Milsons Point railway station

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Milsons Point
Milsons point railway sandstone entry.jpg
Western entrance in October 2011
LocationAlfred Street, North Shore railway, Milsons Point, North Sydney Council, New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates33°50′46″S 151°12′42″E / 33.8461°S 151.2118°E / -33.8461; 151.2118Coordinates: 33°50′46″S 151°12′42″E / 33.8461°S 151.2118°E / -33.8461; 151.2118
Owned byRailCorp
Operated bySydney Trains
Line(s)North Shore
Distance4.44 kilometres (2.76 mi) from Central
Platforms2 (1 island)
Tracks2
ConnectionsBus, Ferry
Construction
Structure typeElevated
Disabled accessYes
ArchitectSydney Harbour Bridge Branch NSW Department of Public Works
Other information
StatusStaffed
Station codeMPT
WebsiteTransport for NSW
History
Opened1 May 1893
Rebuilt19 March 1932
ElectrifiedYes
Traffic
Passengers (2013)6,260 (daily)[1] (Sydney Trains, NSW TrainLink)
Rank41
Services
Preceding station   Sydney Trains   Following station
towards Hornsby or Emu Plains or Richmond
T1
North Shore, Northern & Western Line
towards Berowra
Preceding station   NSW TrainLink   Following station
towards Central
Central Coast & Newcastle Line
(peak hour services)
towards Wyong
Official nameMilsons Point Railway Station group; Sydney Harbour Bridge
TypeState heritage (complex / group)
Designated2 April 1999
Reference no.1194
TypeRailway Platform/ Station
CategoryTransport - Rail
BuildersSydney Harbour Bridge Branch Department of Public Works

The Milsons Point railway station is a heritage-listed railway station located on the North Shore line, serving the Sydney suburb of Milsons Point. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 North Shore line services. The station is located above ground, accessible via an aqueduct, in Milsons Point, in the North Sydney Council local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It was designed and built by the Sydney Harbour Bridge Branch of the NSW Department of Public Works. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.[2]

History[edit]

The original station on the day it closed to traffic
Aerial view of construction of the northern approach to the Sydney Harbour Bridge. The original railway alignment and construction work on the realignment for extension across the bridge can both be seen.
Eastern entrance
Sketch showing both pairs of platforms at Milsons Point

In 1815 government architect Francis Greenway, in a report to Governor Macquarie, proposed the building of a bridge from Dawes Point at the city's edge to the northern shore. The original Milsons Point station was not in its present location, but on the edge of Sydney Harbour approximately on the site of the present northern pylon of the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the North Sydney Olympic Pool. This location enabled passengers from the North Shore to transfer directly from steam trains to ferries to reach Circular Quay. It opened as the southern terminus of the North Shore railway line on 1 May 1893.[3] when extended from its previous terminus at St Leonards (opened from Hornsby 1 January 1890).[4] The site, squeezed between the rock cliffs and the edge of Sydney Harbour was cramped, with two side platforms, one of which was built on piles partly over the water's edge, and three tracks between, including a centre road.[5] Immediately adjoining it to the west was the colonnaded Milsons Point ferry wharf for the ferry service to Circular Quay in the Sydney central business district and tram terminus for the North Sydney cable tramway (opened 22 May 1886) and subsequently electrified from 11 February 1900.[6][7][8]

Concrete had been extensively used for foundations and walls since the 1890s. By 1910 reinforced concrete was in use, but not for superstructures directly supporting railway tracks. The Bellevue Street underbridge at Glebe was the first to use it for this purpose, in 1919.[2]

In 1915, to enable a start on the construction of the Sydney Harbour Bridge between Milsons Point and Dawes Point, the Government instructed the Railway Commissioners to vacate the station and a new four platform, station was constructed at the site of the boundary fence between the present-day Luna Park and Lavender Bay Sidings. This station was in operation for just seven weeks, from 30 May 1915 to 18 July 1915, as the inconvenience to passengers transferring between ferries and trains was unacceptable.[9] Due to later overcrowding, a third platform was added on 12 December 1920 by removing the centre road track and laying a new track on inland side of the new platform 2.[10] This station remained in use until the site was requisitioned to allow construction of the Sydney Harbour Bridge.

It was not until 1922 that legislation was passed and acted upon, authorising the construction of a bridge. Tenders were invited in 1923 in accordance with general plans and specification prepared by Dr John Bradfield, Chief Engineer, Sydney Harbour Bridge and Railway Construction. The plans and specification provided the alternatives of a cantilever or an arch bridge. Twenty proposals were received from six different companies of various types of design. The tender of Dorman Long & Co Ltd, of Middlesbrough, England, for an arch bridge was accepted, the design being substantially in accordance with one of Dr Bradfield's proposals. The detailed design was carried out by the contractor's consulting engineer, Sir Ralph Freeman, and the fabrication and construction were under the direct charge of Mr Lawrence Ennis, a director of the firm. The design and construction of the bridge were supervised at all stages by Dr Bradfield and his staff.[2]

Temporary station[edit]

