North Shore, Northern & Western Line

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North Shore, Northern & Western Line
TfNSW T1.svg
(1)Cheltenham Station-3.jpg
Overview
Service typeCommuter rail service
StatusActive
LocaleSydney
Current operator(s)Sydney Trains
Annual ridership142 853 000 (2017-18)
Route
Line(s) used
Technical
Rolling stockT, H and A sets
Timetable number(s)T1

The North Shore, Northern & Western Line (numbered T1, coloured yellow) is a commuter rail line operated by Sydney Trains in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It serves the North Shore, Northern Suburbs and parts of the Inner West and Western Suburbs.

History[edit]

Following victory in the 2011 New South Wales election, the O'Farrell Government embarked on reform of transport in New South Wales. In November 2011, a new organisation, Transport for NSW, was created to improve planning and coordination of transport projects and services. The organisation developed a new rail timetable and branding, which was put into effect on 20 October 2013. This saw the merger of the North Shore Line and Western Line (Berowra - City via Gordon then to Emu Plains or Richmond via Strathfield) with the Northern Line (Hornsby - City via Macquarie Park then to Epping via Strathfield). A new numbering system was also introduced and the line was given the number T1.

Railway line history[edit]

The North Shore, Northern & Western Line uses a number of different railway lines and is the result of various schemes to link the lines together. The line is centred around the Main Suburban railway line which runs from Central to Granville. The Main Northern and Main Western lines branch from the Main Suburban Line. The North Shore Line branches from the Main Northern Line and was later extended through the city and connected to the Main Suburban Line as well. The North Shore, Northern & Western Line formerly used the Epping to Chatswood line in addition to the above lines, which provided a second connection between the Main Northern and North Shore lines.

Main Western and Richmond lines[edit]

The Main Western line opened to Penrith in 1863 as a branch from the junction with the Main South line at Granville.[1] Electrification reached Parramatta in 1928 and Penrith in 1955.[2]

A branch line was opened to Richmond in 1864 under the stewardship of engineer James Moore. Electrification from Riverstone to Richmond opened in August 1991.[3] Through running to and from Sydney commenced in 1992.

North Shore Line[edit]

The North Shore line was opened on 1 January 1890 between Hornsby and St Leonards. The line was extended to the Sydney Harbour foreshore at Milsons Point in 1893. Transport between this original Milsons Point station and central Sydney was by ferry boat. The line was electrified in 1927.

When the Sydney Harbour Bridge was opened in 1932 a new Milsons Point station (on the bridge approach) came into operation and the North Shore Line was extended through it and over the Sydney Harbour Bridge to link with the underground lines of central Sydney. The result is that the two ends of the North Shore Line link to the Sydney railway system at Central and Hornsby.

Main Northern and Epping to Chatswood lines[edit]

Diagram of the Northern Line prior to the opening of the Epping to Chatswood railway line in 2009

The traditional Northern Line was the suburban portion of the Main Northern line which opened in 1886 and was electrified in 1926. When the Sydney Harbour Bridge was opened, the Northern Line was connected to the City underground and the North Shore line.

In 2009 the Epping to Chatswood line was opened. The traditional Northern line route ran from Hornsby to North Sydney via Strathfield and the City. When the Epping to Chatswood Line opened, the Northern Line was split in two, with trains from north of Epping operating via the new link, approaching the city via the North Shore Line and rejoining the traditional route before terminating at Epping. The Northern Line was colour coded red prior to being merged with the North Shore and Western lines. After merging, the Northern Line loop was split on weekdays, with trains from the upper Northern Line continuing to Richmond or Emu Plains.

The Epping to Chatswood line closed in 2018. It is being converted to metro standards as part of the Sydney Metro Northwest project. As a result, the traditional Northern line route from Hornsby to Central via Strathfield was reinstated.[4]

Route[edit]

The route passes through a number of business districts and major centres, namely Hornsby, Chatswood, North Sydney, the Central Business District, Parramatta, Blacktown and Penrith.

The line heads south from Berowra to Hornsby to using the Main Northern Line. Trains then divert on to the North Shore Line, eventually passing through North Sydney station before heading across the Sydney Harbour Bridge, through the western limb of the City Circle and the stations of Central and Redfern. Services then run along the Main Suburban Railway, usually using the middle 'Suburban' pair of the six tracks between Redfern and Strathfield. Services do not stop at intermediate stations between Redfern and Burwood.

At Strathfield, trains to Hornsby via Epping usually head onto a flyover over the 'Main lines', before heading north back on the Main Northern Line, crossing the Parramatta River between Rhodes and Meadowbank, and providing interchange with the North Shore and Berowra services at the Hornsby terminus. This means that trains from Hornsby approach the city from two different directions; Berowra via North Sydney trains approach from the north, and Hornsby via Strathfield trains approach from the west.

Other services continue west from Strathfield to Granville where trains join the Main Western Line. After passing through Parramatta, trains reach Blacktown, where the line divides in two. A western branch continues along the Main Western Line as far as Emu Plains and a north-western branch heads to Richmond using the Richmond Line.

