Portal:London Transport

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London Transport
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The London Transport system is one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

Most transport services in London are controlled by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by the Oyster card. TfL also administers the congestion charge zone and the low emission zone.

London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations linking to the rest of the country. International travel is possible from two international railway stations at St Pancras International and Stratford International, which connect to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.

London is the starting point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

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Buses Taxis Underground Overground DLR Tramlink National Rail River Services Heathrow Airport
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Paddington Station.jpg
London Paddington station is a major National Rail and London Underground station complex in the Paddington area of central London, England. Much of the current mainline station dates from 1854, and was designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel as the London terminus of the Great Western Railway. The site was first served by underground trains in 1863, and was the original western terminus of the Metropolitan Railway, the world's first underground railway. Today, the mainline station is served by trains from First Great Western, Heathrow Express, Heathrow Connect and Chiltern Railways and Underground services are provided by the Hammersmith & City, Circle, District and Bakerloo lines and is used by approximately 29 million mainline and 41 million Underground passengers each year.

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Stanley Heaps was an English architect responsible for the design of a number of stations on the London Underground system as well as the design of train depots and bus and trolleybus garages for London Transport.

In 1903 Heaps became assistant to Leslie Green the architect for the Underground Electric Railways Company of London (UERL) and aided him in the design of the station buildings for the Baker Street & Waterloo Railway, the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway (CCE&HR) and the Great Northern, Piccadilly & Brompton Railway; all distinctive with their striking red glazed terra cotta façades and semi-circular windows at first floor. Following the early death of Green in 1908, Heaps became the UERL's architect. His first independent station designs were for the four new stations on the Bakerloo line extension from Edgware Road tube station opened in 1913 and 1915; the first stations on the system designed specifically to use escalators rather than lifts.

After World War I, Heaps designed the stations for the 1923-4 extension of the CCE&HR from Golders Green to Edgware, giving them a suburban style in keeping with the new housing developments that were expected to grow around them. After the Edgware extension stations, Heaps concentrated on the design depot buildings, although he designed new stations at Osterley, Boston Manor and St. John's Wood.


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Victoria line 2009 Stock train at Euston.

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1910 London to Manchester air raceAlbert Bridge, LondonAldwych tube stationAlbert Stanley, 1st Baron AshfieldBaker Street and Waterloo RailwayBattersea BridgeBrill TramwayBrill railway stationCentral London RailwayCharing Cross, Euston and Hampstead RailwayChelsea BridgeCity and South London RailwayGreat Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton RailwayHerne Hill railway stationCharles HoldenLondon Necropolis CompanyMetropolitan RailwayRAF NortholtFrank PickQuainton Road railway stationRichmond Bridge, LondonEdgar SpeyerUnderground Electric Railways Company of LondonVauxhall BridgeWaddesdon Road railway stationWandsworth BridgeWestcott railway stationWood Siding railway stationWotton (Metropolitan Railway) railway station

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List of former and unopened London Underground stationsList of London Underground stationsList of works by Charles HoldenTimeline of the London Underground

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Brill TramwayUnderground Electric Railways Company of London

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A1 in LondonA215 roadActon Town tube stationAngel tube stationArnos Grove tube stationWilliam Henry BarlowBlackwall TunnelBOAC Flight 712Bow Back RiversInfrastructure of the Brill TramwayBritish AirwaysChesham branchChiswick BridgeDartford CrossingDenmark StreetDistrict RailwayDown Street tube stationEmbankment tube stationEurostarEuston tube stationSir John Fowler, 1st BaronetGloucester Road tube stationHammersmith & City lineHammerton's FerryHigh Speed 1Highgate tube stationHistory of British AirwaysHolborn tube stationLondon Country North EastLondon Necropolis RailwayLondon Necropolis railway stationLondon Underground departmental stockM11 link road protestMorden tube stationOld Kent RoadPark LaneCharles PearsonPiccadillySouth Kensington tube stationTillingbourne Bus CompanyUpminster Bridge tube stationWestminster tube stationWimbledon and Sutton RailwayWoolwich Ferry

Transport in London
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