Pine County, Minnesota

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Pine County
Pine County Courthouse, Pine City
Pine County Courthouse, Pine City
Map of Minnesota highlighting Pine County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°08′N 92°44′W / 46.14°N 92.74°W / 46.14; -92.74
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedMarch 1, 1856 (created)
1872 (organized)[1]
Named forThe abundant pine trees in the area
SeatPine City
Largest cityPine City
Area
 • Total1,435 sq mi (3,720 km2)
 • Land1,411 sq mi (3,650 km2)
 • Water23 sq mi (60 km2)  1.6%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
29,483
 • Density20.7/sq mi (8.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district8th
Websitewww.co.pine.mn.us

Pine County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 29,750.[2] Its county seat is Pine City.[3] The county was formed in 1856 and organized in 1872.

A portion of the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation is Pine County.

History[edit]

Pine County was organized on March 1, 1856, with territory partitioned from Chisago and Ramsey counties. The original county seat was Chengwatana. It was named for the abundant pine tree growth across the county.[4]

In 1857, Buchanan County in full and southern portions of Aitkin and Carlton counties were formed from the original Pine County, with Kanabec County organized a year later. In 1861, Buchanan County was dissolved and folded into Pine County. Pine County was re-organized in 1872, with Pine City named as the county seat for the remaining smaller area.

Pine County has been featured in a series of Mysteries written by Dean Hovey.[5][6]

Geography[edit]

Pine County lies on the east side of Minnesota. Its southeast border abuts the west border of Wisconsin (across the St. Croix River). The St. Croix flows southerly along its border. The Kettle River flows southeastward through central Pine County, discharging into the St. Croix on the county's east border, and the Snake River flows eastward through the lower part of the county toward its discharge point into the St. Croix. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, carved with drainages, partly wooded and otherwise devoted to agriculture.[7] The terrain slopes to the south and east, with its highest point near its northeast corner, at 1,319' (402m) ASL.[8] The county has a total area of 1,435 square miles (3,720 km2), of which 1,411 square miles (3,650 km2) is land and 23 square miles (60 km2) (1.6%) is water.[9]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
186092
1870648604.3%
18801,365110.6%
18904,052196.8%
190011,546184.9%
191015,87837.5%
192021,11733.0%
193020,264−4.0%
194021,4786.0%
195018,223−15.2%
196017,004−6.7%
197016,821−1.1%
198019,87118.1%
199021,2647.0%
200026,53024.8%
201029,75012.1%
Est. 201829,483[10]−0.9%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2018[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 26,530 people, 9,939 households, and 6,917 families in the county. The population density was 18.8/sqmi (7.26/km²). There were 15,353 housing units at an average density of 10.9/sqmi (4.20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.9% White, 2.0% Black or African American, 3.1% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. 2.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.3% were of German, 11.6% Swedish, 11.1% Norwegian and 5.5% American ancestry.

There were 17,276 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02.

The county population contained 25.50% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 108.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,379, and the median income for a family was $44,058. Males had a median income of $31,600 versus $22,675 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,445. About 7.80% of families and 11.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.60% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Pine County has been a Democratic stronghold. Since 1928, in only four national elections has the county selected the Republican Party candidate. However two of those Republican decisions have occurred in the last two elections (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 59.3% 8,191 33.2% 4,580 7.5% 1,040
2012 49.0% 6,845 48.3% 6,750 2.7% 370
2008 47.7% 6,862 49.3% 7,084 3.0% 437
2004 48.4% 7,033 49.8% 7,228 1.8% 257
2000 44.8% 5,854 47.1% 6,148 8.2% 1,066
1996 29.9% 3,080 52.7% 5,432 17.4% 1,796
1992 26.3% 2,841 45.6% 4,929 28.1% 3,043
1988 40.5% 3,857 58.2% 5,540 1.2% 116
1984 46.0% 4,493 53.4% 5,223 0.6% 63
1980 40.3% 3,899 52.9% 5,121 6.9% 667
1976 34.4% 3,057 61.2% 5,442 4.4% 388
1972 48.4% 3,881 47.3% 3,794 4.3% 342
1968 36.4% 2,591 56.8% 4,044 6.8% 482
1964 30.7% 2,279 69.0% 5,123 0.2% 18
1960 44.9% 3,450 54.8% 4,211 0.3% 26
1956 45.5% 3,204 54.4% 3,829 0.1% 8
1952 52.9% 4,255 45.9% 3,692 1.1% 91
1948 36.5% 3,069 59.2% 4,978 4.3% 360
1944 43.9% 3,433 55.3% 4,332 0.8% 64
1940 43.1% 4,106 55.3% 5,263 1.7% 157
1936 28.4% 2,452 67.1% 5,797 4.5% 389
1932 29.5% 2,304 62.3% 4,862 8.1% 635
1928 56.5% 4,278 42.1% 3,185 1.4% 105
1924 42.0% 2,706 7.3% 469 50.7% 3,263
1920 66.8% 3,879 19.4% 1,127 13.8% 798
1916 44.4% 1,531 43.7% 1,507 11.9% 412
1912 17.0% 513 25.8% 777 57.1% 1,720
1908 56.4% 1,548 29.2% 802 14.3% 393
1904 74.2% 1,743 19.7% 463 6.1% 142
1900 59.1% 1,121 38.3% 726 2.7% 51
1896 55.5% 1,152 42.1% 875 2.4% 50
1892 48.4% 538 41.2% 458 10.4% 115

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 3, 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  4. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 410.
  5. ^ Dean L. Hovey (amazon.com): "Dean Hovey is the award-winning author of Family Trees: A Pine County Mystery. His books are set in rural Northeastern Minnesota communities and tap into local history, politics, and current events."
  6. ^ Hovey, Dean (2012). Create Space Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 1475052545
  7. ^ a b c d Pine County MN Google Maps (accessed 16 April 2019)
  8. ^ "Find an Altitude/Pine County MN" Google Maps (accessed 16 April 2019)
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 10 October 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°08′N 92°44′W / 46.14°N 92.74°W / 46.14; -92.74