T1 interactive map
T1 stations
Name Distance from
Central
[5][6][7][8]
Opened
[5][6][7][8]
Railway line Serving suburbs Other lines
Berowra 44.7 km 1887 Main Northern Berowra none
Mount Kuring-gai 40.7 km 1901 Mount Kuring-gai
Mount Colah 37.7 km 1887 Mount Colah
Asquith 35.7 km 1915 Asquith, Hornsby Heights
Hornsby 33.9 km 1886 North Shore Hornsby, Waitara
Waitara 24.2 km 1895 Waitara
Wahroonga 22.6 km 1890 Wahroonga
Warrawee 21.9 km 1900 Warrawee, Wahroonga
Turramurra 20.8 km 1890 Turramurra, North Turrmarra, South Turramurra
Pymble 18.9 km 1890 Pymble
Gordon 17.1 km 1890 Gordon
Killara 15.9 km 1899 Killara, East Killara
Lindfield 14.6 km 1890 Lindfield, East Lindfield
Roseville 13.3 km 1890 Roseville
Chatswood 11.7 km 1890 Chatswood
Artarmon 10.3 km 1898 Artarmon
St Leonards 8.4 km 1890 St Leonards, Naremburn,
Crows Nest, Greenwich, Artarmon
Wollstonecraft 7.2 km 1893 Wollstonecraft, Greenwich
Waverton 6.1 km 1893 Waverton
North Sydney 5.1 km 1932 North Sydney
Milsons Point 4.4 km 1932 Milsons Point, Kirribilli
Wynyard 2.1 km 1932 Sydney CBD, Barangaroo
Town Hall 1.2 km 1932 Sydney CBD
Central 0 km 1855 Haymarket, Chippendale,
Ultimo, Surry Hills
Redfern 1.3 km 1878 Main Suburban Redfern, Waterloo,
Darlington, Eveleigh

(T8 peak hours only)
Burwood 10.6 km 1855 Burwood
Strathfield 11.8 km 1876 Strathfield, Burwood
At Strathfield, the line branches. The northern branch is towards Hornsby, and the western branch is towards Emu Plains and Richmond.
To Hornsby
North Strathfield 13.4 km 1918 Main Northern North Strathfield, Concord West,
Concord, Homebush
none
Concord West 14.5 km 1887 Concord West, Liberty Grove
Rhodes 16.6 km 1886 Rhodes, Liberty Grove
Meadowbank 18.2 km 1887 Meadowbank,
West Ryde, Ryde
West Ryde 19.2 km 1886 West Ryde, Denistone
Denistone 20.2 km 1937 Denistone, Denistone East,
Denistone West, West Ryde
Eastwood 21.4 km 1886 Eastwood
Epping 23.4 km 1886 Epping
Cheltenham 26.8 km 1898 Cheltenham
Beecroft 28.3 km 1886 Beecroft
Pennant Hills 30 km 1886 Pennant Hills
Thornleigh 30.8 km 1886 Thornleigh, Pennant Hills, Westleigh
Normanhurst 33.1 km 1895 Normanhurst, Thornleigh, Hornsby
Hornsby 35.3 km 1886 Hornsby, Waitara
To Emu Plains and Richmond
Lidcombe 16.6 km 1858 Main Suburban Lidcombe
Auburn 18.7 km 1877 Auburn
Clyde 20.6 km 1882 Clyde, Granville
Granville 21.4 km 1860 Granville
Harris Park 22.6 km After 1883 Main Western Harris Park
Parramatta 23.2 km 1860 Parramatta
Westmead 25.1 km 1883 Westmead
Wentworthville 26.7 km 1883 Wentworthville
Pendle Hill 28.3 km 1924 Pendle Hill
Toongabbie 29.9 km 1880 Toongabbie
Seven Hills 32.1 km 1863 Seven Hills
Blacktown 34.8 km 1860 Main Western
Richmond
Blacktown
At Blacktown, the line branches. The western branch is towards Emu Plains, and the northwestern branch is towards Richmond.
To Emu Plains
Doonside 38.6 km 1880 Main Western Doonside none
Rooty Hill 40.9 km 1861 Rooty Hill
Mount Druitt 43.3 km 1881 Mount Druitt
St Marys 47.4 km 1862 St Marys, Dunheved
Werrington 49.1 km 1868 Werrington
Kingswood 52.7 km 1887 Kingswood
Penrith 55.1 km 1863 Penrith
Emu Plains 57.4 km 1868 Emu Plains, Emu Heights
To Richmond
Marayong 37.4 km 1922 Richmond Marayong
Quakers Hill 40.1 km 1872 Quakers Hill
Schofields 43.8 km 1870 Schofields
Riverstone 46.0 km 1864 Riverstone
Vineyard 49.2 km 1935 Vineyard
Mulgrave 52.6 km 1864 Mulgrave
Windsor 55.0 km 1864 Windsor
Clarendon 57.2 km 1870 Clarendon
East Richmond 60.0 km 1939 Richmond
Richmond 60.7 km 1864 Richmond, North Richmond

Patronage[edit]

The following table shows the patronage of Sydney Trains network for the year ending 30 June 2018.

2017-18 Sydney Trains patronage by line[n.b. 1] [9]
T1
142 853 000
T2

(new)
33 301 000
T3
28 178 000
T4
67 935 000
T5
6 677 000
T6
529 000
T7
1 664 000
T8
26 415 000
T2

(old)
37 891 000
  1. ^ Figures based on Opal tap on and tap off data.
    = T2 Airport, Inner West & South Line was split into the T2 Inner West & Leppington Line and T8 Airport & South Line in November 2017

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Main West Line". Nswrail.net. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
  2. ^ "Cheers for rail plan, now let's get it moving". Sydney Morning Herald. 10 June 2005. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
  3. ^ "The Times Oct 1998". AATC. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
  4. ^ Station Link bus services to connect customers during Metro upgradeNSW Transport Info
  5. ^ a b "NSW Rail.net Main North line". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  6. ^ a b "NSW Rail.net North Shore line". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  7. ^ a b "NSW Rail.net City Circle". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  8. ^ a b "NSW Rail.net Main South line". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  9. ^ "Train Patronage - Monthly Figures". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 14 September 2018.

External links[edit]