North Shore, Northern & Western Line
|Service type||Commuter rail service|
|Current operator(s)||Sydney Trains|
|Annual ridership||142 853 000 (2017-18)|
|Rolling stock||T, H and A sets|
The North Shore, Northern & Western Line (numbered T1, coloured yellow) is a commuter rail line operated by Sydney Trains in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It serves the North Shore, Northern Suburbs and parts of the Inner West and Western Suburbs.
Following victory in the 2011 New South Wales election, the O'Farrell Government embarked on reform of transport in New South Wales. In November 2011, a new organisation, Transport for NSW, was created to improve planning and coordination of transport projects and services. The organisation developed a new rail timetable and branding, which was put into effect on 20 October 2013. This saw the merger of the North Shore Line and Western Line (Berowra - City via Gordon then to Emu Plains or Richmond via Strathfield) with the Northern Line (Hornsby - City via Macquarie Park then to Epping via Strathfield). A new numbering system was also introduced and the line was given the number T1.
Railway line history
The North Shore, Northern & Western Line uses a number of different railway lines and is the result of various schemes to link the lines together. The line is centred around the Main Suburban railway line which runs from Central to Granville. The Main Northern and Main Western lines branch from the Main Suburban Line. The North Shore Line branches from the Main Northern Line and was later extended through the city and connected to the Main Suburban Line as well. The North Shore, Northern & Western Line formerly used the Epping to Chatswood line in addition to the above lines, which provided a second connection between the Main Northern and North Shore lines.
Main Western and Richmond lines
A branch line was opened to Richmond in 1864 under the stewardship of engineer James Moore. Electrification from Riverstone to Richmond opened in August 1991. Through running to and from Sydney commenced in 1992.
North Shore Line
The North Shore line was opened on 1 January 1890 between Hornsby and St Leonards. The line was extended to the Sydney Harbour foreshore at Milsons Point in 1893. Transport between this original Milsons Point station and central Sydney was by ferry boat. The line was electrified in 1927.
When the Sydney Harbour Bridge was opened in 1932 a new Milsons Point station (on the bridge approach) came into operation and the North Shore Line was extended through it and over the Sydney Harbour Bridge to link with the underground lines of central Sydney. The result is that the two ends of the North Shore Line link to the Sydney railway system at Central and Hornsby.
Main Northern and Epping to Chatswood lines
The traditional Northern Line was the suburban portion of the Main Northern line which opened in 1886 and was electrified in 1926. When the Sydney Harbour Bridge was opened, the Northern Line was connected to the City underground and the North Shore line.
In 2009 the Epping to Chatswood line was opened. The traditional Northern line route ran from Hornsby to North Sydney via Strathfield and the City. When the Epping to Chatswood Line opened, the Northern Line was split in two, with trains from north of Epping operating via the new link, approaching the city via the North Shore Line and rejoining the traditional route before terminating at Epping. The Northern Line was colour coded red prior to being merged with the North Shore and Western lines. After merging, the Northern Line loop was split on weekdays, with trains from the upper Northern Line continuing to Richmond or Emu Plains.
The Epping to Chatswood line closed in 2018. It is being converted to metro standards as part of the Sydney Metro Northwest project. As a result, the traditional Northern line route from Hornsby to Central via Strathfield was reinstated.
The route passes through a number of business districts and major centres, namely Hornsby, Chatswood, North Sydney, the Central Business District, Parramatta, Blacktown and Penrith.
The line heads south from Berowra to Hornsby to using the Main Northern Line. Trains then divert on to the North Shore Line, eventually passing through North Sydney station before heading across the Sydney Harbour Bridge, through the western limb of the City Circle and the stations of Central and Redfern. Services then run along the Main Suburban Railway, usually using the middle 'Suburban' pair of the six tracks between Redfern and Strathfield. Services do not stop at intermediate stations between Redfern and Burwood.
At Strathfield, trains to Hornsby via Epping usually head onto a flyover over the 'Main lines', before heading north back on the Main Northern Line, crossing the Parramatta River between Rhodes and Meadowbank, and providing interchange with the North Shore and Berowra services at the Hornsby terminus. This means that trains from Hornsby approach the city from two different directions; Berowra via North Sydney trains approach from the north, and Hornsby via Strathfield trains approach from the west.
