Portal:London Transport

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THE LONDON TRANSPORT PORTAL

London Transport
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg

The London Transport system is one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

Most transport services in London are controlled by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by the Oyster card. TfL also administers the congestion charge zone and the low emission zone.

London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations linking to the rest of the country. International travel is possible from two international railway stations at St Pancras International and Stratford International, which connect to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.

London is the starting point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

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Buses Taxis Underground Overground DLR Tramlink National Rail River Services Heathrow Airport
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St Pancras railway station is a railway station in the St Pancras area of central London, between the British Library building to the west and King's Cross station to the east. It is the southern terminus of the Midland Main Line, and is the main departure point from London for services to the East Midlands, via Leicester to Sheffield and other parts of Yorkshire. It has been the London terminus for Eurostar services to continental Europe since November 2007 and the terminus for Southeastern domestic high speed services since December 2009.

St Pancras is termed as the "Cathedral of the railways" and includes two of the most celebrated structures built in Britain in the Victorian era. The main trainshed (completed 1868), by the engineer William Henry Barlow, was the largest single-span structure built up to that time. In front of it is St Pancras Chambers, formerly the Midland Grand Hotel (1868-77), one of the most impressive examples of Victorian gothic architecture. Designed by architect George Gilbert Scott, the building initially appears to be in a polychromatic Italian Gothic style - inspired by John Ruskin's Stones of Venice - but on a closer viewing, it incorporates features from a variety of periods and countries. From such an eclectic approach Scott anticipated that a new genre would emerge. Access to the spectacular interiors of the former hotel is by tour only.


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Charles Pearson (4 October 1793 – 14 September 1862) was a solicitor to the City of London, a reforming campaigner and briefly a Member of Parliament for Lambeth constituency. He was involved in many campaigns and reformations including overturning the ban on Jews from being stockbrokers. He also fully supported universal suffrage and electoral reform to balance the sizes of parliamentary constituencies.

Recognising the growth in the outer suburbs of London and inner city congestion, he proposed the construction of an underground railway through the Fleet valley to Farringdon. His first proposal was that of an atmospheric railway, which was ridiculed, but he continued to campaign throughout the 1840s and 1850s. Various other schemes included a rejected plan for a central railway station to be shared by multiple railway companies. In 1854, a private bill for the Metropolitan Railway between Paddington and Farringdon received assent. Although not a director or shareholder, Pearson's publishing of a pamphlet and continued support eventually convinced the City of London to support for the project.

Pearson died of dropsy on 14 September 1862 at his home at West Hill, Wandsworth, and so was not alive to see the opening of the Metropolitan Railway on 10 January 1863. Pearson had refused the offer of a reward from the railway company, but, shortly after the railway's opening, his widow was granted an annuity of £250 per year.


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Thames Clippers service catamaran on the River Thames.

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In the news
  • 24 May – A spillage of fuel and hydraulic fluid in the Blackwall tunnel causes the northbound bore of the tunnel to be closed for clean-up and resurfacing of the road.[1]
  • 14 JuneTransport for London introduces Quietway 1 running between Waterloo and Greenwich, the first of a series of Quietways, pedestrian and cycle routes planned to follow quiet roads and footpaths avoiding traffic.[2]
  • 20 August – 50,000 passengers use the Night Tube on its first night of operation.[3]
  • 24 SeptemberGospel Oak to Barking Line closes until February 2017 to enable the second phase of modifications to tracks and bridges needed for the electrification of the line.[4]

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1910 London to Manchester air raceAlbert Bridge, LondonAldwych tube stationAlbert Stanley, 1st Baron AshfieldBaker Street and Waterloo RailwayBattersea BridgeBrill TramwayBrill railway stationCentral London RailwayCharing Cross, Euston and Hampstead RailwayChelsea BridgeCity and South London RailwayGreat Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton RailwayHerne Hill railway stationCharles HoldenLondon Necropolis CompanyMetropolitan RailwayRAF NortholtFrank PickQuainton Road railway stationRichmond Bridge, LondonEdgar SpeyerUnderground Electric Railways Company of LondonVauxhall BridgeWaddesdon Road railway stationWandsworth BridgeWestcott railway stationWood Siding railway stationWotton (Metropolitan Railway) railway station

Featured article Featured lists (4)

List of former and unopened London Underground stationsList of London Underground stationsList of works by Charles HoldenTimeline of the London Underground

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Brill TramwayUnderground Electric Railways Company of London

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A1 in LondonA215 roadActon Town tube stationAngel tube stationArnos Grove tube stationWilliam Henry BarlowBlackwall TunnelBOAC Flight 712Bow Back RiversBow StreetInfrastructure of the Brill TramwayBritish AirwaysChesham branchChiswick BridgeDartford CrossingDenmark StreetDistrict RailwayDown Street tube stationEast Finchley tube stationElephant & Castle tube stationEmbankment tube stationEurostarEuston RoadEuston tube stationFenchurch Street railway stationFleet StreetSir John Fowler, 1st BaronetGloucester Road tube stationHammersmith & City lineHammerton's FerryHigh Speed 1Highgate tube stationHistory of British AirwaysHolborn tube stationLondon Country North EastLondon Necropolis RailwayLondon Necropolis railway stationLondon Underground departmental stockM11 link road protestMorden tube stationNorth Circular RoadNorthumberland AvenueOld Kent RoadOxford Circus tube stationOxford StreetPall Mall, LondonPark LaneCharles PearsonPentonville RoadPiccadillySouth Kensington tube stationStrand, LondonTillingbourne Bus CompanyUpminster Bridge tube stationVine Street, LondonWestminster tube stationWhitehallWimbledon and Sutton RailwayWoolwich Ferry


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