Portal:London Transport

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London Transport
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The London Transport system is one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

Most transport services in London are controlled by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by the Oyster card. TfL also administers the congestion charge zone and the low emission zone.

London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations linking to the rest of the country. International travel is possible from two international railway stations at St Pancras International and Stratford International, which connect to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.

London is the starting point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

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Routemaster RM758.jpg Hackney carriage.jpg Westminster.tube.station.jubilee.arp.jpg Unit 378013 at Imperial Wharf.JPG DLR unit 109 at Heron Quays.JPG Tramlink-Beckenham Jn.jpg Eurostar at St Pancras Jan 2008.jpg Savoy Pier.jpg BA Planes T4 2004.jpg
Buses Taxis Underground Overground DLR Tramlink National Rail River Services Heathrow Airport
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The London General Omnibus Company (LGOC), was the principal bus operator in London between 1855 and 1933. It was founded to amalgamate hundreds of independent horse-drawn omnibus companies operating in the capital and was originally an Anglo-French enterprise also known as Compagnie Generale des Omnibus de Londres. Within a year, the LGOC controlled 600 of London's 810 omnibuses. In 1902, the LGOC began operating motor buses and by 1908 had gained a virtual monopoly in London. The last horse-drawn bus ran in 1911.

In 1912, the LGOC was bought by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London (UERL) which operated much of the London Underground to broaden its control of transport in the city. In 1933, the UERL and the LGOC became part of the new London Passenger Transport Board when transport services in the capital were merged. The name London General fell into disuse, and London Transport instead became synonymous with the red London bus.

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James Henry Greathead (6 August 1844 - 21 October 1896) was a civil engineer known for his pioneering development of tunnelling techniques and for his work on London's underground railways. In 1869, working under Peter W. Barlow, he became engineer in charge of driving the tunnel of the Tower Subway under the River Thames using a tunnelling shield he designed based on Barlow's own slightly earlier patented design.

Greathead developed and patented a number of improvements to the Barlow shield and the improved design carried their joint names. Greathead also developed the use of a segmented cast iron lining for the circular tunnel, erected in sections from which the shield was jacked forward. Greathead was then involved in the planning and construction of a number of railways in Britain and Ireland, until, in 1884, he was appointed engineer for the City and South London Railway, the world's first underground electric railway when it opened in 1890. Greathead subsequently worked on the Waterloo and City Railway, the Liverpool Overhead Railway and the early planning of the Central London Railway.

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Belgrave Road, Victoria, London - Boris Bikes - Santander Cycles by Elliott Brown.jpg
"Boris Bikes" from the Santander Cycles hire scheme waiting for use at a docking station in Victoria.

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In the news
  • 24 May – A spillage of fuel and hydraulic fluid in the Blackwall tunnel causes the northbound bore of the tunnel to be closed for clean-up and resurfacing of the road.[1]
  • 14 JuneTransport for London introduces Quietway 1 running between Waterloo and Greenwich, the first of a series of Quietways, pedestrian and cycle routes planned to follow quiet roads and footpaths avoiding traffic.[2]
  • 20 August – 50,000 passengers use the Night Tube on its first night of operation.[3]
  • 24 SeptemberGospel Oak to Barking Line closes until February 2017 to enable the second phase of modifications to tracks and bridges needed for the electrification of the line.[4]


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Geographic London Underground maps
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River · Congestion Charge Zone · Low Emission Zone · Source London

Recognised content

Featured article Featured articles (29)

1910 London to Manchester air raceAlbert Bridge, LondonAldwych tube stationAlbert Stanley, 1st Baron AshfieldBaker Street and Waterloo RailwayBattersea BridgeBrill TramwayBrill railway stationCentral London RailwayCharing Cross, Euston and Hampstead RailwayChelsea BridgeCity and South London RailwayGreat Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton RailwayHerne Hill railway stationCharles HoldenLondon Necropolis CompanyMetropolitan RailwayRAF NortholtFrank PickQuainton Road railway stationRichmond Bridge, LondonEdgar SpeyerUnderground Electric Railways Company of LondonVauxhall BridgeWaddesdon Road railway stationWandsworth BridgeWestcott railway stationWood Siding railway stationWotton (Metropolitan Railway) railway station

Featured article Featured lists (4)

List of former and unopened London Underground stationsList of London Underground stationsList of works by Charles HoldenTimeline of the London Underground

Featured topic Featured topics (2)

Brill TramwayUnderground Electric Railways Company of London

Good article Good articles (59)

A1 in LondonA215 roadActon Town tube stationAngel tube stationArnos Grove tube stationWilliam Henry BarlowBlackwall TunnelBOAC Flight 712Bow Back RiversBow StreetInfrastructure of the Brill TramwayBritish AirwaysChesham branchChiswick BridgeDartford CrossingDenmark StreetDistrict RailwayDown Street tube stationEast Finchley tube stationElephant & Castle tube stationEmbankment tube stationEurostarEuston RoadEuston tube stationFenchurch Street railway stationFleet StreetSir John Fowler, 1st BaronetGloucester Road tube stationHammersmith & City lineHammerton's FerryHigh Speed 1Highgate tube stationHistory of British AirwaysHolborn tube stationLondon Country North EastLondon Necropolis RailwayLondon Necropolis railway stationLondon Underground departmental stockM11 link road protestMorden tube stationNorth Circular RoadNorthumberland AvenueOld Kent RoadOxford Circus tube stationOxford StreetPall Mall, LondonPark LaneCharles PearsonPentonville RoadPiccadillySouth Kensington tube stationStrand, LondonTillingbourne Bus CompanyUpminster Bridge tube stationVine Street, LondonWestminster tube stationWhitehallWimbledon and Sutton RailwayWoolwich Ferry

Transport in London
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