Other services continue west from Strathfield to Granville where trains join the Main Western Line. After passing through Parramatta, trains reach Blacktown, where the line divides in two. A western branch continues along the Main Western Line as far as Emu Plains and a north-western branch heads to Richmond using the Richmond Line.
|Railway line||Serving suburbs||Other lines|
|Berowra||44.7 km||1887||Main Northern||Berowra||none|
|Mount Kuring-gai||40.7 km||1901||Mount Kuring-gai|
|Mount Colah||37.7 km||1887||Mount Colah|
|Asquith||35.7 km||1915||Asquith, Hornsby Heights|
|Hornsby||33.9 km||1886||North Shore||Hornsby, Waitara|
|Warrawee||21.9 km||1900||Warrawee, Wahroonga|
|Turramurra||20.8 km||1890||Turramurra, North Turrmarra, South Turramurra|
|Killara||15.9 km||1899||Killara, East Killara|
|Lindfield||14.6 km||1890||Lindfield, East Lindfield|
|St Leonards||8.4 km||1890||St Leonards, Naremburn,|
Crows Nest, Greenwich, Artarmon
|Wollstonecraft||7.2 km||1893||Wollstonecraft, Greenwich|
|North Sydney||5.1 km||1932||North Sydney|
|Milsons Point||4.4 km||1932||Milsons Point, Kirribilli|
|Wynyard||2.1 km||1932||Sydney CBD, Barangaroo|
|Town Hall||1.2 km||1932||Sydney CBD|
|Central||0 km||1855||Haymarket, Chippendale,
Ultimo, Surry Hills
|Redfern||1.3 km||1878||Main Suburban||Redfern, Waterloo,
(T8 peak hours only)
|Strathfield||11.8 km||1876||Strathfield, Burwood|
|At Strathfield, the line branches. The northern branch is towards Hornsby, and the western branch is towards Emu Plains and Richmond.|
|North Strathfield||13.4 km||1918||Main Northern||North Strathfield, Concord West,
|Concord West||14.5 km||1887||Concord West, Liberty Grove|
|Rhodes||16.6 km||1886||Rhodes, Liberty Grove|
West Ryde, Ryde
|West Ryde||19.2 km||1886||West Ryde, Denistone|
|Denistone||20.2 km||1937||Denistone, Denistone East,|
Denistone West, West Ryde
|Pennant Hills||30 km||1886||Pennant Hills|
|Thornleigh||30.8 km||1886||Thornleigh, Pennant Hills, Westleigh|
|Normanhurst||33.1 km||1895||Normanhurst, Thornleigh, Hornsby|
|Hornsby||35.3 km||1886||Hornsby, Waitara|
|To Emu Plains and Richmond|
|Lidcombe||16.6 km||1858||Main Suburban||Lidcombe|
|Clyde||20.6 km||1882||Clyde, Granville|
|Harris Park||22.6 km||After 1883||Main Western||Harris Park|
|Pendle Hill||28.3 km||1924||Pendle Hill|
|Seven Hills||32.1 km||1863||Seven Hills|
|Blacktown||34.8 km||1860||Main Western
|At Blacktown, the line branches. The western branch is towards Emu Plains, and the northwestern branch is towards Richmond.|
|To Emu Plains|
|Doonside||38.6 km||1880||Main Western||Doonside||none|
|Rooty Hill||40.9 km||1861||Rooty Hill|
|Mount Druitt||43.3 km||1881||Mount Druitt|
|St Marys||47.4 km||1862||St Marys, Dunheved|
|Emu Plains||57.4 km||1868||Emu Plains, Emu Heights|
|Quakers Hill||40.1 km||1872||Quakers Hill|
|East Richmond||60.0 km||1939||Richmond|
|Richmond||60.7 km||1864||Richmond, North Richmond|
The following table shows the patronage of Sydney Trains network for the year ending 30 June 2018.
|142 853 000||
|33 301 000|
|28 178 000|
|67 935 000|
|6 677 000|
|1 664 000|
|†||26 415 000|
|37 891 000|
- Figures based on Opal tap on and tap off data.
†= T2 Airport, Inner West & South Line was split into the T2 Inner West & Leppington Line and T8 Airport & South Line in November 2017
- "Main West Line". Nswrail.net. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
- "Cheers for rail plan, now let's get it moving". Sydney Morning Herald. 10 June 2005. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
- "The Times Oct 1998". AATC. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
- Station Link bus services to connect customers during Metro upgradeNSW Transport Info
- "NSW Rail.net Main North line". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "NSW Rail.net North Shore line". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "NSW Rail.net City Circle". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "NSW Rail.net Main South line". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "Train Patronage - Monthly Figures". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
- Sydney Trains North Shore, Northern & Western Line timetables Transport for NSW
- Western Fastrail
- Neety's Train Page - information on suburban stations.
- New South Wales Railways - historical information on suburban stations.
- New South Wales Transport Information
- Australian Railmaps - information & maps of train services & stopping patterns.
- Transport Infrastructure Development Corporation project website