From 27 April 1924, a new temporary station was brought into use, approximately 300 metres (980 ft) back along the line on the site of the present Lavender Bay car sidings, just beyond the present Luna Park amusement park. It was linked to the street by stairs and three escalators, and to a new adjacent ferry wharf. The escalators at Milsons Point were the first installed in Australia, one of which was transferred to Town Hall station when the temporary station closed.[11] The tram line was also relocated to terminate adjacent to the entrance to the new station in Glen Street. First work on the bridge commenced in 1924 with construction of the bridge approaches and the approach spans. Construction of the approach spans was undertaken concurrently with erection of the steelwork for the actual bridge structure. The building of the approaches on the north side included the construction of North Sydney Station, Milsons Point Station and a number of underbridges to carry the railway. The approaches were designed and built by the Sydney Harbour Bridge Branch of the Public Works Department and the Metropolitan Railway Construction Branch of the NSW Government Railways. The northern approaches were built using spoil from the excavation of the North Sydney station site to build a ramp up to the main bridge level. Retaining walls of concrete, built by Monier Concrete, were built along Broughton and Alfred Streets and Bradfield and Pacific Highways.[2]

The line from Hornsby to Milsons Point was electrified from 2 August 1927.[10]

Current station[edit]

The Milsons Point station was constructed between 1929 and 1932 as part of the northern approaches. It was initially called Kirribilli Station, but was changed to Milsons Point before its opening. By June 1931 the station platform had been completed and a portion of the platform awnings had also been erected. The railway decking had advanced as far as Milsons Point, tracks had begun to be laid and the transoms delivered for installation. By January 1932 the platforms had been covered with asphalt, the brickwork of the shops in the arcade below the station was completed as was the tiling, the laying of magnesite flooring in the station office, terrazzo flooring in the lavatories, the erection of the metal awnings at the Alfred Street and Broughton Street entrances, terracotta facing to the station and installation of gates and barriers. Trackwork was completed and ballast laid along the tracks at the same time.[2]

On 19 March 1932 the Milsons Point station was officially opened as part of the larger bridge opening celebrations to roadway, railway and pedestrian traffic by the then Premier, Jack Lang.[2] As part of the construction of the Sydney Harbour Bridge and relocation of the North Shore Line to extend across the bridge into the City, a new Milsons Point station was built on the northern approach to the bridge and opened on 19 March 1932. This station was in two parts: two platforms each side of the roadway. The western platforms were connected to the North Shore line with the eastern pair used for a tramway service between Wynyard and the northern suburbs. The tramway and the associated platforms at Milsons Point were removed in 1958 as part of the conversions of lanes 7 and 8 of the Harbour Bridge to become the Cahill Expressway.[7][8]

Platforms & services[edit]

Platform Line Stopping pattern Notes
1 services to Epping, Richmond & Emu Plains Morning peak Central Coast line trains go to Springwood or Emu Plains[12]
2 services to Chatswood, Hornsby & Berowra evening peak hour NSW TrainLink services to Wyong[13][14]

Transport links[edit]

Hillsbus operates three weekday peak hour services from Milsons Point station:

State Transit operate thirteen routes via Milsons Point station:

Milsons Point station is served by one NightRide route:

Description[edit]

Buildings[edit]

The complex comprises platform office and shelter (1932), platform faces (1932), subway entrances (1932), concourse (1932), walls and abutments (1932), and the Burton Street Under-bridge (1932).[2]

Platform office and platform (1932)[edit]

Platform structures include a platform office and shelter awnings over. The platform office retains timber double-hung sash windows.[2] The island platform configuration is accessed via concrete stairs and a recently installed elevator.[2]

Entrances (1932)[edit]

The Alfred Street entrance retains its 1932 decorative awning and original light fittings either side. The Broughton Street awning has been replaced (date unknown) with a modern awning that extends over the entrances to shops that face Broughton Street. Above each entrance is fixed a cartouche with "1932" written on it.[2]

Concourse (1932)[edit]

The concourse level includes station managers office, ticket and booking offices, amenities and a series of small shop outlets on the northern side. Access is via covered subway entrance ways in Alfred and Broughton streets. The stairs and walls of the concourse are tiled in cream-coloured ceramic tiles with maroon bands as top courses. The concourse includes a number of small shop fronts used for take away and small businesses, with shops facing Broughton Street. These were included in the original 1932 layout.[2]

Walls and abutments (1932)[edit]

The external walls and abutments are finished in rendered concrete in keeping with the overall bridge design.[2]

Burton Street Under-bridge (1932)[edit]

The south end of the Station group area includes the Burton Street Under-bridge 4.340 kilometres (2.697 mi), a high arch reinforced concrete underbridge constructed as part of the northern approaches to the Sydney Harbour Bridge and a similar design as the neighbouring Fitzroy Street Underbridge 4.250 kilometres (2.641 mi). The northern end is defined by the Lavender Street Underbridge. This is a reinforced concrete bridge with open spandrels. It is a unique design among the Sydney Harbour Bridge approach under-bridges. These underbridges are dealt with as individual items on separate listings[32][2]

Condition[edit]

The station building, platform and under-bridge are in good condition. Some small cracks are visible in the external render around both the Alfred and the Broughton Street entrances.[2] The Milsons Point Station group is largely intact and retains a high level of integrity.[2]

