Maghrebi Arabic Muhammed
Egypt Egyptian Arabic Mohamed
Coptic ⲙⲁϩⲙⲏⲧ (Mahmet)
Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan Farsi, Dari, Urdu Muhammad Mohammad
Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand Malay, Indonesian, various Muhammad Mohammad
Indonesia Javanese, Madurese ꦩꦠ꧀ (Mat) ꦩꦺꦴꦏꦩꦠ꧀ (Mokamat)
Bangladesh, India Bengali, Assamese, Sylheti মুহাম্মদ (Muhammad) মোহাম্মদ (Mohammod), মুহাম্মাদ (Muhammad)
India various Mohammed Mohamed
Turkey Turkish Muhammed Muhammet, Mehmet
Kurdistan Kurdish Mihemed Mem, Hemed, Mend
Albania Albanian Muhameti
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian Muhamed Muhammed
United Kingdom English Muhammad Muhammed, Mohammad, Mohammed, Mo or Moe (Nickname)
Kazakhstan Kazakh Мұхаммед (Mukhammed)
Senegal, West Africa various Mamadou Momo (Nickname)
Somali peninsula Somali Mahamed Maxamed
Europe Latin Mahometus
Italy Italian Maometto
Greece Greek Μωάμεθ (Moameth)
Spain Catalan, Spanish Mahoma
Portugal Portuguese Maomé
France French Mahomet
Poland Polish Mahomet
Russia Russian Муха́ммед (Mukhammed) Магоме́д (Magomed), Магоме́т (Magomet), Моха́ммед (Mokhammed), Муха́ммад (Mukhammad)
China Chinese 穆罕默德 (Mù hǎn mò dé)
Uyghur مۇھەممەد (Muhammad) Mehmet
Israel Hebrew מוחמד (Mukhammad)
Nigeria Hausa Muhammadu Muhammad

The name may be abbreviated to Md., Mohd., Muhd.,Mhd., or simply M. because of its utmost meaning, its popularity has meant that it can become hard to distinguish people when there is a multitude with the same name. In some cases it may be to keep a personal name less tied to a religious context. This is only done if the person has a second given name. Some men who have Muhammad (or variant) as a first name choose not to use it, as it is such a common name. Instead they use another given name. For example, Anwar Sadat, Hosni Mubarak, Siad Barre, Zia-ul-Haq, Ayub Khan and Nawaz Sharif use their second given name.


According to the sixth edition of The Columbia Encyclopedia (2000), Muhammad is probably the most common given name [in the world], including variations.[3] It is estimated that more than 150 million men and boys in the world bear the name Muhammad.[4]

It is sometimes reported that Muhammad is the most popular name given to baby boys in the UK. However this is based on combining 14 spelling variations such as Mohammed, but not combining the spelling variants of other popular British names such as Ollie and Olly [5] .[6]

Mohammed and Mohamed were the first most popular baby name in Département Seine-Saint-Denis (2002, 2008)[7] and in Marseilles (2007, 2009), France.[8] Similarly, since 2008 it is the most popular baby boy name in Brussels and Antwerp, Belgium's most Muslim populated cities.[9]

In May 2006, it was reported that statistics indicate that some 8,928 Danish Muslims carry the name Muhammad and that in 2004 alone, 167 new-born babies were registered.[10]

In 2009 Mohamed, the most common spelling variant, was ranked 430th in the US.[11] According to the Social Security Administration, Mohammad was ranked 589th, Mohammed 633rd, and Muhammad the 639th most popular first name for newborns in 2006.[12] In the 1990 United States census, the Muhammad variant of the spelling was ranked 4,194 out of 88,799 for people of all ages.[13][14]

In April 2017, the Chinese government prohibited parents from choosing the name Muhammad as the given name for a child. The list included more than two dozen names and was targeted at the 10 million Uighurs in the western region of Xinjiang.[15]

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