Modifications and dates[edit]

  • c. 1980s: Shop and entrance awnings replaced on Broughton Street side
  • c. 2006: Platform elevator installed.
  • N.d: Internal walls in the concourse, stairways and subway areas painted.[2]

Further information[edit]

Historic photos of the station construction in 1932 indicate that the fasciae of the station platform shelter are original, as is the decorative awning for the Alfred Street entrance. Tiles are as specified in Bradfield's colour scheme for the city railway.[2]

Heritage listing[edit]

As at 25 October 2010, Milsons Point station has state historical significance as an essential component of the northern approaches to the Sydney Harbour Bridge. The form and detail of the subway and tunnels in particular are significant as part of the overall design and specifications for the bridge as set down by Chief Engineer JJC Bradfield. The Milsons Point station retains a number of original features and decorative elements from its original construction phase including the platform building and entrance way awning from the Alfred Street side.[2]

Milsons Point railway station was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999 having satisfied the following criteria.[2]

The place is important in demonstrating the course, or pattern, of cultural or natural history in New South Wales.

Milsons Point Station has state historical significance as an essential component of the northern approaches of the Sydney Harbour Bridge and as a linking station in JJC Bradfield's city railway network. The station is unusual on the NSW system for being constructed by the specially created Sydney Harbour Bridge Branch of the Department of Public Works rather than NSW Government Railways.[2]

The place has a strong or special association with a person, or group of persons, of importance of cultural or natural history of New South Wales's history.

Milsons Point Station is significant for its association with JJC Bradfield, chief engineer and designer for the Sydney Harbour Bridge and his wider Sydney Harbour Bridge and city railway network scheme.[2]

The place is important in demonstrating aesthetic characteristics and/or a high degree of creative or technical achievement in New South Wales.

Milsons Point Station has aesthetic significance for its retention of the original design's decorative features such as the Alfred Street awning, Alfred Street light fittings and cream and maroon tiling on the platform access stairs. The use of reinforced concrete for the construction of the station building is an early example of this construction technique on a large scale.[2]

The place has a strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group in New South Wales for social, cultural or spiritual reasons.

The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place and can provide a connection to the local community's history.[2]

The place possesses uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of the cultural or natural history of New South Wales.

Milsons Point Station is the only intact station built as part of the construction of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. It retains original features of the 1932 design which have been completely removed from its sister station at North Sydney.[2]

The place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a class of cultural or natural places/environments in New South Wales.

Milsons Point Station is a representative externally of the Sydney Harbour Bridge architectural style and internally representative of the City Underground finishes as displayed in Museum and St James Stations.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bureau of Transport Statistics. "Train Statistics 2014" (PDF). Transport NSW. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "Milsons Point Railway Station group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01194. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  3. ^ Station Information - G to M JH Forsyth State Rail Authority 1998
  4. ^ Station Information - N to Z JH Forsyth State Rail Authority 1998
  5. ^ Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin July 1959 page 107
  6. ^ Keenan, David (1987). The North Sydney Lines. Transit Press. ISBN 0 909338 05 1.
  7. ^ a b Milsons Point Station NSWrail.net
  8. ^ a b Milsons Point Railway Station NSW Environment & Heritage
  9. ^ "The Seven Weeks Ferry Service" Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin May 2001 pages 178-184
  10. ^ a b Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, September 1959 pages 135, 137
  11. ^ Railway Transportation September 1955 page 112
  12. ^ "T1: Western line timetable". Transport for NSW.
  13. ^ "T1: North Shore line timetable". Transport for NSW.
  14. ^ "Central Coast & Newcastle line timetable". Transport for NSW.
  15. ^ "Hillsbus route 612x". Transport for NSW.
  16. ^ "Hillsbus route 622". Transport for NSW.
  17. ^ "Hillsbus route 653". Transport for NSW.
  18. ^ "State Transit route E50". Transport for NSW.
  19. ^ "State Transit route 168". Transport for NSW.
  20. ^ "State Transit route 173". Transport for NSW.
  21. ^ "State Transit route 209". Transport for NSW.
  22. ^ "State Transit route 227". Transport for NSW.
  23. ^ "State Transit route 228". Transport for NSW.
  24. ^ "State Transit route 229". Transport for NSW.
  25. ^ "State Transit route 230". Transport for NSW.
  26. ^ "State Transit route 269". Transport for NSW.
  27. ^ "State Transit route 286". Transport for NSW.
  28. ^ "State Transit route 287". Transport for NSW.
  29. ^ "State Transit route 290". Transport for NSW.
  30. ^ "State Transit route 294". Transport for NSW.
  31. ^ "N90 Nightride". Transport for NSW.
  32. ^ See Listing No's 4801823, 4801822

Bibliography[edit]

Attribution[edit]

CC-BY-icon-80x15.png This Wikipedia article contains material from Milsons Point Railway Station group, entry number 01194 in the New South Wales State Heritage Register published by the State of New South Wales and Office of Environment and Heritage 2018 under CC-BY 4.0 licence, accessed on 2 June 2018.

External links[edit]